留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

中国岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床成矿理论创新和找矿突破

李文渊

李文渊,2022. 中国岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床成矿理论创新和找矿突破[J]. 地质力学学报,28(5):793−820 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20222810
引用本文: 李文渊,2022. 中国岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床成矿理论创新和找矿突破[J]. 地质力学学报,28(5):793−820 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20222810
LI W Y,2022. Study of ore-forming theoretical innovation and prospecting breakthrough of magmatic copper–nickel–cobalt sulfide deposits in China[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,28(5):793−820 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20222810
Citation: LI W Y,2022. Study of ore-forming theoretical innovation and prospecting breakthrough of magmatic copper–nickel–cobalt sulfide deposits in China[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,28(5):793−820 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20222810

中国岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床成矿理论创新和找矿突破

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20222810
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划课题(2019YFC0605201)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李文渊(1962—),男,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事岩浆硫化物矿床和区域成矿学研究工作。E-mail:xalwenyuan@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P618.2

Study of ore-forming theoretical innovation and prospecting breakthrough of magmatic copper–nickel–cobalt sulfide deposits in China

Funds: The research is financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant 2019YFC0605201)
  • 摘要: 中国岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床是国家镍、钴、铂族元素等战略性关键金属资源的主要来源,是需要特别关注的具有未来价值的重要矿床类型。该类矿床来源于上地幔,特别是软流圈的部分熔融形成的镁铁质、超镁铁质岩浆,硫化物液相−硅酸盐熔体的不混溶(熔离)作用是成矿的主要机制。它们主要形成于两种背景:大陆裂谷和造山带中的伸展环境。中国是岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床的产出大国,但与国外相比,形成背景和成矿动力学机制比较独特。世界上绝大多数岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床都形成于古老的克拉通,是地幔柱地球动力作用的结果,太古代—早元古代的科马提岩镍钴硫化物矿床是鲜明的产出特点。中国缺少古老的科马提岩有关的镍钴硫化物矿床,成矿时代相对较晚,主要形成于新元古代、晚古生代早期和晚期三个时期,新元古代以镍金属资源量居世界第三的金川超大型矿床为代表,晚古生代早期以近年来找矿突破发现的夏日哈木超大型矿床为代表。夏日哈木矿床也是迄今世界上特提斯造山带中发现的唯一一例超大型岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床。中国学者基于中国找矿实际提出的“大岩浆−深部熔离−贯入”表现为“小岩体成大矿”的成矿理论,广泛为野外地质勘查工作者接受并应用,取得了重要的找矿突破性成果,同时为国外同行认可,改变了岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床传统的成矿认识。造山带中岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床的广泛分布是中国该类矿床的一个重要特色,按形成造山带演化和成矿历史的不同,可分为特提斯型和中亚型两种重要的类型。特提斯型以夏日哈木矿床为代表,它是特提斯构造转换,原特提斯造山后,古特提斯裂解的产物;中亚型以中亚造山带中东天山−北山、阿尔泰分布的大批晚古生代晚期早二叠世岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床为代表,是板块构造和地幔柱双重地球动力学机制作用的结果。中国岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床找矿潜力巨大,金川矿床作为水平的“岩床”被推覆至地表呈倾斜的“岩墙”产出的结果,深边部仍具有重要找矿潜力,目前已在含矿岩体两端发现了重要的新矿体;夏日哈木矿床所在的东昆仑及其邻区已发现十余处新的矿床(点)。区域上,塔里木陆块东南缘、塔里木陆块北缘、扬子陆块西缘和华北陆块东北缘是亟待加强勘查的找矿远景区,而扬子陆块北缘、华北陆块北缘是急需调查的找矿新区。

     

  • 图  1  中国岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床地质分布图(据李文渊,1996修改;中国地图轮廓据自然资源部GS(2016)1552号)

    Figure  1.  Geological distribution of magmatic copper–nickel–cobalt sulfide deposits in China(modified from Li,1996; Map of China outline according to the Ministry of Natural Resources, PRC, GS (2016) 1552)

    图  2  金川超大型岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床深部熔离–贯入成矿及就位模式图(据李文渊,19962007修改)

    Figure  2.  Deep immiscibility–injection mineralization and displacement mode diagram of the Jinchuan super-large magma copper-nickel-cobalt sulfide deposit(modified from Li, 1996, 2007

    图  3  金川含矿超镁铁岩Nb/Yb–Th/Yb图解(据Tang et al.,2013修改)

    Figure  3.  Nb/Yb–Th/Yb diagram of the Jinchuan ore-bearing ultramafic intrusions (modified from Tang et al., 2013

    图  4  金川含矿超镁铁岩体立体形态及主要横断面示意图(据李文渊,1996修改)

    Figure  4.  Schematic diagram of the stereoscopic morphology and main cross sections of the Jinchuan ore-bearing ultramafic rock body(modified from Li, 1996

    图  5  金川矿床东、西部岩浆房成矿模式图解(据李文渊,19962007修改)

    Figure  5.  Mineralization pattern diagram of the east section and west section of the magma chambers of the Jinchuan deposit(modified from Li, 1996, 2007

    图  6  夏日哈木含矿镁铁–超镁铁岩Sr-Nd同位素对比图解(据Zhang et al.,2021修改)

    Figure  6.  Comparison of the Sr–Nd isotope of the Xiarihamu ore-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusions(modified from Zhang et al., 2021

    图  7  东昆仑古特提斯裂谷构造–岩浆–成矿事件示意图(据李文渊等,2021修改)

    Figure  7.  Schematic diagram of the rift formation–magma–metallogenic event of Paleo-Tethys in East Kunlun (modified from Li et al.,2021

    图  8  东天山–北山含矿镁铁–超镁铁质侵入岩分布图(Xiao et al.,2004Su et al.,2011

    Figure  8.  Distribution of ore-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusions in the Eastern Tianshan–Beishan region(Xiao et al.,2004Su et al.,2011

    图  9  东天山–北山含铜镍钴镁铁–超镁铁岩Nb/Yb–Th/Yb和Nb/Yb–TiO2/Yb图解(底图据Pearce,2008;数据来自尤敏鑫,2022修改)

    a—Nb/Yb–Th/Yb图解;b—Nb/Yb–TiO2/Yb图解

    Figure  9.  Nb/Yb–Th/Yb diagram and Nb/Yb–TiO2/Yb diagram of ore-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusions in the Eastern Tianshan–Beishan region(Base map after Pearce,2008; data modified from You,2022

    (a) Nb/Yb–Th/Yb diagram; (b) Nb/Yb–TiO2/Yb diagram

    图  10  东天山–北山含铜镍钴镁铁–超镁铁岩Sr-Nd同位素对比图解(据Zhou et al.,2008尤敏鑫,2022修改)

    Figure  10.  Comparison of the Sr–Nd isotope of the ore-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusions from the Eastern Tianshan–Beishan region (modified from Zhou et al., 2008; You, 2022)

