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东亚大陆西缘侏罗纪变形——以班公湖-怒江带中段韧性变形为例

施炜 董树文 黄兴富 陈虹 崔建军

施炜, 董树文, 黄兴富, 等, 2017. 东亚大陆西缘侏罗纪变形——以班公湖-怒江带中段韧性变形为例. 地质力学学报, 23 (4): 515-525.
引用本文: 施炜, 董树文, 黄兴富, 等, 2017. 东亚大陆西缘侏罗纪变形——以班公湖-怒江带中段韧性变形为例. 地质力学学报, 23 (4): 515-525.
SHI Wei, DONG Shuwen, HUANG Xingfu, et al., 2017. JURASSIC DEFORMATION AT THE WESTERN MARGIN OF THE EAST ASIA CONTINENT: A CASE STUDY OF DUCTILE DEFORMATION IN THE CENTRAL SEGMENT OF THE BANGONG CO-NUJIANG BELT. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (4): 515-525.
Citation: SHI Wei, DONG Shuwen, HUANG Xingfu, et al., 2017. JURASSIC DEFORMATION AT THE WESTERN MARGIN OF THE EAST ASIA CONTINENT: A CASE STUDY OF DUCTILE DEFORMATION IN THE CENTRAL SEGMENT OF THE BANGONG CO-NUJIANG BELT. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (4): 515-525.

东亚大陆西缘侏罗纪变形——以班公湖-怒江带中段韧性变形为例

基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划项目 2017YFC0601402

中国地质调查局项目 1212011120184

中国地质调查局项目 1212011221111

详细信息
    作者简介:

    施炜(1971-), 男, 研究员, 主要从事中、新生代构造研究.E-mail:shiweinmg@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P542

JURASSIC DEFORMATION AT THE WESTERN MARGIN OF THE EAST ASIA CONTINENT: A CASE STUDY OF DUCTILE DEFORMATION IN THE CENTRAL SEGMENT OF THE BANGONG CO-NUJIANG BELT

  • 摘要: 班公湖-怒江带作为羌塘地块与拉萨地块晚中生代聚合而形成巨型构造带,其形成时代与如何汇聚是构造研究关键所在。本次研究选择班公湖—怒江带中段的安多—聂荣地块发育为研究区,对地块内部基底发育的近东西走向的韧性剪切带,开展了韧性剪切变形分析与同构造年代学研究。剪切带面理和线理测量分析指示北东—南西向构造挤压,其同构造矿物40Ar/39Ar的测试分析获得年龄约为167 Ma,表明班公湖-怒江带中段形成于中侏罗世中期北东—南西向汇聚的构造背景下。结合区域构造分析,东亚大陆西缘羌塘地块与拉萨地块在中侏罗世中期以北东—南西向碰撞聚合的构造方式完成大陆拼接,为东亚大陆西缘中侏罗世变形提供了直接构造证据。

     

  • 图  1  青藏高原及其邻区构造纲要图与东亚大陆晚中生代构造简图

    F1—喜马拉雅主冲断层;F2—雅鲁藏布江缝合带;F3—班公湖-怒江缝合带;F4—金沙江缝合带;F5—昆仑山断裂带;F6—阿尔金断裂带;F7—海原-祁连山构造带;F8—喀喇昆仑断裂带;F9—龙门山断裂带

    Figure  1.  Tectonic outline map of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its adjacent areas and simplified tectonic map of the East Asia continent in late Mesozoic

    图  2  班公湖—怒江缝合带中段地质简图[70~71]

    Figure  2.  Geological sketch of the middle segment of the Bangong Co-Nujiang suture belt[70~71]

    图  3  安多—聂荣地块韧性剪切带北东—南西向构造应力场特征(下半球等角投影(吴氏网))

    Figure  3.  The characteristics of the NE-SW direction tectonic stress field of the ductile shear belts in the Ando-Nyainrong block

    图  4  安多—聂荣地块西南缘韧性剪切带(观测点D53)40Ar/39Ar坪年龄与等时线年龄

    Figure  4.  40Ar/39Ar plateau age and isochron age of the ductile shear belts at the southwest margin of the Ando-Nyainrong block(Site D53)

    图  5  安多—聂荣地块西北缘韧性剪切带(观测点D56)40Ar/39Ar坪年龄与等时线年龄

    Figure  5.  40Ar/39Ar plateau age and isochron age of the ductile shear belts at the northwest margin of the Ando-Nyainrong block(Site D56)

    表  1  安多—聂荣地块韧性剪切变形测量结果与北东—南西向挤压构造应力场

    Table  1.   Results of ductile shear deformation analysis and the NE-SW direction compressional tectonic stress field in the Ando-Nyainrong block

