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鄂尔多斯西缘牛首山—罗山地区裂变径迹年龄与中生代构造抬升

田朝阳 陈虹 刘新社 公王斌 赵伟波 康锐

田朝阳, 陈虹, 刘新社, 等, 2023. 鄂尔多斯西缘牛首山—罗山地区裂变径迹年龄与中生代构造抬升. 地质力学学报, 29 (5): 599-617. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023030
引用本文: 田朝阳, 陈虹, 刘新社, 等, 2023. 鄂尔多斯西缘牛首山—罗山地区裂变径迹年龄与中生代构造抬升. 地质力学学报, 29 (5): 599-617. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023030
TIAN Zhaoyang, CHEN Hong, LIU Xinshe, et al., 2023. Fission track ages and Mesozoic tectonic uplift in the Niushoushan-Luoshan area on the western edge of the Ordos Basin. Journal of Geomechanics, 29 (5): 599-617. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023030
Citation: TIAN Zhaoyang, CHEN Hong, LIU Xinshe, et al., 2023. Fission track ages and Mesozoic tectonic uplift in the Niushoushan-Luoshan area on the western edge of the Ordos Basin. Journal of Geomechanics, 29 (5): 599-617. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023030

鄂尔多斯西缘牛首山—罗山地区裂变径迹年龄与中生代构造抬升

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2023030
基金项目: 

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20221644

国家自然科学基金项目 41472195

中国石油前瞻性基础性科技项目 2021DJ2101

详细信息
    作者简介:

    田朝阳(1997-), 男, 在读硕士, 主要从事鄂尔多斯西缘及其邻区构造演化研究。E-mail: tianzhaoyang1@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    陈虹(1982-), 男, 博士, 副研究员, 主要从事区域构造、大陆变形与活动构造研究。E-mail: chhzxm8281@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P542

Fission track ages and Mesozoic tectonic uplift in the Niushoushan-Luoshan area on the western edge of the Ordos Basin

Funds: 

the Geological Survey Project of the China Geological Survey DD20221644

the Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41472195

the Prospective and Fundamental Science and Technology Project of PetoChina 2021DJ2101

  • 摘要:

    鄂尔多斯盆地西缘及其邻区经历了中—新生代复杂的构造演化过程, 其中生代以来的构造隆升和区域热演化历史研究仍需要进一步的年代学证据。牛首山—罗山地区紧邻鄂尔多斯盆地西缘的冲断带, 其中生代的隆升过程对于研究盆地西缘中生代构造事件具有非常重要的意义。文章通过磷灰石裂变径迹(AFT)分析及热史模拟限定牛首山—罗山地区中生代的隆升过程及其时限, 结果表明该地区中生代抬升主要发生在中侏罗世(170 Ma)—早白垩世末(110 Ma), 罗山地区的抬升(170 Ma)要略早于牛首山地区(160 Ma), 这期抬升主要与祁连造山带向北东方向挤出有关。综合分析已有研究成果表明, 鄂尔多斯盆地西缘及其邻区中生代抬升的启动时间为晚三叠世, 整体可分为两期: 第一期抬升发生在晚三叠世(220 Ma)—早侏罗世末期(185 Ma); 第二期抬升发生于中侏罗世(175 Ma)—早白垩世末(110 Ma), 牛首山—罗山地区的抬升则属于鄂尔多斯盆地西缘第二期抬升的一部分。鄂尔多斯盆地西缘中生代两期构造抬升分别显示出由南向北、由西南向东北方向传递的特征, 推测与晚三叠世华北、华南板块碰撞以及中—晚侏罗世拉萨地块向北东方向汇聚有关。

     

  • 图  1  牛首山—罗山地区区域地质简图及构造地貌特征(据陈虹等,2013修改)

    Figure  1.  Sketch geological map of the Niushoushan-Luoshan area and morphologic characteristics (revised from Chen et al., 2013)

    图  2  AFT采样位置图

    a—牛首山、罗山样品位置平面图;b—牛首山、罗山样品位置剖面图

    Figure  2.  AFT sampling locations

    (a) Plans of the sample locations in the Niushoushan and Luoshan areas; (b) Profiles of the sample locations in the Niushoushan and Luoshan area

