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西南极岩浆作用及构造演化

郑光高 刘晓春 赵越 裴军令

郑光高, 刘晓春, 赵越, 等, 2021. 西南极岩浆作用及构造演化. 地质力学学报, 27 (5): 821-834. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.067
引用本文: 郑光高, 刘晓春, 赵越, 等, 2021. 西南极岩浆作用及构造演化. 地质力学学报, 27 (5): 821-834. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.067
ZHENG Guanggao, LIU Xiaochun, ZHAO Yue, et al., 2021. Magmatism and tectonic evolution of West Antarctica. Journal of Geomechanics, 27 (5): 821-834. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.067
Citation: ZHENG Guanggao, LIU Xiaochun, ZHAO Yue, et al., 2021. Magmatism and tectonic evolution of West Antarctica. Journal of Geomechanics, 27 (5): 821-834. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.067

西南极岩浆作用及构造演化

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.067
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41802066

国家自然科学基金项目 41941004

国家自然科学基金项目 41930218

中国地质科学院基本科研业务费项目 DZLXJK202102

详细信息
    作者简介:

    郑光高(1987-), 男, 博士, 助理研究员, 从事西南极岩石大地构造学等研究工作。E-mail: tiangang755@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P588;P728.2

Magmatism and tectonic evolution of West Antarctica

Funds: 

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41802066

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41941004

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41930218

the Fundamental Research Funds of the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences (CAGS) DZLXJK202102

  • 摘要: 西南极主要由哈格冰原岛峰群、南极半岛、瑟斯顿岛、玛丽·伯德地和埃尔斯沃思-惠特莫尔山脉五个各具特色的地壳块体组成。通过综述上述各块体主要的岩浆事件及其构造意义,旨在了解西南极的地质演化过程。西南极最古老的岩石为哈格冰原岛峰群地块的前寒武纪正片麻岩,时代为1238 Ma,记录了中元古代弧岩浆作用,其余四个地块记录了~500 Ma以来的地质演化过程。古生代时期,埃尔斯沃思-惠特莫尔山脉地块处于快速沉降的陆相断陷盆地环境,岩浆活动稀少,与罗斯造山运动形成的弧后伸展有关;玛丽·伯德地地块中—晚古生代发育一套与板块汇聚有关的岩浆作用,形成于活动大陆边缘环境;而南极半岛-瑟斯顿岛地块记录了石炭纪—二叠纪时期弧的发育。各地块的构造背景从侏罗纪开始明显分化,埃尔斯沃思-惠特莫尔山脉地块记录了侏罗纪板内岩浆作用,可能与大火成岩省有关;玛丽·伯德地地块发育的侏罗纪—早白垩世Ⅰ型弧岩浆岩随时间转变为白垩纪中期的A型碱性岩浆岩,经历了由俯冲向裂解机制的转变;南极半岛-瑟斯顿岛地块侏罗纪—白垩纪为弧岩浆活动活跃期,同时也有大火成岩省火山活动的记录,是持续俯冲和裂解相互作用的产物。新生代岩浆作用以南极半岛地块为代表,弧岩浆作用持续到始新世,其时空分布特征与左行错断扩张脊的分段俯冲和碰撞有关。

     

  • 图  1  南极洲大地构造单元划分(据Elliot, 1975修改)

    AP—南极半岛地块;EWM—埃尔斯沃思-惠特莫尔山脉地块;HN—哈格冰原岛峰群地块;MBL—玛丽·伯德地地块;TI—瑟斯顿岛地块

    Figure  1.  Division of the geotectonic units of Antarctica (modified after Elliot, 1975)

    AP-Antarctic Peninsula; EWM-Ellsworth-Whitmore Mountains; HN-Haag Nunataks; MBL-Marie Byrd Land; TI-Thurston Island

    图  2  哈格冰原岛峰群及埃尔斯沃思-惠特莫尔山脉地块位置图(据Flowerdew et al., 2007a修改)

    Figure  2.  Location map for Haag Nunataks and the Ellsworth-Whitmore Mountains block (modified after Flowerdew et al., 2007a)

    图  3  玛丽·伯德地地块位置图(据Mukasa and Dalziel, 2000修改)

    Figure  3.  Location map for the Marie Byrd Land block (modified after Mukasa and Dalziel, 2000)

    图  4  南极半岛地块地质简图(据Vaughan and Storey, 2000郑光高等,2015修改)

    Figure  4.  Geological sketch map of the Antarctic Peninsula block (modified after Vaughan and Storey, 2000; Zheng et al., 2015)

    图  5  瑟斯顿岛地块位置图(据Riley et al., 2017b修改)

    Figure  5.  Location map for the Thurston Island block (modified after Riley et al., 2017b)

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-30
  • 修回日期:  2021-08-30
  • 预出版日期:  2021-12-31
  • 刊出日期:  2021-10-28

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