留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

围压下裂隙对地震波速度影响的物理实验研究

赵卫华 王红才 魏建新 孙东生 李阿伟

赵卫华, 王红才, 魏建新, 等, 2016. 围压下裂隙对地震波速度影响的物理实验研究. 地质力学学报, 22 (4): 967-975.
引用本文: 赵卫华, 王红才, 魏建新, 等, 2016. 围压下裂隙对地震波速度影响的物理实验研究. 地质力学学报, 22 (4): 967-975.
ZHAO Wei-hua, WEI Jian-xin, SUN Dong-sheng, et al., 2016. STUDY ON SEISMIC PROPERTY OF CRACK-INCLUDED PHYSICAL MODEL. Journal of Geomechanics, 22 (4): 967-975.
Citation: ZHAO Wei-hua, WEI Jian-xin, SUN Dong-sheng, et al., 2016. STUDY ON SEISMIC PROPERTY OF CRACK-INCLUDED PHYSICAL MODEL. Journal of Geomechanics, 22 (4): 967-975.

围压下裂隙对地震波速度影响的物理实验研究

基金项目: 

中国地质调查局地质调查项目“特殊地质地貌区填图试点” DD20160060

详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵卫华(1984-), 男, 硕士, 主要从事岩石物理学、岩石力学及地应力等研究工作。E-mail:weihuazhao@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P315.3

STUDY ON SEISMIC PROPERTY OF CRACK-INCLUDED PHYSICAL MODEL

  • 摘要: 构建了等直径不同裂隙密度和等裂隙密度不同裂隙直径两组物理模型,进行不同围压条件下多方向的超声波速度测试,并运用Hudson理论进行了理论模型计算。结果显示,计算与实测结果吻合较好。随围压的增大,纵、横波速度均近线性增加,纵、横波各向异性基本保持不变;裂隙密度从2%增大到6%,纵波速度不同程度降低,其中慢纵波降低幅度相对较大,快横波变化不明显,而慢横波则大幅降低。随着裂隙密度的增大,纵、横波各向异性均增大,且横波各向异性增加速率大于纵波;裂隙直径从2 mm增大到3 mm,快纵波速度增加很小,慢纵波增加明显,横波速度均不发生改变。随着裂隙直径的增大,纵波各向异性逐渐降低,横波各向异性保持不变。最后结合试验结果分析了Hudson理论在不同深度进行参数预测的必要条件。研究结果有助于油气生产、地下水的开采与控制、污染处理等。

     

  • 图  1  样品裂隙分布与XYZ分布示意图

    Figure  1.  Simplified diagram of distribution of crack and X Y Z

    图  2  样品Z04实测纵、横波速度随围压的变化

    Figure  2.  The measured Vp and Vs varying with the confining pressure (Sample Z04)

    图  3  样品Z02实测与计算纵、横波速度随围压的变化

    Figure  3.  The measured and calculated Vp and Vs varying with the confining pressure (Sample Z02)

    图  4  直径2 mm的3种裂隙密度模型纵、横波速度随围压的变化

    Figure  4.  Vp and Vs of 3 samples (crack diameter 2 mm) with different crack density varying with confining pressure

    图  5  直径2 mm的3种裂隙密度模型纵、横波各向异性随围压的变化

    Figure  5.  Vp and Vs anisotropy of 3 samples (crack diameter 2 mm) with different crack density varying with confining pressure

    图  6  围压25 MPa直径2 mm的3种模型纵、横波各向异性随裂隙密度的变化

    Figure  6.  Anisotropy of 3 samples varying with crack density (crack diameter 2 mm, confining pressure 25 MPa)

    图  7  裂隙密度4%的3种直径模型纵、横波速度随围压的变化

    Figure  7.  Vp and Vs of 3 samples with different diameter varying with confining pressure(crack density 4%)

    图  8  裂隙密度4%的3种直径模型纵、横波各向异性随围压的变化

    Figure  8.  Vp and Vs anisotropy of 3 samples with different crack diameters varying with confining pressure (Crack density 4%)

    图  9  围压25 MPa裂隙密度4%的3种模型纵、横波各向异性随裂隙直径的变化

    Figure  9.  Anisotropy of 3 samples varying with crack diameters (Crack density 4%, confining pressure 25MPa)

