留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

哈图金矿深部构造-地球化学特征及隐伏矿体预测

地里夏提·买买提 卡衣沙尔·饿热斯 王勇 白玉秀 王俊林 王人可 刘波 林彩香

地里夏提·买买提, 卡衣沙尔·饿热斯, 王勇, 等, 2019. 哈图金矿深部构造-地球化学特征及隐伏矿体预测. 地质力学学报, 25 (1): 52-60. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.01.006
引用本文: 地里夏提·买买提, 卡衣沙尔·饿热斯, 王勇, 等, 2019. 哈图金矿深部构造-地球化学特征及隐伏矿体预测. 地质力学学报, 25 (1): 52-60. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.01.006
Dilixiati·MAIMAITI, Kayishaer·ERESI, WANG Yong, et al., 2019. DEEP STRUCTURAL-GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BURIED ORE-BODY PREDICTION IN THE HATU GOLD DEPOSIT. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (1): 52-60. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.01.006
Citation: Dilixiati·MAIMAITI, Kayishaer·ERESI, WANG Yong, et al., 2019. DEEP STRUCTURAL-GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BURIED ORE-BODY PREDICTION IN THE HATU GOLD DEPOSIT. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (1): 52-60. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.01.006

哈图金矿深部构造-地球化学特征及隐伏矿体预测

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.01.006
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 U1503191

详细信息
    作者简介:

    地里夏提·买买提(1960-), 男, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事矿床学研究和教学工作。E-mail:dilixiati@xju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P613;P612

DEEP STRUCTURAL-GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BURIED ORE-BODY PREDICTION IN THE HATU GOLD DEPOSIT

  • 摘要: 对哈图金矿区地表及深处矿体和围岩系统进行取样,通过石英包裹体和氧同位素研究,认为该矿是造山型中—低温混合热液金矿床。含矿断裂产状统计结果显示:浅部含矿构造产状变化范围较大,数量波动明显,岩石以脆性变形为主,在扭应力作用下,形成较多的张裂隙,呈尖灭再现的雁列式分布;深部断裂数量显著减少,产状变化范围缩窄,由于岩石围压增大,脆性变形向塑性转变,张裂隙不发育,石英脉型矿石变成石英细脉+蚀变岩型或蚀变岩型。分析成矿成晕指示元素Hg、Au、Ni、Pb、As、Sb、Cu、W、Zn、Ag、Mo、Bi含量的空间变化发现,地球化学原生晕受含矿构造尖灭再现的影响,存在前缘晕和尾晕的叠加结构,并且已知矿脉群的下部以尾晕元素组合为主,虽有前缘晕元素Sb与As的异常,但规模和强度较小。结合含矿断裂数量和规模向下衰减的特点,推测深部可能仍有隐伏矿体,但规模不大。

     

  • 图  1  区域断裂构造示意图(据文献[10]修改)

    1—第四纪沉积物;2—吐谷鲁群砂岩;3—齐古组砂岩、泥岩;4—太勒古拉组下亚组凝灰岩;5—太勒古拉组凝灰岩;6—包古图组泥质硅质粉砂岩;7—希贝库拉斯组砂岩;8—库鲁木迪组凝灰质粉砂岩、砂岩;9—花岗岩;10—大断裂;11—断裂;12—哈图金矿研究区

    Figure  1.  Sketch map of regional fault structure (modified after reference [10])

    图  2  哈图金矿矿脉地质图(据文献[10]修改)

    1—玄武岩;2—凝灰岩;3—第四纪沉积物;4—辉绿岩、辉长岩;5—硅质岩;6—下石炭统包古图组;7—凝灰质泥岩、砂岩;8—断裂;9—矿脉;10—哈图断裂带

    Figure  2.  Geological map of the Hatu gold vein(modified after reference [10])

    图  3  矿区含矿断裂构造特征

    a—断裂倾向极点图;b—断裂倾向玫瑰图;c—断裂走向玫瑰图

    Figure  3.  Fracture structural characteristics of the mining area

    图  4  追踪两组扭裂隙而成的张性断裂(内充含金石英脉,据文献[10]修改);

