留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

江西龙虎山地区红层沉积相分析及与丹霞地貌发育关系研究——以仙人城景区为例

李文灏 陈留勤 郭福生 李鹏程 王宇佳 李馨敏

李文灏, 陈留勤, 郭福生, 等, 2018. 江西龙虎山地区红层沉积相分析及与丹霞地貌发育关系研究——以仙人城景区为例. 地质力学学报, 24 (4): 522-532. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.055
引用本文: 李文灏, 陈留勤, 郭福生, 等, 2018. 江西龙虎山地区红层沉积相分析及与丹霞地貌发育关系研究——以仙人城景区为例. 地质力学学报, 24 (4): 522-532. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.055
LI Wenhao, CHEN Liuqin, GUO Fusheng, et al., 2018. FACIES ANALYSIS OF RED BEDS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF DANXIA LANDFORM IN LONGHUSHAN AREA OF JIANGXI PROVINCE: AN EXAMPLE FROM XIANRENCHENG SCENIC SPOT. Journal of Geomechanics, 24 (4): 522-532. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.055
Citation: LI Wenhao, CHEN Liuqin, GUO Fusheng, et al., 2018. FACIES ANALYSIS OF RED BEDS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF DANXIA LANDFORM IN LONGHUSHAN AREA OF JIANGXI PROVINCE: AN EXAMPLE FROM XIANRENCHENG SCENIC SPOT. Journal of Geomechanics, 24 (4): 522-532. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.055

江西龙虎山地区红层沉积相分析及与丹霞地貌发育关系研究——以仙人城景区为例

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.055
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41602113

国家自然科学基金项目 41772197

东华理工大学省部共建核资源与环境国家重点实验室开放基金 NRE1605

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李文灏(1994-), 男, 在读硕士, 研究方向为沉积学和丹霞地貌。E-mail:lwh20120606@163.com

    通讯作者:

    陈留勤(1983-), 男, 博士, 副教授, 沉积学专业。E-mail:liuqincheen@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P66

FACIES ANALYSIS OF RED BEDS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF DANXIA LANDFORM IN LONGHUSHAN AREA OF JIANGXI PROVINCE: AN EXAMPLE FROM XIANRENCHENG SCENIC SPOT

  • 摘要: 江西龙虎山地区以发育老年期丹霞地貌为特色,其成景地层为晚白垩世河口组红层,目前对这套红层的沉积相认识程度还比较低。龙虎山仙人城景区河口组出露厚度达百余米,沉积构造发育,且人工开凿的台阶可以直达山顶,这为沉积相分析提供了便利条件。根据野外露头岩性组成、沉积构造等特点,识别出6种岩相单元:无沉积构造砾岩、正粒序层理砾岩、逆粒序层理砾岩、平行层理砾岩、含砾砂岩、古土壤。砾石统计结果表明,砾石粒径范围主要为3~4 cm,最大可达12.5 cm,成分以紫红色凝灰岩为主,砂岩、花岗岩和石英次之、变质岩(主要是片岩)较少,磨圆度主要为次棱角状,其次为棱角状。在显微镜下,砂岩碎屑颗粒主要呈棱角-次棱角状,分选性较差,粒径为0.05~2.00 mm,主要由石英、长石和岩屑组成,总体具有结构和成分成熟度中等偏低的特点。野外露头宏观和室内显微分析结果表明,仙人城丹霞地貌的成景地层为河流主导的冲积扇沉积体系的产物。在龙虎山地区,丹霞地貌的空间分布与盆地冲积扇沉积相的平面展布具有较好的一致性,盆地边缘冲积扇成因的厚层砾岩为后期丹霞地貌的形成和演化提供了物质基础。

     

  • 图  1  江西龙虎山世界地质公园地质图

    1—第四纪联圩组;2—塘边组含砾细砂岩;3—河口组砾岩和砂岩;4—晚白垩世凝灰岩和花岗岩;5—早白垩世凝灰岩、含砾砂岩和变质砂岩;6—晚三叠世花岗岩;7—晚志留世花岗岩;8—中奥陶世花岗岩;9—中-新元古代片岩;10—整合界线及不整合界线;11—地层产状;12—正断层;13—硅化破碎带;14—火山口。