    图  11  金川和夏日哈木矿床PGE配分曲线(据韩一筱,2021修改)

    Figure  11.  Partitioning of PGE between Jinchuan and Xiarihamu magmatic Ni–Cu–Co sulfide deposits(modified from Han,2021

    图  12  金川岩体磁异常及深边部隐伏岩矿体地质解释图(据李文渊,1996修改)

    Figure  12.  Diagram of magnetic anomalies and geological interpretation of hidden rock ore bodies in the deep side of the Jinchuan ore-bearing intrusive rock(modified from Li, 1996

    图  13  东昆仑及其邻区古特提斯构造带岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床找矿靶区分布图

    Figure  13.  Distribution of prospecting targets for magmatic nickel–copper–cobalt sulfide deposits in the Paleotethys tectonic belt of East Kunlun and its adjacent areas

    图  14  中国岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床找矿远景区示意图(中国地图轮廓据自然资源部GS(2016)1552号)

    Figure  14.  Sketch map of prospecting potential area of magmatic copper–nickel–cobalt sulfide deposits in China(Map of China outline according to the Ministry of Natural Resources, PRC, GS (2016) 1552)

    表  1  中国岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床成矿特征及类型一览表

    Table  1.   Schedule of mineralization characteristics and types of magmatic Ni–Cu–Co sulfide deposits in China

    成矿背景典型矿床主要岩石类型成矿元素矿床规模测年方法和成矿时代文献来源





    大陆
    边缘
    裂谷
    金川 二辉橄榄岩、纯橄榄岩 Ni、Cu、Co、PGE 超大型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,827 ± 8 Ma Li et al., 2005b
    兴地 辉长岩、二辉岩、二辉橄榄岩 Ni、Cu 小型 锆石U–Pb,760 ± 6 Ma Zhang et al., 2011
    大坡岭 变辉橄岩、变辉石岩、辉长辉绿岩 Ni、Cu、Co、PGE 小型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,828 ± 7 Ma 葛文春等,2001
    周庵 二辉橄榄岩、橄榄辉石岩 Ni、Cu、PGE 大型 锆石U–Pb,641.5 ± 3.7 Ma 闫海卿等,2010
    桃科 变橄榄辉长苏长岩、变辉长苏长岩 Ni、Cu、PGE 小型 锆石U–Pb,2715 ± 16 Ma 孙涛等,2016
    铜硐子 蚀变辉长-辉绿岩 Ni、Cu 小型 元古代?
    赤柏松 辉长辉绿岩、二辉橄榄岩 Ni、Cu、Co、PGE 小型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,134 ± 7 Ma 裴福萍等,2005
    大火
    成岩
    力马河 单辉橄榄岩、辉长-闪长岩 Ni、Cu 小型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,263 ±3 Ma Zhou et al., 2008
    白马寨 橄榄岩、橄辉岩、辉石岩、辉长岩 Ni、Cu、Co、PGE 小型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,258.5 ± 3.5 Ma Wang,2006
    金宝山 蚀变单辉橄榄岩、辉长辉绿岩 PGE、Ni、Cu、Co 大型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,260.6 ± 3.5 Ma Tao et al., 2015
    杨柳坪 二辉橄榄岩、辉石岩、辉长岩 PGE、Ni、Cu 大型 晚二叠纪?






    特提
    斯造
    山带
    夏日哈木 二辉岩、辉长岩、橄榄岩 Ni、Cu、Co 超大型 锆石U–Pb,411.6 ± 2.4 Ma Li et al., 2015
    拉水峡 蚀变橄榄岩 Ni、Cu、Co、PGE 小型
    煎茶岭 蛇纹岩、滑镁岩、菱镁岩 Ni、Co 大型 硫化物Re–Os等时线,878 ± 27 Ma 王瑞廷等,2003
    中亚
    造山
    黄山东 角闪橄榄辉长岩、辉长橄榄岩 Ni、Cu、Co、PGE 大型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,274 ± 3 Ma 韩宝福等,2004
    图拉尔根 角闪橄榄岩、辉石岩、辉长岩 Ni、Cu、Co、PGE 大型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,300.5 ± 3.2 Ma 三金柱等,2010
    坡一 角闪辉长岩、橄榄辉石岩 Ni、Cu 大型 TIMS锆石U–Pb,274 ± 4 Ma 秦克章等,2007
    菁布拉克 闪长岩、橄榄辉长岩、橄榄岩 Ni、Cu 小型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,434.4 ± 6.2 Ma 张作衡等,2007
    黑山 斜长角闪橄榄岩、辉长岩 Ni、Cu 大型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,356.4 ± 0.6 Ma Xie et al., 2012
    小南山 蚀变辉长岩 Ni、Cu、Co、PGE 小型 锆石U–Pb,272.7 ± 2.9 Ma 党智财,2015
    喀拉通克型 方辉橄榄岩、辉长苏长岩 Ni、Cu、PGE 大型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,287 ± 5 Ma 韩宝福等,2004
    红旗岭型 斜方辉石岩、橄榄岩、辉长岩 Ni、Cu、Co 大型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,239.6 ± 2.6 Ma 郝立波等,2013
    五星 辉长岩、辉石岩、橄榄辉石岩 Ni、Cu、Co、PGE 小型 SHRIMP锆石U–Pb,37.79 ± 0.76 Ma 李光辉等,2010
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  玄武质岩浆RN因子估算与Co的丰度值

    Table  2.   The Co concentration and calculated R and N factors for basaltic magmas

    XisilDisilR/NYisul(Co,×10−6
    4468187/87
    446810422/447
    4468501293/1579
    44681001799/2315
    446810002804/2992
    4468100002972/2992
    Williams-Jones and Vasyukova,2022
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  地球不同圈层中的PGE丰度(10−9

