留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

柴达木盆地东部扎布萨尕秀组的时代归属讨论

马立成 江万 肖宙轩 李宗星 彭博 胡俊杰 董敏

马立成, 江万, 肖宙轩, 等, 2020. 柴达木盆地东部扎布萨尕秀组的时代归属讨论. 地质力学学报, 26 (6): 961-972. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.077
引用本文: 马立成, 江万, 肖宙轩, 等, 2020. 柴达木盆地东部扎布萨尕秀组的时代归属讨论. 地质力学学报, 26 (6): 961-972. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.077
MA Licheng, JIANG Wan, XIAO Zhouxuan, et al., 2020. Discussion on the depositional timing of the Zhabusagaxiu formation in the eastern Qaidam Basin, China. Journal of Geomechanics, 26 (6): 961-972. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.077
Citation: MA Licheng, JIANG Wan, XIAO Zhouxuan, et al., 2020. Discussion on the depositional timing of the Zhabusagaxiu formation in the eastern Qaidam Basin, China. Journal of Geomechanics, 26 (6): 961-972. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.077

柴达木盆地东部扎布萨尕秀组的时代归属讨论

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.077
基金项目: 

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20190094

详细信息
    作者简介:

    马立成(1977-), 男, 博士, 高级工程师, 主要从事中新生代构造对资源的控制作用研究。E-mail:malicheng2000@163.com

    通讯作者:

    江万(1968-), 男, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事大地构造及岩石学研究。E-mail:namco@sina.cn

  • 中图分类号: P534.46;P618

Discussion on the depositional timing of the Zhabusagaxiu formation in the eastern Qaidam Basin, China

  • 摘要: 柴达木盆地石炭系是中国北方新区新层系油气勘探调查研究的热点,盆地东部地区石炭系出露较全,但多数学者认为柴东地区不存在二叠系。针对扎布萨尕秀组归属于石炭纪还是二叠纪的争议,采集扎布萨尕秀组的砂岩碎屑锆石开展了U-Pb LA-ICP-MS同位素测年,获得40个和谐年龄分布在2488±34 Ma至288±3 Ma之间,最年轻的一组碎屑锆石的加权平均年龄288.0±2.0 Ma(MSWD=0.112,n=21)。这意味着该扎布萨尕秀组中的砂岩沉积于288 Ma之后,晚于国际石炭—二叠纪界限(299 Ma)。依据野外调查和已有研究成果,扎布萨尕秀组中赋存丰富的虫筳科化石,其中膨胀型虫筳属PseudoschwagerinaSphaeroschwagerina的出现是进入二叠纪的重要标志。结合碎屑锆石年代学和虫筳属化石特征,扎布萨尕秀组应归属早二叠世,说明柴达木东部地区存在二叠纪沉积记录。该认识为深化柴达木盆地晚古生代—中生代沉积建造和构造演化提供了重要的地层学证据。

     

  • 图  1  柴达木盆地地质略图及采样位置

    Figure  1.  Geological sketch map of the Qaidam Basin and the sampling location

    图  2  德令哈地区石灰沟扎布萨尕秀组地层剖面(青海省地质局第一区域地质测量队,1978b;五角星所示为采样层位)

    Figure  2.  Stratigraphic section of the Zhabusagaxiu formation in Shihuigou of the Delingha area (The First Regional Geological Survey Team of Qinghai Geological Bureau, 1978b; the pentagram is the sampling horizon of this study)

    图  3  柴达木盆地东部石灰沟地区扎布萨尕秀组野外露头及镜下照片

    a—灰岩及化石出露远景照,五角星为化石采样位置;b—砂岩镜下照片;c—化石露头照片;d—Pseudoschwagerina(假希瓦格䗴)单体;e—Sphaeroschwagerina(球希瓦格䗴)单体;Qtz—石英;Fsp—长石

    Figure  3.  Outcrop and microscopic view of the Zhabusagaxiu formation in the Shihuigou area of the eastern Qaidam Basin

    图  4  扎布萨尕秀组砂岩中锆石的阴极发光影像及单颗粒锆石年龄

    Figure  4.  Cathodoluminescence images and ages of single zircon of sandstones in the Zhabusagaxiu formation

    图  5  扎布萨尕秀组碎屑锆石U-Pb和谐年龄曲线和加权平均年龄直方图

    Figure  5.  U-Pb harmonious age curves and weighted average age histogram of zircons from the Zhabusagaxiu formation

    表  1  扎布萨尕秀组砂岩中的锆石LA-ICP-MS同位素数据

    Table  1.   Zircon LA-ICP-MS isotopic data of sandstones from the Zhabusagaxiu formation

