Volume 19 Issue 4
Dec.  2013
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Citation: QI Bang-shen, HU Dao-gong, WANG Jin-shou, et al., 2013. ESR DATING OF THE PALAEOGENE IN MULI BASIN IN THE MIDDLE OF QILIAN MOUNTAINS AND ITS GEOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE. Journal of Geomechanics, 19 (4): 392-402.


More Information
  • Received: 2013-07-23
  • Published: 2013-12-01
  • The technique of ESR was applied to determine the Cenozoic red beds, Muli Basin, therefore, we can get the age of sedimentary and tectonic deformation. The results indicated there were huge thick Cenozoic Red Beds and tectonic deformation geochronological data, well recording the uplift of Qilian Mountains. Based on the ESR dating, the Tertiary sediments include the Eocene to Oligocene Huoshaogou Formation (40.2~35.3 Ma), which consists mainly of lacustrine facies and the Oligocene Baiyanghe Formation (32.6~24.3 Ma), which consists lacustrine and fluvial facies. From late Eocene to early Oligocene, an obvious angular unconformity exists between the upper and lower strata and it can be inferred that Qilian Mountains area has been a tectonic deformation and uplift, which has corresponding connection with the early Cenozoic uplift of Qilian Mountains.


  • loading
  • [1]
    潘保田, 李吉均, 陈发虎.青藏高原:全球气候变化的驱动机和放大器-Ⅰ:新生代气候变化的基本特征[J].兰州大学学报:自然科学版, 1995, 31(3):120~128.

    PAN Bao-tian, LI Ji-jun, CHEN Fa-hu. Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau:A driver and amplifier of global climatic changes-Ⅰ:Basic characteristics of climatic changes in Cenozoic Era[J]. Journal of Lanzhou University:Natural Sciences, 1995, 31(3):120~128.
    潘保田, 李吉均, 朱俊杰, 等.青藏高原:全球气候变化的驱动机和放大器-Ⅱ:青藏高原隆升的基本过程[J].兰州大学学报:自然科学版, 1995, 31(4):160~167. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10730-2008162364.htm

    PAN Bao-tian, LI Ji-jun, ZHU Jun-jie, et al. Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau:A driver and amplifier of global climatic changes-Ⅱ:Uplift processes of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau[J]. Journal of Lanzhou University:Natural Sciences, 1995, 31(4):160~167. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10730-2008162364.htm
    潘保田, 李吉均.青藏高原:全球气候变化的驱动机和放大器-Ⅲ:青藏高原隆起对气候变化的影响[J].兰州大学学报:自然科学版, 1996, 32(1):108~115. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-LDZK601.023.htm

    PAN Bao-tian, LI Ji-jun. Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau:A driver and amplifier of global climatic changes-Ⅲ:The effects of the uplift of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau on climatic changes[J]. Journal of Lanzhou University:Natural Sciences, 1996, 32(1):108~115. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-LDZK601.023.htm
    李东旭.大陆边缘反S状造山带三维模式兼论青藏高原结构与隆升[J].地质力学学报, 2007, 13(1):31~41. http://journal.geomech.ac.cn/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?flag=1&file_no=20070105&journal_id=dzlxxb

    LI Dong-xu. 3D model of reversed S-shaped orogenic belts on the continental margin:With a discussion of the internal structure and uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J]. Journal of Geomechanics, 2007, 13(1):31~41. http://journal.geomech.ac.cn/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?flag=1&file_no=20070105&journal_id=dzlxxb
    朱大岗, 孟宪刚, 赵希涛, 等.西藏纳木错盆地116ka以来沉积演化与青藏高原隆升[J].地质力学学报, 2005, 11(2):172~180. http://journal.geomech.ac.cn/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?flag=1&file_no=20050226&journal_id=dzlxxb

    ZHU Da-gang, MENG Xian-gang, ZHAO Xi-tao, et al. Sedimentary evolution of the Namco Basin, Tibet, since 116ka BP and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau uplift[J]. Journal of Geomechanics, 2005, 11(2):172~180. http://journal.geomech.ac.cn/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?flag=1&file_no=20050226&journal_id=dzlxxb
    李吉均, 文世宣, 张青松, 等.青藏高原隆升的时代、幅度和形式的探讨[J].中国科学, 1979, (6):608~616. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JAXK197906008.htm