    Table  3.   The PGE concentration in different layers of the earth(10−9

    位置PtPdOsIrRuRh∑PGE
    地核135.582.616348.1
    下地幔0.20.120.050.050.10.020.54
    上地幔0.20.090.050.050.10.020.51
    地壳0.0450.010.0010.0010.0010.0010.059
    (据黎彤,1976Mcdonough and Sun,1995修改)
    下载: 导出CSV
  • ARNDT N T, CZAMANSKE G K, WALKER R J, et al. , 2003. Geochemistry and origin of the intrusive hosts of the Noril'sk-TalnakhCu-Ni-PGE sulfide deposits[J]. Economic Geology, 98(3): 495-515.
    BARNES S J, LIGHTFOOT P C, 2005. Formation of magmatic nickel sulfide deposits and processes affecting their copper and platinum group element contents[M]//HEDENQUIST J W, THOMPSON J F H, GOLDFARB R J, et al. One hundredth anniversary volume. Littleton: Society of Economic Geologists: 179-213.
    BARNES S J, MUNGALL J E, MAIER W D, 2015. Platinum group elements in mantle melts and mantle samples[J]. Lithos, 232: 395-417. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2015.07.007
    BÉDARD J H, 2005. Partitioning coefficients between olivine and silicate melts[J]. Lithos, 83(3-4): 394-419. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2005.03.011
    BÉDARD J H, 2007. Trace element partitioning coefficients between silicate melts and orthopyroxene: parameterizations of D variations[J]. Chemical Geology, 244(1-2): 263-303. doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.06.019
    BÉDARD J H, 2014. Parameterizations of calcic clinopyroxene-melt trace element partition coefficients[J]. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(2): 303-336. doi: 10.1002/2013GC005112
    BEZMEN N I, ASIF M, BRÜGMANN G E, et al. , 1994. Distribution of Pd, Rh, Ru, Jr, Os, and Au between sulfide and silicate metals[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 58(4): 1251-1260. doi: 10.1016/0016-7037(94)90379-4
    BOUGAULT H, DMITRIEV L, SCHILLING J G, et al. , 1988. Mantle heterogeneity from trace elements: MAR triple junction near 14 N[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 88(1-2): 27-36. doi: 10.1016/0012-821X(88)90043-X
    CARROLL M R, RUTHERFORD M J, 1988. Sulfur speciation in hydrous experimental glasses of varying oxidation state; results from measured wavelength shifts of sulfur X-rays[J]. American Mineralogist, 73(7-8): 845-849.
    CRAIG J R, 1979. Geochemical aspects of the origins of ore deposits[M]//SIEGEL F F. Review of research on modern problems in geochemistry. Paris: UNESCO Earth Sciences: 225-271.
    DANG Z C, 2015. Petrology, geochemistry, ages and ore-bearing property evaluation of the mafic-ultramafic intrusions, the middle segment of Inner Mongolia[D]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences: 1-116. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    DUAN J, LI C S, QIAN Z Z, et al. , 2016. Multiple S isotopes, zircon Hf isotopes, whole-rock Sr-Nd isotopes, and spatial variations of PGE tenors in the Jinchuan Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, NW China[J]. Mineralium Deposita, 51(4): 557-574. doi: 10.1007/s00126-015-0626-8
    FLEET M E, CROCKET J H, STONE W E, 1996. Partitioning of platinum-group elements (Os, Ir, Ru, Pt, Pd) and gold between sulfide liquid and basalt melt[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 60(13): 2397-2412. doi: 10.1016/0016-7037(96)00100-7
    FRISH W, MESCHEDE M, BLAKEY R C, 2011. Platetectonics-continental driftand mountain building[M]. Heidelberg: Springer: 1-212.
    GE W C, LI X H, LIANG X R, et al. , 2001. Geochemistry and geological implications of mafic-ultramafic rocks with the age of~ Ma in Yuanbaoshan-Baotan area of northern Guangxi[J]. Geochimica, 30(2): 123-130. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    HAN B F, JI J Q, SONG B, et al. , 2004. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb ages of Kalatongke No. 1 and Huangshandong Cu-Ni-bearing mafic-ultramafic complexes, North Xinjiang, and geological implications[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 49(22): 2424-2429.
    HAN Y X, 2021. The comparative study on platinum group elements in Jinchuan and Xiarihamu magmatic Cu-Ni sulfide deposits[D]. Xi’an: Chang’an University: 1-180. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    HAO L B, SUN L J, ZHAO Y Y, et al. , 2013. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dating of Chajian mafic-ultramafic rocks in Hongqiling mine field, Jilin Province, and its implications[J]. Earth Science—Journal of China University of Geosciences, 38(2): 233-240. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2013.024
    HORAN M F, WALKER R J, FEDORENKO V A, et al. , 1995. Osmium and neodymium isotopic constraints on the temporal and spatial evolution of Siberian flood basalt sources[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 59(24): 5159-5168. doi: 10.1016/0016-7037(96)89674-8
    JIANG C Y, GUO N X, XIA M Z, et al. , 2012. Petrogenesis of the Poyi mafic-ultramafic layered intrusion, NE Tarim Plate[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 28(7): 2209-2223. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    JIANG CY, LING J L, ZHOU W, et al. , 2015. Petrogenesis of the Xiarihamu Ni-bearing layered mafic-ultramafic intrusion, East Kunlun: implications for its extensional island arc environment[J]. ActaPetrologica Sinica, 31(4): 1117-1136. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    JUGO P J, LUTH R W, RICHARDS J P, 2005. An experimental study of the sulfur content in basaltic melts saturated with immiscible sulfide or sulfate liquids at 1300 °C and 1·0 GPa[J]. Journal of Petrology, 46(4): 783-798.
    KEAYS R R, 1995. The role of komatiitic and picritic magmatism and S-saturation in the formation of ore deposits[J]. Lithos, 34(1-3): 1-18. doi: 10.1016/0024-4937(95)90003-9
    KEAYS R R, 1997. Requirements for the formation of giant Ni-Cu-PGE sulfide deposits: the role of magma generation[J]. EosTransactions American Geophysical Union, 78: F799.
    LARSEN L M, PEDERSEN A K, 2000. Processes in high-Mg, high-T magmas: evidence from olivine, chromite and glass in palaeogene picrites from West Greenland[J]. Journal of Petrology, 41(7): 1071-1098. doi: 10.1093/petrology/41.7.1071
