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宁夏清水河盆地晚更新世中晚期孢粉记录及古气候意义

韦利杰 李振宏 李明涛 董晓朋 崔加伟 寇琳琳

韦利杰, 李振宏, 李明涛, 等, 2023. 宁夏清水河盆地晚更新世中晚期孢粉记录及古气候意义. 地质力学学报, 29 (5): 662-673. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023015
引用本文: 韦利杰, 李振宏, 李明涛, 等, 2023. 宁夏清水河盆地晚更新世中晚期孢粉记录及古气候意义. 地质力学学报, 29 (5): 662-673. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023015
WEI Lijie, LI Zhenhong, LI Mingtao, et al., 2023. Palynological records and paleoclimatic significance during the middle and late Late Pleistocene in the Qingshuihe Basin, Ningxia. Journal of Geomechanics, 29 (5): 662-673. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023015
Citation: WEI Lijie, LI Zhenhong, LI Mingtao, et al., 2023. Palynological records and paleoclimatic significance during the middle and late Late Pleistocene in the Qingshuihe Basin, Ningxia. Journal of Geomechanics, 29 (5): 662-673. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023015

宁夏清水河盆地晚更新世中晚期孢粉记录及古气候意义

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023015
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41972119

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20190018

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20221644

详细信息
    作者简介:

    韦利杰(1974-), 女, 副研究员, 主要从事古生物学与地层学方面的研究工作。E-mail: weilijie74@163.com

    通讯作者:

    李振宏(1973-), 男, 研究员, 主要从事沉积地质与大地构造方面的研究工作。E-mail: lizhennhong@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P532;P534.63+1

Palynological records and paleoclimatic significance during the middle and late Late Pleistocene in the Qingshuihe Basin, Ningxia

Funds: 

the fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41972119

the Geological Survey Projects of the China Geological Survey DD20190018

the Geological Survey Projects of the China Geological Survey DD20221644

  • 摘要:

    亚洲内陆荒漠化和干旱化与中国西部人类生存环境和社会可持续发展密切相关。中国西部地区的气候自晚更新世以来经历了多次冷暖、干湿变化, 研究其晚更新世古气候变化, 有助于预测未来气候的变化趋势。文章分析了宁夏南部清水河盆地晚更新世中晚期的孢粉记录, 结果显示孢粉序列可从下至上划分为4个组合带, 反映了该地区晚更新世中晚期植被和气候变化规律。研究表明研究区晚更新世中期(75~50 ka B.P.)是植被以蒿属为主的干草原, 气候温凉偏干; 晚更新世晚期(25~15 ka B.P.)由荒漠草原-干草原和疏林草原交替出现逐渐过渡到荒漠草原, 该时期冬季风呈现逐渐增强的趋势, 致使气候逐渐变冷变干, 气候类型由温凉偏湿过渡到冷干。宁夏南部清水河盆地晚更新世中晚期孢粉记录的深入研究对于正确认识黄土高原自然环境历史演变和黄土高原治理决策的制定具有重要指导意义。

     

  • 图  1  六盘山及清水河盆地区域地质简图(据马兆颖等,2020修改)

    Figure  1.  Regional geological map of the Liupan Mountain and the Qingshuihe Basin (modified from Ma et al., 2020)

    图  2  九百户剖面和三岔村剖面柱状图和采样位置

    Figure  2.  Histograms and sampling locations of the Jiubaihu section and Sanchacun section

    图  3  宁夏南部清水河盆地晚更新世中晚期主要孢粉类型

    a—松科:冷杉属;b—松科:云杉属;c—松科:松属;d—松科:铁杉属;e, f—麻黄科;g, h—菊科:蒿属型;i—菊科:紫苑属型;j—菊科:蒲公英属型;k—菊科:蓝刺头属型;l—毛茛科;m—石竹科;n—藜科;o—禾本科;p—蔷薇科;q—桑科:葎草属;r—白花丹科;s—蒺藜科:白刺属;t—龙胆科;u—唇形科;v—无患子科:栾树属;w—桦木科:桦属;x—胡桃科;y—壳斗科:栎属;z—榆科;aa—椴树科;ab—水龙骨科

    Figure  3.  Photomicrographs of selected spore-pollen from the Qingshuihe Basin in southern Ningxia during the middle and late Late Pleistocene

    a-Pinaceae: Abies; b-Pinaceae: Picea; c-Pinaceae: Pinus; d-Pinaceae: Tsuga; e, f-Ephedraceae; g, h-Compositae: Artemisia type; i-Compositae: Aster type; j-Compositae: Taraxacum type; k-Compositae: Echinops type; l-Ranunculaceae; m-Caryophyllaceae; n-Chenopodiaceae; o-Gramineae; p-Rosaceae; q-Moraceae: Humulus; r-Plumbaginaceae; s-Zygophyllaceae: Nitraria; t-Gentianaceae; u-Labiatae; v-Sapindaceae: Koelreuteria; w-Betulaceae: Betula; x-Juglandaceae; y-Fagaceae: Quercus; z-Ulmaceae; aa-Tiliaceae; ab-Polypodiaceae

    图  4  宁夏南部清水河盆地晚更新世中晚期孢粉百分比图谱

    Figure  4.  Pollen percentage diagram of the Qingshuihe Basin in southern Ningxia during the middle to late Late Pleistocene

    图  5  宁夏南部清水河盆地晚更新世中晚期孢粉图谱

    Figure  5.  Pollen diagram of the Qingshuihe Basin in southern Ningxia during the middle to late Late Pleistocene

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-02-09
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-09
  • 录用日期:  2023-07-05

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