    测点 元素含量/
    10-6mg/kg
    Th/U 同位素比值 年龄/Ma
    Th U 207Pb/206Pb 1σ 207Pb/235U 1σ 206Pb/238U 1σ 208Pb/232Th 1σ 207Pb/206Pb 1σ 207Pb/235U 1σ 206Pb/238U 1σ 208Pb/232Th 1σ
    1 317.09 413.60 0.77 0.058352 0.001746 0.403423 0.012798 0.049556 0.000592 0.017948 0.000436 542.6 64.8 344.1 9.3 311.8 3.6 359.6 8.7
    2 219.39 380.38 0.58 0.053453 0.001379 0.532805 0.014624 0.071810 0.000923 0.023000 0.000550 346.4 59.3 433.7 9.7 447.0 5.6 459.6 10.9
    3 174.79 353.29 0.49 0.051678 0.002037 0.342656 0.013278 0.047908 0.000561 0.015759 0.000455 272.3 88.9 299.2 10.0 301.7 3.5 316.0 9.1
    4 154.90 265.24 0.58 0.056793 0.002921 0.372774 0.016238 0.048044 0.000654 0.017845 0.000700 483.4 114.8 321.7 12.0 302.5 4.0 357.5 13.9
    5 169.49 349.63 0.48 0.062155 0.002613 0.736947 0.026848 0.086223 0.001690 0.024940 0.000712 679.6 90.7 560.6 15.7 533.2 10.0 497.9 14.0
    6 107.92 322.97 0.33 0.056661 0.001641 0.570129 0.016834 0.072435 0.000997 0.024776 0.000740 479.7 64.8 458.1 10.9 450.8 6.0 494.7 14.6
    7 67.32 499.77 0.13 0.113951 0.002126 5.074425 0.096383 0.318300 0.003406 0.076187 0.002358 1864.8 34.4 1831.8 16.2 1781.4 16.7 1484.1 44.3
    8 233.34 277.17 0.84 0.056488 0.002352 0.387516 0.015564 0.049783 0.000792 0.016646 0.000466 472.3 92.6 332.6 11.4 313.2 4.9 333.7 9.3
    9 79.03 253.38 0.31 0.111160 0.002335 5.226843 0.111256 0.335728 0.003999 0.094872 0.002293 1818.2 38.7 1857.0 18.2 1866.1 19.3 1832.0 42.3
    10 177.58 325.69 0.55 0.128424 0.002513 6.501612 0.145477 0.360086 0.004340 0.098590 0.002256 2076.2 34.1 2046.1 19.7 1982.6 20.6 1900.5 41.5
    11 229.02 320.02 0.72 0.054048 0.002090 0.346724 0.012857 0.046370 0.000597 0.014747 0.000411 372.3 87.0 302.3 9.7 292.2 3.7 295.9 8.2
    12 231.23 310.42 0.74 0.052709 0.002212 0.347265 0.014232 0.047355 0.000648 0.014738 0.000369 316.7 96.3 302.7 10.7 298.3 4.0 295.7 7.3
    13 327.19 616.54 0.53 0.055088 0.001624 0.409221 0.012204 0.053364 0.000613 0.016591 0.000404 416.7 64.8 348.3 8.8 335.1 3.8 332.6 8.0
    14 146.52 493.67 0.30 0.057847 0.001503 0.578104 0.015433 0.071503 0.000812 0.023302 0.000582 524.1 62.0 463.2 9.9 445.2 4.9 465.6 11.5
    15 207.38 329.31 0.63 0.055677 0.002840 0.392606 0.018008 0.049514 0.000708 0.017555 0.000515 438.9 114.8 336.3 13.1 311.5 4.4 351.8 10.2
    16 239.10 456.26 0.52 0.062133 0.002622 0.595061 0.021881 0.069205 0.000812 0.020168 0.000600 679.6 89.6 474.1 13.9 431.4 4.9 403.6 11.9
    17 132.14 126.82 1.04 0.054815 0.002552 0.516938 0.023489 0.068677 0.001092 0.020314 0.000589 405.6 103.7 423.1 15.7 428.2 6.6 406.5 11.7
    18 186.61 301.74 0.62 0.057279 0.002173 0.381046 0.014065 0.048111 0.000648 0.015578 0.000417 501.9 83.3 327.8 10.3 302.9 4.0 312.4 8.3
    19 136.45 249.00 0.55 0.163137 0.003173 9.242239 0.199412 0.404989 0.005336 0.122390 0.002755 2488.6 32.7 2362.3 19.8 2192.0 24.5 2333.7 49.6
    20 85.87 220.79 0.39 0.057881 0.002064 0.595371 0.020740 0.074150 0.001015 0.026200 0.000883 524.1 77.8 474.3 13.2 461.1 6.1 522.7 17.4
    21 231.74 442.43 0.52 0.052339 0.001602 0.362535 0.010894 0.049828 0.000583 0.014948 0.000370 301.9 70.4 314.1 8.1 313.5 3.6 299.9 7.4
    22 371.67 474.26 0.78 0.052316 0.001697 0.354984 0.011196 0.048889 0.000616 0.015956 0.000394 298.2 69.4 308.5 8.4 307.7 3.8 320.0 7.8
    23 218.64 336.73 0.65 0.051021 0.001992 0.322731 0.011582 0.046239 0.000629 0.013936 0.000379 242.7 88.9 284.0 8.9 291.4 3.9 279.7 7.6
    24 110.35 175.20 0.63 0.059665 0.002635 0.627653 0.027900 0.075580 0.001114 0.020158 0.000713 590.8 91.7 494.6 17.4 469.7 6.7 403.4 14.1
    25 53.49 453.77 0.12 0.058108 0.001921 0.551307 0.016980 0.068603 0.000840 0.024814 0.001079 600.0 72.2 445.9 11.1 427.7 5.1 495.4 21.3
    26 292.06 400.78 0.73 0.050375 0.001996 0.329432 0.012166 0.047656 0.000631 0.014747 0.000369 213.0 92.6 289.1 9.3 300.1 3.9 295.9 7.4
