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汶川地震前后都江堰山区滑坡滑动距离影响因素变化分析

孟华君 姜元俊 张树轩 张向营 李焕彬 赵伟康

孟华君, 姜元俊, 张树轩, 等, 2017. 汶川地震前后都江堰山区滑坡滑动距离影响因素变化分析. 地质力学学报, 23 (6): 904-913.
引用本文: 孟华君, 姜元俊, 张树轩, 等, 2017. 汶川地震前后都江堰山区滑坡滑动距离影响因素变化分析. 地质力学学报, 23 (6): 904-913.
MENG Huajun, JIANG Yuanjun, ZHANG Shuxuan, et al., 2017. ANALYSIS ON THE CHANGE OF INFLUENCE FACTORS ON SLIPPING DISPLACEMENT OF LANDSLIDES IN DUJIANGYAN AREA BEFORE AND AFTER THE WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (6): 904-913.
Citation: MENG Huajun, JIANG Yuanjun, ZHANG Shuxuan, et al., 2017. ANALYSIS ON THE CHANGE OF INFLUENCE FACTORS ON SLIPPING DISPLACEMENT OF LANDSLIDES IN DUJIANGYAN AREA BEFORE AND AFTER THE WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (6): 904-913.

汶川地震前后都江堰山区滑坡滑动距离影响因素变化分析

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 41502339

国家自然科学基金 41602367

中国地质科学院基本科研业务费专项经费 YYWF201523

中国地质调查局项目 DD20160267

中国地质调查局项目 DD20160271

详细信息
    作者简介:

    孟华君(1984-), 男, 博士, 助理研究员, 主要从事地质灾害机理及预警预报等研究工作。E-mail:mhjun-521@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P642.22

ANALYSIS ON THE CHANGE OF INFLUENCE FACTORS ON SLIPPING DISPLACEMENT OF LANDSLIDES IN DUJIANGYAN AREA BEFORE AND AFTER THE WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE

  • 摘要: 滑坡滑动距离作为滑坡防灾减灾的主要评价指标之一,不仅受滑坡体积和落差的影响,还与滑坡运动的地质环境作用相关。本文在对都江堰地区51个地震滑坡、16个降雨滑坡详细调查编目的基础上,采用数理统计方法分析了斜坡原始坡度、滑坡前后缘高差、滑坡平面形态、体积、滑体平均厚度及坡面摩擦系数等6个因素与滑坡水平滑动距离的相关性,借此厘清了汶川Ms8.0级大地震前后不同因素对不同类型滑坡运动的贡献大小,进而构建了不同成因类型滑坡的滑动距离预测关系式,可为龙门山区的滑坡防灾减灾工作提供参考。研究表明:影响都江堰地区地震滑坡运动距离的主要因素有滑坡体积(lgV)、斜坡原始坡度(α)、滑坡平面形态(R)和滑坡前后缘高差(ΔH);而控制降雨滑坡运动距离的主要因素为滑坡前后缘高差(ΔH)、滑坡体积(lgV)、斜坡坡度(α)和斜坡表面摩擦系数(μ);汶川地震后,影响该地区降雨滑坡滑动能力的因素发生了变异,各因素与滑坡滑动距离的相关性较弱,显示出其贡献率在急剧减弱,仅滑坡体积(lgV)与滑动距离的相关性较强。

     

  • 图  1  都江堰地区构造背景图

    Figure  1.  Geological setting of Dujiangyan area

    图  2  不同成因滑坡滑距与lgV的相关性

    Figure  2.  Corelation between runout distance and lgV under different causes

    图  3  不同成因滑坡滑距与h的相关性

    Figure  3.  Corelation between runout distance and h under different causes

    图  4  不同成因滑坡滑距与α的相关性

    Figure  4.  Corelation between runout distance and α under different causes

    图  5  不同成因滑坡滑距与R的相关性

    Figure  5.  Corelation between runout distance and R under different causes

    图  6  滑坡滑动距离参数定义示意图

    (据文献[29]改)

    Figure  6.  Sketch of landslide deposit and failing mass and definition of the parameters H, L, Hmax and Lmax

