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北京顺义断裂活动对首都机场地裂缝影响定量研究

任雅哲 丰成君 戚帮申 葛伟亚 谭成轩 孟静

任雅哲, 丰成君, 戚帮申, 等, 2023. 北京顺义断裂活动对首都机场地裂缝影响定量研究. 地质力学学报, 29 (5): 685-703. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023063
引用本文: 任雅哲, 丰成君, 戚帮申, 等, 2023. 北京顺义断裂活动对首都机场地裂缝影响定量研究. 地质力学学报, 29 (5): 685-703. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023063
REN Yazhe, FENG Chengjun, QI Bangshen, et al., 2023. Quantitative research of the impact of Shunyi fault activity on the ground fissures in the Beijing Capital International Airport, China. Journal of Geomechanics, 29 (5): 685-703. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023063
Citation: REN Yazhe, FENG Chengjun, QI Bangshen, et al., 2023. Quantitative research of the impact of Shunyi fault activity on the ground fissures in the Beijing Capital International Airport, China. Journal of Geomechanics, 29 (5): 685-703. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023063

北京顺义断裂活动对首都机场地裂缝影响定量研究

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023063
基金项目: 

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20230540

详细信息
    作者简介:

    任雅哲(1996-), 女, 在读硕士, 主要从事城市活动断裂、地质安全风险调查评价等工作。E-mail: renyz77@163.com

    通讯作者:

    丰成君(1985-), 男, 博士, 正高级工程师, 主要从事原位地应力测量、构造应力场研究、地质安全风险评价、深部流体注采诱发断层活化等研究工作。E-mail: fengchengjun@mail.cgs.gov.cn

  • 中图分类号: P553;P554;P642

Quantitative research of the impact of Shunyi fault activity on the ground fissures in the Beijing Capital International Airport, China

Funds: 

the Geological Survey Project of the China Geological Survey DD20230540

  • 摘要:

    顺义断裂是北京平原区重要的晚更新世活动断层。首都国际机场位于顺义断裂中段, 2010年以来, 机场跑道地裂缝逐渐加剧, 地裂缝两侧最大垂直位移差高达20 cm, 已经严重影响机场安全运行。当前, 顺义断裂活动对首都机场地裂缝的影响仍以定性描述为主。文章以顺义断裂几何结构、第四纪活动性以及首都机场地裂缝调查研究为基础, 依据断层位错理论, 定量分析了顺义断裂蠕滑活动对机场地裂缝形成的贡献, 研究了1996年12月16日顺义ML4.5级地震对机场地裂缝可能产生的影响, 并讨论了顺义断裂未来发生潜在强震时机场地裂缝灾害风险增加的趋势。分析认为, 在0.6 mm/a的垂直活动速率下, 顺义断裂蠕滑活动46年, 在机场地裂缝两侧产生的差异沉降量不超过2.5 cm, 对机场地裂缝形成和发展的贡献量约占20%;顺义ML4.5级地震对机场地裂缝的形成影响甚微, 顺义断裂若未来发生7.0级地震, 估算在断裂两盘产生的差异沉降量最大达104 cm, 机场地裂缝灾害风险将增加5倍; 顺义断裂上盘中、深层地下水抽采引起的地面差异沉降在机场地裂缝形成和扩展中的贡献量为70%, 仍是导致机场地裂缝加剧的主要因素。研究结果可为首都国际机场地裂缝灾害精准防控提供重要科学参考。此外, 为深入揭示顺义断裂沿线地裂缝、地面差异沉降等缓变型地质灾害成因机理和灾害效应, 建议在其关键部位实施跨断层位移或形变动态监测工作。

     

  • 图  1  北京顺义地区地质构造简图

    Figure  1.  Sketch map of the geological structure in the Shunyi region, Beijing

    图  2  2018年首都国际机场地裂缝展布特征

    Figure  2.  Ground fissure distribution in the Beijing Capital International Airport (in 2018)

    图  3  半无限空间断层位错模型示意图(据Okada,1992修改)

    α—倾角; β—滑动角

    Figure  3.  Diagrammatic sketch of the fault dislocation model in semi-infinite space (modified after Okada, 1992)

    α-dip angle; β-slope angle

    图  4  顺义断裂正断蠕滑活动46年在地表产生的垂直位移(正表示上升,负表示下降)

    Figure  4.  Surface vertical displacement induced by normal fault creep-sliding of the Shunyi fault for 46 years (Positive means vertical upward displacement, while negative represents vertical downward displacement.)

    图  5  顺义断裂正断蠕滑活动46年在全新统底界产生的垂直位移(正表示上升,负表示下降)

    Figure  5.  Vertical displacement at the bottom of the Holocene induced by normal fault creep-sliding of the Shunyi fault for 46 years (Positive means vertical upward displacement, while negative represents vertical downward displacement.)

    图  6  1996年12月16日顺义ML4.5级地震在地表产生的垂直位移(正表示上升,负表示下降)

    Figure  6.  Surface vertical displacement induced by the ML4.5 earthquake occurred on December 16th, 1996 near the Shunyi fault (Positive means vertical upward displacement, while negative represents vertical downward displacement.)

    图  7  顺义断裂发生6.5级地震时在地表产生的垂直位移(正表示上升,负表示下降)

    Figure  7.  Surface vertical displacement induced by the the potential strong earthquake with a magnitude of 6.5 along the Shunyi fault (Positive means vertical upward displacement, while negative represents vertical downward displacement.)

    图  8  顺义断裂发生7.0级地震时在地表产生的垂直位移(正表示上升,负表示下降)

    Figure  8.  Surface vertical displacement induced by the the potential strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.0 along the Shunyi fault (Positive means vertical upward displacement, while negative represents vertical downward displacement.)

    图  9  顺义断裂倾角对地表垂直位移的影响(正表示上升,负表示下降)

    Figure  9.  The effect of the shunyi fault' s dip angle on the surface vertical displacement (Positive means vertical upward displacement, while negative represents vertical downward displacement.)

    图  10  顺义断裂垂直活动速率对地表垂直位移的影响(正表示上升,负表示下降)

    Figure  10.  The effect of the Shunyi fault' s verticle displacement rate on the surface vertical displacement (Positive means vertical upward displacement, while negative represents vertical downward displacement.)

    图  11  首都国际机场地裂缝耦合成因模式

    Figure  11.  The coupled genetic model of the ground fissures in the Beijing Capital International Airport

    表  1  首都国际机场及邻区垂向深度地层结构和物理力学参数模型

    Table  1.   Model of vertical stratigraphic texture and physical-mechanical parameters of the Beijing Capital International Airport and its vicinities

    地层 深度范围/m 密度/(g/cm3) vp/(km/s) vs/(km/s)
    全新统 0~10 1.90 1.83 0.42
    上更新统 10~30 1.91 1.83 0.42
    中更新统 30~115 2.08 1.83 0.42
    下更新统 115~410 2.14 1.83 0.42
    上新统 410~520 2.37 1.83 0.42
    侏罗系 520~1000 2.65 4.20 2.30
    蓟县系 1000~2250 2.70 4.20 2.30
    长城系 2250~3650 2.70 4.20 2.30
    太古界 3650~12000 2.72 6.10 3.50
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  顺义断裂未来发生6.5级和7.0级强震时产生的地震破裂参数

    Table  2.   Seismic rupture parameters of potential strong earthquakes with the manitude of 6.5 and 7.0 along the Shunyi fault

    M L/km W/km A/km2 AD/m
    6.5 25.4 10.6 269.5 0.30
    7.0 45.1 18.9 851.1 1.22
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-24
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