    27 280.39 355.32 0.79 0.055916 0.001950 0.367240 0.012009 0.047828 0.000603 0.015594 0.000374 450.0 77.8 317.6 8.9 301.2 3.7 312.8 7.4
    28 265.34 347.89 0.76 0.052358 0.002342 0.330707 0.014246 0.045744 0.000567 0.013340 0.000365 301.9 101.8 290.1 10.9 288.3 3.5 267.9 7.3
    29 148.98 286.49 0.52 0.052447 0.002255 0.363209 0.015235 0.050135 0.000680 0.017400 0.000525 305.6 127.8 314.6 11.3 315.3 4.2 348.7 10.4
    30 84.40 208.33 0.41 0.051425 0.002034 0.516101 0.020882 0.072693 0.001027 0.021527 0.000681 261.2 92.6 422.5 14.0 452.4 6.2 430.5 13.5
    31 170.39 426.74 0.40 0.058408 0.002398 0.532401 0.017926 0.066534 0.000777 0.021771 0.000670 546.3 88.9 433.4 11.9 415.2 4.7 435.3 13.2
    32 86.73 295.44 0.29 0.056282 0.001882 0.552016 0.018750 0.070953 0.000886 0.022271 0.000707 464.9 106.5 446.3 12.3 441.9 5.3 445.2 14.0
    33 169.76 332.83 0.51 0.055401 0.002491 0.363790 0.015115 0.048185 0.000745 0.016556 0.000516 427.8 100.0 315.0 11.3 303.4 4.6 331.9 10.3
    34 123.68 201.98 0.61 0.054763 0.002766 0.367350 0.015839 0.049212 0.000751 0.015611 0.000537 466.7 117.6 317.7 11.8 309.7 4.6 313.1 10.7
    35 298.37 372.50 0.80 0.054760 0.002005 0.354412 0.012763 0.047074 0.000635 0.014677 0.000381 466.7 83.3 308.0 9.6 296.5 3.9 294.5 7.6
    36 235.04 341.71 0.69 0.056399 0.002045 0.374278 0.012967 0.048656 0.000682 0.016437 0.000406 477.8 79.6 322.8 9.6 306.3 4.2 329.5 8.1
    37 98.95 155.83 0.64 0.055851 0.003476 0.372373 0.020241 0.049625 0.000842 0.019736 0.000695 455.6 143.5 321.4 15.0 312.2 5.2 395.0 13.8
    38 179.38 247.58 0.72 0.053341 0.002322 0.342184 0.014747 0.046626 0.000678 0.015321 0.000437 342.7 98.1 298.8 11.2 293.8 4.2 307.3 8.7
    39 319.84 445.32 0.72 0.051556 0.002127 0.334752 0.013465 0.046880 0.000578 0.014498 0.000361 264.9 99.1 293.2 10.2 295.3 3.6 290.9 7.2
    40 368.07 546.39 0.67 0.053041 0.001526 0.519596 0.015194 0.070487 0.000856 0.022379 0.000530 331.5 64.8 424.9 10.2 439.1 5.2 447.3 10.5
    下载: 导出CSV
  • ANDERSEN T, 2002. Correction of common lead in U-Pb analyses that do not report 204Pb[J]. Chemical Geology, 192(1-2):59-79. doi: 10.1016/S0009-2541(02)00195-X
    Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Qinghai Province, 1991. People's republic of China ministry of geology and mineral resources[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House:100-122. (in Chinese)
    CAO J, LIU C L, MA Y S, et al., 2016. Geochemical characteristics and genesis of shale gas for Carboniferous marine-continental transitional facies coal measure strata in Eastern Qaidam Basin[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 23(5):158-166. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    COHEN K M, FINNEY S C, GIBBARD P L, et al., 2013. The ICS international chronostratigraphic chart[J]. Episodes, 36(3):199-204. doi: 10.18814/epiiugs/2013/v36i3/002
    CORFU F, HANCHAR J M, HOSKIN P W O, et al., 2003. Atlas of zircon textures[J]. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 53(1):469-500. doi: 10.2113/0530469
    CRIPPA G, ANGIOLINI L, VAN WAVEREN I, et al., 2014. Brachiopods, fusulines and palynomorphs of the Mengkarang Formation (Early Permian, Sumatra) and their palaeobiogeographical significance[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 79:206-223. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2013.09.030
    DAVYDOV V I, GLENISTER B F, SPINOSA C, et al., 1998. Proposal of Aidaralash as global stratotype section and point (GSSP) for base of the Permian System[J]. Episodes, 21(1):11-18. doi: 10.18814/epiiugs/1998/v21i1/003
    DAVYDOV V I, LEVEN E J, 2003. Correlation of upper carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) and lower Permian (Cisuralian) marine deposits of the Peri-Tethys[J]. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 196(1-2):39-57. doi: 10.1016/S0031-0182(03)00312-2
