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新疆东准噶尔纸房地区早古生代花岗岩的确定及其地质意义

徐芹芹 赵磊 牛宝贵

徐芹芹, 赵磊, 牛宝贵, 2015. 新疆东准噶尔纸房地区早古生代花岗岩的确定及其地质意义. 地质力学学报, 21 (4): 502-516.
引用本文: 徐芹芹, 赵磊, 牛宝贵, 2015. 新疆东准噶尔纸房地区早古生代花岗岩的确定及其地质意义. 地质力学学报, 21 (4): 502-516.
XU Qin-qin, ZHAO Lei, NIU Bao-gui, 2015. DETERMINATION OF THE EARLY PALEOZOIC GRANITE IN ZHIFANG AREA, EAST JUNGGAR, XINJIANG AND ITS GEOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS. Journal of Geomechanics, 21 (4): 502-516.
Citation: XU Qin-qin, ZHAO Lei, NIU Bao-gui, 2015. DETERMINATION OF THE EARLY PALEOZOIC GRANITE IN ZHIFANG AREA, EAST JUNGGAR, XINJIANG AND ITS GEOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS. Journal of Geomechanics, 21 (4): 502-516.

新疆东准噶尔纸房地区早古生代花岗岩的确定及其地质意义

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41572206

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 12120115070301

详细信息
    作者简介:

    徐芹芹(1984-), 女, 助理研究员, 主要从事大陆变形与构造地貌研究。E-mail:qinqin2002dz1@163.com

    通讯作者:

    赵磊(1979-), 男, 副研究员, 主要从事区域大地构造研究。E-mail:jleiz@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P597

DETERMINATION OF THE EARLY PALEOZOIC GRANITE IN ZHIFANG AREA, EAST JUNGGAR, XINJIANG AND ITS GEOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS

  • 摘要: 纸房花岗岩体位于新疆东准噶尔卡拉麦里构造带北侧。该岩体侵入的最新地层为中-上奥陶统荒草坡群, 并被晚志留世及早泥盆世地层不整合覆盖。对纸房花岗岩进行锆石SHRIMP U-Pb定年, 获得的206Pb/238U加权平均年龄为(463±7)~(436±4) Ma, 表明该岩体形成于晚奥陶世-早志留世, 是早古生代岩浆活动的产物。对已有的区域地质资料、岩体侵位时代及其与围岩接触关系进行综合分析后认为, 纸房花岗岩体的形成时代大致对应于卡拉麦里构造带内区域性角度不整合的形成时间, 推测该岩体为早古生代造山过程中形成的花岗质岩石。高Sr、低Yb、弱的Eu负异常等地球化学特征也显示其为埃达克型同造山花岗岩。纸房地区早古生代同造山花岗岩的存在为东准噶尔卡拉麦里构造带早古生代造山作用的确认提供了证据。

     

  • 图  1  新疆北部地区构造简图及东准噶尔酸性侵入岩分布图(据文献[17, 20]修改)

    Figure  1.  Tectonic sketch of northern Xinjiang and distribution of acidic intrusive rocks in East Junggar

    图  2  纸房北部地区地质图(据文献[41]修改)

    Figure  2.  Geological map of northern Zhifang area

    图  3  花岗岩野外照片

    (a)花岗岩体侵位于中-上奥陶统荒草坡群(O2-3hn);(b)花岗岩体被下泥盆统卓木巴斯套组(D1zh)不整合覆盖,形成花岗质砂砾岩;(c)采样点处下泥盆统卓木巴斯套组(D1zh)与花岗岩体不整合接触;(d)花岗岩体之上的砾岩

    Figure  3.  Field photographs of the granite

    图  4  花岗岩体主量元素图解

    (a) TAS图解[42];(b) Na2O+K2O-CaO vs. SiO2图解[43];(c) FeOT/(FeOT+MgO) vs. SiO2图解[44];(d) ASI vs. SiO2图解[44];FeOT=FeO+0.9Fe2O3, ASI=molecular Al/(Ca-1.67P+Na+K)

    Figure  4.  Selected major element diagrams of the granite

    图  5  纸房地区花岗岩稀土元素球粒陨石标准化配分型式图与微量元素原始地幔蛛网图(标准化数值据文献[45])

    Figure  5.  Chondrite-normalized rare earth element patterns and primitive mantle normalized trace element spider diagram of granites in Zhifang area, East Junggar

    图  6  花岗岩样品锆石阴极发光图像

    Figure  6.  Cathodoluminescence images of selected zircon from granites

    图  7  东准噶尔纸房地区花岗岩样品锆石SHRIMP U-Pb谐和图

    Figure  7.  Concordia plob of zircon SHRIMP U-Pb data of the granites in Zhifang area, East Junggar