    图  7  不同成因滑坡滑距与μ的相关性

    Figure  7.  Corelation between runout distance and μ under different causes

    图  8  不同成因滑坡滑距与ΔH的相关

    Figure  8.  Corelation between runout distance and ΔH under different causes

    图  9  地震前后降雨滑坡滑距与lgV的相关性

    Figure  9.  Corelation between pre-seismic and post-seismic runout distance and lgV of rainfall-induced landslides

    图  10  地震前后降雨滑坡滑距与ΔH的相关性

    Figure  10.  Corelation between pre-seismic and post-seismic runout distance and ΔH of rainfall-induced landslides

    图  11  地震前后降雨滑坡滑距与h的相关性

    Figure  11.  Coreation between pre-seismic and post-seismic runout distance and h of rainfall-induced landslides

    图  12  地震前后降雨滑坡滑距与α的相关性

    Figure  12.  Corelation between pre-seismic and post-seismic runout distance and α of rainfall-induced landslides

    表  1  地震滑坡基本信息表

    Table  1.   Basic information of earthquake-induced landslides

    编号 名称 坡度/° ΔH/m L/m R h/m lgV 发生时间
    1 虹口乡夏家坪滑坡 45 356 282.84 2.35 3 5.18 2008.5.12
    2 虹口乡寨子坡滑坡 66 55 40.67 0.67 2 4.35 2008.5.12
    3 虹口乡乱草坟滑坡 60 22 15 0.25 2 3.73 2008.5.12
    4 虹口乡水响沟滑坡 60 15 15 0.25 2 3.73 2008.5.12
    5 虹口乡黑泥湾1号滑坡 38 40 63.04 0.53 9 4.91 2008.5.12
    6 虹口乡黑泥湾2号滑坡 42 32 44.59 0.43 10 4.8 2008.5.12
    7 虹口乡塔子坪滑坡 35 250 491.49 4.29 20 6.1 2008.5.12
    8 虹口乡虹口坪滑坡 57 17 24.51 0.67 4 3.94 2008.5.12
    9 虹口乡甜竹坪1号滑坡 42 20 36.41 0.61 3 3.94 2008.5.12
    10 虹口乡甜竹坪2号滑坡 36 30 64.72 0.5 4 4.58 2008.5.12
    11 虹口乡黄金坪滑坡 45 155 148.49 1.24 5 5.13 2008.5.12
    12 虹口乡木瓜园滑坡 25 50 108.76 0.34 6 5.28 2008.5.12
    13 虹口乡陈家坪滑坡 34 28 49.74 0.67 4 4.2 2008.5.12
    14 龙池镇汤家沟滑坡 51 65 64.82 1.2 4 4.42 2008.5.12
    15 龙池镇半边街滑坡 68 38 14.98 0.2 3 4.26 2008.5.12
    16 龙池镇川主坪滑坡 40 50 153.21 0.95 5 5.2 2008.5.12
    17 龙池镇蜂桶岩南部滑坡 62 60 35.21 1.67 2 3.7 2008.5.12
    18 龙池镇关门石1号滑坡 45 40 56.57 0.27 8 5.16 2008.5.12
    19 龙池镇桂花树1号滑坡 21 30 65.35 0.32 8 4.96 2008.5.12
    20 龙池镇桂花树2号滑坡 35 26 98.3 0.86 8 5 2008.5.12
    21 龙池镇河边楼外楼滑坡 45 40 49.5 1.4 3 3.89 2008.5.12
    22 龙池镇李家山1号滑坡 32 80 127.21 1.25 3 4.61 2008.5.12
    23 龙池镇李家山2号滑坡 42 16 81.75 0.61 7 5.02 2008.5.12
    24 龙池镇临桥院滑坡 60 25 40 0.8 2 4.08 2008.5.12
    25 龙池镇沙子坡1号滑坡 42 25 96.61 0.48 15 5.33 2008.5.12
    26 龙池镇吴家坡滑坡 46 120 222.29 2.13 7 5.4 2008.5.12
    27 龙池镇大树子1号滑坡 45 62 21.21 0.38 4 3.86 2008.5.12
    28 龙池镇大树子2号滑坡 45 50 42.43 2 3 3.62 2008.5.12
    29 龙池镇大树子3号滑坡 45 105 95.46 0.68 5 5.01 2008.5.12
    30 龙池镇干沟口滑坡 45 10 10.61 0.21 3 3.38 2008.5.12
    31 龙池镇老房子滑坡 40 50 114.91 0.79 5 5.03 2008.5.12
    32 龙池镇老龙溪场滑坡 45 60 21.21 0.43 5 3.9 2008.5.12
    33 龙池镇楠木槽滑坡 50 60 64.28 0.5 10 5.18 2008.5.12
    34 龙池镇小湾3号滑坡 30 70 147.22 0.63 5 5.24 2008.5.12
    35 向峨乡白岩山2号滑坡 40 30 137.89 0.51 7 5.52 2008.5.12
    36 向峨乡木瓜园滑坡 44 50 43.16 0.75 8 4.46 2008.5.12
    37 向峨乡龙竹村小学滑坡 42 80 111.47 1.88 2 4.26 2008.5.12
    38 向峨乡薛家坡滑坡 50 70 96.42 1.88 8 4.86 2008.5.12
    39 向峨乡火烧山滑坡 55 70 74.56 1.3 12 5.06 2008.5.12
    40 向峨乡狮子山滑坡 44 75 129.48 1.2 12 5.39 2008.5.12
    41 向峨乡苏家梁滑坡 40 295 153.21 1.67 8 5.16 2008.5.12
    42 向峨乡张飞山2号滑坡 38 50 94.56 1.09 7 4.84 2008.5.12
    43 向峨乡张飞山滑坡 42 90 163.49 2.75 15 5.3 2008.5.12
    44 紫平铺镇大沟边2号滑坡 40 140 268.12 1.3 12 5.93 2008.5.12
    45 紫平铺镇雷打石碑滑坡 45 50 49.5 1.4 2 3.72 2008.5.12
    46 紫平铺镇梨树坪滑坡 24 40 82.22 1.8 5 4.22 2008.5.12
    47 紫平铺镇石厂湾滑坡 19 9 73.75 2.6 3 3.71 2008.5.12
    48 紫平铺镇白果树滑坡 32 80 127.21 1.07 8 4.98 2008.5.12
    49 紫平铺镇杆杆桥滑坡 43 50 58.51 1.33 6 4.33 2008.5.12
    50 紫平铺镇和尚岩滑坡 29 80 120.7 1.15 12 5.17 2008.5.12
    51 紫平铺镇紫坪村水子地滑坡 38 80 94.56 1.2 3 4.43 2008.5.12
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  降雨滑坡基本信息表