    Figure  1.  Geological map of the Longhushan Global Geopark in Jiangxi Province

    图  2  河口组岩石特征露头照片

    a—陡峭的崖壁及其上发育的层控洞穴;b—侵蚀冲刷底界面及叠瓦状构造;c—正粒序层理砾岩;d—平行层理砾岩;e—具有河谷形态充填的砾岩;f—聚集状砾岩(筛状沉积),呈透镜体状产出;g—颗粒支撑的砾岩,含有较大的棱角状砾石;h—砾岩中的砂岩夹层;i—古土壤

    Figure  2.  Outcrop pictures of the Hekou Formation

    图  3  河口组红层实测地层柱状图

    Figure  3.  Stratigraphic column of redbeds of the Hekou Formation

    图  4  河口组砾石粒径频率曲线图

    Figure  4.  Frequency curves of gravel sizes of the Hekou Formation

    图  5  河口组砂岩显微镜下特征

    Qp—多晶石英;Qtz—单晶石英;Kf—钾长石;Ca—钙质胶结

    Figure  5.  Microscopic features of sandstone samples from the Hekou Formation

    图  6  河口组砂岩成分QFR图解

    Q—石英总量;F—长石总量;R—岩屑总量

    Figure  6.  QFR diagrams of sandstone detrital compositions from the Hekou Formation

    图  7  河口组砂岩样品粒度分析图

    a—累积曲线;b—频率曲线
    样品Ⅰ—XRC-1;样品Ⅱ—XRCLS-1;样品Ⅲ—XRCZr-5(1);样品Ⅳ—XRCZr-5(2);样品Ⅴ—XRCZr-5(3);样品Ⅵ—XRCZr-6(1);样品Ⅶ—XRCZr-6(2);样品Ⅷ—XRCZr-7(1);样品Ⅸ—XRCZr-7(2)

    Figure  7.  Grain size diagrams of sandstone samples from the Hekou Formation

    表  1  研究区砾石岩性和圆度统计结果

    Table  1.   Statistics of gravel lithology and roundness in the study area

    岩性 磨圆度/% 合计
    /%
    棱角状(A) 次棱角状(B) 次圆状(C)
    紫红色凝灰岩 21 20 6 47
    砖红色砂岩 2 8 2.5 12.5
    灰白色砂岩 6 5 0.5 11.5
    灰绿色砂岩 0.5 1.5 2 4
    石英 6 5.5 1.5 13
    脉石英 0.5 1.5 1 3
    片岩 0 1 0.5 1.5
    花岗岩 1.5 2.5 3.5 7.5
    总计 37.5 45 17.5 100
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  河口组红层岩相划分

    Table  2.   Lithofacies classification of the redbeds of the Hekou Formation

    序号 岩相 特征 沉积构造 解释
    A 无沉积构造砾岩 砾石支撑、杂基支撑、块状 无粒序层理 沉积物高剪切应力或高粘性作用,沉积速率快,沉积物来不及分选
    B 正粒序层理砾岩 杂基支撑 正粒序层理 洪泛水流能量逐渐降低
    C 逆粒序层理砾岩 砾石支撑 逆粒序层理 高密度流体在流动过程中,颗粒的分散和上举作用
    D 平行层理砾岩 砾石支撑、成层性差 平行层理 高能水流条件下的河道迁移
    E 含砾砂岩 细到粗、可含砾石 板状交错层理 直脊沙纹迁移(侧向加积)
    F 古土壤 钙质结核、遗迹化石 土壤特征 地表氧化环境中的经成壤作用
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 彭华. 丹霞地貌基本理论问题回顾与探讨. "世界的丹霞"[C]. 第二届丹霞地貌国际学术讨论会论文集, 2011, 125~133.

    PENG Hua. A review and discussion on the basic theoretical problems of danxia landform[C]. The Second International Symposium on Danxia Landform, 2011, 125~133. (in Chinese with English abstract)
    [2] 赵汀, 赵逊, 彭华, 等.关于丹霞地貌概念和分类的探讨[J].地球学报, 2014, 35(3):375~382. doi: 10.3975/cagsb.2014.03.13

    ZHAO Ting, ZHAO Xun, PENG Hua, et al. A tentative discussion on the definition and classification of Danxia landform[J]. Acta Geoscientia Sinica, 2014, 35(3):375~382. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3975/cagsb.2014.03.13
    [3] 黄进, 陈致均, 齐德利.中国丹霞地貌分布(上)[J].山地学报, 2015, 33(4):385~396. http://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-ZGDJ200500001018.htm