    表  1  样品参数信息

    Table  1.   Sample parameters

    样品编号直径/mm高度/mm裂隙密度/%裂隙直径/mm密度/(g·cm-3)
    M025.4037.12--1.109
    M1-125.3847.480-1.174
    Z02X25.3243.26221.168
    Z02Y25.4248.82221.180
    Z02Z25.4243.46221.174
    Z04X25.4247.84421.176
    Z04Y25.4447.66421.176
    Z04Z25.4247.52421.175
    Z06X25.4049.42621.166
    Z06Y25.4249.56621.178
    Z06Z25.4247.36621.177
    Z08X25.4245.7442.51.169
    Z08Y25.4047.0242.51.176
    Z08Z25.4248.8242.51.171
    Z10X25.4249.02431.173
    Z10Y25.4248.16431.176
    Z10Z25.4047.74431.175
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] Crampin S, Evans R, Üçer B, et al. Observations of dilatancy-induced polarization anomalies and earthquake prediction[J]. Nature, 1980, 286:874~877. doi: 10.1038/286874a0
    [2] Crampin S. A review of wave motion in anisotropic and cracked elastic-media[J]. Wave Motion, 1981, (3):343~391.
    [3] Crampin S, Sheila P. A review of shear-wave splitting in the compliant crack-critical anisotropic Earth[J]. Wave Motion, 2005, 41:59~77. doi: 10.1016/j.wavemoti.2004.05.006
    [4] 刘恩儒, 曾新吾.裂缝介质的有效弹性常数[J].石油地球物理勘探, 2001, 36(1):37~44. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ200101006.htm

    LIU En-ru, ZENG Xin-wu. Effective elastic constant of fractured medium[J]. Oil Geophysical Prospecting, 2001, 36(1):37~44. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ200101006.htm
    [5] 韩开锋, 曾新吾. Hudson理论中裂隙参数的适用性研究[J].石油物探, 2006, 45(5):435~440. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYWT200605001.htm

    HAN Kai-feng, ZENG Xin-wu. Study of the boundary element method on applicability of fracture parameters in Hudson theory[J]. Geophysical Prospecting for Petroleum, 2006, 45(5):435~440. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYWT200605001.htm
    [6] 魏建新, 狄帮让.裂隙密度对纵波传播特性影响的实验观测[J].石油地球物理勘探, 2007, 42(5):554~559. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ200705013.htm

    WEI Jian-xin, DI Bang-rang. Experimentally surveying influence of fractural density on P-wave propagating characters[J]. Oil Geophysical Prospecting, 2007, 42(5):554~559. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ200705013.htm
    [7] 魏建新, 狄帮让.裂隙张开度对地震波特性影响的模型研究[J].中国科学(D辑), 2008, (增刊Ⅰ):211~218. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JDXK2008S1028.htm

    WEI Jian-xin, DI Bang-rang. Study on the impact of seismic wave characteristics of crack aspect ratio[J]. Science in China (Series D), 2008, (Supp. I):211~218. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JDXK2008S1028.htm
    [8] 齐宇, 魏建新, 狄帮让, 等.横向各向同性介质纵波方位各向异性物理模型研究[J].石油地球物理勘探, 2009, 44(6):671~674, 689. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ200906005.htm

    QI Yu, WEI Jian-xin, DI Bang-rang, et al. Compressional wave (P-wave) azimuthal anisotropyphysical model studies in transversally isotropic me-dium[J]. Oil Geophysical Prospecting, 2009, 44(6):671~674, 689. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ200906005.htm
    [9] 魏建新, 狄帮让.岩石柱塞样品超声横波速度测试精度分析[J].石油地球物理勘探, 2012, 47(6):918~925. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ201206010.htm

    WEI Jian-xin, DI Bang-rang. Test accuracy analysis of S-wave velocity on rock core sample[J]. Oil Geophysical Prospecting, 2012, 47(6):918~925. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ201206010.htm
    [10] 魏建新, 狄帮让.周期层状介质对纵波速度影响的实验研究[J].石油地球物理勘探, 2010, 45(5):661~666. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ201005010.htm

    WEI Jian-xin, DI Bang-rang. Experimental research on P-wave velocity of periodic layered media[J]. Oil Geophysical Prospecting, 2010, 45(5):661~666. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ201005010.htm
    [11] 尹志恒, 狄帮让, 魏建新, 等.裂缝参数对纵波能量衰减影响的物理模型研究[J].石油地球物理勘探, 2012, 47(5):728~734, 753. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ201205009.htm