    1—玄武岩;2—凝灰岩;3—凝灰质泥岩;4—泥岩夹少量凝灰岩;5—辉绿岩;6—矿脉; 7—σ为应力

    Figure  4.  Tracing of extension fracture caused by two groups of twisted fissures (Inside filled with auriferous quartz vein, modifed after reference [10])

    图  5  哈图金矿深部27号脉支脉分布特征图(据文献[10]修改)

    1—凝灰岩;2—泥岩夹少量凝灰岩;3—玄武岩;4—火山角砾岩;5—凝灰质泥岩;6—矿脉

    Figure  5.  The distribution characteristics of the branches of the No.27 vein in the deep Hatu gold mine (modified after reference [10])

    图  6  中段矿脉玫瑰花图及极点等密图

    Figure  6.  Rose diagram of the middle section of the ore vein and the density contours of the pole

    图  7  元素组合叠加纵投影图

    Figure  7.  The element combination superposition vetical projection

    图  8  哈图金矿原生晕轴向叠加的地球化学参数图

    1—凝灰岩;2—凝灰质泥岩;3—玄武岩;4—矿脉

    Figure  8.  Geochemical parameters map of the axial superposition of primary halo in the Hatu gold mine

    表  1  哈图金矿各中段原生晕指示元素含量(均值)

    Table  1.   Indicator elements contents (mean) of primary halo in each middle section of the Hatu gold deposit

    中段/m 样品数 哈图金矿各中段原生晕指示元素含量/(×10-6)
    Hg Au Ni Pb As Sb Cu W Zn Ag Mo Bi
    893 17 173 81730 61.52 11.19 4713.26 39.85 119.72 14.62 72.81 0.82 0.52 0.18
    853 13 115 9550 46.86 5.93 8857.25 44.45 69.26 14.52 60.05 0.30 0.51 0.12
    813 18 79.75 5742 53.50 4.81 7132.56 26.74 86.42 11.81 56.06 0.30 0.32 0.07
    773 15 120 6420 59.46 9.55 7559.40 43.69 93.37 14.55 64.99 0.40 0.57 0.08
    725 17 309 16149 28.60 6.53 7434.29 36.54 69.74 10.39 50.60 0.52 0.30 0.08
    675 15 77.4 13614 63.83 5.27 12806.60 54.28 93.57 18.59 56.89 0.74 0.62 0.10
    625 15 65.65 5216 64.89 3.89 5176.73 35.89 97.79 12.24 62.15 0.30 0.39 0.09
    575 8 37.97 6137 79.65 4.58 2318.09 23.65 117.10 16.79 69.34 0.32 0.31 0.08
    525 4 60.9 18114 73.06 3.67 3883.00 27.66 112.33 11.54 62.81 0.55 0.21 0.11
    475 10 38.2 6542 62.70 4.33 5188.00 39.83 69.95 12.91 45.48 0.26 0.24 0.18
    注:表中Hg、Au的含量为10-9
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] Weatherley D K, Henley R W. Flash vaporization during earthquakes evidenced by gold deposits[J]. Nature Geoscience, 2013, 6(4):294~298. doi: 10.1038/ngeo1759
    [2] Groves D I, Goldfarb R J, Gebre-Mariam M, et al. Orogenic gold deposits:a proposed classification in the context of their crustal distribution and relationship to other gold deposit types[J]. Ore Geology Reviews, 1998, 13(1~5):7~27. doi: 10.1016/S0169-1368(97)00012-7
    [3] Oreskes N, Einaudi M T. Origin of rare earth element-enriched hematite breccias at the Olympic Dam Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, Roxby Downs, South Australia[J]. Economic Geology, 1990, 85(1):1~28. doi: 10.2113/gsecongeo.85.1.1
    [4] 陈衍景.造山型矿床、成矿模式及找矿潜力[J].中国地质, 2006, 33(6):1181~1196. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3657.2006.06.001