    表  1  东准噶尔纸房地区花岗岩主量元素(%)分析结果

    Table  1.   Major element concentrations of granites in Zhifang area, East Junggar

    样品号 SiO2 TiO2 Al2O3 Fe2O3T FeO MgO CaO MnO Na2O K2O P2O5 LOI TOTAL
    ZF-2 74.33 0.25 13.35 2.2 0.90 0.62 1.6 0.04 5.4 0.72 0.05 1.38 99.95
    ZF-3 73.64 0.24 13.12 2.07 0.88 0.95 1.65 0.05 6.24 0.35 0.05 1.59 99.94
    ZF-4 75.38 0.22 12.92 1.91 0.75 0.62 1.26 0.06 5.79 0.47 0.05 1.32 99.99
    ZF-5 74.38 0.23 12.49 1.97 0.55 0.64 2.08 0.02 5.56 0.54 0.05 2.01 99.96
    ZF-7 73.28 0.24 13.76 2.10 0.68 0.66 1.61 0.06 4.75 2.24 0.06 1.20 99.96
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  东准噶尔纸房地区花岗岩微量元素(×10-6)分析结果

    Table  2.   Trace element concentrations of granites in Zhifang area, East Junggar

    样品号 Li Be Sc V Cr Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Sm Eu
    ZF-2 5.09 0.72 4.46 20.2 4.39 2.75 0.60 1.36 12.1 11.4 6.8 494 13.4 98.7 3.36 0.09 538 15.7 34.1 3.46 12.3 2.39 0.68
    ZF-3 7.50 0.75 4.52 31.6 1.36 3.12 2.46 7.97 19.1 11.0 3.0 506 15.4 102 3.31 0.08 153 16.9 40.5 3.95 14.1 2.87 0.67
    ZF-4 5.30 0.63 4.14 20.6 0.86 2.52 0.65 1.21 17.7 10.9 4.3 778 13.7 91.9 3.03 0.08 110 16.1 37.2 3.63 13.0 2.57 0.75
    ZF-5 4.65 0.77 4.38 23.3 0.96 2.58 0.65 1.01 9.7 10.1 4.5 790 12.7 86.7 3.04 0.13 113 13.9 32.3 3.18 11.4 2.31 0.63
    ZF-7 4.54 0.91 4.93 22.3 0.79 2.82 0.57 1.42 20.4 12.6 17.3 340 15.3 105 3.54 0.11 1005 18.4 42.2 4.06 14.5 2.85 0.73
    样品号 Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta Tl Pb Bi Th U ΣREE (La/Sm)N (Gd/Yb)N (La/Yb)N Eu/Eu*
    ZF-2 2.17 0.38 2.09 0.48 1.54 0.28 1.84 0.30 3.19 0.31 0.02 2.02 0.02 3.76 1.17 192.66 4.24 0.98 6.12 0.89
    ZF-3 2.52 0.42 2.47 0.53 1.68 0.31 2.02 0.33 3.1 0.29 0.01 2.58 0.02 3.83 1.05 214.99 3.80 1.03 6.00 0.74
    ZF-4 2.30 0.38 2.17 0.46 1.52 0.27 1.79 0.29 2.82 0.28 0.02 2.57 0.04 3.42 0.83 201.87 4.04 1.06 6.45 0.93
    ZF-5 2.05 0.35 2.05 0.45 1.46 0.26 1.72 0.28 2.82 0.27 0.02 1.64 0.03 3.38 0.66 176.97 3.88 0.99 5.80 0.86
    ZF-7 2.55 0.42 2.39 0.53 1.68 0.31 1.98 0.33 3.28 0.33 0.05 3.26 0.01 3.92 1.07 225.80 4.17 1.07 6.67 0.81
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  东准噶尔纸房地区花岗岩锆石SHRIMP U-Pb年龄分析结果

    Table  3.   Zircon SHRIMP U-Pb data of the granites in Zhifang area, East Junggar