    LI C S, RIPLEY E M, 2011. The giant Jinchuan Ni-Cu-(PGE) deposit: tectonic setting, magma evolution, ore genesis, and exploration implications[M]//LI C S, RIPLEY E M. Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE deposits: geology, geochemistry, and genesis. Toronto: Society of Economic Geologists: 163-180.
    LI C S, ZHANG Z W, LI W Y, et al. , 2015. Geochronology, petrology and Hf-S isotope geochemistry of the newly-discovered Xiarihamu magmatic Ni-Cu sulfide deposit in the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, western China[J]. Lithos, 216-217: 224-240. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2015.01.003
    LI G H, SUN J G, HUANG Y W, et al. , 2010. Zircon U-Pb age of mineral-bearing rock body from Wuxing Pt-Pd deposit in Jidong, Heilongjiang Province and its geological significance[J]. Global Geology, 29(1): 28-33. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI H Q, CHEN F W, MEI Y P, et al. , 2006. Isotopic ages of No. 1intrusive body in Pobei mafic-ultramaficbelt of Xinjiang and their geological significance[J]. Mineral Deposits, 25(4): 463-469. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI L X, WANG D H, SONG Q H, et al. , 2009. Study on the age of ore-bearing intrusion of Chibosong copper-nickel sulfide deposit in Tonghua, Jilin Province[J]. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 29(S1): 55-56 (in Chinese).
    LI S J, SUN F Y, GAO Y W, et al. , 2012. The Theoretical guidance and the practice of small Intrusions forming large deposits-the enlightenment and significance for searching breakthrough of Cu-Ni sulfide deposit in Xiarihamu, East Kunlun, Qinghai[J]. Northwestern Geology, 45(4): 185-191. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI T, 1976. Chemical element abundances in the earth and it’s major shells[J]. Geochimica(3): 167-174. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, 1995. Characteristics and exploration countermeasures of copper-nickel sulfide deposit in China[C]//Proceedings of the 2nd annual youth academic conference of China association for science and technology (basic science volume). Beijing: China Press of Science and Technology: 180-190. (in Chinese)
    LI W Y, 1996. Metallogenic series and geochemistry of nickel-copper sulfide deposits in China[M]. Xi'an: Xi'an Map Publishing House: 1-228. (in Chinese)
    LI W Y, 1999. Remote metallogenic effect of Continent-Continentcollision in the North Qilian Mountains: positioning and structural hydrothermal transformation of deep ore bodies in Longshoushan area[C]//Proceedings of continental structure and inland deformation and the sixth national geomechanics symposium. Beijing: Geological Society of China: 166-169. (in Chinese)
    LI W Y, WANG W, GUO Z P, 2005a. Magmatic Ni-Cu-PGE deposits in the Qilian-Longshou mountains, Northwest China-part of a Proterozoic large igneous province[C]//Eighthmineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge. Berlin: Springer: 429-431.
    LI W Y, 2006a. Mineralization and prospection of metallic sulfide deposit associated with the magmatic activity of Qilian mountain. northwest China[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House: 1-208. (in Chinese)
    LI W Y, 2006b. Mineral potential of mineral resources in Northwest China[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House: 1-438. (in Chinese)
    LI W Y, 2007. The current status and prospect on magmatic Ni-Cu-PGE deposits[J]. Northwestern Geology, 40(2): 1-28. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, 2012. Active global tectonics and ore-forming processes[J]. Northwestern Geology, 45(2): 27-42. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, NIU Y L, ZHANG Z W, et al. , 2012a. Geodynamic setting and further exploration of magmatism-related mineralization concentrated in the Late Paleozoic in the northern Xinjiang autonomous region[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 19(4): 41-50. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, TANG L Z, ZHANG Z W, et al. , 2012b. The concept of mineralization of the small rock mass and prospecting significance[J]. Northwestern Geology, 45(4): 61-68. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, 2013. The continental growth and ore-forming processes[J]. Northwestern Geology, 46(1): 1-10. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, 2015. Metallogenic geological characteristics and newly discovered orebodies in Northwest China[J]. Geology in China, 42(3): 365-380. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, ZHANG Z W, CHEN B, 2015. The theory on small intrusions forminglarge deposits and its explorationsignificance: taking for magmatic Ni-Cu sulfidedeposits example in the northwestern of China[J]. Engineering Sciences, 17(2): 29-34. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, 2018. The Primary discussion on the relationship between Paleo-Asian Ocean and Paleo-Tethys Ocean[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 34(8): 2201-2210. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, ZHANG Z W, WANG Y L, et al. , 2019a. Study on the relationship between large-scale magma and metallization in Late Paleozoic in Northern Xinjiang[M]. Beijing: Science Press: 1-324. (in Chinese)
    LI W Y, HONG J, CHEN B, et al. , 2019b. Distribution regularity and main scientific issues of strategic mineral resources in Central Asia and Adjacent Regions[J]. Bulletin of National Natural Science Foundation of China, 33(2): 119-124. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, WANG Y L, QIAN B, et al. , 2020. Discussion on the formation of magmatic Cu-Ni-Co sulfide deposits in Margin of Tarim Block[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 27(2): 276-293. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, ZHANG Z W, GAO Y B, et al. , 2021. Tectonic transformation the Kunlun orogen of Paleo-Tethys, North China, and the metallization of critical mineral resource’s nickel, cobalt, manganese and lithium[J]. Geology in China, [2021-11-18].https://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/11.1167.P.20211118.0847.002.html. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI W Y, ZHANG Z W, WANG Y L, et al. , 2022. Tectonic transformation of Proto- and Paleo-Tethys and the metallization of magmatic Ni-Cu-Co sufide deposits in Kunlun orogen, Northwest China[J]. Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment, 44(1): 1-19. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI X H, SU L, CHUNG S L, et al. , 2005. Formation of the Jinchuan ultramafic intrusion and the world's third largest Ni-Cu sulfide deposit: associated with the ∼825 Ma south China mantle plume?[J]. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 6(11): Q11004.