    图  3  牛首山—罗山地区AFT长度分布图

    Figure  3.  AFT length distribution charts for the Niushoushan-Luoshan area

    图  4  牛首山—罗山地区AFT年龄组分分解图

    a—单颗粒年龄分布雷达图; b—单颗粒年龄分布直方图

    Figure  4.  Estimating age populations in a mixed distribution of AFT analysis in the Niushoushan-Luoshan area

    (a) Radar plot of single particle age distribution; (b) Single particle age distribution histogram

    图  5  牛首山—罗山地区样品裂变径迹年龄分布图

    Figure  5.  Distribution of fission track ages in the Niushoushan-Luoshan area

    图  6  牛首山—罗山地区AFT热史模拟图

    图中浅色区域为可接受的拟合路径区域,深色区域为拟合较好的路径区域,黑色实线表示最佳拟合路径;实测与模拟长度均为径迹长度,μm
    a—牛首山地区AFT热史模拟图;b—罗山地区AFT热史模拟图

    Figure  6.  Thermal history based on AFT inverse modeling in the Niushoushan-Luoshan area

    (a) AFT thermal history simulation of the Niushoushan area; (b) AFT thermal history simulation of the Luoshan area
    The light area in the figure is the acceptable fitting path area, the dark area is the better fitting path area, and the black solid line represents the best fitting path. Both measured and simulated lengths are track lengths (μm)

    图  7  牛首山—罗山磷灰石裂变径迹年龄-高程图

    Figure  7.  Age and altitude of fission track samples in the Niushoushan-Luoshan area

    图  8  鄂尔多斯西缘及邻区中生代AFT样品年龄分布图

    图中数字为裂变径迹中值年龄/Ma

    Figure  8.  Age distribution of Mesozoic AFT samples from the western edge of Ordos and adjacent areas

    The numbers in the figure represent the median age (Ma) of the fission track.

    图  9  鄂尔多斯西缘南部及其邻区AFT热史模拟数据统计图

    灰色区域代表快速冷却的发生时限
    a—一期抬升;b—二期抬升

    Figure  9.  Statistical chart of the AFT thermal history simulation data in the southern part of the western edge of the Ordos Basin and its adjacent areas

    (a) Phase-Ⅰ uplift; (b) Phase-Ⅱ uplift
    The grey area represents the time limit for rapid cooling

    图  10  鄂尔多斯盆地西缘及其邻区中生代隆升模式图

    a—晚三叠世—早侏罗世;b—中侏罗世—早白垩世

    Figure  10.  Mesozoic uplift model of the west edge of the Ordos Basin and its adjacent areas

    (a) Late Triassic-Early Jurassic; (b) Middle Jurassic-Early Cretaceous

    表  1  牛首山—罗山地区AFT测试分析数据表

    Table  1.   AFT test analysis data table for the Niushoushan-Luoshan area

    样品号 采样坐标 高程/m 采样点 采样
    地层
    颗粒数/n ρs(Ns)/(105/cm2) ρi(Ni)/(105/cm2) ρd(Nd)/(105/cm2) P(χ2)/% 中值年龄
    ±1σ/Ma
    L(N)/μm
    EXC049 37°45′23″N
    105°59′08″E
    1365 牛首山 O2mb 28 7.072(942) 11.247(1498) 10.474(7312) 83.50 136±10 12.7±1.6(105)
    EXC050 37°45′19″N
    105°59′12″E
    1419 牛首山 O2mb 28 6.334(1366) 10.780(2325) 10.477(7312) 0.15 121±10 12.9±1.4(104)
    EXC052 37°45′54″N
    105°59′14″E
    1528 牛首山 O2mb 28 4.595(716) 6.835(1065) 10.330(7312) 48.00 141±12 12.8±1.4(114)
    EXC053 37°46′05″N
    105°59′15″E
    1635 牛首山 O2mb 28 6.068(1134) 11.859(2216) 10.481(7312) 8.30 111±8 12.7±1.3(103)
    EXC055 37°46′21″N
    105°59′05″E
    1762 牛首山 O2mb 28 4.680(1064) 8.629(1962) 10.179(7312) 34.40 114±8 12.5±1.7(106)
    EXC214 37°18′14″N
    106°16′55″E
    2610 罗山 O2mb 4 13.449(138) 19.555(204) 10.477(7312) 44.00 146±18
    EXC215 37°18′16″N
    106°17′02″E
    2564 罗山 O2mb 28 7.864(824) 12.950(1357) 10.475(7312) 45.80 131±10 12.3±1.8(107)
    EXC217 37°17′01″N
    106°16′56″E
    2435 罗山 O2mb 14 6.634(566) 9.939(848) 10.473(7312) 51.30 144±12 12.7±1.7(119)
    EXC219 37°15′46″N
    106°16′38″E
    2174 罗山 O2mb 28 5.775(1489) 8.680(2238) 10.470(7312) 10.20 143±11 12.6±2.5(103)
    备注:n为样品颗粒数;ρsρiρd分别为样品的自发裂变径迹密度、诱发裂变径迹密度和标准铀玻璃产生在白云母外探测器上的诱发裂变径迹密度;NsNiNd分别为与ρsρiρd相对应的径迹数目;P(χ2)为χ2统计值;N为所测径迹数目。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  代表性样品磷灰石热史模拟检测K-S值与Age GOF值统计表

