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半荒漠戈壁地区土壤地球化学找矿研究——以阿拉善右旗塔布格地区为例

苏和 张善明 柳长峰 刘文灿 苏胜民

苏和, 张善明, 柳长峰, 等, 2017. 半荒漠戈壁地区土壤地球化学找矿研究——以阿拉善右旗塔布格地区为例. 地质力学学报, 23 (3): 487-497.
引用本文: 苏和, 张善明, 柳长峰, 等, 2017. 半荒漠戈壁地区土壤地球化学找矿研究——以阿拉善右旗塔布格地区为例. 地质力学学报, 23 (3): 487-497.
SU He, ZHANG Shanmin, LIU Changfeng, et al., 2017. A STUDY ON ORE PROSPECTING WITH PEDOGEOCHEMISTRY IN SEMI-DESERT AND GOBI AREA——TAKING TABUGE AREA IN ALIXA RIGHT BANNER OF INNER MONGOLIA AS A CASE. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (3): 487-497.
Citation: SU He, ZHANG Shanmin, LIU Changfeng, et al., 2017. A STUDY ON ORE PROSPECTING WITH PEDOGEOCHEMISTRY IN SEMI-DESERT AND GOBI AREA——TAKING TABUGE AREA IN ALIXA RIGHT BANNER OF INNER MONGOLIA AS A CASE. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (3): 487-497.

半荒漠戈壁地区土壤地球化学找矿研究——以阿拉善右旗塔布格地区为例

基金项目: 

内蒙古自治区阿拉善右旗塔布格地区四幅1:5万区域矿产地质调查 AMKD2010-09

详细信息
    作者简介:

    苏和(1987-), 男, 硕士研究生, 构造地质学专业, 主要从事地质勘查找矿及构造方面。E-mail:24770467@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P622;P618.2

A STUDY ON ORE PROSPECTING WITH PEDOGEOCHEMISTRY IN SEMI-DESERT AND GOBI AREA——TAKING TABUGE AREA IN ALIXA RIGHT BANNER OF INNER MONGOLIA AS A CASE

  • 摘要: 内蒙古阿拉善塔布格地区主要地貌形态为荒漠、戈壁和山地,本文基于1:1万土壤地球化学测量工作成果,系统总结了塔布格地区地质特征,并对研究区内元素含量、异常组合和土壤地球化学异常等特征进行研究,结果表明:Au、Ag、Pb异常强度高、规模大,具有明显的浓集中心和浓度分带,多元素异常套合好,且与地质构造对应,异常查证发现含金石英脉,Au、Ag、Pb为主要成矿元素,As、Sb、Bi、Hg、Sn、Cu、Mo、Zn、W为成矿指示元素。综合地质成矿背景及化探异常特征,在区内圈定两处以金为主的多金属找矿靶区,认为后续工作主攻矿种应为金,主攻矿化类型为与韧-脆性构造变形有关的构造热液型金多金属矿化。

     

  • 图  1  研究区地质简图

    1.第四系风成砂; 2.乌拉山群第三岩组; 3.乌拉山群第一岩组; 4.三叠纪含黑云母花岗岩; 5.二叠纪似斑状黑云母花岗岩; 6.志留纪糜棱岩化二长花岗岩; 7.志留纪英云闪长岩; 8.奥陶纪英云花岗岩; 9.石英脉; 10.正长石脉; 11.糜棱岩化带; 12.硅化; 13.钾化; 14.褐铁矿化; 15.岩性界线、实测地质界线; 16.片麻理产状; 17.研究区范围; 18.平移断层; 19.实测、推测性质不明断层

    Figure  1.  Simplified geological map of the study area

    图  2  塔布格地区土壤元素聚类分析谱系图

    Figure  2.  Cluster analysis diagram of soil elements in Tabuge area

    图  3  单元素异常对比图

    Figure  3.  Comparison diagram of the single element anomaly

    图  4  综合异常分布图

    1.铜元素异常; 2.铋元素异常; 3.铅元素异常; 4.汞元素异常; 5.锌元素异常; 6.金元素异常; 7.钼元素异常; 8.砷元素异常; 9.银元素异常; 10.锑元素异常; 11.钨元素异常; 12.锡元素异常; 13.元素综合异常; 14.研究区

    Figure  4.  Distribution of the synthetic anomaly

    图  5  AP6-1综合异常剖析图

    1.二叠纪似斑状黑云母花岗岩; 2.志留纪二长花岗岩; 3.奥陶纪英云闪长岩; 4.研究区范围; 5.钾化; 6.性质不明断层; 7.糜棱岩化带; 8.韧性剪切断层