    LI Y, AUDÉTATA, 2015. Effects of temperature, silicate melt composition, and oxygen fugacity on the partitioning of V, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Mo, Ag, Sn, Sb, W, Au, Pb, and Bi between sulfide phases and silicate melt[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 162: 25-45. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2015.04.036
    LIGHTFOOT P C, HAWKESWORTH C J, HERGT J, et al. , 1993. Remobilisation of the continental lithosphere by a mantle plume: major-, trace-element, and Sr-, Nd-, and Pb-isotope evidence from picritic and tholeiitic lavas of the Noril'sk District, Siberian Trap, Russia[J]. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 114(2): 171-188. doi: 10.1007/BF00307754
    LIGHTFOOT P C, HAWKESWORTH C J, OLSHEFSKY K, et al. , 1997. Geochemistry of Tertiary tholeiites and picrites from Qeqertarssuaq (Disko Island) and Nuussuaq, West Greenland with implications for the mineral potential of comagmatic intrusions[J]. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 128(2): 139-163.
    LIGHTFOOT P C, NALDRETT A J, 1999. Geological and geochemical relationships in the Voisey’s Bay intrusion, Nain plutonic suite, Labrador, Canada[M]//KEAYS R R, LESHER C M, LIGHTFOOT P C, et al. Dynamic processes in magmatic ore deposits and their application to mineral exploration. Toronto: Geological Association of Canada Short Course Notes, 13: 1-30.
    LIU Y G, LÜ X B, WU C M, et al. , 2016. The migration of Tarim plume magma toward the northeast in Early Permian and its significance for the exploration of PGE-Cu-Ni magmatic sulfide deposits in Xinjiang, NW China: as suggested by Sr-Nd-Hf isotopes, sedimentology and geophysical data[J]. Ore Geology Reviews, 72: 538-545. doi: 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.07.020
    LIU Y G, LI W Y, LÜ X B, et al. , 2017. The Pobei Cu-Ni and Fe ore deposits in NW China are comagmatic evolution products: evidence from ore microscopy, zircon U-Pb chronology and geochemistry[J]. Geologica Acta, 15(1): 37-50.
    LIU Y G, LI W Y, JIA Q Z, et al. , 2018. The dynamic sulfide saturation process and a possible slab break-off model for the giant xiarihamu magmatic nickel ore deposit in the east kunlun orogenic belt, Northern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China[J]. Economic Geology, 113(6): 1383-1417. doi: 10.5382/econgeo.2018.4596
    LIU Y G, CHEN Z G, LI W Y, et al. , 2019. The Cu-Ni mineralization potential of the Kaimuqi mafic-ultramafic complex and the indicators for the magmatic Cu-Ni sulfide deposit exploration in the East Kunlun Orogenic Belt, Northern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China[J]. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 198: 41-53. doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2018.12.002
    MAIER W D, GROVES D I, 2011. Temporal and spatial controls on the formation of magmatic PGE and Ni-Cu deposits[J]. Mineralium Deposita, 46(8): 841-857. doi: 10.1007/s00126-011-0339-6
    MAO J W, YANG J M, QU W J, et al. , 2002. Re-Os dating of Cu-Ni sulfide ores from huangshandong deposit in Xinjiang and its geodynamic significance[J]. Mineral Deposits, 21(4): 323-330. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    MAVROGENES J A, O’NEILL H S C, 1999. The relative effects of pressure, temperature and oxygen fugacity on the solubility of sulfide in mafic magmas[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 63(7-8): 1173-1180. doi: 10.1016/S0016-7037(98)00289-0
    MCDONOUGH W F, SUN S S, 1995. The composition of the Earth[J]. Chemical Geology, 120(3-4): 223-253. doi: 10.1016/0009-2541(94)00140-4
    MCKENZIE D, BICKLE M J, 1988. The volume and composition of melt generated by extension of the lithosphere[J]. Journal of Petrology, 29(3): 625-679. doi: 10.1093/petrology/29.3.625
    MITCHELL A H G, GARSON M S, 1981. Mineral deposits and global tectonic settings[M]. London: Academic Press: 1-457.
    MOUNTAIN B W, WOOD S A, 1988. Chemical controls on the solubility, transport and deposition of platinum and palladium in hydrothermal solutions; a thermodynamic approach[J]. Economic Geology, 83(3): 492-510. doi: 10.2113/gsecongeo.83.3.492
    MUDD G M, JOWITT S M, 2014. A detailed assessment of global nickel resource trends and endowments[J]. Economic Geology, 109(7): 1813-1841. doi: 10.2113/econgeo.109.7.1813
    NALDRETT A J, 1989. Magmatic sulfide deposits[M]. Oxford: Oxford University Presss: 1-196.
    NALDRETT A J, 2004. Magmatic sulfide deposits: geology, geochemistry and exploration[M]. Berlin: Springer: 1-727.
    PALME H, O'NEILL H S, 2014. Cosmochemical estimates of mantle composition[M]//RUDNICK R L. Treatise on geochemistry. 2nd ed. Oxford: Elsevier: 1-39.
    PEACH C L, MATHEZ E A, KEAYS R R, 1990. Sulfide melt-silicate melt distribution coefficients for noble metals and other chalcophile elements as deduced from MORB: implications for partial melting[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 54(12): 3379-3389. doi: 10.1016/0016-7037(90)90292-S
    PEARCE J A, 2008. Geochemical fingerprinting of oceanic basalts with applications to ophiolite classification and the search for Archean oceanic crust[J]. Lithos, 100(1-4): 14-48. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2007.06.016
    PEI F P, XU W L, YAN D B, et al. , 2005. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dating and its geological significance of Chibaisong gabbro in Tonghua area, Jilin Province, China[J]. Science in China Series D, 49(4): 368-374.
    PIRAJNO F, 2000. Ore deposits and mantle plumes[M]. London: Springer: 1-540.
