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汾渭地堑系开启时限:基于中条山奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉的年代学约束

崔加伟 李振宏 井向辉 寇琳琳

崔加伟,李振宏,井向辉,等,2023. 汾渭地堑系开启时限:基于中条山奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉的年代学约束[J]. 地质力学学报,29(4):485−496 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023039
引用本文: 崔加伟,李振宏,井向辉,等,2023. 汾渭地堑系开启时限:基于中条山奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉的年代学约束[J]. 地质力学学报,29(4):485−496 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023039
CUI J W,LI Z H,JING X H,et al.,2023. The initial time of the Fen–Wei graben system: Constraints from geochronology of the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes in the Zhongtiaoshan Mountains[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,29(4):485−496 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023039
Citation: CUI J W,LI Z H,JING X H,et al.,2023. The initial time of the Fen–Wei graben system: Constraints from geochronology of the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes in the Zhongtiaoshan Mountains[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,29(4):485−496 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023039

汾渭地堑系开启时限:基于中条山奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉的年代学约束

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023039
基金项目: 中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20221644,DD20190018);国家自然科学基金项目(41702216,41972119)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    崔加伟(1990—),男,副研究员,主要从事大地构造分析方面的研究工作。E-mail:1cuijiawei1@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P534.61

The initial time of the Fen–Wei graben system: Constraints from geochronology of the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes in the Zhongtiaoshan Mountains

Funds: This research is financially supported by the Geological Survey Projects of the China Geological Survey (Grants DD20221644 and DD20190018) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants NO. 41702216 and 41972119).
  • 摘要:

    汾渭地堑系是华北克拉通中部新生代一条重要的张性断陷带,以往研究成果主要集中在其形成过程及动力学机制方面,但对其开启时限的研究由于缺乏定量的测年对象,一直悬而未解。此次研究在汾渭地堑系相邻的中条山奇峰一带发现了一系列不规则状的花岗斑岩岩脉。对该套花岗斑岩岩脉的测年结果表明,其年龄序列主要集中在1769.8±8.7 Ma和69.14±0.85 Ma两个阶段,前者与熊耳群火山岩的主体年龄一致,代表了继承性锆石的特点,后者代表了花岗斑岩岩脉的形成年龄。奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉样品的Ga/Al均大于2.6,表现富硅、碱、钾,贫钙,高镁的特点,稀土元素中轻稀土富集、重稀土亏损,具有A型花岗岩的特点,形成于拉张的构造背景下。结合区域地质背景认为,该套花岗斑岩岩脉指示了汾渭地堑系南段开启的时限,研究成果为汾渭地堑系的开启时限提供了新的证据。

     

  • 图  1  研究区区域构造位置图

    Figure  1.  Regional tectonic map of the study area

    图  2  奇峰花岗斑岩及邻区区域地质图

    Figure  2.  Regional geologic map of the Qifeng granite porphyry and adjacent areas

    图  3  奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉露头及镜下典型照片

    Pl—斜长石; Q—石英a—花岗斑岩岩脉野外照片;b—花岗斑岩岩脉镜下照片

    Figure  3.  Field and microscopic photographs of the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes

    (a) Field photograph of granite porphyry dikes; (b) Microscopic photograph of granite porphyry dikes Pl–plagioclase

    图  4  奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉典型阴极发光照片

    Figure  4.  Typical cathodoluminescence photos of the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes

    图  5  奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉谐和年龄图

    a—继承锆石年龄;b—花岗斑岩岩脉年龄

    Figure  5.  U-Pb concordia diagrams for zircons from the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes

    (a) Inherited zircon ages; (b) Granite porphyry dike ages

    图  6  奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉TAS图解(Middlemost,1994

    IR—碱性—亚碱性界线

    Figure  6.  Total alkali vs. silica (TAS) diagram ( Middlemost, 1994) for the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes

    IR– boundary between alkaline and sub-alkaline

    图  7  奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉SiO2−K2O 图解(Peccerillo and Taylor,1976

    Figure  7.  SiO2 vs. K2O diagram (Peccerillo and Taylor, 1976) for the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes

    图  8  奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉A/CNK−A/NK图解(Maniar and Piccoli,1989

    Figure  8.  A/CNK vs. A/NK diagram for the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes(Maniar and Piccoli,1989

    图  9  奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉稀土元素与微量元素特征

    a—稀土元素蛛网图(球粒陨石值引自Sun and McDonough,1989);b—微量元素配分图

    Figure  9.  Characterization of rare earth elements and trace elements in the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes

    (a) Chondrite-normalized REE pattern (chondrite values from Sun and McDonough,1989); (b) Partition diagram of trace elements

    图  10  A型花岗岩判别图解(Whalen et al.,1987

    Figure  10.  Discrimination diagrams of the A‐type granite (Whalen et al., 1987)

    图  11  构造环境判别图解

    ①—地幔斜长花岗岩;②—破坏性活动板块边缘(板块碰撞前)花岗岩;③—板块碰撞后隆起期花岗岩;④—晚造期花岗岩;⑤—非造山区A型花岗岩;⑥—同碰撞(S型)花岗岩;⑦—造山期后A型花岗岩a—R1−R2图解{底图据 Batchelor and Bowden,1985;R1=1000×[4Si−11(Na+K)−2(Fe+Ti)];R2=1000×(6Ca−2Mg+Al)};b—Rb−Y+Nb图解(底图据 Pearce et al.,1984