    HUANG Jin, CHEN Zhijun, QI Deli. Study on distribution of Danxia landform in China (first)[J]. Mountain Research, 2015, 33(4):385~396. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-ZGDJ200500001018.htm
    [4] 黄进, 陈致均, 齐德利.中国丹霞地貌分布(下)[J].山地学报, 2015, 33(6):649~673. http://www.oalib.com/paper/287863

    HUANG Jin, CHEN Zhijun, QI Deli. Distribution of Danxia landform in China (Last)[J]. Mountain Research, 2015, 33(6):649~673. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://www.oalib.com/paper/287863
    [5] 彭华, 潘志新, 闫罗彬, 等.国内外红层与丹霞地貌研究述评[J].地理学报, 2013, 68(9):1170~1181. doi: 10.11821/dlxb201309002

    PENG Hua, PAN Zhixin, YAN Luobin, et al. A Review of the research on red beds and Danxia landform[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2013, 68(9):1170~1181. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.11821/dlxb201309002
    [6] 黄进.丹霞山地貌[M].北京:科学出版社, 2010.

    HUANG Jin. Danxia mountain landform[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 2010.
    [7] 郭福生, 李晓勇, 姜勇彪.龙虎山丹霞地貌与旅游开发[M].北京:地质出版社, 2012.

    GUO Fusheng, LI Xiaoyong, JIANG Yongbiao. Danxia landform in mount Longhushan and its tourism development[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 2012. (in Chinese)
    [8] 郭福生, 朱志军, 黄宝华, 等.江西信江盆地白垩系沉积体系及其与丹霞地貌的关系[J].沉积学报, 2013, 31(6):954~964. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDDZ201405013.htm

    GUO Fusheng, ZHU Zhijun, HUANG Baohua, et al. Cretaceous sedimentary system and their relationship with Danxia landform in Xinjiang basin, Jiangxi[J]. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 2013, 31(6):954~964. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDDZ201405013.htm
    [9] 巫建华.赣东北白垩纪沉积相及其构造意义[J].华东地质学院学报, 1994, 17(4):313~319. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Shengbiao_Hu/publication/283278467_micangshan/links/56331ec408aefa44c368a3fe/micangshan.pdf

    WU Jianhua. Sedimentary facies of the Cretaceous in the Northeast of Jiangxi province and its tectonic Signific ance[J]. Journal of East China Geological Institute, 1994, 17(4):313~319. (in Chinese with English abstract) https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Shengbiao_Hu/publication/283278467_micangshan/links/56331ec408aefa44c368a3fe/micangshan.pdf
    [10] 江西省地质矿产局.江西省区域地质志[M].北京:地质出版社, 1984.

    Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Jiangxi Province. Regional geology of Jiangxi province[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 1984. (in Chinese)
    [11] 江新胜, 潘忠习, 徐金沙, 等.江西信江盆地晚白垩世风成沙丘的发现及其古风向[J].地质通报, 2006, 25(7):833~838. http://kns.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?filename=zqyd200607011&dbname=CJFD&dbcode=CJFQ

    JING Xinsheng, PAN Zhongxi, XU Jinsha, et al. Late Cretaceous eolian dunes and wind directions in Xinjiang basin, Jiangxi Province, China[J]. Geological Bulletin of China, 2006, 25(7):833~838. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://kns.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?filename=zqyd200607011&dbname=CJFD&dbcode=CJFQ
    [12] 姜勇彪, 郭福生, 胡中华, 等.信江盆地丹霞地貌特征及其景观类型[J].山地学报, 2010, 28(4):505~512. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=sdxb201004016

