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不同类型烃源岩排烃模式对比及差异性探究

胡锦杰 唐友军 何大祥 傅宁 李美俊

胡锦杰, 唐友军, 何大祥, 等, 2020. 不同类型烃源岩排烃模式对比及差异性探究. 地质力学学报, 26 (6): 941-951. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.075
引用本文: 胡锦杰, 唐友军, 何大祥, 等, 2020. 不同类型烃源岩排烃模式对比及差异性探究. 地质力学学报, 26 (6): 941-951. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.075
HU Jinjie, TANG Youjun, HE Daxiang, et al., 2020. Comparison and exploration of hydrocarbon expulsion patterns of different types of source rocks. Journal of Geomechanics, 26 (6): 941-951. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.075
Citation: HU Jinjie, TANG Youjun, HE Daxiang, et al., 2020. Comparison and exploration of hydrocarbon expulsion patterns of different types of source rocks. Journal of Geomechanics, 26 (6): 941-951. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.075

不同类型烃源岩排烃模式对比及差异性探究

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.075
基金项目: 

中国石油科技创新基金项目 2017D-5007-0105

中海油研究总院委托项目 CRI2017RCPS0153NSN

详细信息
    作者简介:

    胡锦杰(1996-), 男, 在读硕士, 从事油气成藏机理与预测方向研究。E-mail:2573134021@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: TE13

Comparison and exploration of hydrocarbon expulsion patterns of different types of source rocks

  • 摘要: 烃源岩的排烃是准确预测含油气盆地油气资源必须涉及的一个非常重要的环节,为了得到不同有机质类型烃源岩的排烃效率、排烃机理,选取不同有机质类型烃源岩进行了黄金管模拟实验,总结了不同类型烃源岩在各演化阶段产物的变化特征与排烃效率。结果表明,烃源岩类型对总生成油与残留油中轻重烃的比例影响较大,但是对排出油中轻重烃的比例影响较低,排出油中均表现为在未熟—成熟阶段以重烃为主,在高熟—过熟阶段以轻烃为主。烃源岩的类型对生排油量的影响明显,烃源岩的类型越好,生排油量越高。Ⅰ型烃源岩的生排油量最高,Ⅲ型烃源岩最低。烃源岩类型越好,排油效率越高。Ⅲ型烃源岩排油效率低,与其生成气态烃较多、显微组分中镜质组含量较高有关。

     

  • 图  1  黄金管模拟体系结构示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of gold tube simulation

    图  2  不同类型烃源岩热模拟产物轻重烃产量变化图

    ①—未成熟—低成熟阶段;②—成熟阶段;③—高成熟阶段;④—过成熟阶段;线条与纵坐标所围区域为其产量

    Figure  2.  Variation diagram of light and heavy hydrocarbon productions from thermal simulation products of different types of source rocks

    图  3  不同类型烃源岩总油、排出油、残留油柱状图

    Figure  3.  Columnar diagrams of total oil, discharged oil and residual oil from different types of source rocks

    图  4  不同类型烃源岩排油模式图

    ①—未成熟—低成熟阶段;②—成熟阶段;③—高成熟阶段;④—过成熟阶段;线条与纵坐标所围区域为其产量

    Figure  4.  Oil discharge model diagram of different types of source rocks

    图  5  不同类型烃源岩排油效率变化图

    ①未—低熟阶段;②成熟阶段;③高成熟阶段;④过成熟阶段

    Figure  5.  Variation diagram of oil discharge efficiency of different types of source rocks

    表  1  实验样品基本信息

    Table  1.   Basic information table of experimental samples

    编号 深度/
    m
    岩性 层位 所属盆地 TOC/
    %
    S1+S2/
    (mg/g)
    Tmax/
    原始Ro/
    %
    有机质类型
    S1 2720~2820 泥岩 沙三段 渤海盆地 2.46 13.11 440 0.45
    S2 3330~3524 泥岩夹薄层砂岩 文昌组 珠江口盆地 3.04 19.24 446 0.55
    S3 2983~3380 泥岩 平湖组 东海盆地西湖凹陷 1.89 2.34 458 0.61
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  温度点对应easy Ro

