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1605年琼山M 7½级地震区现今地应力动态变化特征及对东寨港沉陷的指示意义

贾丽云 马秀敏 姜景捷 雷喆 魏永仪 毛佳睿 郝飞

贾丽云,马秀敏,姜景捷,等,2023. 1605年琼山M 7½级地震区现今地应力动态变化特征及对东寨港沉陷的指示意义[J]. 地质力学学报,29(3):339−354 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20232904
引用本文: 贾丽云,马秀敏,姜景捷,等,2023. 1605年琼山M 7½级地震区现今地应力动态变化特征及对东寨港沉陷的指示意义[J]. 地质力学学报,29(3):339−354 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20232904
JIA L Y,MA X M,JING J J,et al.,2023. Dynamic variation characteristics of in-situ stress in the 1605 Qiongshan M 7½ earthquake area and its implications to the Dongzhaigang subsidence, northeastern Hainan Island, China[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,29(3):339−354 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20232904
Citation: JIA L Y,MA X M,JING J J,et al.,2023. Dynamic variation characteristics of in-situ stress in the 1605 Qiongshan M 7½ earthquake area and its implications to the Dongzhaigang subsidence, northeastern Hainan Island, China[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,29(3):339−354 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20232904

1605年琼山M 7½级地震区现今地应力动态变化特征及对东寨港沉陷的指示意义

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20232904
基金项目: 中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20230249,DD20230014);中国地质科学院地质力学研究所基本科研业务费项目(DZLXS202106,DZLXJK202211);国家自然科学基金(42272222); 海南省海洋地质资源与环境重点实验室开放课题(22-HNHYDZZYHJKF022)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    贾丽云(1982—),女,博士,副研究员,从事新构造与活动构造、构造地貌方向研究。E-mail:158943653@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    马秀敏(1978—),男,硕士,正高级工程师,从事地应力与地质工程方向研究。E-mail:maxiumin2@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P315.72+7;P931

Dynamic variation characteristics of in-situ stress in the 1605 Qiongshan M 7½ earthquake area and its implications to the Dongzhaigang subsidence, northeastern Hainan Island, China

Funds: This research is financially supported by the Geological Survey Projects of the China Geological Survey (Grants DD20230249 and DD20230014), Basic Research Funds of the Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences (Grants DZLXS202106 and DZLXJK202211), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 42272222), and the Open Project of the Hainan Key Laboratory of Marine Geological Resources and Environment (Grant 22-HNHYDZZYHJKF022)
  • 摘要:

    文章利用1605年琼山7½级地震区不同区块布设的3个地应力监测台站应变观测数据,进行了地应力动态变化分析并对其记录的应力突变信息进行了提取,分析了2016年3月—2018年5月地应力变化与构造活动情况,并探讨了东寨港地貌演化趋势及其沉陷机理。结果显示:研究区总体受北西向挤压应力场作用,使得位于马袅−铺前断裂与铺前−清澜断裂上盘的演丰和大致坡地区以拉张应力场为主,位于断层下盘的锦山地区以挤压应力场为主;马袅−铺前断裂和铺前−清澜断裂在区域应力场作用下,不断进行非震活动来调整局部应力场,其中,马袅−铺前断裂在2016年3—7月、2017年10月和2018年4月有过多次活动,铺前−清澜断裂在2017年10月和2018年4月有过2次活动,马袅−铺前断裂较铺前−清澜断裂活动能量强;应力场变化趋势指示以铺前−清澜断裂(F13-1)为界,东部有逐步抬升趋势,西部的东寨港可能还会持续沉降;断层活动趋势指示以马袅−铺前断裂(F2-2)为界,东寨港北部演丰地区的沉降速率应该大于南部三江地区;此外,体应变监测数据也指示了位于海南岛南北地震带下部的岩浆活动痕迹。综合研究认为,东寨港沉陷主要受深部岩浆上涌导致的马袅−铺前断裂与铺前−清澜断裂的正断活动控制,并受到全新世海平面变化与软土沉积地层性质导致软土流滑、砂土液化以及海水侵蚀等多方面影响。文章创新性的将钻孔应变观测技术应用于探索海岸带地区典型震陷地貌演化规律与趋势研究,在地应力监测与构造地貌研究领域都有着重要的学术价值,同时,该成果对东寨港地区红树林保护、城镇规划建设等方面亦具有重要的应用价值。

     

  • 图  1  东寨港地区地质地貌与地应力台站分布图(底图据王超群等,2022修改)

    a—南海西北部活动构造图;b—东寨港地区地质地貌与地应力台站分布图

    Figure  1.  Distribution of geological landforms and in-situ stress monitoring stations in the Dongzhaigang area(Base map modified from Wang et al., 2022

    (a) Active tectonic map of the northwestern South China Sea;(b) Distribution of the geological landforms and in-situ stress monitoring stations in the Dongzhaigang area

    图  2  体应变仪结构与外观

    Figure  2.  Structure and appearance of the volume strainmeter

    图  3  3个台站体应变监测数据特征曲线

    a—同震应变阶曲线特征;b—固体潮应变阶曲线特征

    Figure  3.  Characteristic curves of volume strain monitoring data from three stations