    点号 206Pbc/% U/10-6 Th/10-6 Th/U 206Pb*/10-6 207Pb*/206Pb* % 207Pb*/235U % 206Pb/238U 206Pb/238U年龄/Ma
    ZF-2-1.1 0.46 152 85 0.58 9.5 0.05689 2.7 0.57 3.0 0.07253 1.4 451.4 6.0
    ZF-2-2.1 0.87 105 42 0.41 6.6 0.05793 4.2 0.58 4.5 0.07222 1.5 449.5 6.5
    ZF-2-3.1 0.41 122 56 0.47 7.7 0.05973 2.7 0.60 3.1 0.07323 1.5 455.6 6.6
    ZF-2-4.1 2.54 97 43 0.46 6.3 0.05389 12.9 0.54 13.0 0.07328 1.6 455.9 7.2
    ZF-2-5.1 0.70 94 40 0.44 5.9 0.05864 6.7 0.59 6.9 0.07270 1.6 452.4 6.9
    ZF-2-6.1 0.80 136 85 0.65 8.6 0.05908 5.4 0.60 5.6 0.07329 1.4 456.0 6.3
    ZF-2-7.1 1.32 150 83 0.57 9.8 0.05571 5.9 0.58 6.1 0.07496 1.5 465.9 6.6
    ZF-2-8.1 1.19 91 41 0.46 6.0 0.05139 8.5 0.53 8.6 0.07523 1.7 467.6 7.5
    ZF-2-9.1 0.62 105 50 0.49 6.7 0.05427 4.3 0.56 4.6 0.07420 1.5 461.4 6.6
    ZF-2-10.1 1.40 104 46 0.46 6.7 0.05276 9.1 0.54 9.2 0.07405 1.6 460.5 6.9
    ZF-2-11.1 0.69 134 78 0.61 8.6 0.05287 5.3 0.54 5.5 0.07463 1.4 464.0 6.3
    ZF-2-12.1 0.00 155 97 0.65 9.9 0.05794 3.0 0.59 3.3 0.07436 1.5 462.4 6.7
    ZF-3-1.1 0.69 108 53 0.51 6.9 0.05242 5.2 0.5 5.4 0.07401 1.5 460.3 6.6
    ZF-3-2.1 0.80 110 62 0.58 7.1 0.05294 6.1 0.5 6.3 0.07444 1.5 462.8 6.7
    ZF-3-3.1 0.82 97 43 0.46 6.4 0.05478 4.4 0.6 4.6 0.07617 1.6 473.2 7.3
    ZF-3-4.1 0.18 269 180 0.69 17.2 0.05564 1.7 0.6 2.1 0.07412 1.3 461.0 5.7
    ZF-3-5.1 1.55 168 102 0.63 10.9 0.05132 6.6 0.5 6.8 0.07424 1.6 461.7 7.1
    ZF-3-6.1 1.03 162 134 0.85 10.3 0.05543 6.1 0.6 6.3 0.07316 1.4 455.2 6.2
    ZF-3-7.1 0.80 207 174 0.87 13.7 0.05093 4.1 0.5 4.3 0.07667 1.4 476.2 6.2
    ZF-3-8.1 0.92 137 74 0.56 9.1 0.05234 7.9 0.6 8.0 0.07624 1.5 473.6 6.8
    ZF-3-9.1 1.60 141 76 0.56 8.9 0.04782 9.0 0.5 9.1 0.07201 1.5 448.3 6.5
    ZF-7-1.1 0.35 127 67 0.54 7.6 0.05899 3.3 0.57 3.7 0.06973 1.9 434.5 7.8
    ZF-7-3.1 0.48 102 54 0.55 6.2 0.05924 4.2 0.58 4.5 0.07049 1.6 439.1 6.6
    ZF-7-4.1 0.95 92 39 0.44 5.6 0.05470 4.9 0.53 5.5 0.06995 2.4 435.9 10.2
    ZF-7-5.1 1.08 101 50 0.51 6.4 0.05211 9.4 0.52 9.5 0.07263 1.6 452.0 7.2
    ZF-7-6.1 0.00 113 49 0.45 6.7 0.06264 4.4 0.60 4.9 0.06896 2.1 429.9 8.9
    ZF-7-7.1 1.02 140 66 0.49 8.6 0.05362 2.9 0.52 3.4 0.07055 1.8 439.4 7.5
    ZF-7-8.1 0.84 125 61 0.50 7.6 0.05047 6.8 0.49 6.9 0.07041 1.5 438.6 6.4
    ZF-7-9.1 0.00 165 107 0.67 9.7 0.05393 2.9 0.51 3.3 0.06859 1.5 427.7 6.2
    ZF-7-10.1 0.44 101 45 0.46 6.0 0.05748 4.0 0.54 4.3 0.06847 1.6 426.9 6.4
    ZF-7-11.1 0.12 287 171 0.62 17.5 0.05680 1.9 0.56 2.3 0.07091 1.3 441.7 5.5
    ZF-7-12.1 0.63 98 50 0.53 5.9 0.05568 5.2 0.53 5.5 0.06942 1.6 432.7 6.9
       注:Pbc和Pb*分别表示普通铅和放射性成因铅
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2015-06-14
  • 刊出日期:  2015-04-01

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