    YIN Zhi-heng, DI Bang-rang, WEI Jian-xin, et al. P-wave attenuation by fracture parameter in physical models[J]. Oil Geophysical Prospecting, 2012, 47(5):728~734, 753. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ201205009.htm
    [12] Hudson J A. Overall properties of a cracked solid[J]. Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 1980, 88:371~384. doi: 10.1017/S0305004100057674
    [13] Hudson J A. Wave speeds and attenuation of elastic waves in material containing cracks[J]. Geophysical Journal International, 1981, 64(1):133~150. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1981.tb02662.x
    [14] Hudson J A. A higher order approximation to the wave propagation constants forcracked solid[J]. Geophysical Journal International, 1986, 87(1):265~274. doi: 10.1111/gji.1986.87.issue-1
    [15] Hudson J A, Liu E, Crampin S. The mechanical properties of materials with interconnected cracks and pores[J]. Geophysical Journal International, 1996, 124(1):105~112. doi: 10.1111/gji.1996.124.issue-1
    [16] Hudson J A, Pointer T, Liu E. Effective medium theories for fluid saturated materials with aligned cracks[J]. Geophysical Prospecting, 2001, 49(5):509~522. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2478.2001.00272.x
    [17] Hess H. Seismic anisotropy of the uppermost mantle under oceans[J]. Nature, 1964, 203:629~631. doi: 10.1038/203629a0
    [18] Ji S C, Saruwatari K, Mainprice D, et al. Microstructures, petrofabrics and seismic properties of ultrahigh-pressure eclogites from Sulu region, China:Implications for rheology of subducted continental crust and origin of mantle reflections[J]. Tectonophysics, 2003, 370:49~76. doi: 10.1016/S0040-1951(03)00177-X
    [19] 杨顶辉, 张中杰, 滕吉文, 等.双相各向异性研究、问题与应用前景[J].地球物理学进展, 2000, 15:7~21. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-2903.2000.02.002

    YANG Ding-hui, ZHANG Zhong-jie, TENG Ji-wen, et al. The study of two-phase anisotropy questions and applied prospects[J]. Progress in Geophysics, 2000, 15:7~21. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-2903.2000.02.002
    [20] 张中杰, 滕吉文, 陈运泰.地球物理学的回顾与展望[J].地球物理学进展, 2001, (5):345~352. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DXJZ200105006.htm

    ZHANG Zhong-jie, TENG Ji-wen, CHEN Yun-tai. Geophysics:The 20th Century in retrospect and the 21st Century in prospect[J]. Progress in Geophysics, 2001, (5):345~352. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DXJZ200105006.htm
    [21] 曲寿利, 季玉新, 王鑫, 等.全方位P波属性裂缝检测方法[J].石油地球物理勘探, 2001, 36(4):390~397. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ200104001.htm

    QU Shou-li, JI Yu-xin, WANG Xin, et al. Seismic method for using full-azimuth P wave attribution to detect fracture[J]. Oil Geophysical Prospecting, 2001, 36(4):390~397. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYDQ200104001.htm
    [22] 滕吉文, 王光杰, 杨顶辉, 等, 地球各向异性介质中地震波动理论、检测与应用研究[J].地学前缘, 1998, 5(1):83~90. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DXQY801.012.htm

    TENG Ji-wen, WANG Guang-jie, YANG Ding-hui, et al. The study for propagation theory of seismic waves, detection technique and application on anisotropic media in the earth's interior[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 1998, 5(1):83~90. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DXQY801.012.htm
    [23] Thomsen L. Weak elastic anisotropy[J].Geophysics, 1986, 51:1954~1966. doi: 10.1190/1.1442051
    [24] Thomsen L. Weak anisotropic reflections[C]//Castagna J P, Backus M M. Offset dependent eflectivity. SEG, 1993.
    [25] Thomsen L. Elastic anisotropy due to aligned cracks in porous rock[J]. Geophysical Prospecting, 1995, 43:805~829. doi: 10.1111/gpr.1995.43.issue-6
  • 加载中
图(9) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  141
  • HTML全文浏览量:  67
  • PDF下载量:  11
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-06-20
  • 刊出日期:  2016-12-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回