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中国大陆活动构造基本特征及其对区域动力过程的控制

郑文俊 张培震 袁道阳 吴传勇 李志刚 葛伟鹏 王伟涛 王洋

郑文俊, 张培震, 袁道阳, 等, 2019. 中国大陆活动构造基本特征及其对区域动力过程的控制. 地质力学学报, 25 (5): 699-721. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.05.062
引用本文: 郑文俊, 张培震, 袁道阳, 等, 2019. 中国大陆活动构造基本特征及其对区域动力过程的控制. 地质力学学报, 25 (5): 699-721. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.05.062
ZHENG Wenjun, ZHANG Peizhen, YUAN Daoyang, et al., 2019. BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ACTIVE TECTONICS AND ASSOCIATED GEODYNAMIC PROCESSES IN CONTINENTAL CHINA. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (5): 699-721. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.05.062
Citation: ZHENG Wenjun, ZHANG Peizhen, YUAN Daoyang, et al., 2019. BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ACTIVE TECTONICS AND ASSOCIATED GEODYNAMIC PROCESSES IN CONTINENTAL CHINA. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (5): 699-721. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.05.062

中国大陆活动构造基本特征及其对区域动力过程的控制

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.05.062
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划专项 2017YFC1500101

第二次青藏高原综合科学考察 SQ2019QZKK2801

国家自然科学基金项目 41590861

国家自然科学基金项目 41774049

国家自然科学基金项目 41572197

国家自然科学基金项目 41672208

国家自然科学基金项目 41772209

详细信息
    作者简介:

    郑文俊(1972-), 男, 教授, 主要从事新构造、活动构造、构造地貌与地震危险性方面研究。E-mail:zhengwenjun@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P553

BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ACTIVE TECTONICS AND ASSOCIATED GEODYNAMIC PROCESSES IN CONTINENTAL CHINA

  • 摘要: 中国大陆活动构造的研究经历了近百年历程,特别是二十世纪八十年代以来取得了诸多研究成果和显著进展,大量的针对性、专业性、目标性极强的调查和综合性研究工作,奠定了中国大陆活动构造定量研究的基础成果。文章通过回顾活动构造研究历史,综合大量已有研究成果,总结了中国大陆活动构造的基本特征及其对区域动力过程的控制作用。综合认为,中国大陆特殊的构造位置,造就了复杂的构造格局,受不同方向板块运动的影响,致使现今活动构造的运动性质差异明显。从总体上看,中国大陆活动构造几何图像主要体现为由受控于区域性大断裂的不同性质和规模的活动构造共同构成。文章分区对活动构造的基本特征、几何图像、运动特征及对地震的控制作用进行了总结,并结合中国大陆动力学总体特征,以及活动构造对中国大陆构造变形和强震活动的控制作用,对重点区域动力过程及模式进行了总结。结合目前新技术和新方法的发展,对活动构造未来可能的研究方向和目标提出了展望。

     

  • 图  1  中国大陆主要活动断裂展布图

    (据文献[3, 9, 15, 24]修改,图中箭头指标地块的相对运动方向)

    Figure  1.  Topographic map showing the major active faults in continental China

    (modified after references[3, 9, 15, 24]; the black arrows showing the relative movement directions of the active plate tectonics.)

    图  2  青藏高原东北缘主要活动构造特征

    (据文献[14, 16, 22-23]修改)

    Figure  2.  Topography and major active tectonics at the northeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau

    (modified after references [14, 16, 22-23]

    图  3  天山—帕米尔地区主要活动构造与地震活动特征

    (据文献[66, 85, 94]修改)

    Figure  3.  Major active tectonics and regional seismicity of the Pamir-Tianshan collision zone

    (modified after references [66, 85, 94])

    图  4  青藏高原东缘—东南缘主要活动构造格架与强震活动特征

    (据文献[66, 103-107]修改)

    Figure  4.  Major active tectonics and strong seismicity at the eastern and southeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau

    (modified after references [66, 103-107])

    图  5  鄂尔多斯活动地块及周缘活动构造与地震分布图

    (据文献[3, 57, 66]修改)

    Figure  5.  Major active tectonics and regional seismicity of the internal and neighboring of the Ordos active block

    (modified after references [3, 57, 66])

    图  6  中国大陆及邻区GPS速度场与活动断裂展布

    (GPS数据来源于中国大陆构造环境监测网络CMONOC二期,相对于欧亚框架下的速率结果[133];断层数据据文献[3, 9, 13, 15, 24]修改)

    Figure  6.  Major active faults and Global Positioning System (GPS) velocity field of crustal motion in continental China relative to the stable Eurasia

    (Fault data from references [3, 9, 13, 15, 24]); the GPS velocities from reference[133]

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  • 收稿日期:  2019-09-01
  • 修回日期:  2019-09-30
  • 刊出日期:  2019-10-28

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