    DENG H W, QIAN K, 1990. Neotectonics and the formation of Quaternary gas fields in Qaidam basin[J]. Geoscience, 4(2):83-91. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    DUAN H L, ZHONG J H, WANG Z K, et al., 2006. Evaluation of Carboniferous hydrocarbon source rocks in the eastern Qaidam basin, China[J]. Geological Bulletin of China, 25(9-10):1135-1142. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    FONTAINE H, CHONGLAKMANI C, BIN AMNAN I, et al., 1994. A well-defined Permian biogeographic unit:Peninsular Thailand and northwest Peninsular Malaysia[J]. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 9(1-2):129-151. doi: 10.1016/0743-9547(94)90071-X
    FORKE H C, 2002. Biostratigraphic subdivision and correlation of Uppermost Carboniferous/Lower Permian sediments in the Southern Alps:Fusulinoidean and condont faunas from the Carnic Alps (Austria/Italy), Karavanke Mountains (Slovenia), and Southern Urals (Russia)[J]. Facies, 47(1):201-275. doi: 10.1007/BF02667713
    GAO L D, JI L X, 1992. Carboniferous sporopollen from Qinghai and its stratigraphic significance[J]. Geology of Qinghai, 1(1):1-8. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    HE G T, XUE L M, 1986. The carboniferous system of Qinghai province[J]. Regional Geology of China, (3):211-220. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    HE G T, WANG Z J, ZHAN L P, et al., 1987. The late Carboniferous strata from north margin of Qaidam basin[J]. Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, 17:142-158. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    HENDERSON C M, MEI S L, 2003. Stratigraphic versus environmental significance of Permian serrated conodonts around the Cisuralian-Guadalupian boundary:new evidence from Oman[J]. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 191(3-4):301-328. doi: 10.1016/S0031-0182(02)00669-7
    HOSKIN P W O, SCHALTEGGER U, 2003. The composition of Zircon and igneous and metamorphic petrogenesis[J]. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 53(1):27-62. doi: 10.2113/0530027
    INGAVAT-HELMCKE R, 1993. Contribution to the Permian fusulinacean faunas of Peninsular Thailand[J]. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 8(1-4):67-75. doi: 10.1016/0743-9547(93)90008-D
    JIN Y G, WARDLAW B R, GLENISTER B F, 1997. Permian choronostratigraphy subdivision[J]. Episodes, 20(1):10-15. doi: 10.18814/epiiugs/1997/v20i1/003
    JIN Y G, SHANG Q H, CAO C Q, 2000. A review of Permian stratigraphy[J]. Journal of Stratigraphy, 24(2):99-108. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    JIN Z J, ZHANG M L, TANG L J, et al., 2004. Evolution of Meso-Cenozoic Qaidam basin and its control on oil and gas[J]. Oil & Gas Geology, 25(6):603-608. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI H J, YAN X L, GUO J, et al., 2011. Characteristics and significance of hydrocarbon shows originated from Carboniferous formation in Qaidam Basin[J]. Fault-Block Oil & Gas Field, 18(1):14-17. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LI Z X, PENG B, MA Y S, et al., 2019. Progress of Carboniferous oil and gas survey in Qaidam Basin[J]. Geological survey of China, 6(4):79-87. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LIN C G, YIN C M, WANG C F, et al., 2016. Re-recognition of Carboniferous and Jurassic distribution of DLHA depression, eastern Qaidam Basin[J]. Geological Bulletin of China, 35(2-3):293-301. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    LIU C L, ZHANG X, ZHANG Y Y, et al., 2016. Carboniferous shale gas system evaluation for the Delingha depression in Qaidam Basin[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 23(5):135-145. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://www.researchgate.net/publication/307568300_Carboniferous_shale_gas_system_evaluation_for_the_Delingha_depression_in_Qaidam_Basin