    PIRAJNO F, 2013. The geology and tectonic settings of China’s mineral deposits[M]. Dordrecht: Springer: 1-679.
    QIN K Z, DING K S, XU Y X, et al. , 2007. Ore potential of protoliths and modes of Co-Ni occurrence in Tulargen and Baishiquan Cu-Ni-Co deposits, East Tianshan, Xinjiang[J]. Mineral Deposits, 26(1): 1-14. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    QIN K Z, SU B X, SAKYI P A, et al. , 2011. SIMS zircon U-Pb geochronology and Sr-Nd isotopes of Ni-Cu-Bearing Mafic-Ultramafic Intrusions in Eastern Tianshan and Beishan in correlation with flood basalts in Tarim Basin (NW China): constraints on a ca. Ma mantle plume[J]. American Journal of Science, 311(3): 237-260. doi: 10.2475/03.2011.03
    ROBB L, 2005. Introduction to ore-forming processes[M]. Oxford: Blackwell Science Ltd: 1-373.
    RUDNICK R L, GAO S, 2014. Composition of the continental crust[M]//HOLLAND H D, TUREKIAN K K. Treatise on geochemistry. Oxford: Elsevier: 1-51.
    SAN J Z, QIN K Z, TANG Z L, et al. , 2010. Precise zircon U-Pb age dating of two mafic-ultramafic complexes at Tulargen large Cu-Ni district and its geological implication[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 26(10): 3027-3035. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    SCHILLING J G, ZAJAC M, EVANS R, et al. , 1983. Petrologic and geochemical variations along the Mid-Atlantic ridge from 29 Degrees N to 73 Degrees N[J]. American Journal of Science, 283(6): 510-586. doi: 10.2475/ajs.283.6.510
    SLACK J F, KIMBALL B E, SHEDD K B, 2017. Cobalt, chapter F[C]//SCHULZ K J, DE Y, J J H, et al. Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply. Reston, VA: U. S. Geological Survey: 1-40.
    SONG X Y, YI J N, CHEN L M, et al. , 2016. The Giant Xiarihamu Ni-Co sulfide deposit in the east Kunlun Orogenic Belt, Northern Tibet Plateau, China[J]. Economic Geology, 111(1): 29-55. doi: 10.2113/econgeo.111.1.29
    SONG X Y, 2019. Current research status and important issues of magmatic sulfide deposits[J]. Mineral Deposits, 38(4): 699-710. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    SU B X, QIN K Z, SAKYI P A, et al. , 2011. U-Pb ages and Hf-O isotopes of zircons from Late Paleozoic mafic-ultramafic units in the southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt: tectonic implications and evidence for an Early-Permian mantle plume[J]. Gondwana Research, 20(2-3): 516-531. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2010.11.015
    SUN S S, TATSUMOTO M, SCHILLING J G, 1975. Mantle plume mixing along the Reykjanes ridge axis: lead isotopic evidence[J]. Science, 190(4210): 143-147. doi: 10.1126/science.190.4210.143
    SUN T, LI C, ZHANG Z Q, et al. , 2016. Mineralogical characteristics of Taoke Cu-Ni sulfide deposit in Shandong Provinceand its indications for metallogenic genesis[J]. Mineral Deposits, 35(4): 724-736. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    SUN T, WANG D H, 2019. Geology of mineral resources in China-nickel mining volume[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House: 1-912. (in Chinese)
    TANG Q Y, ZHANG M J, LI C S, et al. , 2013. The chemical compositions and abundances of volatiles in the Siberian large igneous province: constraints on magmatic CO2 and SO2 emissions into the atmosphere[J]. Chemical Geology, 339: 84-91. doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2012.08.031
    TANG Z L, REN D J, XUE Z R, et al. , 1989. Nickel deposit in China[M]//Editorial Board of China Mineral Deposits. China mineral deposit (the first volume). Beijing: Geology Press: 104-123. (in Chinese)
    TANG Z L, YANG J D, XU S J, et al. , 1992. Sm-Nd dating of the Jinchuan ultramafic rock body, Gansu, China[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 37(23): 1988-1990.
    TANG Z L, LI W Y, 1995. Mineralization mode and geological comparison of Jinchuan copper-nickel sulfide (including platinum) deposit[M]. Beijing: Geology Press: 1-209. (in Chinese)
    TANG Z L, QIAN Z Z, JIANG C Y, et al. , 2006. Magmatic Ni-Cu-pge sulphide deposits and metallogenic prognosis in China[M]. Beijing: Geology Press: 1-304. (in Chinese)
    TAO Y, MA Y S, MIAO L C, et al. , 2008. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon age of the Jinbaoshan ultramafic intrusion, Yunnan Province, SW China[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 54(1): 168-172.
    TAO Y, PUTIRKA K, HU R Z, et al. , 2015. The magma plumbing system of the Emeishan large igneous province and its role in basaltic magma differentiation in a continental setting[J]. American Mineralogist, 100(11-12): 2509-2517. doi: 10.2138/am-2015-4907
    The Sixth Geological Team of Gansu Provincial Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, 1984. Baijiazuizi copper and nickel sulfide deposit[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House: 1-198 (in Chinese)
    TUCHSCHERER M G, SPRA J G, 2002. Geology, mineralization, and emplacement of the foy offset dike, sudbury impact structure[J]. Economic Geology, 97(7): 1377-1397.
    VOGEL D C, KEAYS R R, 1997. The petrogenesis and platinum-group element geochemistry of the Newer Volcanic Province, Victoria, Australia[J]. Chemical Geology, 136(3-4): 181-204. doi: 10.1016/S0009-2541(96)00142-8
    VOGT J H L, 1894. Beit rage zur Genet ischen Classificat ion der Durch Magmat ische Different iat ions Processe und der Durch Previnath loyse Entslandenen Erzvo skommen[J]. Z P rak t. Geo l. , 2: 381-399.
    WANG G, 2014. Metallogenesis of nickel deposits in Eastern Kunlun orogenic belt, Qinghai Province[D]. Changchun: Jilin University: 1-214. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    WANG H S, BAI W J, WAN C Y, 1978. A petro-chemical classification of basic and ultrabasic rocks[J]. Acta Geologica Sinica, 52(1): 33-39. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    WANG M X, WANG Y, ZHAO J H, 2012. Zircon U/Pb dating and Hf-O isotopes of the Zhouan ultramafic intrusion in the northern margin of the YangtzeBlock, SW China: constraints on the nature of mantle source and timing of the supercontinent Rodinia breakup[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 58(7): 777-787. (in Chinese with Englishabstract)