    CHEN Yanjing. Orogenic-type deposits and their metallogenic model and exploration potential[J]. Geology in China, 2006, 33(6):1181~1196. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3657.2006.06.001
    [5] 地里夏提·买买提, 王俊林, 王勇, 等.新疆哈图金矿原生晕特征及深部预测[J].有色金属工程, 2018, 8(6):98~102. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10755-1018833809.htm

    DILIXIATI·MAIMAITI, WANG Junlin, WANG Yong, et al. Primary Halo Characteristics and Deep Prediction of Hatu Gold Mine in Xinjian[J]. Nonferrous Metals Engineering, 2018, 8(6):98~102. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10755-1018833809.htm
    [6] 范宏瑞, 金成伟, 沈远超.新疆哈图金矿成矿流体地球化学[J].矿床地质, 1998, 17(2):135~149. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-7106.1998.02.004

    FAN Hongrui, JIN Chengwei, SHEN Yuanchao. Ore-forming fluid geochemistry of the Hatu gold deposit in Xinjiang northwest China[J]. Mineral Deposits, 1998, 17(2):135~149. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-7106.1998.02.004
    [7] 王莉娟, 王玉往.新疆准噶尔盆地哈图金矿成矿流体的某些物理化学特征及与成矿关系[J].地质与勘探, 2005, 41(6):21~26. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0495-5331.2005.06.004

    WANG Lijuan, WANG Yuwang. Geochemistry of ore-forming fluid and metallogenesis prognosis of Hatu gold deposits in Jungar basin, Xinjiang, China[J]. Geology and Prospecting, 2005, 41(6):21~26. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0495-5331.2005.06.004
    [8] 王莉娟, 朱和平.新疆准噶尔盆地西缘哈图金矿成矿流体[J].中国地质, 2006, 33(3):666~671. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3657.2006.03.025

    WANG Lijuan, ZHU Heping. Ore-forming fluid of the Hatu gold deposit on the western margin of the Junggar basin, Xinjiang[J]. Geology in China, 2006, 33(3):666~671. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3657.2006.03.025
    [9] 安芳, 朱永峰.新疆哈图金矿蚀变岩型矿体地质和地球化学研究[J].矿床地质, 2007, 26(6):621~633. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-7106.2007.06.004

    AN Fang, ZHU Yongfeng. Studies on geology and geochemistry of alteration-type ore in Hatu gold deposit(western Junggar), Xinjiang, NW China[J]. Mineral Deposits, 2007, 26(6):621~633. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-7106.2007.06.004
    [10] 朱永峰, 安芳, 徐存元, 等.新疆哈图及其周边金铜成矿规律和深部找矿预测[M].北京:地质出版社, 2013, 61~66.

    ZHU Yongfeng, AN Fang, XU Cunyuan, et al. Metallogenic regularity and deep prospecting prediction of gold and copper in Hatu and its surrounding areas, Xinjiang[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 2013, 61~66. (in Chinese)
    [11] 肖飞, 徐存元, 张凤军, 等.西准噶尔哈图金矿床勘查新成果[J].新疆地质, 2010, 28(4):409~412. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-8845.2010.04.010

    XIAO Fei, XU Cunyan, ZHANG Fengjun, et al. Major breakthrough in the Hatu gold deposit, Western Junggar, Xinjiang[J]. Xinjiang Geology, 2010, 28(4):409~412. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-8845.2010.04.010
    [12] 苗锡仲.新疆××金矿的地质特征成矿规律和找矿方向[J].新疆大学学报(自然科学版), 1984, (3):45~71, 148. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XJDZ198403004.htm

    MIAO Xizhong. Geological characteristics, metallogenic rules and ore-prospecting direction of Xinjiang xxx gold deposit[J]. Journal of Xinjiang University (Natural Science Edition), 1984, (3):45~71, 148. (in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XJDZ198403004.htm
    [13] 邱添, 肖飞, 张凤军, 等.哈图金矿蚀变岩型矿体特征及金赋存状态研究[J].新疆地质, 2011, 29(2):155~161. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-8845.2011.02.008

