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新疆库车盆地康村地区砂岩型铜矿成矿模式研究

蔡厚安 高海欧 范世家 肖文进 张磊

蔡厚安, 高海欧, 范世家, 等, 2022. 新疆库车盆地康村地区砂岩型铜矿成矿模式研究. 地质力学学报, 28 (1): 78-89. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20222805
引用本文: 蔡厚安, 高海欧, 范世家, 等, 2022. 新疆库车盆地康村地区砂岩型铜矿成矿模式研究. 地质力学学报, 28 (1): 78-89. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20222805
CAI Houan, GAO Haiou, FAN Shijia, et al., 2022. The metallogenic model of the sandstone-type copper deposits in the Kangcun area, Kuqa Basin, Xinjiang. Journal of Geomechanics, 28 (1): 78-89. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20222805
Citation: CAI Houan, GAO Haiou, FAN Shijia, et al., 2022. The metallogenic model of the sandstone-type copper deposits in the Kangcun area, Kuqa Basin, Xinjiang. Journal of Geomechanics, 28 (1): 78-89. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20222805

新疆库车盆地康村地区砂岩型铜矿成矿模式研究

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.20222805
基金项目: 

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20160001

详细信息
    作者简介:

    蔡厚安(1981-), 男, 博士, 高级工程师, 主要从事有色金属勘探和研究方面的工作。E-mail: tonnycha@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P618.41

The metallogenic model of the sandstone-type copper deposits in the Kangcun area, Kuqa Basin, Xinjiang

Funds: 

the Geological Survey Project of China Geological Survey DD20160001

  • 摘要: 新疆库车盆地分布着一系列砂岩型铜矿床和矿点,文章在野外调查的基础上开展康村地区铜矿沉积环境和成矿模式研究,总结了区内沉积环境、沉积相与铜矿化体的配置关系,进而探讨了矿化成因和成矿模式。结果表明:康村地区新近系中可以识别出主要的沉积相类型有冲积扇相、扇三角洲相和湖泊相,以及5种亚相和7种微相。砂岩型铜矿化与沉积环境相关,矿(化)体主要分布在扇三角洲平原相和扇三角洲前缘相。2件样品LA-ICP-MS测年数据分别为427.4±6.6 Ma、387.3±3.3 Ma和424.6±2.3 Ma、279.9±6.8 Ma,表明康村地区中新统吉迪克组(N1j)含铜砂砾岩的物源主要来自于库车盆地北西南天山造山带古生代晚志留世至早二叠世地质演化所形成的地层和岩浆岩产物。康村地区的矿化类型为砂岩型铜矿化,深部铜富集为硫酸盐热化学还原作用(TSR)型矿化成因,近地表矿化为后期盆地地上和地下卤水改造成因。库车盆地康村地区的铜矿化形成于新近系砂岩成岩之后,为后生富集,主要受新近纪后期断裂构造及后生卤水控制。

     

  • 图  1  库车盆地构造分区、铜矿点分布及康村地区地质图

    Figure  1.  Maps showing the structural zoning and copper deposits distribution in the Kuqa basin and a geological map of the Kangcun area

    (a) Structural zoning map of the Kuqa basin (modified after Li et al, 2013); (b) Copper deposits distribution in the Kuqa basin (modified after Cao et al., 2010); (c) Geological map of the Kangcun area, Kuqa basin

    图  2  库车盆地康村地区砂岩型铜矿野外露头照片

    a—吉迪克组砂砾岩中的铜矿化; b—吉迪克组粗砂岩中的铜矿化; c—康村组砂岩中的交错层理; d—康村组泥质砂岩中的生物扰动痕迹; e—康村组砂岩中的褪色蚀变; f—康村组中的砂岩被石膏脉穿插; g—康村组矿体手标本; h—康村组砂、泥岩界面处的铜矿体; i—库车组露头, 砂、泥岩互层

    Figure  2.  Field outcrops of the sandstone-type copper deposits in the Kangcun area, Kuqa basin

    (a) Copper mineralization in conglomerates of the Jidike Formation; (b) Copper mineralization in coarse sandstones of the Jidike Formation; (c) Cross bedding in coarse sandstone of the Kangcun Formation; (d) Bioturbation traces in argillaceous sandstones of the Kangcun Formation; (e) Fading alteration in sandstones of the Kangcun Formation; (f) Coarse sandstones crossed by gypsum veins in the Kangcun Formation; (g) Hand specimen of the ore body in the Kangcun Formation; (h) Copper deposits at the interface between sandstone and mudstone in the Kangcun Formation; (i) Sandstone and mudstone interbedding in the Kuqa Formation

    图  3  库车盆地新近纪以来沉积相模式及沉积相分布(据李鑫等, 2013; 时文革等, 2015修改)

    a—冲积扇-扇三角洲-湖泊沉积模式图; b—库车组时期沉积相分布; c—康村组时期沉积相分布; d—吉迪克组时期沉积相分布

    Figure  3.  Sedimentary facies mode and distribution of sedimentary facies in the Kuqa basin since the Neogene (modified after Li et al., 2013; Shi et al., 2015)

    (a) Diagram showing the sedimentary mode of alluvial fan-fan delta-lake; (b) Distribution of sedimentary facies in the Kuqa Formation; (c) Distribution of sedimentary facies in the Kangcun Formation; (d) Distribution of sedimentary facies in the Jidike Formation

    图  4  盐水沟吉迪克组砂砾岩中分离火山碎屑锆石阴极发光照片、测年点位和结果图

    a—YSG-1样品火山碎屑锆石阴极发光照片和测年点位; b、c—YSG-1样品测年结果; d—YSG-2样品火山碎屑锆石阴极发光照片和测年点位; e、f—YSG-2样品测年结果

    Figure  4.  CL images, shrimp dating locations and results of pyroclastic zircons separated from sandstones of the Jidike Formation in the Yanshuigou area

    (a) CL image and Shrimp dating locations of the sample YSG-1;(b, c) Dating results of the sample YSG-1; (d) CL image and Shrimp dating locations of the sample YSG-2; (e, f) Dating results of the sample YSG-2

    图  5  库车盆地康村地区砂岩型铜矿成矿模式图(据张磊等, 2020修改)

    Figure  5.  Metallogenic model of sandstone-type copper deposits in the Kangcun area, Kuqa basin (modified after Zhang et al., 2020)

    表  1  库车前陆盆地康村地区沉积相划分

    Table  1.   Division of sedimentary facies in the Kangcun area, Kuqa foreland basin

    沉积体系 沉积相 亚相 微相 分布地层
    冲积扇-扇三角洲 冲积扇相 库车组、第四系
    扇三角洲相 扇三角洲平原 分流河道、分流间湾 吉迪克组—康村组
    扇三角洲前缘 水下分流河道、水下分流河道间、河口沙坝、前缘席状砂
    前扇三角洲
    湖泊 湖泊相 滨浅湖 吉迪克组—库车组
    膏岩湖 膏岩沉积
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-12
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