    LIU X M, GAO S, DIWU C R, et al., 2007. Simultaneous in-situ determination of U-Pb age and trace elements in zircon by LA-ICP-MS in 20 μm spot size[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 52(9):1257-1264. doi: 10.1007/s11434-007-0160-x
    LIU Y S, HU Z C, GAO S, et al., 2008. In situ analysis of major and trace elements of anhydrous minerals by LA-ICP-MS without applying an internal standard[J]. Chemical Geology, 257(1-2):34-43. doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2008.08.004
    LIU Y S, GAO S, HU Z C, et al., 2009. Continental and oceanic crust recycling-induced melt-peridotite interactions in the trans-North China Orogen:U-Pb dating, Hf isotopes and trace elements in zircons from mantle xenoliths[J]. Journal of Petrology, 51(1-2):537-571.
    LUAN S L, 2018. The sedimentary characteristics of Carboniferous in Chengqianggou-Shizigou area in the Qaidam Basin[J]. Journal of Shengli College China University of Petroleum, 32(1):16-18. (in Chinese).
    LUDWIG K R, 2003. User's manual for Isoplot/Ex, version 3.00, a geochronological toolkit for Microsoft Excel[M]. Berkeley:Berkeley Geochronology Center Special Publication.
    LUO J D, ZHAO J M, 1962. The Lower Carboniferous rugose corals in the Qilian Mountains[M]//The Geology of the Qilian Mountains. Beijing: Science Press: 111-199. (in Chinese)
    MA Y S, YIN C M, LIU C L, et al., 2012. The progress of carboniferous oil and gas investigation and assessment in Qaidam Basin[J]. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 33(2):135-144. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    MA Y S, YIN C M, LIU C L, et al., 2014. The Petroleum resource potential evaluation of Carboniferous in Qaidam Basin[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House:1-284.(in Chinese)
    NIU Y B, ZHONG J H, DUAN H L, et al., 2010. Relationship between carboniferous sedimentary facies and source rock in Qaidam basin[J]. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 28(1):140-149. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    OKUYUCU C, GÖNCÜOĞLU M C, 2010. Middle-late Asselian (Early Permian) fusulinid fauna from the post-Variscan cover in NW Anatolia (Turkey):Biostratigraphy and geological implications[J]. Geobios, 43(2):225-240. doi: 10.1016/j.geobios.2009.09.006
    PENG Y, MA Y S, LIU C L, et al., 2015. An analysis of late Hercynian-Indosinian paleotectonic stress on the northern margin of the Qaidam basin[J]. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 36(1):50-58. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    PIDGEON R T, NEMCHIN A A, HITCHEN G J, 1998. Internal structures of zircons from Archaean granites from the Darling Range batholith:implications for zircon stability and the interpretation of zircon U-Pb ages[J]. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 132(3):288-299, doi:1007/s004100050422.
    SHI X D, 1983. The discovery of Tournaisian in the Mt. Amunike of the north-eastern Qaidam Basin, with a discussion on the division of the Lower Carboniferous in the Mt. Oulongbuluke[C]//Contribution to the Geology of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau, 2: Stratigraphy and Palaeontology: 187-206. (in Chinese)
    SUN C R, LA J D, LI Z R et al., 1997. Lithostratigraphy in Qinghai Province[M]. Beijing:China University of Geosciences Press:1-140. (in Chinese)
    SUN J P, YIN C M, CHEN S Y, et al., 2016. An analysis of Late Carboniferous sedimentary; tectonic setting and provenance of North Qaidam area:Evidence from Well Shiqian 1[J]. Geological Bulletin of China, 35(2-3):302-311. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    The First Regional Geological Survey Team of Qinghai Geological Bureau, 1978a. 1:200, 000 Delinghajiuzhi geological map and instruction[M]. (in Chinese)