    JIANG Yongbiao, GUO Fusheng, HU Zhonghua, et al. A study on the features of Danxia landform and its landscape types in Xinjiang Basin[J]. Journal of Mountain Science, 2010, 28(4):505~512. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=sdxb201004016
    [13] Shu L S, Zhou X M, Deng P, et al. Mesozoic tectonic evolution of the southeast China block:New insights from basin analysis[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2009, 34(3):376~391. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2008.06.004
    [14] Chen L Q, Steel R J, Guo F S, et al. Alluvial fan facies of the Yongchong Basin:Implications for tectonic and paleoclimatic changes during Late Cretaceous in SE China[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2017, 134:37~54. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2016.10.010
    [15] Kallmeier E, Breitkreuz C, Kiersnowski H, et al. Issues associated with the distinction between climatic and tectonic controls on Permian alluvial fan deposits from the Kotzen and Barnim Basins (North German Basin)[J]. Sedimentary Geology, 2010, 223(1~2):15~34. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0037073809002127
    [16] Nemec W, Steel R J. Alluvial and coastal conglomerates: Their significant features and some comments on gravelly mass-flow deposits[A]. Koster E H, Steel R J. Sedimentology of Gravels and Conglomerates[C]. Canada: Canadian Society of Petroleum Geology, 1984, 10: 1~31.
    [17] 陈留勤, 郭福生, 梁伟, 等.江西抚崇盆地上白垩统河口组砾石统计特征及其地质意义[J].现代地质, 2013, 27(3):568~576. http://www.docin.com/p-1267616096.html

    CHEN Liuqin, GUO Fusheng, LIANG Wei, et al. Gravel fabric characteristics of the Upper Cretaceous Hekou formation in Fuzhou-Chongren Basin, Jiangxi and the geological significance[J]. Geoscience, 2013, 27(3):568~576. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://www.docin.com/p-1267616096.html
    [18] 陈留勤, 郭福生, 杨庆坤, 等.江西永丰-崇仁盆地晚白垩世沉积体及其演化模式[J].山地学报, 2015, 33(4):416~424. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDDZ201405013.htm

    CHEN Liuqin, GUO Fusheng, YANG Qingkun, et al. The Late Cretaceous depositional systems and evolution model of the Yongfeng-Chongren Basin in Jiangxi Province[J]. Mountain Research, 2015, 33(4):416~424. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDDZ201405013.htm
    [19] Chen L Q, Guo F S, Tang C. Evolution of the Late Cretaceous Yongfeng-Chongren basin in Jiangxi province, southeast China:Insights from sedimentary facies analysis and pebble counting[J]. Journal of Mountain Science, 2016, 13(2):342~351. doi: 10.1007/s11629-014-3387-4
    [20] Blair T C. Cause of dominance by sheetflood vs. debris-flow processes on two adjoining alluvial fans, Death Valley, California[J]. Sedimentology, 1999, 46(6):1015~1028. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3091.1999.00261.x
    [21] Jullien R, Meakin P, Pavlovitch A. Three-dimensional model for particle-size segregation by shaking[J]. Physical Review Letters, 1992, 69(4):640~643. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.69.640
    [22] Collinson JD, Mountney N P, Thompson D B. Sedimentary Structures. 3rd ed. Malta: Dunedin Academic Press Ltd, 2006.
    [23] 温昌辉, 刘秀铭, 吕镔, 等.江西石城盆地白垩纪地层中成壤特征及古环境分析[J].第四纪研究, 2016, 36(6):1403~1416. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-ZQYD2018Z1020.htm

    WEN Changhui, LIU Xiuming, LV Bin, et al. The cretaceous redbeds in Shicheng Basin, Jiangxi Province:Pedogenic and paleoenvironmental characteristics[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2016, 36(6):1403~1416. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-ZQYD2018Z1020.htm
    [24] Kraus M J, Woody D T, Smith J J, et al. Alluvial response to the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum climatic event, Polecat Bench, Wyoming (U.S.A.)[J]. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2015, 435:177~192. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.06.021
    [25] Chen L Q, Guo F S. Upper Cretaceous alluvial fan deposits in the Jianglangshan Geopark of Southeast China:Implications for bedrock control on Danxia landform evolution[J]. Journal of Mountain Science, 2017, 14(5):926~935. doi: 10.1007/s11629-016-4024-1
    [26] 黄进.丹霞地貌坡面发育的一种基本方式[J].热带地貌, 1982, 3(2):107~134. http://edu.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/Detail/fz200705080

    HUANG Jin. One of the basic development modes of slopes in "Danxia" terrain[J]. Tropical Geomorphology, 1982, 3(2):107~134. (in Chinese with English abstract) http://edu.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/Detail/fz200705080
  • 加载中
图(7) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  403
  • HTML全文浏览量:  210
  • PDF下载量:  10
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-10-24
  • 修回日期:  2018-03-13
  • 刊出日期:  2018-08-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回