    Figure  5.  Profile chart of AP6-1 synthetic anomaly

    图  6  AP6-7异常剖析图

    1.第四系风成砂; 2.乌拉山(岩)群第三岩组变质岩系; 3.乌拉山(岩)群第一岩组变质岩系; 4.三叠纪花岗岩; 5.志留纪二长花岗岩; 6.奥陶纪英云闪长岩; 7.石英脉; 8.研究区范围; 9.糜棱岩化带; 10.硅化

    Figure  6.  Profile chart of AP6-7 synthetic anomaly

    表  1  塔布格地区土壤微量元素含量统计特征

    Table  1.   Statistical characteristics of the soil trace element contents in Tabuge area

    元素 Cu Pb Zn As Sb Bi Hg W Mo Sn Ag Au
    地壳丰度 25.00 14.2 71.00 1.50 0.20 0.10 89.00 2.00 1.50 5.50 0.516 1.42
    最大值 171.40 193.20 372.40 76.50 4.81 393.90 677.03 576.00 24.68 41.20 2.03 44.58
    最小值 2.00 6.70 14.20 0.79 0.06 0.04 4.44 0.30 0.25 1.00 0.03 0.35
    中位数 12.70 20.10 50.90 4.88 0.22 0.17 9.82 1.22 0.83 2.40 0.04 0.81
    平均值 15.23 21.54 54.84 5.64 0.24 0.65 11.00 2.14 1.01 2.56 0.05 0.94
    标准离差 11.28 8.89 23.31 4.04 0.15 8.06 16.58 11.65 0.88 1.15 0.07 1.40
    变异系数 0.74 0.41 0.43 0.72 0.62 12.38 1.51 5.44 0.87 0.45 1.46 1.49
    注: Au、Hg的含量单位为10-9, 其他元素的含量单位为10-6。地壳丰度值取自GREM(1998)。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  塔布格地区土壤分析元素地球化学相关矩阵

    Table  2.   The geochemical correlation matrices of soil analysis elements in Tabuge area

    元素 Cu Pb Zn As Sb Bi Hg W Mo Sn Ag* Au*
    Cu 1.00
    Pb* -0.01 1.00
    Zn 0.22 -0.06 1.00
    As 0.25 -0.14 0.19 1.00
    Sb 0.15 -0.04 0.16 0.28 1.00
    Bi 0.04 0.07 -0.03 0.09 0.13 1.00
    Hg 0.08 0.06 0.01 0.11 0.15 0.60 1.00
    W 0.02 -0.02 0.02 0.09 0.01 0.01 0.01 1.00
    Mo 0.18 -0.02 0.37 0.35 0.19 0.18 0.37 0.04 1.00
    Sn 0.01 0.16 0.18 0.05 0.02 -0.02 0.01 0.53 -0.01 1.00
    Ag* 0.27 0.44 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.01 0.15 0.03 1.00
    Au* 0.10 0.20 0.03 0.14 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.01 0.12 0.01 0.14 1.00
    Au*、Ag*、Pb*为主成矿元素
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  研究区土壤微量元素R型因子分析

    Table  3.   R-type factor analysis of soil trace elements in the study area

    元素 F1 F2 F3 F4
    Cu 0.556 -0.084 0.312 -0.061
    Pb -0.261 0.108 0.784 0.129
    Zn 0.637 -0.145 0.006 0.140
    As 0.694 0.072 -0.043 0.053
    Sb 0.505 0.171 -0.036 -0.017
    Bi 0.024 0.868 0.026 -0.004
    Hg 0.150 0.878 0.040 0.001
    W 0.050 0.017 -0.054 0.850
    Mo 0.645 0.331 0.117 -0.016
    Sn 0.041 -0.023 -0.083 0.883
    Ag 0.090 0.004 0.811 -0.014
    Au 0.173 0.000 0.462 -0.038
    方差贡献/% 19.178 13.324 37.958 11.756
    累计方差贡献/% 19.178 32.502 45.460 57.217
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  研究区异常下限值

    Table  4.   The elements anomaly threshold in the study area

    元素 Au Ag Pb
    理论值 1.9 0.1 30
    迭代法 2.1 0.13 32.58
    多重分形法 3 0.2 40
    注:Au含量单位为10-9, 其余元素为10-6
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-02-10
  • 刊出日期:  2017-06-28

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