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西南极中—新生代古地磁与板块重建研究进展

高亮

高亮, 2021. 西南极中—新生代古地磁与板块重建研究进展. 地质力学学报, 27 (5): 835-854. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.068
引用本文: 高亮, 2021. 西南极中—新生代古地磁与板块重建研究进展. 地质力学学报, 27 (5): 835-854. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.068
GAO Liang, 2021. Progress in Mesozoic-Cenozoic paleomagnetism and plate reconstruction of West Antarctica. Journal of Geomechanics, 27 (5): 835-854. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.068
Citation: GAO Liang, 2021. Progress in Mesozoic-Cenozoic paleomagnetism and plate reconstruction of West Antarctica. Journal of Geomechanics, 27 (5): 835-854. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.068

西南极中—新生代古地磁与板块重建研究进展

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.068
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划 2018YFC1406904

国家自然科学基金项目 41930218

国家自然科学基金项目 41706222

国家自然科学基金项目 42076223

详细信息
    作者简介:

    高亮(1987-), 男, 副教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事南极地质学相关研究。E-mail: lgao@cugb.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P541;P318.4+4

Progress in Mesozoic-Cenozoic paleomagnetism and plate reconstruction of West Antarctica

Funds: 

the National Key Research and Development Program of China 2018YFC1406904

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41930218

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41706222

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 42076223

  • 摘要: 根据西南极已发表的中—新生代古地磁数据,对西南极不同地块进行了古大陆重建。识别出古太平洋板块对西南极构造演化影响广泛的两次构造事件:一是120~100 Ma古太平洋板块内翁通爪哇-马尼希基-希库朗基大火成岩省的喷发与全球板块洋壳扩张速率高峰期引起的西南极瑟斯顿岛-埃茨海岸与东玛丽·伯德地快速南向移动;二是古太平洋-凤凰板块洋中脊在~100 Ma俯冲至西南极之下导致的以罗斯海区域为主的岩石圈伸展、瑟斯顿岛-埃茨海岸与玛丽·伯德地远离东南极以及南极半岛发生南向运动与顺时针旋转。证明太平洋板块俯冲与西南极板块运动的耦合关系。未来需要在西南极获得更多具有准确年代学限制的可靠的古地磁数据,这将对西南极的构造演化模式提供更多的制约,并有助于深入理解南极大陆的构造演化过程、板块生长与裂解的地球动力学机制。

     

  • 图  1  南极半岛地质简图(据Hathway et al., 1999; Vaughan and Storey, 2000; Burton-Johnson and Riley, 2015修改)

    a—南极不同地质单元地理位置;b—南极半岛地质简图

    Figure  1.  Simplified geological map of the Antarctic Peninsula (modified after Hathway et al., 1999; Vaughan and Storey, 2000; Burton-Johnson and Riley, 2015)

    (a) Location of different geological domains of Antarctica; (b)Simplified geological map of the Antarctic Peninsula

    图  2  瑟斯顿岛-埃茨海岸地质简图(据Pankhurst et al., 1993修改)

    a—南极不同地质单元地理位置;b—瑟斯顿岛-埃茨海岸简图;c—瑟斯顿岛地质简图

    Figure  2.  Simplified geological map of Thurston Island-Eights Coast (modified after Pankhurst et al., 1993)

    (a) Location of different geological domains of Antarctica; (b)Simplified map of Thurston Island-Eights Coast; (c)Simplified geological map of the Thurston Island

    图  3  玛丽·伯德地地质简图(据Mukasa and Dalziel, 2000修改)

    a—南极不同地质单元地理位置;b—玛丽·伯德地地质简图

    Figure  3.  Simplified geological map of Marie Byrd Land (modified after Mukasa and Dalziel, 2000)

    (a) Location of different geological domains of Antarctica; (b)Simplified geological map of Marie Byrd Land

    图  4  埃尔斯沃思-惠特莫尔山地质简图(据Storey and Dalziel, 1987修改)

    Figure  4.  Simplified geological map of the Ellsworth-Whitmore Mountains (modified after Storey and Dalziel, 1987)

    图  5  西南极不同地块中—新生代古地磁极与东南极视极移曲线等面积投影图

    LC—拉塞特海岸;OC—奥维尔海岸;EEL—东埃尔沃斯地

    Figure  5.  Equal-area projection for Mesozoic-Cenozoic paleopoles of different crustal blocks of West Antarctica, and synthetic apparent polar wander path for East Antarctica

    LC-Lassiter Coast; OC-Orville Coast; EEL-eastern Ellsworth Land

    图  6  东南极与西南极在~120 Ma,~100 Ma和~90 Ma时期的古大陆重建

    Figure  6.  Plate reconstructions of East Antarctica and West Antarctica at ~120 Ma, ~100 Ma, and ~90 Ma

    表  1  西南极中—新生代古地磁数据与东南极视极移曲线

    Table  1.   Mesozoic-Cenozoic paleomagnetic data from West Antarctica and synthetic apparent polar wander path for East Antarctica