    QIU Tian, XIAO Fei, ZHANG Fenjun, et al. Ore characteristics and occurrence of gold minerals in Hatu gold deposit, North Xinjiang[J]. Xinjiang Geology, 2011, 29(2):155~161. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-8845.2011.02.008
    [14] 荆福建.新疆托里齐求Ⅰ号金矿控矿构造研究[J].火山地质与矿产, 2000, 21(1):56~60. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-4814.2000.01.008

    JING Fujian. Ore-field tectonics of Qiqiu-1 gold deposit in Tuoli, Xinjiang[J]. Volcanology & Mineral Resources, 2000, 21(1):56~60. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-4814.2000.01.008
    [15] 林彩香.新疆哈图金矿齐Ⅱ矿区控矿构造及矿床成因浅析[J].新疆有色金属, 2015, 38(2):29~33. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/xjysjs201502012

    LIN Caixiang. Preliminary analysis of ore-controlling structure and genesis of ore deposit in Qi Ⅱ mining area of Hatu gold deposit in Xinjiang[J]. Xinjiang Nonferrous Metals, 2015, 38(2):29~33. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/xjysjs201502012
    [16] 纪广俭, 张永霖, 纪燕祥, 等.哈图金矿带总体构造特征新见解及找矿意义[J].黄金科学技术, 2016, 24(2):29~36. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkxjs201602005

    JI Guangjian, ZHANG Yonglin, JI Yanxiang, et al. The new insights and prospecting significance of overall structural features of Hatu gold belt[J]. Gold Science and Technology, 2016, 24(2):29~36. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkxjs201602005
    [17] 李忠权, 刘顺.构造地质学[M]. 3版.北京:地质出版社, 2010, 6.

    LI Zhongquan, LIU Shun. Tectonic geology[M]. 3rd ed. Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 2010, 6. (in Chinese)
    [18] 李四光.地质力学概论[M].北京:科学出版社, 1973.

    LI Siguang. An introduction to geomechanics[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 1973. (in Chinese)
    [19] 罗先熔, 文美兰, 欧阳菲, 等.勘查地球化学[M].北京:冶金工业出版社, 2007, 218.

    LUO Xianrong, WEN Meilan, Ouyang Fei, et al. Exploration Geochemistry[M]. Beijing:Metallurgical Industry Press, 2007, 218. (in Chinese)
    [20] 李惠, 张文华, 刘宝林, 等.中国主要类型金矿床的原生晕轴向分带序列研究及其应用准则[J].地质与勘探, 1999, 35(1):32~35. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/dzykt199901009

    LI Hui, ZHANG Wenhua, LIU Baolin, et al. The study on axial zonality sequence of primary halo and some criteria for the application of this sequence for major types of gold deposits in China[J]. Geology and Prospecting, 1999, 35(1):32~35. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/dzykt199901009
    [21] 唐俊智, 王学乾, 王志平, 等.山东牟平金牛山金矿床的构造叠加晕研究及深部预测[J].黄金科学技术, 2007, 15(4):3~8. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-2518.2007.04.002

    TANG Junzhi, WANG Xueqian, WANG Zhiping, et al. The structural superimposed Halos's study and deep Predicition of Jinniu mountain gold deposit Muping-Shandong[J]. Gold Science and Technology, 2007, 15(4):3~8. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-2518.2007.04.002
    [22] 孙华山, 孙林, 曹新志, 等.胶西北上庄金矿床原生晕轴(垂)向分带特征及深部矿体预测的勘查地球化学标志[J].矿床地质, 2008, 27(1):64~70. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-7106.2008.01.007

    SUN Huashan, SUN Lin, CAO Xinzhi, et al. Axial/vertical zoning characteristics of primary halos and geochemical exploration indicators for deep ore body prognosis in Shangzhuang gold deposit, northwest Jiaodong peninsula, Shandong Province[J]. Mineral Deposits, 2008, 27(1):64~70. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-7106.2008.01.007
  • 加载中
图(8) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  377
  • HTML全文浏览量:  173
  • PDF下载量:  50
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-06-21
  • 修回日期:  2018-11-08
  • 刊出日期:  2019-02-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回