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运城盆地ZK301钻孔中新世保德组孢粉组合及地质意义

樊如意 杨萌萌 周均朋 赵建新

樊如意,杨萌萌,周均朋,等,2023. 运城盆地ZK301钻孔中新世保德组孢粉组合及地质意义[J]. 地质力学学报,29(4):543−554 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023053
引用本文: 樊如意,杨萌萌,周均朋,等,2023. 运城盆地ZK301钻孔中新世保德组孢粉组合及地质意义[J]. 地质力学学报,29(4):543−554 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023053
FAN R Y,YANG M M,ZHOU J P,et al.,2023. The spore-pollen assemblages of the Miocene Baode Formation from Borehole ZK301 in the Yuncheng Basin and its geological significance[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,29(4):543−554 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023053
Citation: FAN R Y,YANG M M,ZHOU J P,et al.,2023. The spore-pollen assemblages of the Miocene Baode Formation from Borehole ZK301 in the Yuncheng Basin and its geological significance[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,29(4):543−554 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023053

运城盆地ZK301钻孔中新世保德组孢粉组合及地质意义

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023053
基金项目: 山西省自然资源厅地质勘查项目(2020-00160 G151-C51/9)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    樊如意(1988—),男,工程师,从事沉积地质及矿产地质方面工作。E-mail:386179141@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    杨萌萌(1985—),男,高级工程师,从事沉积地质及矿产地质方面工作。E-mail:358182595@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P534.631

The spore-pollen assemblages of the Miocene Baode Formation from Borehole ZK301 in the Yuncheng Basin and its geological significance

Funds: This research is financially supported by the Geological Exploration Project of the Shanxi Provincial Department of Natural Resources (Grant 2020-00160 G151-C51/9).
  • 摘要:

    中新世保德组沉积时期是青藏高原向北东方向隆升扩展影响到鄂尔多斯周缘新生代盆地的关键时期。文章对运城盆地峨嵋台地ZK301钻孔中新世晚期保德组岩芯进行了孢粉学研究,系统鉴定了沉积孢粉和再沉积孢粉的特征,探讨了保德组沉积时期的古气候与古构造背景。运城盆地中新世保德组沉积孢粉自下而上可以划分为麻黄科−藜科−禾本科和蒿属−藜科−葎草属2个孢粉组合带,说明运城盆地中新世晚期是从以麻黄科−藜科−禾本科为主的荒漠草原发展为以蒿属−藜科为主的荒漠草原,气候由相对寒冷干燥过渡为偏冷偏干,这种变化过程与中新世晚期青藏高原隆升扩展远程效应对气候的影响有关。再沉积孢粉组合主要集中在保德组下部,以麻黄科含量最高,其次是松属、云杉属、柏科、藜科、胡桃科和蕨类植物孢子,还有少量的克拉梭粉属和胡颓子科等,反映了温暖湿润的气候环境。再沉积孢粉主要来自于中条山北缘山前的古近纪地层,说明在保德组沉积初期,中条山存在一期快速的隆升剥蚀,保德组经历了古近纪地层的剥蚀−搬运−再沉积过程。

     

  • 图  1  运城盆地区域地质简图

    Figure  1.  Regional geologic map of the Yuncheng Basin

    图  2  ZK301钻孔中新世晚期保德组剖面柱状图

    Figure  2.  Histogram of the late Miocene Baode Formation from the Borehole ZK301

    图  3  ZK301钻孔中新世晚期保德组主要孢粉类型(比例尺均为10 μm)

    1—蒿属;2—蓝刺头属;3—藜科;4—麻黄科;5—白刺属;6—白花丹科;7—禾本科;8—葎草属;9—蓼科;10—毛茛科;11—牻牛儿苗科;12—伞形科;13—莎草科;14—眼子菜科;15—槭树科;16—桦木科;17—胡桃科;18—柳属;19—椴树科;20—榆科;21—苏铁科;22—铁杉属;23—松属

    Figure  3.  Photomicrographs of selected spore-pollen types from the late Miocene Baode Formation from Borehole ZK301 (The scale is 10 μm)

    (1) Artemisia; (2) Echinops; (3) Chenopodiaceae; (4) Ephedraceae; (5) Nitraria; (6) Plumbaginaceae; (7) Gramineae; (8) Humulus; (9) Polygonaceae; (10) Ranunculaceae; (11) Geraniaceae; (12) Apiaceae; (13) Cyperaceae; (14) Potamogetonaceae; (15) Aceraceae; (16) Betulaceae; (17) Juglandaceae; (18) Salix; (19) Tiliaceae; (20) Ulmaceae; (21) Cycadaceae; (22) Tsuga; (23) Pinus

    图  4  ZK301钻孔中新世晚期保德组主要再沉积孢粉类型(比例尺均为10 μm)

    1—里白科;2—凤尾蕨科;3—卷柏科;4—紫萁科;5—水蕨科;6—克拉梭粉属;7—胡桃科:山核桃属;8—胡桃科:黄杞属;9—藜科;10—胡颓子科;11—麻黄科:梭形麻黄粉;12—麻黄科:多肋麻黄粉;13—柏科;14—南洋杉科;15—铁杉属;16—松属;17—云杉属

    Figure  4.  Photomicrographs of selected redeposited spore-pollen types of the late Miocene Baode Formation from Borehole ZK301 (The scale is 10 μm)

    (1) Gleicheniaceae; (2) Pteridaceae; (3) Selaginellaceae; (4) Osmundaceae; (5) Parkeriaceae; (6) Classopollis; (7) Juglandaceae: Carya; (8) Juglandaceae: Engelhardtia; (9) Chenopodiaceae; (10) Elaeagnaceae; (11) Ephedraceae: Ephedripites fusiformis; (12) Ephedraceae: Ephedripites multicotatus; (13) Cupressaceae; (14) Araucariaceae; (15) Tsuga; (16) Pinus; (17) Picea

    图  5  ZK301钻孔中新世晚期保德组孢粉百分比图谱

    Figure  5.  Spore-pollen percentage diagram of the late Miocene Baode Formation from Borehole ZK301

    图  6  运城盆地新近系保德组沉积前后古地理格局

    a—保德组沉积前;b—保德组沉积初期

    Figure  6.  Paleogeographic pattern before and after the deposition of Neogene Baode Formation in the Yuncheng Basin

    (a) Before the deposition of the Baode Formation; (b) The early deposition stage of the Baode Formation

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-17
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-29
  • 录用日期:  2023-07-03
  • 预出版日期:  2023-07-05

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