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贵州深部四级断裂构造特征及与重要矿产的关系

王亮 胡从亮 张嘉玮 陈国勇

王亮, 胡从亮, 张嘉玮, 等, 2019. 贵州深部四级断裂构造特征及与重要矿产的关系. 地质力学学报, 25 (1): 36-51. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.01.005
引用本文: 王亮, 胡从亮, 张嘉玮, 等, 2019. 贵州深部四级断裂构造特征及与重要矿产的关系. 地质力学学报, 25 (1): 36-51. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.01.005
WANG Liang, HU Congliang, ZHANG Jiawei, et al., 2019. CORRELATION BETWEEN THE STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DEEP FOUR-LEVEL FAULT AND THE IMPORTANT MINERAL DEPOSITS IN GUIZHOU PROVINCE. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (1): 36-51. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.01.005
Citation: WANG Liang, HU Congliang, ZHANG Jiawei, et al., 2019. CORRELATION BETWEEN THE STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DEEP FOUR-LEVEL FAULT AND THE IMPORTANT MINERAL DEPOSITS IN GUIZHOU PROVINCE. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (1): 36-51. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.01.005

贵州深部四级断裂构造特征及与重要矿产的关系

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.01.005
基金项目: 贵州省地质矿产勘查开发局重大科研专项(黔地矿纪要(2015)14号); 黔科合平台人才[2018]5626;黔科合J字[2015]2081;黔科合平台人才[2017]5739;黔科合[2016]平台人才5401
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王亮(1962-), 男, 研究员, 主要从事地球物理勘查和重磁方面研究工作。E-mail:wangliang62@163.com

    通讯作者:

    张嘉玮(1986-), 男, 高级工程师, 博士后, 主要从事固体矿产勘查和研究工作。E-mail:jiaweizhang@live.cn

  • 中图分类号: P542;P618

CORRELATION BETWEEN THE STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DEEP FOUR-LEVEL FAULT AND THE IMPORTANT MINERAL DEPOSITS IN GUIZHOU PROVINCE

  • 摘要: 贵州位于扬子陆块、江南造山带、右江造山带的复合部位,自新元古代以来,发生了多次重要的构造伸展运动和构造挤压变形。晚古生代之后的沉积活动,掩盖了早期地质构造形迹。多位学者曾对贵州的深部断裂进行过推断,但由于资料不足、认识差异等原因,研究存在局限和争议。在充分借鉴已有研究成果的基础上,通过综合应用重力、航磁、地质等资料,提取了贵州深部四级断裂构造体系。所推测的贵州深部Ⅰ级断裂3条,呈"H型"结构;Ⅱ级断裂15条、Ⅲ级断裂12条,基底断裂若干条,这些断裂均在上一级断裂的基础上发展演化。根据人工地震剖面资料,进一步验证了5条深部Ⅰ至Ⅲ级断裂的展布特征,发现这些断裂沿不同倾向延伸、切割深度达6~12km,为切穿沉积盖层和基底的深大断裂。结合四级断裂构造体系及贵州省内重要矿产的分布,提出贵州金、铅锌、锑、锰、磷、铝土矿分布与Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ级深部断裂构造具有空间联系。

     

  • 图  1  贵州省地质构造略图[7]

    I—贵州侏罗山式褶皱带:(I1—武陵山NNE向褶皱冲断带;I2—毕节及安顺NE向变形带;I3—乌蒙山NW向走滑变形带);Ⅱ—江南造山型褶皱带;Ⅲ—右江造山型褶皱带;Ⅳ—四川盆地边缘平缓开阔褶皱区;Fa—施洞口断裂; Fb—南盘江断裂; Fc—习水断裂; F0—望谟—贵阳—遵义断裂; F1—安顺—贵阳—镇远断裂; F2—普安—安顺断裂; F3—水城—紫云—罗甸断裂

    Figure  1.  The geological structure map of Guizhou province[7]

    图  2  不同时期划分的贵州深部地质构造[8~12]

    Figure  2.  Different demarcations on the deep faults of Guizhou province[8~12]

    图  3  QZ04-80线地震剖面A-A′垭都—紫云断裂带(据文献[12]修编)

    a—断裂显示图;b—地质解释剖面图

    Figure  3.  Display map of Yadu-Ziyun fault zone in QZ04-80 linar seismic profile(A-A′) (modified from reference [12])

    图  4  贵州莫霍面等深线与重力、航磁异常推测深部(Ⅰ级—Ⅲ级)断裂及对应关系

    Figure  4.  Correlation between Moho isobaths and deep fault (Level Ⅰ to Ⅲ) speculated by gravity anomaly and aeromagnetic anomaly in Guizhou province

    图  5  贵州重力、航磁异常推测深部(Ⅰ级—Ⅳ级)断裂及与重要矿产分布关系

    1—推测Ⅰ级深部断裂;2—推测Ⅱ级深部断裂;3—推测Ⅲ级深部断裂;4—推测基底断裂;5—金矿;6—铝土矿;7—锰矿;8—锑矿;9—铅锌矿;10—磷矿

    Figure  5.  Correlation between deep faults (Level Ⅰ to Ⅳ) speculated by gravity anomaly and aeromagnetic anomaly and the important mineral deposits in Guizhou province

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    SUN Wenke, HUANG Chongke, DING Pengfei, et al. Application of Geophysical data to the study of Regional structures and metallogenic structures in key metallogenic zones-Qinzhou-Qiantang belt and its ore-controlling process[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 2001, 75~102. (in Chinese)
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-07-26
  • 修回日期:  2018-12-25
  • 刊出日期:  2019-02-01

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