    The First Regional Geological Survey Team of Qinghai Geological Bureau, 1978b. 1:200, 000 Tuosuhu geological map and instruction[M]. (in Chinese)
    UENO K, NAGAI K, NAKORNSRI N, et al., 1996. A new Moscovian foraminiferal fauna from Huai Luang, east of Wang Saphung, Changwat Loei, Northeast Thailand[J]. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 14(1-2):79-89. doi: 10.1016/S0743-9547(96)00047-5
    VACHARD D, LEMUS M V, FOURCADE E, et al., 2000. New Early Permian fusulinid assemblage from Guatemala[J]. Earth and Planetary Sciences, 331(12):789-796. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1251805000014804
    WAN C Z, LE X F, CHEN Y B, 2006. Distribution laws and evaluation of hydrocarbon potential on Carboniferous in the east of Qaidam basin[J]. Natural Gas Geoscience, 17(5):663-667. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    WANG C Y, KANG P Q, 2000. The base of the Permian system in China[J]. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, 17(4):378-387. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    WANG D H, LIN W, LI J L, et al., 2013. Evaluation and potential analysis of upper carboniferous source rocks in Shihuigou area, eastern Qaidam basin[J]. Journal of Oil and Gas Technology, 35(8):17-20. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    WANG G H, ZHANG Y Y, WANG S H, et al., 2000. Formation and distribution of local Quaternary structures in eastern Qaidam basin[J]. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 27(2):45-47. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    WANG L, LI Z X, LIU C L, et al., 2019. The Carboniferous source rock maturity evolution in the Delingha depression in the Qaidam basin, Northwest China[J]. Journal of Geomechanics, 25(3):370-381. (in Chinese with English abstract) https://journal.geomech.ac.cn/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20190307&flag=1
    WANG X L, GAO J H, ZHANG H J, et al., 2002. Recognition of the top and base boundaries of the carboniferous system in the northern margin of the Qaidam basin[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 9(3):65-72. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    WANG Z J, 1981. Rugose corals from the early lower carboniferous Chuan-Shangou formation in Amunike Mountain, Qinghai Province[J]. Acta Geologica Sinica, 55(3):170-178. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    WANG Z J, 1985. The lower Carboniferous in the western section of the eastern Kunlun Mountains[J]. Geological Review, 32(2):111-117. (in Chinese)
    WANG Z J, 1990. Stratigraphy of China:Carboniferous in China[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House:1-419. (in Chinese)
    WANG Z J, YU X G, 1995. The late Carboniferous rugose corals from Shihuigou on the north margin of the Qaidam basin[J]. Acta Geoscientia Sinica, 16(3):310-324. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    WEN Z G, WANG Z Y, HE Y B, et al., 2004. Evaluation on upper Carboniferous hydrocarbon source rock in the northern margin of Chaidamu basin[J]. Natural Gas Geoscience, 15(2):125-127. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    XIA G Y, DING Y J, DING H, et al., 1996. On the carboniferous-Permian boundary stratotype in China[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House:1-200. (in Chinese)
    XIAO W M, WANG H D, ZHANG L X, et al., 1986. Early Permian strata and biota in Southern Guizhou[M]. Guiyang:Guizhou people's Publishing House:1-364. (in Chinese)
