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塔里木盆地新生代海相沉积问题

李建锋 赵越 裴军令 刘锋 周在征 高海龙 高亮 付自波

李建锋, 赵越, 裴军令, 等, 2017. 塔里木盆地新生代海相沉积问题. 地质力学学报, 23 (1): 141-149.
引用本文: 李建锋, 赵越, 裴军令, 等, 2017. 塔里木盆地新生代海相沉积问题. 地质力学学报, 23 (1): 141-149.
LI Jian-feng, ZHAO Yue, PEI Jun-ling, et al., 2017. CENOZOIC MARINE SEDIMENTATION PROBLEM OF THE TARIM BASIN. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (1): 141-149.
Citation: LI Jian-feng, ZHAO Yue, PEI Jun-ling, et al., 2017. CENOZOIC MARINE SEDIMENTATION PROBLEM OF THE TARIM BASIN. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (1): 141-149.

塔里木盆地新生代海相沉积问题

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41201202

国家自然科学基金项目 41672202

国家深部探测技术与实验研究专项 Sinoprobe08-01-01

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李建锋(1977-), 男, 博士, 构造地质学专业, 主要从事造山带与盆地演化及热年代学研究。E-mail:lijianfeng217@sina.com

    通讯作者:

    赵越(1955-), 男, 研究员, 从事区域构造、构造地貌和构造事件年代学研究。E-mail:yue_zhao@cags.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P512.2;P534.6

CENOZOIC MARINE SEDIMENTATION PROBLEM OF THE TARIM BASIN

  • 摘要: 基于前人文献,对塔里木盆地新生代海相沉积问题进行梳理,进而探讨该盆地新生代海侵的次数和范围以及海退的时限、原因。研究表明,新生代,塔里木盆地至少经历古近纪的阿尔塔什晚期至齐姆根早期(古新世早期至古新世晚期)、卡拉塔尔期-乌拉根期(始新世中期)、巴什布拉克中期(始新世晚期至早渐新世)等三期海侵;塔里木盆地中新世仍有海相地层这-认识获得广泛认可仍需更多的地质证据来支持。塔里木盆地海侵范围在卡拉塔尔-乌拉根组沉积时期达到最大,向东可达玛扎塔格地区,在盆地北缘和南缘分别可以到达库尔勒以东地区和洛浦县阿其克以东地区。由于受到全球海平面变化和构造运动的共同影响,副特提斯海新生代从塔里木盆地退却的沉积记录包括齐姆根组顶部、乌拉根组顶部、巴什布拉克组第四段和第五段,时间上分别对应于古新世晚期、始新世中晚期和早渐新世。

     

  • 图  1  塔里木盆地周缘主要断裂和地体

    Figure  1.  Main faults and terranes surrounding the Tarim Basin

    图  2  新生代塔里木盆地西南地区海水进退旋回图[19]和全球海平面变化趋势[43]

    Figure  2.  Cenozoic cycle of progressive and regressive in southwestern Tarim Basin and trend of global eustatic sea level

    图  3  塔里木盆地古近纪海侵古地理图[19]

    Figure  3.  Paleogene transgressive paleogeographic map of Tarim Basin

    图  4  塔里木盆地中新世海水分布图(据郭宪璞等[19]修改)

    Figure  4.  Miocene marine transgression distribution in Tarim Basin

    图  5  塔里木盆地第四、第五次海退范围分布图(据Bosboom等[40]修改)

    Figure  5.  The fourth and fifth regression distribution of the Paratethys Sea from Tarim Basin

    表  1  塔里木盆地新生代地层[29, 31~38]

    Table  1.   Cenozoic stratum in the Tarim Basin

    地层塔西南区塔北区塔东南区
    第四系下更新统西域组西域组西域组
    新近系上新统阿图什组库车组库车组
    中新统乌恰群帕卡布拉克组康村组康村组
    安居安组吉迪克组吉迪克
    克孜洛依组苏维依组苏维依组
    古近系渐新统喀什群巴什布拉克组库姆格列木群阿瓦特组库姆格列木群
    始新统卓尤勒干苏组小库孜拜组
    乌拉根组
    卡拉塔尔组
    盖吉塔格组
    古新统齐姆根组
    阿尔塔什组吐依洛克组
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  塔里木盆地西南地区古近纪地层分类沿革[29, 31~32, 34, 39]

    Table  2.   Paleogene strata classification evolution in southwestern Tarim Basin

    地层新疆地层表,1981;周志毅等,1990郝诒纯,1982刘训等,1997郭宪璞等,2000
    渐新统喀什群巴什布拉克组喀什群巴什布拉克组喀什群巴什布拉克组喀什群巴什布拉克组
    始新统乌拉根组卓尤勒干苏组乌拉根组卓尤勒干苏组
    乌拉根组乌拉根组
    卡拉塔尔组卡拉塔尔组卡拉塔尔组卡拉塔尔组
    盖吉塔格组齐姆根组盖吉塔格组
    古新统齐姆根组齐姆根组齐姆根组
    阿尔塔什组阿尔塔什组阿尔塔什组阿尔塔什组
    吐依洛克组
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-06-13
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