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强震区震后地质灾害长期活动性研究综述

杨志华 兰恒星 张永双 郭长宝

杨志华, 兰恒星, 张永双, 等, 2017. 强震区震后地质灾害长期活动性研究综述. 地质力学学报, 23 (5): 743-753.
引用本文: 杨志华, 兰恒星, 张永双, 等, 2017. 强震区震后地质灾害长期活动性研究综述. 地质力学学报, 23 (5): 743-753.
YANG Zhihua, LAN Hengxing, ZHANG Yongshuang, et al., 2017. RESEARCH REVIEW ON LONG-TERM ACTIVITY OF POST-EARTHQUAKE GEOHAZARD IN STRONG SEISMIC-DISTURBED REGIONS. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (5): 743-753.
Citation: YANG Zhihua, LAN Hengxing, ZHANG Yongshuang, et al., 2017. RESEARCH REVIEW ON LONG-TERM ACTIVITY OF POST-EARTHQUAKE GEOHAZARD IN STRONG SEISMIC-DISTURBED REGIONS. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (5): 743-753.

强震区震后地质灾害长期活动性研究综述

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41502313

中国地质调查项目 DD20160271

详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨志华(1982-), 男, 博士, 助理研究员, 主要从事地质灾害研究。E-mail:yangzh99@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P694

RESEARCH REVIEW ON LONG-TERM ACTIVITY OF POST-EARTHQUAKE GEOHAZARD IN STRONG SEISMIC-DISTURBED REGIONS

  • 摘要: 地震通过改变地表岩体的物理力学性质而使得震区滑坡、泥石流等地质灾害显著增强的现象在震后持续相当长的一段时间。在研究分析国内外学者对地震地质灾害研究成果的基础上,系统总结了目前在地震诱发地质灾害的发育分布规律及其演化趋势方面的研究方法及成果,探讨了研究中存在的问题及薄弱环节,并对未来的研究方向及趋势进行了展望。研究认为目前国内外对地震地质灾害长期活动性的研究还没有形成体系,尚缺乏有效的研究方法与技术,并且研究成果存在较大差异性。地震扰动区地质灾害长期活动性研究可为震后地质灾害的长期防灾减灾和风险管控提供科学支持,也能对地震地质灾害相关问题的进一步深入研究提供参考。

     

  • 图  1  汶川地震滑坡与环境因子的关系

    a-坡向[6]; b-地震烈度[7]

    Figure  1.  Relationship between Wenchuan earthquake-induced landslides and environmental factors

    图  2  台湾集集地震扰动区触发泥石流的小时降雨量和累积降雨量[44]

    Figure  2.  Plot of the maximum hourly percipitation versus the maximum accumulated precipitation for debris flow events in the Chi-chi earthquake-disturbed areas

    图  3  日本关东地震后滑坡强度变化规律[15, 20]

    Figure  3.  The change rule of landslide intensity from 1896 to 1990 after Kanto earthquake in Japan

    图  4  汶川震后几年来的典型地质灾害及防治工程破坏实例

    Figure  4.  Typical cases of destruction scenes of geo-hazard control engineering after the Wenchuan earthquake

    图  5  汶川震区2000年以来灾难性滑坡发展趋势[15~16]

    Figure  5.  Variation of geohazard number with time in the Wenchuan earthquake-disturbed area since 2000

    图  6  台湾集集地震前后的降雨诱发滑坡强度变化规律[21, 44~45]

    Figure  6.  Change rule of landslide intensity induced by rainfalls before and after the Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan, China

    表  1  中国典型地震震后有效松弛时间[65]

    Table  1.   Post-seismic effective relaxation cycles of typical earthquakes in China

    地震名称 震级(Ms) 发震时间 测段名称 资料年限 有效松弛时间/年 最大形变量/mm 同震形变/mm
    唐山 7.8 1976.7.28 山津26-22 1976—1992 21.6 127.1 206
    邢台 7.2 1966.3.22 冯巨7-11 1966—1976 11.1 131.6 273
    通海 7.8 1970.1.5 高大1-4 1970—1981 5.5 32.8 未测
    炉霍 7.6 1973.2.6 虚墟B-C 1973—1981 4.9 6.5 未测
    共和 7.0 1900.4.26 倒花15-18 1990—1995 4.0 25.5 43
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-03-21
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