    YANG C, CHEN Q H, WANG G M, et al., 2010. Evaluation of Carboniferous source rocks in Qaidam area[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 31(6):913-919. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    YANG M H, 1997. Characteristics and mechanism of Neotectionic movement in the Qaidam basin[J]. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 17(3):71-78. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    YANG S P, HOU H F, GAO L D, et al., 1980. The Carboniferous system of China[J]. Acta Geologica Sinica, 54(3):167-175. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    YOSHIDA K, MACHIYAMA H, 2004. Provenance of Permian sandstones, south Kitakami terrane, northeast Japan:implications for Permian arc evolution[J]. Sedimentary Geology, 166(3-4):185-207. doi: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2003.12.005
    YU J Z, LIN Y T, 1961. Discussion on stratigraphic correlation of the Early Carboniferous in the South and North Slope of Qilian Mountains from the perspective of Coral fossils[J]. Acta Geologica Sinica, 41(2):154-174. (in Chinese with Russia abstract)
    ZENG X, TIAN J X, ZHANG G Q, et al., 2018. Main types and hydrocarbon exploration direction of the paleo-uplifts in the Qaidam basin[J]. Journal of Geomechanics, 24(3):381-390. (in Chinese with English abstract) https://journal.geomech.ac.cn/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20180309&flag=1
    ZHANG L X, ZHOU J P, 2000. On the carboniferous-Permian boundary in China[J]. Journal of Stratigraphy, 24(3):224-229. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    ZHANG Y C, WANG Y, 2018. Permian fusuline biostratigraphy[M]//LUCAS S G, SHEN S Z. The Permian Timescale. London: Geological Society of London, 450: 253-288.
    ZHOU Z R, YANG Q, SHENG J Z, 1997. Fusulinid generapseudoschwagerrina and Sphaeroschwagerina[J]. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, 14(2):111-128. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    ZHU X F, 1987. The Carboniferous and Permian Fusulinids from Ulan Country, Qinghai Province[J]. Bulletin of the Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, 16:1-49. (in Chinese)
    曹军, 刘成林, 马寅生, 等, 2016.柴达木盆地东部石炭系海陆过渡相煤系页岩气地球化学特征及成因[J].地学前缘, 23(5):158-166. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DXQY201605022.htm
    邓宏文, 钱凯, 1990.柴达木盆地新构造运动与第四纪气田的形成[J].现代地质, 4(2):83-91. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDDZ199002008.htm
    段宏亮, 钟建华, 王志坤, 等, 2006.柴达木盆地东部石炭系烃源岩评价[J].地质通报, 25(9-10):1135-1142. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZQYD2006Z2025.htm
    高联达, 冀六祥, 1992.青海石炭纪孢子花粉及其地层意义[J].青海地质, 1(1):1-8. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GTJL199201001.htm
    贺广田, 薛连明, 1986.青海的石炭系[J].中国区域地质, (3):211-220. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZQYD198603003.htm
    贺广田, 王增吉, 詹立培, 等, 1987.柴达木盆地北缘晚石炭世地层[J].中国地质科学院院报, (17):142-158. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXB198703011.htm
    金玉玕, 尚庆华, 曹长群, 2000.二叠纪地层研究述评[J].地层学杂志, 24(2):99-108. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4959.2000.02.004
    金之钧, 张明利, 汤良杰, 等, 2004.柴达木中新生代盆地演化及其控油气作用[J].石油与天然气地质, 25(6):603-608. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0253-9985.2004.06.001
    李会军, 鄢犀利, 郭娟, 等, 2011.柴达木盆地源自石炭系油气显示特征及其意义[J].断块油气田, 18(1):14-17. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DKYT201101006.htm
    李宗星, 彭博, 马寅生, 等, 2019.柴达木盆地石炭系油气调查最新进展[J].中国地质调查, 6(4):79-87. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZDC201904011.htm
    林存国, 尹成明, 王财富, 等, 2016.柴达木盆地德令哈坳陷石炭系分布特征[J].地质通报, 35(2-3):293-301. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZQYD2016Z1011.htm
    刘成林, 张旭, 杨元元, 等, 2016.柴达木盆地德令哈坳陷石炭系页岩气系统评价[J].地学前缘, 23(5):135-145. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DXQY201605019.htm
    柳小明, 高山, 第五春容, 等, 2007.单颗粒锆石的20 μm小斑束原位微区LA-ICP-MS U-Pb年龄和微量元素的同时测定[J].科学通报, 52(2):228-235. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0023-074X.2007.02.017
    栾守亮, 2018.柴达木盆地城墙沟-石灰沟地区石炭系沉积特征[J].中国石油大学胜利学院学报, 32(1):16-18. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5935.2018.01.004
    骆金锭, 赵嘉明, 1962.祁连山区下石炭统四射珊瑚[M]//祁连山地质志, 第四卷, 第三分册.北京: 科学出版社: 111-199.