    Table  2.   Basic information of rainfall-induced landslides

    编号 名称 坡度/° ΔH/m H: L R h/m lgV 水平滑距L/m 发生时间
    1 大观镇高家坪滑坡 26 50 0.397 2.00 10 4.869 125.831 2005
    2 灌口镇灵岩村3组滑坡 32 190 0.605 1.15 10 5.948 313.778 2003
    3 灌口镇鲜家沟滑坡 31 80 0.583 1.45 12 5.200 137.147 2003
    4 灌口镇竹林寺2号滑坡 36 30 0.674 0.50 4 4.255 44.496 2004
    5 灌口镇万张沟滑坡 30 40 0.659 1.16 2 3.806 60.622 2003
    6 蒲阳镇小石槽沟滑坡 33 17 0.579 1.75 2 3.000 29.353 2005
    7 蒲阳镇磨刀沟滑坡 35 80 0.651 0.75 3 4.813 122.873 2002
    8 蒲阳镇石槽沟滑坡 37 24 0.667 0.37 3 4.079 35.939 2005
    9 青城山镇刘家大湾滑坡 34 90 0.904 2.40 1.5 3.829 99.485 2003
    10 青城山镇戴家桥滑坡 38 45 0.951 0.85 2 3.806 47.281 2002
    11 青城山镇泰安寺滑坡 42 20 0.538 1.25 2 3.477 37.157 2008.5.12
    12 青城山镇五里村边坡滑坡 55 15 0.087 3.75 3 4.732 172.073 2008.5.12
    13 向峨乡石瓮河滑坡 40 145 0.901 1.10 20 5.777 160.869 2008.5.12
    14 紫坪铺镇大沟边滑坡 40 50 0.858 1.81 4 3.964 58.219 2008.5.12
    15 虹口乡黑泥湾滑坡 40 176 1.573 0.42 20 5.954 111.842 2013.7.4
    16 虹口乡千丈林滑坡 37 150 1.016 1.24 23 5.845 147.564 2013.7.4
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-04-02
  • 刊出日期:  2017-12-01

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