    WANG R T, HE Y, WANG D S, et al. , 2003. Re-Os isotope age and its application to the Jianchaling nickel-copper sulfide deposit, Lueyang, Shaanxi Province[J]. Geological Review, 49(2): 205-211. (in Chinese with Englishabstract)
    WANG Y, 2006. Petrogenesis of Permian flood basalts and mafic-ultramafic intrusion in the Jinping(SW China) and Songda(Northern Vietnam)districts[D]. Hong Kong, China: University of Hong Kong.
    WHITE W M, KLEIN E M, 2014. Composition of the oceanic crust[M]//RUDNICK R L. Treatise on geochemistry. 2nd ed. Oxford: Elsevier: 457-496.
    WILLIAMS-JONES A E, VASYUKOVA O V, 2022. Constraints on the genesis of cobalt deposits: part I. Theoretical considerations[J]. Economic Geology, 117(3): 513-528. doi: 10.5382/econgeo.4895
    WU F Y, WAN B, ZHAO L, et al. , 2020. Tethyan geodynamics[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 36(6): 1627-1674. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.18654/1000-0569/2020.06.01
    XIA L Q, XU X Y, XIA Z C, et al. , 2004. Petrogenesis of Carboniferous rift-related volcanic rocks in the Tianshan, northwestern China[J]. GSA Bulletin, 116(3-4): 419-433.
    XIA M Z, JIANG C Y, LI C, et al. , 2013. Characteristics of a newly discovered Ni-Cu sulfide deposit hosted in the Poyi Ultramafic intrusion, Tarim Craton, NW China[J]. Economic Geology, 108(8): 1865-1878. doi: 10.2113/econgeo.108.8.1865
    XIAO W J, WINDLEY B F, BADARCH G, et al. , 2004. Palaeozoic accretionary and convergent tectonics of the southern Altaids: implications for the growth of Central Asia[J]. Journal of the Geological Society, 161(3): 339-342. doi: 10.1144/0016-764903-165
    XIAO W J, SONG D F, WINDLEY B F, et al. , 2020. Accretionary processes and metallogenesis of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt: advances and perspectives[J]. Science China Earth Sciences, 63(3): 329-361. doi: 10.1007/s11430-019-9524-6
    XIAO X C, HE G Q, XU X, et al. , 2010. Crustal tectonic framework and geological evolution of Xinjiang uygur autonomous region of China[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House: 1-233. (in Chinese)
    XIE W, SONG X Y, DENG Y Y, et al. , 2012. Geochemistry and petrogenetic implications of a Late Devonian mafic-ultramafic intrusion at the southern margin of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt[J]. Lithos, 144-145: 209-230. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2012.03.010
    XU Y G, CHUNG S L, JAHN B M, et al. , 2001. Petrologic and geochemical constraints on the petrogenesis of Permian-Triassic Emeishan flood basalts in southwestern China[J]. Lithos, 58(3-4): 145-168. doi: 10.1016/S0024-4937(01)00055-X
    YAKUBCHUK A, 2004. Architecture and mineral deposit settings of the Altaid orogenic collage: a revised model[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 23(5): 761-779. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2004.01.006
    YAKUBCHUK A, 2017. Evolution of the Central Asian orogenic supercollage since Late Neoproterozoic revised again[J]. Gondwana Research, 47: 372-398. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2016.12.010
    YAN H Q, TANG Z L, WANG Y L, et al. , 2010. Zircon U-Pb age and geological significance of Zhouan ore-bearing ultramafic rocks in Henan province[J]. Mineral Deposits, 29(S1): 531-532. (in Chinese)
    YANG S H, CHEN J F, QU W J, et al. , 2007. Re-Os “ages” of Jinchuan copper-nickel sulfide deposit and their significance[J]. Geochimica, 36(1): 27-36. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    YOU M X, 2022. Origin and genetic mechanism of magmatic Ni-Cu sulfide deposits in the western part of Eastern Tianshan region, Xinjiang, China[D]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences: 1-246. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    ZHANG C L, YANG D S, WANG H Y, et al. , 2011. Neoproterozoic mafic-ultramafic layered intrusion in Quruqtagh of northeastern Tarim Block, NW China: two phases of mafic igneous activity with different mantle sources[J]. Gondwana Research, 19(1): 177-190. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2010.03.012
    ZHANG M J, KAMO S L, LI C S, et al. , 2010. Precise U-Pb zircon-baddeleyite age of the Jinchuan sulfide ore-bearing ultramafic intrusion, western China[J]. Mineralium Deposita, 45(1): 3-9. doi: 10.1007/s00126-009-0259-x
    ZHANG M J, LIU Y G, CHEN A P, et al. , 2021. The tectonic links between Palaeozoic eclogites and mafic magmatic Cu-Ni-Co mineralization in East Kunlun orogenic belt, western China[J]. International Geology Review,doi: 10.1080/00206814.2021.1885504.
    ZHANG Z B, 2016. Genetic significances from mineralogy of Xiarihamu Ni-Cu sulfide deposit, Eastern Kunlun orogenic belt[D]. Beijing: China University of Geosciences (Beijing): 1-150. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    ZHANG Z C, MAHONEY J J, WANG F S, et al. , 2006. Geochemistry of picritic and associated basalt flows of the western Emeishan flood basalt province, China: evidence for a plume-head origin[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 22(6): 1538-1552. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    ZHANG Z H, WANG Z L, WANG Y B, et al. , 2007. Shrimp zircon U-Pb dating of diorite from Qingbulake basic complex in western Tianshan Mountains of Xinjiang and its geological significance[J]. Mineral Deposits, 26(4): 353-360. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    ZHAO G C, WANG Y J, HUANG B C, et al. , 2018. Geological reconstructions of the East Asian blocks: from the breakup of Rodinia to the assembly of Pangea[J]. Earth-Science Reviews, 186: 262-286. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.10.003
    ZHENG Y F, CHEN Y X, DAI L Q, et al. , 2015. Developing plate tectonics theory from oceanic subduction zones to collisional orogens[J]. Science China Earth Science, 58(7): 1045-1069. doi: 10.1007/s11430-015-5097-3
    ZHENG Y F, XU Z, CHEN L, et al. , 2020. Chemical geodynamics of mafic magmatism above subduction zones[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 194: 104185. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2019.104185