    点号 经度(E) 纬度(N) 数据量 σ1(az°/pl°) σ2(az°/pl°) σ3(az°/pl°) R
    D20 92°20′01″ 32°07′16″ 19 333/41 085/22 196/39 0.7
    D21 92°18′45″ 32°07′29″ 5 186/34 047/47 292/21 0.7
    D22 92°17′44″ 32°06′26″ 5 153/29 248/08 353/58 0.2
    D25 92°12′14″ 32°03′23″ 4 320/43 111/42 215/15 0.3
    D28 92°04′05″ 31°47′32″ 4 NNE-SSW
    D45 93°06′34″ 31°50′10″ 9 320/18 097/65 225/15 0.1
    D53 91°42′06″ 31°52′51″ 7 244/24 137/33 002/46 0.8
    D55 91°41′49″ 32°06′05″ 4 063/05 157/29 323/59 0.5
    D56 91°42′45″ 32°07′15″ 7 100/17 209/45 355/39 0.5
    D70 91°40′56″ 32°02′05″ 5 030/15 297/11 172/70 0.4
    注:σ1—最大主应力;σ2—中间主应力;σ3—最小主应力;az—倾伏向;pl—倾伏角;R=(σ2-σ3/σ1-σ3)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  安多—聂荣地块西南缘韧性剪切带(观测点D53)40Ar/39Ar坪年龄与等时线年龄

    Table  2.   40Ar/39Ar plateau age and isochron age of the ductile shear belts at the southwest margin of the Ando-Nyainrong block(Site D53)

    T/℃ (40Ar/ 39Ar) m (36Ar/ 39Ar) m (37Ar 0/ 39Ar) m (38Ar/ 39Ar) m 40Ar/% F 39Ar/10 -14mol 39Ar(Cum.)/% Age/Ma ±1σ/Ma
     D53-1钾长石    W=27.71 mg    J=0.002684    Total age=161.0Ma
    700 165.8118 0.1561 0.7508 0.0540 72.22 119.8151 0.06 0.33 503.0 5.9
    800 31.5490 0.0041 0.0206 0.0137 96.14 30.3332 1.28 6.84 141.2 1.4
    860 28.0541 0.0010 0.0474 0.0129 98.90 27.7466 0.80 10.93 129.6 1.3
    920 28.3819 0.0031 0.1538 0.0141 96.81 27.4801 0.62 14.06 128.4 1.3
    980 28.7767 0.0015 0.1156 0.0130 98.46 28.3349 0.35 15.83 132.2 1.4
    1040 30.5556 0.0048 0.0293 0.0139 95.30 29.1211 0.64 19.07 135.8 1.4
    1100 34.8159 0.0072 0.0410 0.0148 93.85 32.6757 1.03 24.32 151.6 1.5
    1160 37.8379 0.0090 0.0237 0.0147 92.95 35.1694 1.65 32.70 162.7 1.6
    1210 38.8774 0.0080 0.0170 0.0147 93.90 36.5066 3.23 49.13 168.6 1.6
    1260 38.2769 0.0067 0.0052 0.0142 94.83 36.2989 6.82 83.80 167.7 1.6
    1290 37.4411 0.0059 0.0204 0.0141 95.33 35.6945 2.62 97.10 165.0 1.6
    1330 37.8766 0.0080 0.1179 0.0146 93.74 35.5089 0.43 99.27 164.2 1.7
    1400 40.3533 0.0196 0.3614 0.0165 85.72 34.5995 0.14 100.00 160.2 2.4
     D56-1黑云母    W=33.07 mg    J=0.002735     Total age=165.6Ma
    700 56.7666 0.1419 1.2378 0.0440 26.28 14.9359 0.06 0.37 72.2 5.2
    760 36.0626 0.0190 0.1219 0.0169 84.48 30.4678 1.00 6.30 144.4 1.4
    800 36.3997 0.0037 0.0783 0.0139 96.99 35.3058 1.61 15.86 166.3 1.6
    840 36.1519 0.0021 0.0000 0.0133 98.24 35.5169 1.64 25.62 167.3 1.6
    880 36.0022 0.0024 0.1252 0.0138 98.05 35.3049 1.15 32.45 166.3 1.6
    920 36.0515 0.0017 0.0771 0.0134 98.59 35.5449 1.15 39.31 167.4 1.6
    960 36.0165 0.0019 0.1006 0.0134 98.47 35.4710 1.13 46.01 167.0 1.6
    1000 36.2395 0.0019 0.0167 0.0131 98.46 35.6825 1.13 52.75 168.0 1.6
    1040 35.9673 0.0014 0.0470 0.0134 98.82 35.5425 2.20 65.84 167.4 1.6
    1080 36.0125 0.0015 0.0312 0.0133 98.78 35.5726 2.63 81.46 167.5 1.6
    1200 36.1565 0.0014 0.0076 0.0130 98.88 35.7507 2.96 99.05 168.3 1.6
    1400 39.5904 0.0179 0.7467 0.0179 86.78 34.3776 0.16 100.00 162.1 2.3
    注:表中下标m代表样品中测定的同位素比值,F=40Ar*/39Ar, is the ratio of radiogenic Argon40 and Argon39
    下载: 导出CSV
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