    (a) Coseismal step curves; (b) Earth tide step curves

    图  4  事件体应变特征曲线

    a—台风应变曲线特征;b—潮汐应变曲线特征;c—仪器扰动应变曲线特征;d—构造活动应变曲线特征

    Figure  4.  Volume strain characteristic curves of different events

    (a) Strain curve characteristics of typhoon ; (b) Strain curve characteristics of tidal; (c) Strain curve characteristics of instrumental disturbance; (d) Strain curve characteristics of tectonic activity

    图  5  代表性构造事件应变曲线

    a—JS台站监测到远程地震事件应变曲线;b—DZP台站监测到远程地震事件应变曲线;c—JS台站监测到的可能为断层活动事件应变曲线; d—YF台站监测到的可能为断层活动事件应变曲线;e—DZP台站监测到可能与岩浆活动事件相关的应变曲线;f—DZP台站监测到的可能为断层活动事件应变曲线

    Figure  5.  Strain curves of representative tectonic events

    (a) Strain curves of representive romote seismic events detected by the JS station; (b) Strain curves of representative remote seismic events detected by the DZP station; (c)Strain curves may be related to fault activities detected by the JS station; (b) Strain curve may be related to fault activities detected by the YF station; (d)Strain curves may be related to magmatic events detected by the DZP station; (e)Strain curves may be related to fault activities detected by the DZP station

    图  6  体应变监测曲线对比图

    Figure  6.  Comparison of volume strain monitoring curves in different stations

    图  7  1605年琼山M 7½级地震区地应力状态与东寨港沉降趋势示意图

    Figure  7.  In-situ stress state in the 1605 Qiongshan M 7½ earthquake area and subsidence trend of Dongzhaigang

    表  1  东寨港地区地应力监测数据参数表

    Table  1.   Parameter table of in-situ stress monitoring data in the Dongzhaigang area

    台站名称采集日期数据量/GB采集率/%采集频率/Hz
    JS台站 2016.02−2018.065.5196.610
    DZP台站2016.02−2018.054.8287.010
    YF台站 2016.02−2019.026.9891.710
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  地应力监测数据特征与构造事件提取一览—表

    Table  2.   List of the features of in-situ stress monitoring data and extraction of tectonic events

    台站应变值趋势特征提取的主要应变突变数据特征构造活动/事件分析
    时间段趋势特征日期应变突增差(nε应变突降差(nε
    JS 2016.03—2016.06 波动中持续下降 2016.03.23—2016.03.25 17251.0 断层构造活动
    2016.04.10—2016.04.11 / 13468.5 阿富汗7.1级大地震后能量释放/断层同震活动
    2016.05.12—2016.05.13 / 19848.0 台湾宜兰县海域两次5.8与6.2级大地震 /断层同震活动
    2016.07—2016.08 总体呈增加趋势;经历4次波动:
    增长阶段速度慢,降低阶段速度快
    2016.08.14—2016.08.20 / 57889.7 断层活动
    2016.09—2016.12 相对稳定;周期性波动 2016.09.20—2016.09.26 / 21375.6 断层活动
    2016.10.18—2016.10.19 / 25220.6 地震远程效应/震后断层活动
    2016.11.22—2016.11.28 / 20272.2 远程地震震后断层活动
    2017.01—2017.12 波动中上升 2017.05.28—2017.06.19 30986.1 / 走滑断层蠕滑致能量积累
    2017.10.15—2017.10.19 / 38201.4 断层活动
    2018.01—2018.05 相对稳定;周期性波动 / / / /
    YF 2016.03—2016.07 逐渐上升 2016.03.23—2016.03.25 9882.0 阿富汗7.1级大地震后能量释放/断层同震活动
    2016.04.10 9467.0 台湾宜兰县海域两次5.8与6.2级远程大地震 /震后断层活动
    2016.05.27 / 43727.7 斐济群岛6.2级同震断层活动
    2016.07—2016.12 逐渐下降 2016.07.21 / 154101.0 断层活动
    2016.10.19 / 90920.0 地震远程效应 /震后断层活动
    2017.01—2017.07 持续下降 2017.06.30—2016.07.08 / 18928.0 断层蠕滑活动
    2017.08—2017.12 先降后升 2017.10.17 / 24713.9 断层活动
    2018.01—2018.05 相对稳定 2018.04.14 / 10345.0 断层活动
    2018.09—2018.12 逐渐上升 2018.09.26 / 19201.7 断层活动
    DZP 2016.03—2016.07 缓慢下降 2016.03.16 / / 仪器干扰
    2016.04.28 / 32278.0 断层活动
    2016.07.23 10367(下降后迅速上升) 断层活动
    2016.08—2016.12 快速下降 2016.08.25 / 22583.0 断层活动
    2016.10.14 / 22294.0 地壳内部岩浆活动
    2016.11.18 / 12964.0 米林6.9级远程地震震后断层活动
    2017.01—2017.07 缓慢下降 2017.02.15 / 27182.0 地壳内部岩浆活动
    2017.08—2017.12 相对稳定 2017.07.30—2017.07.31 / 22453.0 断层活动
    2018.01—2018.02 缓慢下降 2018.02.04 / 10777.0 局地构造活动(推测)
    2018.03—2018.05 缓慢上升—下降—较快速上升 2018.04.25—2018.05.03 / 11266.0 断层活动
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-02-28
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