    Figure  11.  Tectonic discrimination digrams

    (a) R1 vs. R2 diagram (base map from Batchelor and Bowden, 1985; R1=1000×[4Si−11(Na+K)−2(Fe+Ti)], R2=1000×(6Ca−2Mg+Al)); (b) Rb vs. Y+Nb diagram (base map from Pearce et al., 1984) ① mantle plagioclase granite; ② destructively active plate margin (pre-collision) granite; ③ post-collision uplift granite; ④ late orogenic granite; ⑤ non-mountain-forming A-type granite; ⑥ Syn-COLG granite; ⑦ post orogenic A-type granite

    表  1  中条山奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉锆石U-Pb年龄统计表

    Table  1.   Zircon U–Pb ages of the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes in the Zhongtiaoshan Mountains

    样点元素含量与比值年龄/Ma
    Pb/×10−6U/×10−6Th/U207Pb/206Pb206Pb/238U1σ208Pb/232Th207Pb/206Pb1σ206Pb/238U1σ
    HB109-01 76 2175 0.80 0.0771 0.0056 0.0111 0.0002 755 71 1
    HB109-0210932800.780.08310.00410.01090.0002814701
    HB109-0317351.294.57050.12760.31970.0042174423178820
    HB109-0449991.244.57630.07850.31630.0030174514177115
    HB109-0516351.124.64200.13060.32270.0052175724180325
    HB109-06339630.760.07750.00610.01060.0003766682
    HB109-0719754780.900.07370.00380.01080.0002724691
    HB109-08501100.984.64380.08620.31580.0030175716176915
    HB109-0917380.874.65910.12950.31770.0042176023177820
    HB109-1018371.274.66750.11790.31560.0036176121176818
    HB109-113191.160.06130.00560.01100.0003605702
    HB109-1233691.194.67630.10370.31270.0036176319175418
    HB109-1317351.204.72560.14940.31510.0047177226176623
    HB109-1416341.054.80550.13020.32170.0042178623179821
    HB109-1575090.840.06490.00790.01080.0004648703
    HB109-1614040850.820.07890.00610.01080.0002776691
    HB109-1787340.330.06850.00370.01040.0002673671
    HB109-1896050.590.07490.00450.01110.0002734712
    HB109-1911231.094.53660.15870.30860.0042173829173421
    HB109-20125241690.160.06860.00220.01060.0003672682
    HB109-211017260.230.06900.00640.01060.0004686682
    HB109-221220190.180.07050.00240.01090.0004692702
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉主量元素含量/%

    Table  2.   Principal element contents (w%) of the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes

    QF-1-1QF-1-2QF-1-3QF-1-4QF-1-5
    SiO2 71.87 72.80 71.99 72.35 72.70
    Al2O3 8.53 8.06 8.88 8.55 8.48
    FeO 3.35 3.88 3.16 3.17 3.64
    MgO 2.46 2.87 2.92 2.90 2.51
    CaO 4.45 2.50 2.73 2.76 3.88
    Na2O 2.92 2.38 2.98 2.37 2.91
    K2O 3.31 4.38 4.55 4.48 4.78
    MnO 0.22 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.21
    P2O5 0.05 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.11
    TiO2 0.14 0.28 0.31 0.30 0.35
    LOI 1.76 1.28 1.39 1.42 0.67
    TAL 99.06 98.59 99.09 98.44 100.25
    A/CNK 1.07 1.02 1.02 1.08 1.05
    Mg# 0.44 0.55 0.71 0.68 0.73
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  奇峰花岗斑岩岩脉稀土与微量元素含量/×10−6

    Table  3.   Rare earth and trace element composotions (w%) of the Qifeng granite porphyry dikes

    QF-1-1QF-1-2QF-1-3QF-1-4QF-1-5
    La 7.46 7.65 8.26 5.71 11.64
    Ce 14.44 19.60 20.34 14.16 23.40
    Pr 1.85 2.20 2.36 1.96 3.02
    Nd 8.11 10.06 10.38 9.03 13.09
    Sm 2.48 2.48 2.28 2.19 2.80
    Eu 0.76 0.76 0.73 0.68 0.89
    Gd 1.81 2.28 2.16 1.93 2.64
    Tb 0.27 0.38 0.37 0.33 0.45
    Dy 1.45 2.43 2.18 2.01 2.68
    Ho 0.24 0.47 0.43 0.38 0.53
    Er 0.55 1.26 1.16 1.08 1.40
    Tm 0.09 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.25
    Yb 0.57 1.47 1.26 1.29 1.54
    Lu 0.07 0.22 0.19 0.19 0.23
    Y 8.64 13.49 11.97 12.11 14.48
    LREE 34.47 42.75 44.35 33.73 54.83
    HREE 8.36 8.73 7.96 7.40 9.73
    δEu 0.95 0.96 0.99 1.00 0.98
    δCe 0.91 1.14 1.09 1.02 0.93
    REE 54.47 64.96 64.29 53.24 79.04
    (La/Yb)N 3.21 3.50 4.42 2.99 5.09
    (La/Sm)N 2.50 1.94 2.27 1.64 2.62
    Ba 2782.40 13293.66 6010.51 17958.84 2069.59
    Cr 13.49 23.66 22.56 25.14 25.72
    Cs 0.47 1.06 1.11 1.04 1.19
    Ga 4.52 6.87 6.82 6.91 8.88
    Hf 0.79 3.88 3.94 3.79 3.65
    Nb 3.40 3.05 4.04 3.05 6.14
    Pb 3.04 3.41 4.11 2.86 3.91
    Rb 37.36 40.78 42.31 40.62 46.22
    Sr 81.17 199.24 69.65 285.01 38.35
    Ta 0.04 0.11 0.15 0.16 0.19
    Th 0.28 0.70 1.33 1.60 1.94
    U 0.86 1.30 1.54 1.23 1.76
    Zr 123.31 127.93 125.35 127.25 122.86
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-27
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