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渤海莱州湾凹陷不同类型烃源岩活化能影响因素分析

王波 张铜耀 史长林 王晓东 宋建坤 程焱 刘博阳 李阔

王波, 张铜耀, 史长林, 等, 2022. 渤海莱州湾凹陷不同类型烃源岩活化能影响因素分析. 地质力学学报, 28 (3): 492-500. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021156
引用本文: 王波, 张铜耀, 史长林, 等, 2022. 渤海莱州湾凹陷不同类型烃源岩活化能影响因素分析. 地质力学学报, 28 (3): 492-500. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021156
WANG Bo, ZHANG Tongyao, SHI Changlin, et al., 2022. A study of factors influencing activation energy of different types of source rocks in the Laizhou Bay Sag, Bohai Sea. Journal of Geomechanics, 28 (3): 492-500. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021156
Citation: WANG Bo, ZHANG Tongyao, SHI Changlin, et al., 2022. A study of factors influencing activation energy of different types of source rocks in the Laizhou Bay Sag, Bohai Sea. Journal of Geomechanics, 28 (3): 492-500. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021156

渤海莱州湾凹陷不同类型烃源岩活化能影响因素分析

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021156
基金项目: 

“十三五”国家科技重大专项 2016ZX05024-003

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王波(1980—), 女, 硕士, 工程师, 从事有机地化实验分析评价。E-mail: wangbo6@cnooc.com.cn

  • 中图分类号: TE122.1

A study of factors influencing activation energy of different types of source rocks in the Laizhou Bay Sag, Bohai Sea

Funds: 

the “13th Five-Year Plan” for the Development of National Science and Technology 2016ZX05024-003

  • 摘要: 选取不同干酪根类型的低熟烃源岩作为剖析对象,从干酪根类型、干酪根中有机硫含量、可溶有机质和黏土矿物对烃源岩活化能的影响进行研究,结果表明:Ⅱ1和Ⅰ干酪根活化能分布范围窄,Ⅱ2和Ⅲ干酪根活化能分布范围宽,干酪根平均活化能Ⅲ>Ⅱ2>Ⅰ>Ⅱ1;有机硫含量高的干酪根平均活化能低,有机硫对烃源岩生烃起催化作用;可溶有机质的存在影响烃源岩平均活化能的大小和分布特征,可溶有机质分布在活化能低值区间,对烃源岩生烃起催化作用;烃源岩黏土矿物中伊/蒙混层含量高,平均活化能高;伊利石含量高,平均活化能低,伊利石对烃源岩生烃起催化作用。

     

  • 图  1  渤海莱州湾凹陷构造平面分布图

    Figure  1.  Structural plane of the Laizhou Bay Sag, Bohai Sea

    图  2  不同类型干酪根活化能分布图

    a—Ⅰ型干酪根活化能分布范围;b—Ⅱ1型干酪根活化能分布范围;c—Ⅱ2型干酪根活化能分布范围;d—Ⅲ型干酪根活化能分布范围

    Figure  2.  Activation energy distribution ranges in different types of kerogens

    (a)Activation energy range of Ⅰ type of kerogen; (b)Activation energy range of Ⅱ1 type of kerogen; (c)Activation energy range of Ⅱ2 type of kerogen; (d)Activation energy range of Ⅲ type of kerogen

    图  3  抽提可溶有机质后不同类型烃源岩平均活化能与黏土矿物含量

    Figure  3.  Correlation of average activation energy and clay minerals contents in different types of extracted source rocks

    表  1  不同类型烃源岩地球化学数据

    Table  1.   Geochemical data of different types of source rocks

    编号 样品类型 RO/ % S1/ (mg/g) TOC/ % HI/ (mg/g) S1+S2/ (mg/g) H/C O/C 腐泥组/ % 壳质组/ % 镜质组+ 惰质组/% 类型指数 干酪根类型
    1 岩屑 0.40 0.13 0.30 233 0.83 / / 3 41 56 -21
    2 岩屑 0.45 0.21 0.66 208 1.58 0.88 0.22 8 73 19 29 2
    3 岩屑 0.54 1.73 2.37 423 11.76 0.99 0.15 68 23 9 72 1
    4 岩屑 0.61 1.77 3.50 546 20.89 1.17 0.12 76 21 3 84
    5 岩屑 0.60 1.36 4.43 598 27.83 1.07 0.11 50 46 4 70 1
    6 岩屑 0.49 3.10 5.39 713 41.53 1.26 0.06 92 7 1 95
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同类型干酪根活化能数据

    Table  2.   Activation energy data of different types of unextracted source rocks

    编号 干酪根类型 Emin-max/ (kJ/mol) 干酪根平均活化能/ (kJ/mol) RO/ %
    1 205~322 268 0.4
    2 2 159~284 261 0.45
    3 1 142~217 209 0.54
    4 213~230 227 0.61
    5 1 147~220 218 0.6
    6 219~241 237 0.49
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同类型烃源岩氯仿沥青“A”含量与抽提前后活化能数据

    Table  3.   Chloroform asphatt "A" values and activation energy values before and after the extraction in different types of source rocks

    编号 干酪根类型 Emin-maxSE/(kJ/mol) Emin-max/(kJ/mol) Emin-max/(kJ/mol) 平均活化能/(kJ/mol) 氯仿沥青“A”/%
    可溶有机质 未抽提 抽提后 未抽提 抽提后
    1 197~212 197~322 212~330 243 255 0.09
    2 2 117~134 117~235 134~251 229 251 0.08
    3 1 138~189 138~214 189~231 192 201 0.28
    4 176~219 176~226 219~234 200 220 0.44
    5 1 147~210 147~210 210~222 198 210 0.37
    6 184~218 184~226 218~230 211 228 0.47
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同类型干酪根活化能与干酪根有机硫含量

    Table  4.   Activation energy values and kerogen organic sulfur contents in different types of kerogens

    编号 干酪根类型 干酪根硫含量/% 抽提后干酪根平均活化能/(kJ/mol)
    1 2.2 268
    2 2 2.6 261
    3 1 7.7 209
    4 10.3 227
    5 1 11.3 218
    6 10.1 237
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同类型烃源岩活化能与黏土矿物含量

    Table  5.   Activation energy values and clay mineral contents in different types of source rocks

    编号 干酪根类型 蒙脱石/ % 高岭石/ % 绿泥石/ % 伊利石/ % 伊/蒙混层/ % 抽提可溶有机质后烃源岩平均活化能/(kJ/mol) 抽提后干酪根平均活化能/(kJ/mol)
    1 0 5 4 30 61 255 268
    2 2 0 7 7 29 57 251 261
    3 1 0 7 4 36 53 201 209
    4 0 4 2 42 52 220 227
    5 1 0 5 3 37 55 210 218
    6 0 9 3 33 55 228 237
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-04
  • 修回日期:  2022-02-25

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