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北极地区盆地分类与油气资源分布规律

张凯逊 韩淑琴 孟秋含 胡靖靖 颜春凤

张凯逊, 韩淑琴, 孟秋含, 等, 2020. 北极地区盆地分类与油气资源分布规律. 地质力学学报, 26 (6): 901-910. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.071
引用本文: 张凯逊, 韩淑琴, 孟秋含, 等, 2020. 北极地区盆地分类与油气资源分布规律. 地质力学学报, 26 (6): 901-910. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.071
ZHANG Kaixun, HAN Shuqin, MENG Qiuhan, et al., 2020. Classification of sedimentary basins and distribution patterns of oil and gas resources in the Arctic. Journal of Geomechanics, 26 (6): 901-910. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.071
Citation: ZHANG Kaixun, HAN Shuqin, MENG Qiuhan, et al., 2020. Classification of sedimentary basins and distribution patterns of oil and gas resources in the Arctic. Journal of Geomechanics, 26 (6): 901-910. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.071

北极地区盆地分类与油气资源分布规律

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.06.071
基金项目: 

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20190664

中国地质科学院地质力学研究所基本科研业务费项目 DZLXJK201707

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张凯逊(1985-), 男, 助理研究员, 从事全球油气资源分布规律和储层地质学研究工作。E-mail:zhangkaixun@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P624;P548

Classification of sedimentary basins and distribution patterns of oil and gas resources in the Arctic

  • 摘要: 北极地区油气资源潜力大,且油气勘探开发尚处于初期,是未来国内外油气工业发展的重要战略领域。文中综合运用全球领先信息服务公司埃信华迈(IHS)和美国地质调查局(USGS)的最新资料及已有研究成果,对北极地区的盆地类型和油气资源分布规律展开研究。结果表明:北极地区至少发育35个沉积盆地,具体划分为裂谷盆地(5个)、被动大陆边缘盆地(16个)、克拉通盆地(5个)、前陆盆地(5个)和大洋盆地(4个)。裂谷盆地是北极地区油气最富集的盆地类型,发现油气探明和控制可采储量(简称2P储量)441.12×108 t油当量,占北极地区油气总储量的74.6%,其次为前陆盆地、被动大陆边缘盆地和克拉通盆地。北极地区大部分油气储于白垩系、侏罗系和二叠系的碎屑岩储集层,仅有小部分油气储于石炭系和泥盆系碳酸盐岩储集层,且不同国家、不同含油气盆地的主力储集层存在明显差异。北极地区的油气主要源自侏罗系和白垩系的烃源岩,三叠系和泥盆系烃源岩次之。此外,复合圈闭是北极地区油气藏的主要圈闭类型,其次是构造圈闭。北极地区盆地类型和油气宏观分布规律的研究将为中国石油公司在北极地区的长远发展奠定基础。

     

  • 图  1  北极地理位置图

    Figure  1.  Location map of the Arctic

    图  2  沉积盆地类型划分示意图(据刘池洋等,2015修改)

    Figure  2.  Classification of sedimentary basins(modified after Liu et al., 2015)

    图  3  北极地区沉积盆地分布及类型图

    P1—沃令盆地;P2—巴伦支陆架边缘盆地;P3—巴伦支台地盆地;P4—东巴伦支海盆地;P5—北喀拉盆地;P6—西北拉普捷夫海陆架盆地;P7—拉普捷夫海陆架盆地;P8—东西伯利亚海盆地;P9—维尔基茨盆地;P10—北楚科奇盆地;P11—南楚科奇-霍普盆地;P12—马更些三角洲盆地;P13—斯维尔德鲁普盆地;P14—西格陵兰-东加拿大(巴芬湾)盆地;P15—北格陵兰剪切边缘盆地;P16—东格陵兰盆地;R1—西西伯利亚盆地;R2—叶尼塞-哈坦加;R3—济良卡盆地;R4—朗加海峡盆地;R5—育空地坪盆地;F1—梅津盆地;F2—季曼-伯朝拉盆地;F3—前新地岛盆地;F4—勒拿-维柳伊盆地;F5—阿拉斯加北坡盆地;C1—通古斯盆地;C2—勒拿-阿纳巴尔盆地;C3—西北加拿大内部台地盆地;C4—富兰克林盆地;C5—福克斯盆地;O1—美亚盆地;O2—欧亚盆地;O3—罗蒙诺索夫-马卡罗夫盆地;O4—扬马延盆地

    Figure  3.  Distribution and types of sedimentary basins in the Arctic

    图  4  北极地区不同盆地类型2P储量分布直方图(数据来源:IHS, 2020)

    Figure  4.  Histogram of 2P reserves distribution of different-type basins in the Arctic(data from IHS, 2020)

    图  5  北极地区不同层系油气2P储量分布图(数据来源:IHS, 2020)

    Figure  5.  2P reserves of different strata in the Arctic(data from IHS, 2020)

    图  6  北极地区(不含西西伯利亚盆地)不同层系油气2P储量分布图(数据来源:IHS, 2020)

    Figure  6.  2P reserves of different strata in the Arctic (exclude the West Siberia Basin)(data from IHS, 2020)

    图  7  北极地区不同岩性储层中油气2P储量分布图(数据来源:IHS, 2020)

    a—北极地区碎屑岩和碳酸盐岩中已发现油气2P储量占比;b—北极地区(不含西西伯利亚盆地)碎屑岩和碳酸盐岩中已发现油气2P储量占比

    Figure  7.  Percentage of 2P reserves of different lithology reservoirs in the Arctic(data from IHS, 2020)

    图  8  北极地区不同层系中不同岩性储层油气2P储量分布图(数据来源:IHS, 2020)

    Figure  8.  2P reserves of different lithology reservoirs in different strata in the Arctic(data from IHS, 2020)

    图  9  北极地区不同烃源岩层系生成的油气2P储量分布图(数据来源:IHS, 2020)

    Figure  9.  2P reserves of oil and gas that generated from different stratum source rocks in the Arctic(data from IHS, 2020)

    图  10  北极地区不同类型圈闭油气2P储量的分布图(数据来源:IHS, 2020)

    Figure  10.  Percentage of 2P reserves of different types of traps in the Arctic(data from IHS, 2020)

    图  11  北极地区不同国家的不同层系油气储量分布图(据Chew and Arbouille, 2011修改)

    Figure  11.  Oil and gas reserves of different strata in different countries in the Arctic (modified after Chew and Arbouille, 2011)

    表  1  北极地区各盆地类型探明和控制油气储量分布一览表

    Table  1.   Proved and probable oil and gas reserves for different types of basins in the Arctic

    盆地
    类型
    发现油
    气田数
    石油
    /×108 t
    天然气/
    ×1012 m3
    凝析油/
    ×108 t
    合计/
    ×108 t
    油当量
    被动大陆边缘盆地 223 9.73 5.54 2.15 56.39
    克拉通盆地 17 0.52 0.02 0.01 0.71
    前陆盆地 316 62.39 3.53 2.70 93.42
    裂谷盆地 236 43.40 47.35 17.48 441.12
    合计 792 116.04 56.45 22.34 591.64
    注:油气储量数据来自IHS, 2020;资料截至2020年8月
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-08-20
  • 修回日期:  2020-10-20
  • 刊出日期:  2020-12-28

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