    马寅生, 尹成明, 刘成林, 等, 2012.柴达木盆地石炭系油气资源调查评价进展[J].地球学报, 33(2):135-144. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXB201202002.htm
    马寅生, 尹成明, 刘成林, 等, 2014.柴达木盆地石炭系油气资源潜力评价[M].北京:地质出版社:1-284.
    牛永斌, 钟建华, 段宏亮, 等, 2010.柴达木盆地石炭系沉积相及其与烃源岩的关系[J].沉积学报, 28(1):140-149. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB201001017.htm
    彭渊, 马寅生, 刘成林, 等, 2015.柴达木盆地北缘晚海西-印支期古构造应力分析[J].地球学报, 36(1):50-58. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXB201501007.htm
    青海省地质局第一区域地质测量队, 1978a. 1:20万德令哈旧址幅地质图及说明书[M].
    青海省地质局第一区域地质测量队, 1978b. 1:20万托素湖幅地质图及说明书[M].
    青海省地质矿产局, 1991.青海省区域地质志[M].北京:地质出版社:100-122.
    孙崇仁, 喇继德, 李璋荣, 等, 1997.青海省岩石地层[M].北京:中国地质大学出版社:1-140.
    施希德, 1983.柴达木东北缘阿木尼克山杜内阶的发现: 兼对欧龙布鲁克下石炭统划分的讨论[C]//青藏高原地质文集(2)-地层·古生物: 青藏高原地质科学讨论会论文集(一).拉萨: 地质出版社: 187-206.
    孙娇鹏, 尹成明, 陈世悦, 等, 2016.柴达木盆地北缘晚石炭世构造环境及物源:以石浅1井为例[J].地质通报, 35(2-3):302-311. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZQYD2016Z1012.htm
    万传治, 乐幸福, 陈迎宾, 2006.柴达木盆地东部地区石炭系分布规律与生烃潜力评价[J].天然气地球科学, 17(5):663-667. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-1926.2006.05.013
    王成源, 康沛泉, 2000.中国二叠系的底界[J].微体古生物学报, 17(4):378-387. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0674.2000.04.004
    王大华, 林武, 李军亮, 等, 2013.柴东石灰沟地区上石炭统烃源岩评价及潜力分析[J].石油天然气学报, 35(8):17-20. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-9752.2013.08.004
    王桂宏, 张友焱, 王世洪, 等, 2000.柴达木盆地东部第四系局部构造形成的控制因素及分布规律[J].石油勘探与开发, 27(2):45-47. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0747.2000.02.012
    王利, 李宗星, 刘成林, 等, 2019.柴达木盆地德令哈坳陷石炭系烃源岩成熟度演化史[J].地质力学学报, 25(3):370-381. https://journal.geomech.ac.cn/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20190307&flag=1
    王训练, 高金汉, 张海军, 等, 2002.柴达木盆地北缘石炭系顶、底界线再认识[J].地学前缘, 9(3):65-72. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-2321.2002.03.010
    王增吉, 1981.柴达木盆地北缘早石炭世早期穿山沟组的皱纹珊瑚[J].地质学报, 55(3):170-78. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZXE198103001.htm
    王增吉, 1985.东昆仑山西段早石炭世地层[J].地质论评, 31(2):170-178. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZLP198502001.htm
    王增吉, 1990.中国地层:中国的石炭系[M], 北京:地质出版社:1-419.
    王增吉, 俞学光, 1995.柴达木盆地北缘石灰沟晚石炭世的四射珊瑚[J].地球学报, 16(3):310-324. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXB503.007.htm
    文志刚, 王正允, 何幼斌, 等, 2004.柴达木盆地北缘上石炭统烃源岩评价.天然气地球科学, 15(2):125-127. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-1926.2004.02.005
    夏国英, 丁蕴杰, 丁惠, 等, 1996.中国石炭-二叠系界线层型研究[M].北京:地质出版社:1-200.
    肖伟民, 王洪弟, 张遴信, 等, 1986.贵州南部早二叠世地层及其生物群[M].贵阳:贵州人民出版社:1-364.
    杨超, 陈清华, 王冠民, 等, 2010.柴达木地区上古生界石炭系烃源岩评价[J].石油学报, 31(6):913-919. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYXB201006007.htm
    杨明慧, 1997.柴达木盆地新构造运动主要特征与成因机制[J].海洋地质与第四纪地质, 17(3):71-78. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HYDZ703.010.htm
    杨式溥, 侯鸿飞, 高联达, 等, 1980.中国的石炭系[J].地质学报, 54(3):167-175. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZXE198003000.htm
    俞建章, 林英铴, 1961.从珊瑚化石来讨论祁连山南北坡早石炭世地层对比问题[J].地质学报, 41(2):154-174. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZXE196102004.htm
    曾旭, 田继先, 张国卿, 等, 2018.柴达木盆地古隆起主要类型及油气勘探方向[J].地质力学学报, 24(3):381-390. https://journal.geomech.ac.cn/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20180309&flag=1
    张遴信, 周建平, 2000.论中国的石炭系与二叠系界线[J].地层学杂志, 24(3):224-229. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4959.2000.03.011
    周祖仁, 杨群, 盛金章, 1997.假希瓦格属(Pseudoschwagerina)和球希瓦格属(Sphaeroschwagerina)[J].微体古生物学报, 14(2):111-128. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WSGT702.000.htm
    朱秀芳, 1987.青海乌兰石炭-二叠纪的类动物群[J].中国地质科学院地质研究所所刊, 16:1-49. https://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-ZGDJ198708001002.htm
  • 加载中
图(5) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  286
  • HTML全文浏览量:  127
  • PDF下载量:  24
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-09-18
  • 修回日期:  2020-11-01
  • 刊出日期:  2020-12-28

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回