Volume 28 Issue 2
Apr.  2022
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SHI Hui, LI Zongxing, YANG Yuanyuan, et al., 2022. The factors influencing the enrichment of organic matters in the Carboniferous source rocks, Ounan depression, eastern Qaidam basin. Journal of Geomechanics, 28 (2): 203-216. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021135
Citation: SHI Hui, LI Zongxing, YANG Yuanyuan, et al., 2022. The factors influencing the enrichment of organic matters in the Carboniferous source rocks, Ounan depression, eastern Qaidam basin. Journal of Geomechanics, 28 (2): 203-216. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021135

The factors influencing the enrichment of organic matters in the Carboniferous source rocks, Ounan depression, eastern Qaidam basin

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021135

the Geological Survey Project of the China Geological Survey DD20190107

the Geological Survey Project of the China Geological Survey DD20190094

Basic Research Fund of the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences DZLXJK202006

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  • Received: 2021-10-09
  • Revised: 2021-12-15
  • The Ounan depression is a favorable structural unit for the Carboniferous hydrocarbon migration and accumulation, which demonstrates certain exploration potential. However, the organic matter enrichment mechanism is still unclear, which results in the absence of effective guidance for predicting the distribution of high-quality source rocks and restricts the process of oil and gas exploration. Based on geochemical analysis and XRD, SEM and other tests, the main factors influencing the enrichment of organic matters in Carboniferous source rocks have been identified through a comprehensive investigation into the aspects such as mineral composition, organic matter abundance, kerogen type, thermal evolution degree, formation environment, and the relationship between TOC and primary minerals. The results reveal that shales and carbonate source rocks have been developed in the Carboniferous, a large quantity at poor-medium level and a few at good or above level. They were deposited in the environment of intercontinental shelf with saline-water, arid-hot climate and weak oxidation and reduction. The dispersed organic matters are composed of mixed marine and terrestrial origins, which are overall in a "maturity-high maturity stage". The Carboniferous clastic source rocks are mainly residual type Ⅲ kerogen, but the extracted chloroform bitumen "A" is mainly derived from type Ⅱ kerogen.TOC values increase with the growing of quartz minerals because the high-abundance source rocks are rich in siliceous biological fossils. The SiO2 in the high-SiO2 source rocks has been identified as biogenic, suggesting that the participation of siliceous organisms in the Carboniferous cause the enrichment of marine organic matters and greatly improve the primary productivity of the sediments. This study provide the basis for predicting the distribution of Carboniferous high-quality source rocks and the deployment of oil and gas resources in the study area.


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