    Table  2.   Statistical of K-S value and Age GOF value of the thermal history simulation test for representative samples of apatite

    样品号 K-S值 模拟径迹长度/μm 实测径迹长度/μm Age GOF值 模拟年龄值/Ma 实测年龄值/Ma
    EXC049 0.45 12.95±1.43 12.67±1.56 0.95 136 136±10
    EXC050 0.39 13.15±1.40 12.93±1.37 1.00 127 127±9
    EXC052 0.54 12.92±1.40 12.81±1.38 1.00 143 143±11
    EXC055 0.56 12.56±1.85 12.48±1.71 0.99 114 114±8
    EXC215 0.42 12.81±1.64 12.33±1.82 0.99 141 140±10
    EXC217 0.35 12.91±1.65 12.68±1.74 0.98 143 144±12
    备注:K-S值表示径迹长度与实测值的吻合程度;Age GOF值是模拟年龄值与测试年龄值的吻合程度;若K-S值、Age GOF值均大于0.05,表明结果比较可信,若二者均大于0.5,表明结果可信。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  鄂尔多斯西缘南部已有AFT热史模拟样品数据

    Table  3.   AFT thermal history simulation sample data in the southern part of the western edge of the Ordos Basin

    采样区域 样品号 采样地层 岩性 年龄/Ma 径迹长度/μm P(χ2)/% 文献来源
    海原 9-4 Pz 花岗岩 130±7 12.2±2.0 20.00 Lin et al., 2011
    海原 HFE11 Pz 花岗岩 132.7±7.2 12.28±0.2 - Duvall et al., 2013
    石沟驿 SG16 T 砂岩 89±6 12.6±2.0 0.10 马静辉和何登发, 2019
    SG24 T 砂岩 79±5 12.8±2.1 0.90
    CS40 T 砂岩 91±6 12.7±2.0 0.00
    MS44 K 砂岩 72±5 13.1±1.6 5.60
    罗山 LS88 T 砂岩 72±4 12.8±2.1 75.90
    海原 HY-1 T 砂岩 116.6±5.2 13.65±1.05 97.43
    HY-2 T 砂岩 110.1±4.9 13.51±1.00 85.78
    HY-3 J 砂岩 117.6±4.4 13.55±1.11 24.12
    平凉 XY-1 T 砂岩 158.5±12.1 13.79±1.16 18.76 彭恒, 2020
    XY-2 T 砂岩 157.1±9.3 13.68±1.2 71.03
    XY-3 T 砂岩 168.7±10.4 13.45±0.94 94.48
    月亮山 HSZ-1 Pz 花岗岩 158.4±8.9 13.13±1.09 91.69
    HSZ-2 Pz 花岗岩 145±11.2 12.67±1.07 36.76
    平凉 XY3 T 砂岩 168.7±10.4 12.24±0.16 94.48 王建强等, 2020
    鄂尔多斯南缘 WB5 T 砂岩 172.9±7.6 11.9±0.2 15.93 Zhang et al., 2018
    WB6 T 砂岩 185.6±7.9 12.3±0.4 24.05
    备注:表中采样区域按图 8中出现的地名进行划分,具体采样地点见样品对应的参考文献
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-07
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-21
  • 录用日期:  2023-06-26

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