    LI Ji-jun, WEN Shi-xuan, ZHANG Qing-song, et al. The age, range and forms of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau uplift[J]. Science in China, 1979, (6):608~616. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JAXK197906008.htm
    李吉均, 方小敏.青藏高原隆升与环境变化研究[J].科学通报, 1998, 43(15):1569~1574. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0023-074X.1998.15.001

    LI Ji-jun, FANG Xiao-min. The Qinghai-Tibet plateau uplift and environmental change research[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1998, 43(15):1569~1574. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0023-074X.1998.15.001
    丁林, 钟大赉, 潘裕生, 等.东喜马拉雅构造结上新世以来快速抬升的裂变径迹证据[J].科学通报, 1995, 40(16):1479~1500. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KXTB199516017.htm

    DING Lin, ZHONG Da-lai, PAN Yu-sheng, et al. The fission track evidence about eastern Himalayan tectonic rapid uplift since Pliocene[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1995, 40(16):1479~1500. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KXTB199516017.htm
    钟大赉, 丁林.青藏高原的隆升过程及其机制探讨[J].中国科学:D辑, 1996, 26(4):289~295.

    ZHONG Da-lai, DING Lin. The Qinghai-Tibet plateau uplift process and its mechanism[J]. Science in China:Edition D, 1996, 26(4):289~295.
    Harrison T M, Copeland P, Kidd W S F, et al. Activation of the Nyainqentanghla shear zone:Implications for uplift of the southern Tibetan Plateau[J]. Tectonics, 1995, 14(3):658~676. doi: 10.1029/95TC00608
    Blisniuk M P, Hacker R B, Glodny J, et al. Normal faulting in central Tibet since at least 13.5 Ma ago[J]. Nature, 2001, 412:628~632.
    Coleman M, Hodges K. Evidence for Tibetan Plateau uplifted before 14 Myr ago from a new minimal age for east-west extension[J]. Nature, 1995, 374:49~52. doi: 10.1038/374049a0
    Turner S, Arnaud N, Liu L, et al. Post-collision, shoshonitic volcanism on the Tibetan Plateau:Implications for convective thinning of the lithosphere and the source of ocean island basalts[J]. Journal of Petrology, 1996, 37:45~71. doi: 10.1093/petrology/37.1.45
    Rowley D B, Currie B S. Paleo-altimetry of the late Eocene to Miocene Lunpola Basin, central Tibet[J]. Nature, 2006, 439:677~681. doi: 10.1038/nature04506
    吴珍汉, 吴中海, 胡道功, 等.青藏高原渐新世晚期隆升的地质证据[J].地质学报, 2007, 81(5):577~587. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZXE200705000.htm

    WU Zhen-han, WU Zhong-hai, HU Dao-gong, et al. Geological evidences for the Tibetan Plateau uplifted in late Oligocene[J]. Acta Geologica Sinica, 2007, 81(5):577~587. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZXE200705000.htm
    Tapponnier P, Xu Z Q, Francoise R, et al. Oblique stepwise rise and growth of the Tibet Plateau[J]. Science, 2001, 294:1671~1677. doi: 10.1126/science.105978
    Meyer B, Tapponnier P, Bourjot L, et al. Crustal thickening in Gansu-Qinghai, lithospheric mantle subduction, and oblique, strike-slip controlled growth of the Tibet plateau[J]. Geophysical Journal International, 1998, 135(1):1~47. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-246X.1998.00567.x
    Yin A, Harrison T M. Geologic evolution of the Himalayan-Tibetan orogen[J]. Annual Review of Earth Planet Science, 2000, 28:211~280. doi: 10.1146/annurev.earth.28.1.211
    Yin A, Rumelhrt P E, Bulter R, et al. Tectonic history of the Altyn Tagh fault system in northern Tibet inferred from Cenozoic sedimentation[J]. GSA Bulletin, 2002, 114(10):1257~1295. doi: 10.1130/0016-7606(2002)114<1257:THOTAT>2.0.CO;2
    陆洁民, 郭召杰, 赵泽辉, 等.新生代酒西盆地沉积特征及其与祁连山隆升关系的研究[J].高校地质学报, 2004, 10(1):50~61. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GXDX200401003.htm

