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全球气候变化与地质灾害响应分析

高杨 李滨 冯振 左晓

高杨, 李滨, 冯振, 等, 2017. 全球气候变化与地质灾害响应分析. 地质力学学报, 23 (1): 65-77.
引用本文: 高杨, 李滨, 冯振, 等, 2017. 全球气候变化与地质灾害响应分析. 地质力学学报, 23 (1): 65-77.
GAO Yang, LI Bin, FENG Zhen, et al., 2017. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE AND GEOLOGICAL DISASTER RESPONSE ANALYSIS. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (1): 65-77.
Citation: GAO Yang, LI Bin, FENG Zhen, et al., 2017. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE AND GEOLOGICAL DISASTER RESPONSE ANALYSIS. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (1): 65-77.

全球气候变化与地质灾害响应分析

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41472295

国家自然科学基金项目 41302246

十二五国家科技支撑项目 2012BAK10B01

国土资源地质调查项目 1212011220140

国土资源地质调查项目 12120114079101

详细信息
    作者简介:

    高杨(1989-),男,博士研究生,主要从事工程地质与地质灾害领域研究工作。E-mail:737263992@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P694P534.63

GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE AND GEOLOGICAL DISASTER RESPONSE ANALYSIS

  • 摘要: 对全球气候变化对地质灾害的响应关系,尤其是对滑坡和泥石流灾害的响应关系进行了综述。工业化革命以来,特别是近几十年来全球气候发生着重要的变化,全球几乎所有地区都经历着升温过程。全球气候变化对极端天气事件(极端降雨、气温升高、强风和洪水灾害)的影响尤为强烈,并且增加了地质灾害的发生风险。其中,水循环和气温的变化是影响地质灾害发生的直接因素。气温上升会导致大气层含水量升高、冰川冻土退化、海平面上升、蒸发作用增强;水循环变化会导致降雨频率、降水周期、降水强度的改变。日益增加的极端天气与同岩土体相互作用,导致了不同类型地质灾害的发生,严重威胁着人类的生活起居。

     

  • 图  1  全球大型滑坡分布图(据ICL)

    Figure  1.  Distribution of global large landslides

    图  2  全球气温变化趋势曲线图

    Figure  2.  Global temperature change tread curve

    图  3  气候变化对滑坡灾害响应分析图

    Figure  3.  Analysis of the response of climate change to landslide disasters

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  • 收稿日期:  2016-06-26
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