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黔西南卡林型金矿隐伏矿找矿中弱信息提取方法研究

谭礼金 刘建中 谭亲平 李松涛 宋威方 李俊海 王泽鹏 徐良易 张兵强 刘平 蒙明华

谭礼金,刘建中,谭亲平,等,2024. 黔西南卡林型金矿隐伏矿找矿中弱信息提取方法研究[J]. 地质力学学报,30(1):57−71 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023115
引用本文: 谭礼金,刘建中,谭亲平,等,2024. 黔西南卡林型金矿隐伏矿找矿中弱信息提取方法研究[J]. 地质力学学报,30(1):57−71 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023115
TAN L J,LIU J Z,TAN Q P,et al.,2024. Research on weak information extraction methods in the exploration of hidden Carlin-type gold deposits in southwestern Guizhou, China[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,30(1):57−71 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023115
Citation: TAN L J,LIU J Z,TAN Q P,et al.,2024. Research on weak information extraction methods in the exploration of hidden Carlin-type gold deposits in southwestern Guizhou, China[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,30(1):57−71 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023115

黔西南卡林型金矿隐伏矿找矿中弱信息提取方法研究

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023115
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2023YFC2906802);国家自然科学基金项目(U1812402);贵州省科技计划项目(黔科合平台人才-CXTD〔2021〕007);贵州省地矿局地质科研项目(黔地矿科合〔2023〕2号)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    谭礼金(1982—),男,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事矿产勘查与找矿预测工作。Email:41619619@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    刘建中(1966—),男,研究员,主要从事金矿成矿规律与找矿预测研究工作。Email:2585364825@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P54;P632

Research on weak information extraction methods in the exploration of hidden Carlin-type gold deposits in southwestern Guizhou, China

Funds: This research is financially supported by the Key Research and Development Projects of China (Grant No. 2023YFC2906802), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. U1812402), the Science and Technology Plan Projects in Guizhou (Grant No. CXTD [2021] 007),and the Geological Research Projects of Guizhou Provincial Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources (Grant No. [2023]2).
  • 摘要: 黔西南地区是中国卡林型金矿的集中分布区,金矿成矿地质条件优越,找矿潜力巨大。但区内浅表金矿资源已基本找寻殆尽,找矿工作全面进入“攻深找盲”阶段。隐伏金矿由于矿体埋深较大,地表的矿化信息必然非常微弱甚至没有信息显示,深部成矿信息获取困难。如何识别并获取与深部成矿作用有关的地球化学信息,成为制约找矿突破的关键因素。黔西南卡林型金矿的形成及就位主要受背斜及断裂构造的控制,元素地球化学的分布、分异和成矿同样受到构造应力的影响,深部成矿信息通过断裂、裂隙与浅部及地表相联系,浅部构造岩石中的地球化学异常能在一定程度上反映深部的矿致异常。因此,以构造地球化学理论为基础,分析黔西南地区成矿地质条件和相应元素组合的迁移和富集规律,对卡林型金矿隐伏矿找矿地球化学弱信息提取的关键环节进行深入剖析,总结构造地球化学弱信息提取方法指标参数,有效提取深部成矿元素沿构造裂隙向上渗滤扩散形成的弱异常,对深部隐伏矿进行初步定位预测。弱信息识别及提取的相关研究成果对丰富黔西南地区卡林型金矿的成矿理论具有一定的学术价值,同时使用该方法在黔西南金矿隐伏矿找矿上能有效圈定并优选找矿靶区,对落实新一轮找矿突破战略行动任务具有积极的现实意义。

     

  • 图  1  黔西南地区断裂−褶皱体系(据骆地伟等,2016修改)

    Figure  1.  Fault–fold system in southwestern Guizhou (modified aftar Luo et al., 2016)

    图  2  卡林型金矿多层次构造滑脱成矿系统示意图(据刘建中等,2020修改)

    Figure  2.  Multi-level tectonic detachment mineralization system of Carlin-type gold deposits (modified aftar Liu et al., 2020)

    图  3  黔西南水系沉积物金异常与矿床位置图(据冯济舟等,2008修改)

    Figure  3.  Gold anomaly and deposit location map of water system sediments in southwestern Guizhou (modified aftar Feng et al., 2008)

    图  4  构造地球化学采样点布置示意图

    Figure  4.  Schematic diagram of the layout of geochemical sampling points

    图  5  采样节点范围内的采样介质示意图

    a—采样介质为节理裂隙充填物;b、c—采样介质为构造蚀变体中硅化岩石;d—采样介质为断层泥;e—采样介质为蚀变的角砾岩;f—采样介质为穿层脉体;g—h—采样介质为断层破碎带上的胶结物及断层角砾

    Figure  5.  Schematic diagram of sampling medium within the sampling node range

    (a) Joint fissure filling material; (b, c) Silicified rocks in structural alteration variants; (d) Fault gouge; (e) Altered breccia; (f)Transdermal vein; (g, h) Cement and fault breccia on the fault fracture zone

    图  6  者相二金矿43勘查线剖面图(据何金坪,2021修改)

    Figure  6.  Section map of Exploration Line 43 of Zhexiang'er Gold Mine (modified aftar He., 2021)

    图  7  包谷地背斜构造地球化学异常平面示意图(据谭礼金等,2017修改)

    Figure  7.  Plan of geochemical anomalies in the Baogudi anticline structure (modified aftar Tan et al., 2017)

    图  8  土壤地球化学测量与构造地球化学测量圈定的金异常对比图(据谭礼金等,2017;李松涛等,2022修改)

    a—土壤地球化学测量;b—构造地球化学测量

    Figure  8.  Comparison charts of gold anomalies delineated by soil geochemical measurements and structural geochemical measurements (modified aftar Tan et al., 2017;Li et al., 2022)

    (a) Soil geochemical measurements; (b) Tectonic geochemical measurements

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-10
  • 修回日期:  2023-09-10
  • 录用日期:  2024-01-10
  • 预出版日期:  2024-01-18
  • 刊出日期:  2024-02-01

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