    LU Jie-min, GUO Zhao-jie, ZHAO Ze-hui, et al. Cenozoic sedimentary characteristics of Jiuxi Basin and its relationship with uplift of Qilian Mountains[J]. Geological Journal of China Universities, 2004, 10(1):50~61. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GXDX200401003.htm
    戴霜, 方小敏, 宋春晖, 等.青藏高原北部的早期隆升[J].科学通报, 2005, 50(7):673~683. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KXTB200507011.htm

    DAI Shuang, FANG Xiao-min, SONG Chun-hui, et al. Northern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau early uplift[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2005, 50(7):673~683. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KXTB200507011.htm
    Wang E Q. Displacement and timing along the northern strand of the Altyn Tagh fault zone, northern Tibet[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 1997, 150(1-2):55~64. doi: 10.1016/S0012-821X(97)00085-X
    郑德文, 张培震, 万景林, 等.六盘山盆地热历史的裂变径迹证据[J].地球物理学报, 2005, 48(1):157~164. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQWX200501021.htm

    ZHENG De-wen, ZHANG Pei-zhen, WAN Jing-lin, et al. Apatite fission track evidence for the thermal history of the Liupanshan Basin[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 2005, 48(1):157~164. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQWX200501021.htm
    张培震, 郑德文, 尹功明, 等.有关青藏高原东北缘晚新生代扩展与隆升的讨论[J].第四纪研究, 2006, 26(1):5~13. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DSJJ200601001.htm

    ZHANG Pei-zhen, ZHENG De-wen, YIN Gong-ming, et al. Discussion on late Cenozoic growth and rise of northeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2006, 26(1):5~13. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DSJJ200601001.htm
    Meng Q R, Hu J M, Yang F Z. Timing and magnitude of displacement on the Altyn Tagh fault:Constraints from stratigraphic correlation of adjoining Tarim and Qaidam basins, NW China[J]. Terra Nova, 2001, 13(2):86~91. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3121.2001.00320.x
    Gilder S, Chen Y, Sen S. Oligo-Miocene magnetostratigraphy and rock magnetism of the Xishuigou section, Subei (Gansu Province, western China) and implications on shallow inclinations in central Asia[J]. Journal of Geophysical Reasearch:Solid Earth, 2001, 106:30505~30521. doi: 10.1029/2001JB000325
    Wang X M, Wang B Y, Qiu Z X, et al. Danghe area (western Gansu, China) biostratigraphy and implications for depositional history and tectonics of northern Tibetan Plateau[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2003, 208(3/4):253~269.
    张雪亭, 杨生德, 杨站君, 等.青海省区域地质概论[M].北京:地质出版社, 2007:72~82.

    ZHANG Xue-ting, YANG Sheng-de, YANG Zhan-jun, et al. The regional geology of Qinghai Province[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 2007:72~82.
    孙红波, 孙军飞, 张发德, 等.青海木里煤田构造格局与煤盆地构造演化[J].中国煤炭地质, 2009, 21(12):34~37. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-1803.2009.12.010

    SUN Hong-bo, SUN Jun-fei, ZHANG Fa-de, et al. Structural framework and coal basin tectonic evolution in Muli Coalfield, Qinghai[J]. Coal Geology of China, 2009, 21(12):34~37. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-1803.2009.12.010
    张克信, 王国灿, 季军良, 等.青藏高原古近纪-新近纪地层分区与序列及其对隆升的响应[J].中国科学:地球科学, 2010, 40(12):1632~1654. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JDXK201012003.htm

    ZHANG Ke-xin, WANG Guo-can, JI Jun-liang, et al. Paleogene-Neogene stratigraphic realm and sedimentary sequence of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and their response to uplift of the plateau[J]. Science China:Earth Sciences, 2010, 53:1271~1294. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JDXK201012003.htm
    宋春晖. 青藏高原北缘新生代沉积演化与高原构造隆升过程[D]. 兰州: 兰州大学, 2006: 1~326. http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Thesis/Y1009009

    SONG Chun-hui. Teetonic uplift and Cenozoic sedimentary evolution in the northern margin of the Tibetan Plateau[D]. Lanzhou:Lanzhou University, 2006:1~326. http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Thesis/Y1009009
    岳乐平, Heller E, 邱占祥, 等.兰州盆地第三系磁性地层年代与古环境记录[J].科学通报, 2000, 45(18):1998~2003. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0023-074X.2000.18.019

    YUE Le-ping, Heller E, QIU Zhan-xiang, et al. Lanzhou basin, Tertiary magnetic formations and paleoenvironment records[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2000, 45(18):1998~2003. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0023-074X.2000.18.019
    Williams M A J, Dunkerley D L, Deckker P D, 等.第四纪环境[M].刘东升, 编译.北京:科学出版社, 1997:190.

