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广西西大明山矿集区德立铅锌矿床成矿时代及其找矿勘查启示

胡利娟 吴祥珂 乐兴文 余树青 张林炎 朱亿广 岑文攀

胡利娟,吴祥珂,乐兴文,等,2023. 广西西大明山矿集区德立铅锌矿床成矿时代及其找矿勘查启示[J]. 地质力学学报,29(1):76−86 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2022034
引用本文: 胡利娟,吴祥珂,乐兴文,等,2023. 广西西大明山矿集区德立铅锌矿床成矿时代及其找矿勘查启示[J]. 地质力学学报,29(1):76−86 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2022034
HU L J,WU X K,LE X W,et al.,2023. Dating the Deli Pb–Zn deposit, Xidamingshan mining district, South China: Implications for regional exploration[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,29(1):76−86 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2022034
Citation: HU L J,WU X K,LE X W,et al.,2023. Dating the Deli Pb–Zn deposit, Xidamingshan mining district, South China: Implications for regional exploration[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,29(1):76−86 doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2022034

广西西大明山矿集区德立铅锌矿床成矿时代及其找矿勘查启示

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2022034
基金项目: 广西关键矿产资源深部勘查人才小高地项目(桂组通字〔2019〕85号);中国地质科学院地质力学研究所基本科研业务项目(DZLXJK202203);中国地质调查局地调项目(DD20221600-3)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    胡利娟(1985—),女,工程师,从事矿山调查与环境评价研究。E-mail:343661884@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    吴祥珂(1987—),男,硕士,高级工程师,从事矿产勘查和基础地质研究工作。E-mail:405950925@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P611.1+1

Dating the Deli Pb–Zn deposit, Xidamingshan mining district, South China: Implications for regional exploration

Funds: This research is financially supported by the Project of the Deep Critical Mineral Exploration for Guangxi Talents(Grant No.2019-85), Research Fund of Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences (Grant DZLXJK202203), and the Geological Survey Program of the China Geological Survey (Grant DD20221600-3).
  • 摘要: 右江前陆盆地形成于华南板块向印支板块俯冲拼合过程中,保留了大量印支期构造形迹。然而盆地中印支期岩浆及其相关成矿作用鲜有报道。选择右江盆地东南缘西大明山矿集区新发现的与有机质关系密切的德立矿床为研究对象,采用闪锌矿Rb–Sr同位素等时线测年方法,获得德立矿床成矿时代为207.1 ± 0.6 Ma,表明该矿床形成于晚三叠世。Sr同位素初始比值(87Sr/86Sr)i为0.728379~0.739226,对比显示,闪锌矿Sr同位素组成与矿集区及周边晚白垩世长英质岩体、晚侏罗世高镁安山岩低Sr同位素组成具有明显差异,而与区域内三叠纪长英质岩体具有相似的Sr同位素组成,表明德立铅锌矿床成因可能与三叠纪岩浆关系密切,也暗示西大明山矿集区深部或周边存在隐伏三叠纪岩浆岩。此外,该矿床的矿体产出部位与富有机质地层关系密切,泥盆系和寒武系之间的硅钙界面破碎带是寻找铅锌矿床的有利位置。此次研究指示在西大明山矿集区不仅有晚白垩世铅锌成矿作用,矿集区西侧还存在印支期铅锌成矿作用,不排除在局部地区发育两期成矿作用的叠加,为今后矿集区找矿勘查拓展了新的思路和方向。

     

  • 图  1  右江盆地沉积建造−构造简图及研究区位置(据肖昌浩,2018修改)

    a—研究区大地构造位置图;b—右江盆地及邻区主要大地构造边界分布图;c—右江盆地沉积建造−构造图

    Figure  1.  The sedimentary formation and structures of the Youjiang basin, and the location of the study area (modifided from Xiao, 2018)

    (a) Tectonic map of Asia showing continental blocks and bounding sutures; (b) Distribution of major tectonic boundaries of the Youjiang basin and adjacent areas; (c) Sedimentary formation and structures of the Youjiang basin

    图  2  广西西大明山矿集区大地构造位置图及地质简图(据肖昌浩等,2018a修改)

    Figure  2.  Geological sketch map of the Xidamingshan mining district along the southeastern margin of the Youjiang basin (modified from Xiao et al., 2018a)

    图  3  广西西大明山矿集区德立铅锌矿床地质图

    Figure  3.  Geological map of the Deli Pb–Zn deposit, Xidamingshan mining district

    图  4  广西西大明山矿集区德立铅锌矿床钻孔中含矿破碎带特征

    a—ZK01含矿破碎带,底板为富有机质碳质泥灰岩(ZK01H26-1采自第13箱112.5 m处);b—ZK02含矿破碎带,石英闪锌矿脉产于破碎带

    Figure  4.  Characteristics of the ore-bearing fractures from the drill cores in the Deli Pb–Zn deposit, Xidamingshan mining district

    (a) Ore-bearing fractures of ZK01 with organic-rich carbonaceous marl at the base (ZK01H26-1 sampled from the 13th box at 112.5 m); (b) Ore-bearing fractures of ZK02 with quartz sphalerite veins produced within

    图  5  右江盆地东南缘西大明山矿集区德立铅锌矿床闪锌矿Rb–Sr同位素等时线年龄

    Figure  5.  Rb–Sr isocron ages of sphalreites from the Deli Pb–Zn deposit of the Xidamingshan mining district, southeast of the Youjiang basin

    图  6  德立铅锌矿床闪锌矿1/Rb−87Rb/86Sr和1/Sr−87Sr/86Sr投图

    a—1/Rb−87Rb/86Sr;b—1/Sr−87Sr/86Sr

    Figure  6.  Plots of 1/Rb−87Rb/86Sr and 1/Sr−87Sr/86Sr of sphalerites from the Deli Pb−Zn deposit

    (a)The 1/Rb−87Rb/86Sr plot; (b) The 1/Sr−87Sr/86Sr plot

    表  1  德立铅锌矿床闪锌矿Rb-Sr同位素测试结果

    Table  1.   Rb-Sr isotopic analyses of sphalreites from the Deli Pb–Zn deposit of the Xidamingshan mining district

    样号矿物名称Rb/(μg/g)Sr/(μg/g)87Rb/86Sr87Sr/86Sr87Sr/86Sr)i2σ
    ZK02-1闪锌矿0.20685.10600.11750.7300710.7300680.000006
    ZK02-2闪锌矿1.53302.12602.09200.7358990.7358370.000006
    ZK02-3闪锌矿0.27330.24333.26000.7393220.7392260.000017
    ZK01-1闪锌矿0.21950.20543.09900.7284700.7283790.000015
    ZK01-2闪锌矿0.10490.17981.69200.7295630.7295130.000011
    ZK01-3闪锌矿0.40986.96200.17070.7313180.7313130.000009
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-18
  • 修回日期:  2022-06-15
  • 录用日期:  2022-07-05
  • 预出版日期:  2022-08-11

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