    Table  2.   Easy Ro values corresponding to temperature points

    温度/℃ 320 345.8 369.6 395.4 420.3 444.7 470.7 495.5 550.1 600
    easy Ro/% 0.51 0.62 0.72 0.87 1.07 1.33 1.66 2.06 3.02 3.87
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  各种烃类组分及随热演化变化数据

    Table  3.   Data sheet of various hydrocarbon components and their evolution with thermal evolution

    样品号 easy
    Ro/%
    气态烃/(mg/g-TOC) 排出油/(mg/g-TOC) 残留油/(mg/g-TOC) 总油/(mg/g-TOC)
    C1-5 C6-14 C14+ C6-14 C14+ C6-14 C14+
    S1-1 0.51 2.54 0.11 24.36 4.71 159.87 4.82 184.23
    S1-2 0.62 8.82 0.15 64.99 6.37 303.47 6.51 368.45
    S1-3 0.72 20.16 7.61 90.44 21.69 470.74 29.29 561.18
    S1-4 0.87 41.72 24.59 149.05 43.32 508.13 67.92 657.18
    S1-5 1.07 79.42 68.13 261.23 64.91 383.05 133.04 644.28
    S1-6 1.33 156.52 155.12 169.89 90.99 271.83 246.10 441.73
    S1-7 1.66 289.29 189.32 124.02 109.33 202.65 298.64 326.67
    S1-8 2.06 467.25 174.80 78.80 94.30 164.90 269.10 243.70
    S1-9 3.02 551.12 47.81 25.38 26.52 65.99 74.33 91.37
    S1-10 3.87 419.65 14.63 0.00 12.20 0.00 26.83 0.00
    S2-1 0.51 0.86 0.73 14.37 3.99 87.03 4.72 101.39
    S2-2 0.62 3.96 2.34 13.52 7.01 107.31 9.35 120.82
    S2-3 0.72 11.18 7.46 37.77 14.73 230.98 22.19 268.75
    S2-4 0.87 27.94 14.32 75.36 29.48 395.89 43.81 471.24
    S2-5 1.07 64.93 28.15 97.20 59.91 281.23 88.06 378.43
    S2-6 1.33 116.26 49.76 83.02 85.71 155.12 135.47 238.15
    S2-7 1.66 260.52 91.57 43.42 92.32 72.67 183.89 116.09
    S2-8 2.06 358.26 54.51 31.12 66.71 60.61 121.22 91.73
    S2-9 3.02 358.55 21.63 17.48 37.49 40.13 59.11 57.61
    S2-10 3.87 385.91 6.03 11.78 19.69 32.24 25.71 44.02
    S3-1 0.51 0.64 0.00 1.00 6.34 2.30 6.34 3.30
    S3-2 0.62 2.07 0.10 1.78 7.93 2.79 8.02 4.57
    S3-3 0.72 7.40 0.69 2.62 10.88 3.58 11.57 6.20
    S3-4 0.87 26.51 0.94 3.90 20.93 5.94 21.88 9.84
    S3-5 1.07 75.28 1.72 4.95 32.91 7.90 34.63 12.85
    S3-6 1.33 151.46 3.78 5.01 54.59 6.77 58.37 11.78
    S3-7 1.66 262.12 4.82 3.12 58.96 2.26 63.78 5.37
    S3-8 2.06 332.37 4.47 2.02 52.96 1.18 57.43 3.20
    S3-9 3.02 433.34 3.80 0.93 39.75 0.41 43.55 1.35
    S3-10 3.87 493.19 2.87 0.75 30.19 0.34 33.05 1.09
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-04-22
  • 修回日期:  2020-06-05
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