    Williams M A J, Dunkerley D L, Deckker P D, et al. Quaternary environment[M]. LIU Dong-sheng, ed. Beijing:Science Press, 1997:190.
    程强, 寇小兵, 黄绍槟, 等.中国红层的分布及地质环境特征[J].工程地质学报, 2004, 12(1):34~40. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ200401006.htm

    CHENG Qiang, KOU Xiao-bing, HUANG Shao-bin, et al. The distributes and geologic environment characteristics of red beds in China[J]. Journal of Engineering Geology, 2004, 12(1):34~40. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ200401006.htm
    Lee T Y, Lawver L A. Cenozoic plate reconstruction of Southeast Asia[J]. Tectonophysics, 1995, 251(1-4):85~138. doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(95)00023-2
    Patzelt A, Li H M, Wang J D, et al. Palaeomagnetism of Cretaceous to Tertiary sediments from southern Tibet:Evidence for the extent of the northern margin of India prior to the collision with Eurasia[J]. Tectonophysics, 1996, 259(4):259~284. doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(95)00181-6
    Beck R A, Burbank D W, Sercombe W J, et al. Stratigraphic evidence for an early collision between northwest India and Asia[J]. Nature, 1995, 373:55~58. doi: 10.1038/373055a0
    Dewey J F, Shackleton R M, Chang C F, et al. The tectonic evolution of the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society A:Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 1988, 327(1594):379~413. doi: 10.1098/rsta.1988.0135
    Liu Z, Wang C S, Yi H S. Evolution and mass accumulation of the Cenozoic Hoh Xil Basin, northern Tibet[J]. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 2001, 71(6):971~984. doi: 10.1306/030901710971
    刘志飞, 王成善, 伊海生, 等.可可西里盆地新生代沉积演化历史重建[J].地质学报, 2001, 75(2):250~258. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZXE200102017.htm

    LIU Zhi-fei, WANG Cheng-shan, YI Hai-sheng, et al. Reconstruction of depositional history of the Cenozoic Hoh Xil Basin[J]. Acta Geologica Sinica, 2001, 75(2):250~258. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZXE200102017.htm
    刘志飞, 王成善, 伊海生, 等. 青藏高原北部可可西里盆地早新生代沉降史及其高原隆升意义[C]//陈毓川. 中国地质学会80周年学术文集. 北京: 地质出版社, 2002: 111~119.

    LIU Zhi-fei, WANG Cheng-shan, YI Hai-sheng, et al. Early Cenozoic subsidence history of the Hoh Xil Basin in the northern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau[C]//CHEN Yu-chuan. Academic papers of the 80th anniversary of the Geological Society of China. Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 2002:111~119.
    刘志飞, 王成善.青藏高原北部可可西里盆地第三纪风火山群沉积环境分析[J].沉积学报, 2001, 19(1):28~36. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB200101004.htm

    LIU Zhi-fei, WANG Cheng-shan. Depositional environment of the Tertiary Fenghuoshan Group in the Hoh Xil Basin, northern Tibetan Plateau[J]. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 2001, 19(1):28~36. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB200101004.htm
    刘志飞, Stewart L K.图形显示和比较古水流数据的一种软件(PC99):以青藏高原北部可可西里盆地新生代古水流数据为例[J].沉积学报, 2002, 20(2):354~358. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB200202027.htm

    LIU Zhi-fei, Stewart L K. A software tool for graphically displaying and comparing palaeocurrent data (PC99):An example utilizing palaeocurrent data of the Cenozoic Hoh Xil Basin, northern Tibet[J]. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 2002, 20(2):354~358. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB200202027.htm
    刘志飞, 王成善, 金玮, 等.青藏高原沱沱河盆地渐新世-中新世沉积环境分析[J].沉积学报, 2005, 23(2):210~217. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB200502004.htm

    LIU Zhi-fei, WANG Cheng-shan, JIN Wei, et al. Oligo-Miocene depositional environment of the Tuotuohe Basin, Central Tibetan Plateau[J]. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 2005, 23(2):210~217. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB200502004.htm
  • 加载中


    Figures(4)  / Tables(2)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (172) PDF downloads(10) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint