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中原邙山黄土地层划分的讨论

杨州 王书兵 蒋复初 王喜生 傅建利

杨州, 王书兵, 蒋复初, 等, 2018. 中原邙山黄土地层划分的讨论. 地质力学学报, 24 (2): 274-282. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.02.029
引用本文: 杨州, 王书兵, 蒋复初, 等, 2018. 中原邙山黄土地层划分的讨论. 地质力学学报, 24 (2): 274-282. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.02.029
YANG Zhou, WANG Shubing, JIANG Fuchu, et al., 2018. DISCUSSION ON MANGSHAN LOESS STRATIGRAPHIC DIVISON IN CHINA CENTRAL PLAINS. Journal of Geomechanics, 24 (2): 274-282. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.02.029
Citation: YANG Zhou, WANG Shubing, JIANG Fuchu, et al., 2018. DISCUSSION ON MANGSHAN LOESS STRATIGRAPHIC DIVISON IN CHINA CENTRAL PLAINS. Journal of Geomechanics, 24 (2): 274-282. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.02.029

中原邙山黄土地层划分的讨论

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.02.029
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 40302025

国家自然科学基金项目 40972223

国家自然科学基金项目 41272393

国家自然科学基金项目 41472327

中国地质科学院重点开放实验室专项资金资助项目 KL05-13

中国地质大调查工作项目 1212010711705

详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨州(1964-), 男, 高级工程师, 从事水文地质分析评价等工作。E-mail:yangz656@126.com

    通讯作者:

    王书兵(1972-), 男, 副研究员, 从事第四纪地质与环境研究工作。E-mail:wsbln@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P534.63

DISCUSSION ON MANGSHAN LOESS STRATIGRAPHIC DIVISON IN CHINA CENTRAL PLAINS

  • 摘要: 地层时代和地层划分研究一直是基础性、先导性工作,随着科学研究的深入和材料的丰富,地层划分不断被重新认识。黄土地层时代和划分主要依靠OSL、14C、古地磁和磁化率的对比。中原邙山因发育巨厚的马兰黄土而闻名中外,但地层划分却出现了不同的认识。早期对赵下峪剖面的研究认为L1层厚98 m,并发育L1SS1弱古土壤层;剖面底部出露最老地层为S10层。后来的观点把早期的L1层划分为L1、S1、L2层,剖面底部出露最老地层为S11层。通过对B/M界线进行详细的古地磁研究,剖面上部补充年代测试样品,结合已有测年结果,分析认为早期对L1的划分和对剖面最老地层的确认是正确的,但B/M界线位置划分有误;而后期的研究对B/M界线位置的划分是正确的,但把底部最老地层划分为S11是不当的,同时把马兰黄土中弱古土壤层L1SS1划分为S1也是不合适的。地层对比表明,邙山黄土发育了S0—S10黄土—古土壤序列,B/M界线位于L8下部。

     

  • 图  1  河南邙山黄土地层位置[3]

    1—黄土;2—沙漠;3—冲积层;4—基岩;5—黄河流域边界

    Figure  1.  Location of the loess strata in Mangshan, Henan province

    图  2  中原邙山黄土剖面MBB界线位置

    1—黄土;2—古土壤

    Figure  2.  Location of the MBB boundary of the loess section in Mangshan, China Central Plains

    图  3  河南邙山黄土S5以下地层剖面对比

    1—黄土;2—弱发育古土壤;3—古土壤;4—不确定极性;5—正向/反向极性

    Figure  3.  Comparison of stratigraphic setions under the loess S5 in Mangshan, Henan province

    图  4  河南邙山黄土S5以上地层剖面对比

    1—黄土;2—弱发育古土壤;3—古土壤

    Figure  4.  Comparison of stratigraphic sections above the loess S5 in Mangshan, Henan province

    图  5  邙山赵下峪剖面年代学测试结果(注:IRSL和GLSL引自[46],OSL和TL引自[3])

    1—黄土;2—弱发育古土壤;3—古土壤;4—IRSL结果;5—GLSL结果;6—光释光结果;7—热释光结果;8—14C结果

    Figure  5.  Chronological results of the Zhaoxiayu section of the Mangshan loess

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  • 收稿日期:  2017-10-25
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