    ZHOU M F, ARNDT N T, MALPAS J, et al. , 2008. Two magma series and associated ore deposit types in the Permian Emeishan large igneous province, SW China[J]. Lithos, 103(3-4): 352-368. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2007.10.006
    党智财, 2015. 内蒙古中部地区镁铁质—超镁铁质岩岩石学、地球化学、年代学及含矿性评价[D]. 北京: 中国地质科学院: 1-116.
    甘肃省地质矿产局第六地质队, 1984. 白家咀子硫化铜镍矿床地质[M]. 北京: 地质出版社: 1-198.
    葛文春, 李献华, 梁细荣, 等, 2001. 桂北元宝山宝坛地区约825Ma镁铁-超镁铁岩的地球化学及其地质意义[J]. 地球化学, 30(2): 123-130. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0379-1726.2001.02.003
    韩宝福, 季建清, 宋彪, 等, 2004. 新疆喀拉通克和黄山东含铜镍矿镁铁-超镁铁杂岩体的SHRIMP锆石U-Pb年龄及其地质意义[J]. 科学通报, 49(22): 2324-2328. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0023-074X.2004.22.012
    韩一筱, 2021. 金川与夏日哈木岩浆铜镍硫化物矿床铂族元素对比研究[D]. 西安: 长安大学: 1-180.
    郝立波, 孙立吉, 赵玉岩, 等, 2013. 吉林红旗岭镍矿田茶尖岩体锆石SHRIMP U-Pb年代学及其意义[J]. 地球科学—中国地质大学学报, 38(2): 233-240.
    姜常义, 郭娜欣, 夏明哲, 等, 2012. 塔里木板块东北部坡一镁铁质-超镁铁质层状侵入体岩石成因[J]. 岩石学报, 28(7): 2209-2223.
    姜常义, 凌锦兰, 周伟, 等, 2015. 东昆仑夏日哈木镁铁质-超镁铁质岩体岩石成因与拉张型岛弧背景[J]. 岩石学报, 31(4): 1117-1136.
    李光辉, 孙景贵, 黄永卫, 等, 2010. 黑龙江鸡东五星铂钯矿床含矿岩体的锆石U-Pb年龄及其地质意义[J]. 世界地质, 29(1): 28-33.
    李华芹, 陈富文, 梅玉萍, 等, 2006. 新疆坡北基性-超基性岩带Ⅰ号岩体Sm-Nd和SHRIMP U-Pb同位素年龄及其地质意义[J]. 矿床地质, 25(4): 463-469. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-7106.2006.04.010
    李立兴, 王登红, 松权衡, 等, 2009. 吉林通化赤柏松铜镍硫化物矿床含矿岩体之时代研究[J]. 矿物学报, 29(S1): 55-56. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4734.2009.z1.031
    李世金, 孙丰月, 高永旺, 等, 2012. 小岩体成大矿理论指导与实践: 青海东昆仑夏日哈木铜镍矿找矿突破的启示及意义[J]. 西北地质, 45(4): 185-191. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-6248.2012.04.017
    黎彤, 1976. 化学元素的地球丰度[J]. 地球化学(3): 167-174
    李文渊, 1995. 中国铜镍硫化物矿床特征及勘查对策[C]//中国科学技术协会第二届青年学术年会论文集(基础科学分册). 北京: 中国科学技术出版社: 180-190.
    李文渊, 1996. 中国铜镍硫化物矿床成矿系列与地球化学[M]. 西安: 西安地图出版社: 1-228.
    李文渊, 1999. 北祁连山陆-陆碰撞的远程成矿效应: 龙首山地区深成矿体定位及构造热液改造[C]//大地构造及陆内变形暨第六届全国地质力学学术讨论会论文集. 北京: 中国地质学会: 166-169.
    李文渊, 2006a. 祁连山岩浆作用有关金属硫化物矿床成矿与找矿[M]. 北京: 地质出版社: 1-208.
    李文渊, 2006b. 西北地区矿产资源找矿潜力[M]. 北京: 地质出版社: 1-438.
    李文渊, 2007. 岩浆Cu-Ni-PGE矿床研究现状及发展趋势[J]. 西北地质, 40(2): 1-28. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-6248.2007.02.001
    李文渊, 2012. 超大陆旋回与成矿作用[J]. 西北地质, 45(2): 27-42. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-6248.2012.02.002
    李文渊, 牛耀龄, 张照伟, 等, 2012a. 新疆北部晚古生代大规模岩浆成矿的地球动力学背景和战略找矿远景[J]. 地学前缘, 19(4): 41-50.
    李文渊, 汤中立, 张照伟, 等, 2012b. 对小岩体成矿的认识及其找矿意义[J]. 西北地质, 45(4): 61-68.
    李文渊, 2013. 大陆生长演化与成矿作用讨论[J]. 西北地质, 46(1): 1-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-6248.2013.01.001
    李文渊, 2015. 中国西北部成矿地质特征及找矿新发现[J]. 中国地质, 42(3): 365-380. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3657.2015.03.001
    李文渊, 张照伟, 陈博, 2015. 小岩体成大矿的理论与找矿实践意义: 以西北地区岩浆铜镍硫化物矿床为例[J]. 中国工程科学, 17(2): 29-34 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-1742.2015.02.004
    李文渊, 2018. 古亚洲洋与古特提斯洋关系初探[J]. 岩石学报, 34(8): 2201-2210.
    李文渊, 张照伟, 王亚磊, 等, 2019a. 新疆北部晚古生代大规模岩浆作用与成矿耦合关系研究[M]. 北京: 科学出版社: 1-324.
    李文渊, 洪俊, 陈博, 等, 2019b. 中亚及邻区战略性关键矿产的分布规律与主要科学问题[J]. 中国科学基金, 33(2): 119-123.
    李文渊, 王亚磊, 钱兵, 等, 2020. 塔里木陆块周缘岩浆Cu-Ni-Co硫化物矿床形成的探讨[J]. 地学前缘, 27(2): 276-293.
    李文渊, 张照伟, 高永宝, 等, 2021. 昆仑古特提斯构造转换与镍钴锰锂关键矿产成矿作用研究[J]. 中国地质, [2021-11-18]. https://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/11.1167.P.20211118.0847.002.html.
    李文渊, 张照伟, 王亚磊, 等, 2022. 东昆仑原、古特提斯构造转换与岩浆铜镍钴硫化物矿床成矿作用[J]. 地球科学与环境学报, 44(1): 1-19.
    毛景文, 杨建民, 屈文俊, 等, 2002. 新疆黄山东铜镍硫化物矿床Re-Os同位素测定及其地球动力学意义[J]. 矿床地质, 21(4): 323-330. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-7106.2002.04.002
    裴福萍, 许文良, 杨德彬, 等, 2005. 吉林通化赤柏松辉长岩锆石SHRIMP U-Pb定年及其地质意义[J]. 中国科学D辑: 地球科学, 35(5): 393-398.
    秦克章, 丁奎首, 许英霞, 等, 2007. 东天山图拉尔根、白石泉铜镍钴矿床钴、镍赋存状态及原岩含矿性研究[J]. 矿床地质, 26(1): 1-14. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-7106.2007.01.001
    三金柱, 秦克章, 汤中立, 等, 2010. 东天山图拉尔根大型铜镍矿区两个镁铁-超镁铁岩体的锆石U-Pb定年及其地质意义[J]. 岩石学报, 26(10): 3027-3035.
    宋谢炎, 2019. 岩浆硫化物矿床研究现状及重要科学问题[J]. 矿床地质, 38(4): 699-710. doi: 10.16111/j.0258-7106.2019.04.002
    孙涛, 李超, 张增奇, 等, 2016. 山东桃科铜镍矿床矿物学特征及其对矿床成因的指示[J]. 矿床地质, 35(4): 724-736. doi: 10.16111/j.0258-7106.2016.04.007
    孙涛, 王登红, 2019. 中国地质矿产志-镍矿卷[M]. 北京: 地质出版社: 1-912.
    汤中立, 任端进, 薛增瑞, 等, 1989. 中国镍矿床[M]//《中国矿床》编委会. 中国矿床-上册. 北京: 地质出版社: 104-123.
    汤中立, 杨杰东, 徐士进, 等, 1992. 金川含矿超铁镁岩的Sm-Nd定年[J]. 科学通报, 37(10): 918-920.
    汤中立, 李文渊, 1995. 金川铜镍硫化物(含铂)矿床成矿模式及地质对比[M]. 北京: 地质出版社: 1-209.
    汤中立, 钱壮志, 姜常义, 等, 2006. 中国镍铜铂岩浆硫化物矿床与成矿预测[M]. 北京: 地质出版社: 1-304.
    陶琰, 马言胜, 苗来成, 等, 2008. 云南金宝山超镁铁岩体锆石SHRIMP年龄[J]. 科学通报, 53(22): 2828-2832. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0023-074X.2008.22.023
    王冠, 2014. 东昆仑造山带镍矿成矿作用研究[D]. 长春: 吉林大学: 1-214.
    王恒升, 白文吉, 宛传永, 1978. 基性岩与超基性岩的岩石化学分类[J]. 地质学报, 52(1): 33-39.
    王梦玺, 王焰, 赵军红, 2012. 扬子板块北缘周庵超镁铁质岩体锆石U/Pb年龄和Hf-O同位素特征: 对源区性质和Rodinia超大陆裂解时限的约束[J]. 科学通报, 57(34): 3283-3294.
    王瑞廷, 赫英, 王东生, 等, 2003. 略阳煎茶岭铜镍硫化物矿床Re-Os同位素年龄及其地质意义[J]. 地质论评, 49(2): 205-211. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0371-5736.2003.02.014
    吴福元, 万博, 赵亮, 等, 2020. 特提斯地球动力学[J]. 岩石学报, 36(6): 1627-1674. doi: 10.18654/1000-0569/2020.06.01
    肖序常, 何国琪, 徐新, 等, 2010. 中国新疆地壳结构与地质演化[M]. 北京: 地质出版社: 1-233.
    闫海卿, 汤中立, 王亚磊, 等, 2010. 河南周庵含矿超镁铁岩体锆石U-Pb年龄及地质意义[J]. 矿床地质, 29(S1): 531-532. doi: 10.16111/j.0258-7106.2010.s1.271
    杨胜洪, 陈江峰, 屈文俊, 等, 2007. 金川铜镍硫化物矿床的Re-Os“年龄”及其意义[J]. 地球化学, 36(1): 27-36. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0379-1726.2007.01.003
    尤敏鑫, 2022. 新疆东天山西段岩浆铜镍硫化物矿床岩浆起源与成矿机制[D]. 北京: 中国地质科学院: 1-246.
    张志炳, 2016. 东昆仑夏日哈木铜镍硫化物矿床矿物成因意义探讨[D]. 北京: 中国地质大学(北京): 1-150.
    张招崇, MAHONEY J J, 王福生, 等, 2006. 峨眉山大火成岩省西部苦橄岩及其共生玄武岩的地球化学: 地幔柱头部熔融的证据[J]. 岩石学报, 22(6): 1538-1552. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0569.2006.06.012
    张作衡, 王志良, 王彦斌, 等, 2007. 新疆西天山菁布拉克基性杂岩体闪长岩锆石SHRI MP定年及其地质意义[J]. 矿床地质, 26(4): 353-360. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-7106.2007.04.001
  • 加载中
图(14) / 表(3)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  112
  • HTML全文浏览量:  23
  • PDF下载量:  92
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-29
  • 修回日期:  2022-07-10
  • 录用日期:  2022-04-29
  • 预出版日期:  2022-11-02

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回