    年代/Ma 采样区 采点数 古地磁极 是否经过地层产状校正 参考文献
    经度(°S) 纬度(°E) A95/(°)
    南设得兰群岛
    South Shetland Islands
    155 娄岛
    Low Island
    2 65.3 123.9 6.5/8.9 Grunow, 1993
    140 利文斯顿岛拜尔斯半岛
    Byers Peninsula,Livingston Island
    4 60.0 50.0 9.5 Grunow, 1993
    120 利文斯顿岛拜尔斯半岛
    Byers Peninsula,Livingston Island
    1 63.4 11.4 7.1 Gao et al., 2018
    107 利文斯顿岛拜尔斯半岛
    Byers Peninsula,Livingston Island
    3 63.2 331.3 29.9 Grunow, 1993
    南极半岛
    Antarctic Peninsula
    175 东格雷厄姆地(南极半岛北部)
    East Graham Land
    24 48.0 238.0 9.5 Longshaw and Griffiths, 1983
    160 伯恩湾
    Bone Bay
    8 64.5 125.4 8.2 Grunow et al., 1991
    110 姆特角
    Moot Point
    4 80.3 167.6 8.1 Grunow, 1993; Bakhmutov and Shpyra, 2011
    90 南设得兰群岛与南极半岛北部
    South Shetland Islands and Northern Antarctic Peninsula
    50 86.8 113.0 3.4 Poblete et al., 2011
    55 南设得兰群岛与南极半岛北部
    South Shetland Islands and Northern Antarctic Peninsula
    40 85.0 45.5 5.6 Gao et al., 2018
    27 凯尔盖朗群岛(南极板块)
    Kerguelen islands(AntarcticPlate)
    233 85.3 9.3 2.3 Camps et al., 2007
    108 奥维尔海岸与东埃尔沃斯地(南极半岛南部)
    Orville Coast and eastern Ellsworth Land (Southern Antarctic Peninsula)
    13 70.7 15.4 10.6 Kellogg, 1980
    100 拉塞特海岸(南极半岛南部)
    Lassiter Coast (Southern Antarctic Peninsula)
    4 84.3 5.5 21.6 Kellogg and Rowley, 1978
    瑟斯顿岛-埃茨海岸
    Thurston Island-Eights Coast
    230 布拉姆霍尔山
    Mount Bramhall
    3 61.0 116.0 19.4 Grunow et al., 1991
    175 道林山
    Mount Dowling
    2 67.0 109.0 - Grunow et al., 1991
    150 登陆峰和辛普森山
    Landfall Peak and Mount Simpson
    5 64.0 145.0 7.0 Grunow et al., 1991
    125 贝尔纳普冰原岛峰
    Belknap Nunatak
    5 49.0 232.0 7.9 Grunow et al., 1987a
    110 达斯汀岛和麦克纳玛拉岛
    Dustin Island and McNamara Island
    7 73.0 210.0 7.6 Grunow et al., 1991
    90 勒普莱冰原岛峰和琼斯山脉
    Lepley Nunatak and Jones Mountains
    18 80.0 161.0 3.9 Grunow et al., 1991
    玛丽·伯德地
    Marie Byrd Land
    117 鲁珀特海岸和霍布斯海岸(东玛丽·伯德地)
    Ruppert and Hobbs Coast(Eastern Marie Byrd Land)
    6 56.8 185.6 8.7 DiVenere et al., 1995
    100 鲁珀特海岸和霍布斯海岸(东玛丽·伯德地)
    Ruppert and Hobbs Coast(Eastern Marie Byrd Land)
    19 75.7 224.1 3.8 DiVenere et al., 1994
    100 菲利普斯山中东部、与福斯迪克山(西玛丽·伯德地)
    central and eastern Phillips and Fosdick Mountain(Western Marie Byrd Land)
    29 70.5 222.3 6.1 Luyendyk et al., 1996
    埃尔斯沃思-惠特莫尔山脉
    Ellsworth-Whitmore Mountains
    175 纳什山和帕加诺冰原岛峰
    Nash Hills and Pagano Nunatak
    8 41.2 232.2 5.3 Grunow et al., 1987
    东南极
    East Antarctica
    20 视极移曲线 85.6 325.9 2.6 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    30 视极移曲线 84.9 314.9 2.6 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    40 视极移曲线 84.1 320.0 2.9 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    50 视极移曲线 82.9 351.7 2.8 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    60 视极移曲线 83.6 17.8 2.1 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    70 视极移曲线 84.1 35.4 2.5 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    80 视极移曲线 86.7 34.6 2.9 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    90 视极移曲线 87.9 209.0 2.5 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    100 视极移曲线 84.9 202.0 3.3 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    110 视极移曲线 78.9 172.1 3.3 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    120 视极移曲线 75.9 183.6 2.6 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    130 视极移曲线 73.7 178.7 2.8 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    140 视极移曲线 70.8 176.8 6.0 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    150 视极移曲线 67.5 201.7 6.4 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    160 视极移曲线 62.3 216.3 5.1 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    170 视极移曲线 62.8 218.9 4.6 - Torsvik et al., 2012
    180 视极移曲线 56.4 223.2 3.4 - Torsvik et al., 2012
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-19
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  • 预出版日期:  2021-12-31
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