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塔里木盆地中央隆起带东段“帚状构造”特征及其形成动力学机制

吕宝凤 吴琼 杨永强

吕宝凤, 吴琼, 杨永强, 2019. 塔里木盆地中央隆起带东段“帚状构造”特征及其形成动力学机制. 地质力学学报, 25 (6): 1025-1035. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.06.085
引用本文: 吕宝凤, 吴琼, 杨永强, 2019. 塔里木盆地中央隆起带东段“帚状构造”特征及其形成动力学机制. 地质力学学报, 25 (6): 1025-1035. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.06.085
LYU Baofeng, WU Qiong, YANG Yongqiang, 2019. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE 'BRUSH STRUCTURE SYSTEM' AND A PRIMARY ANALYSIS ON ITS FORMATION DYNAMIC MECHANISM IN THE EASTERN CENTRAL UPLIFT BELT, TARIM BASIN. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (6): 1025-1035. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.06.085
Citation: LYU Baofeng, WU Qiong, YANG Yongqiang, 2019. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE "BRUSH STRUCTURE SYSTEM" AND A PRIMARY ANALYSIS ON ITS FORMATION DYNAMIC MECHANISM IN THE EASTERN CENTRAL UPLIFT BELT, TARIM BASIN. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (6): 1025-1035. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.06.085

塔里木盆地中央隆起带东段“帚状构造”特征及其形成动力学机制

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.06.085
基金项目: 

中国石油重大科技专项 34400008-15-ZC0607

详细信息
    作者简介:

    吕宝凤(1962-), 男, 博士, 教授, 主要从事盆地构造与油气成藏综合研究。E-mail:lbf6268@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P551

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE "BRUSH STRUCTURE SYSTEM" AND A PRIMARY ANALYSIS ON ITS FORMATION DYNAMIC MECHANISM IN THE EASTERN CENTRAL UPLIFT BELT, TARIM BASIN

  • 摘要: 断裂是塔中隆起带东段构造变形的主要方式,也是控制油气成藏与分布的重要因素,其形成机制和过程一直存有争议。文章从李四光教授构造体系理论出发,通过综合解析塔中隆起带东段断裂的几何学、运动学及动力学特征,探讨了塔里木盆地中央隆起带东部"帚状构造体系"形成的地球动力学模型。研究结果显示:塔里木盆地古生代以来受天山、西昆仑山和阿尔金山三大褶皱山系的影响,伴随盆地三个"伸展-聚敛"构造旋回的发展和演化;中央隆起带东段的塔中Ⅰ号断裂、塔中10号断裂、塔中Ⅱ号断裂和卡塔克南缘断裂等断裂于加里东早期产生,并于随后多次活动,它们在剖面上呈现"Y"字型结构,平面上向东南收敛、向西北撒开,和南侧的塘南断裂及车尔臣断裂共同构成"帚状构造"体系;加里东运动以来,该构造体系先后经历了张扭性(加里东早期)→压扭性(加里东中期)→张扭性(海西早起)→压扭性(海西晚期)两大应力场的转换,并于海西晚期基本定型,同时在其周邻地区产生北东、北东东向的次级的、低序次的断裂体系。

     

  • 图  1  塔里木盆地与周缘造山系卫星影像图(据文献[11]修改)

    Figure  1.  Satellite image of the Tarim basin and its surrounding orogens(modified after reference [11])

    图  2  典型“帚状构造”组成及其次生低序次构造匹配关系[14]

    Figure  2.  The composition of typical "brush structure" and its matching relation of lower order structures[14]

    图  3  塔里木盆地断裂分布与帚状构造位置[6, 16]

    ①—喀拉玉儿滚断裂;②—库姆格列木断裂;③—秋里塔格断裂;④—亚南断裂;⑤—轮台断裂;⑥—乌什断裂;⑦—沙井子断裂;⑧—阿恰断裂;⑨—土木休克断裂;⑩—卡拉沙依断裂;⑪—色力布亚断裂;⑫—海米罗斯断裂;⑬—玛扎塔格断裂;⑭—乔硝而盖断裂;⑮—古董山断裂;⑯—柯坪塔格断裂;⑰—皮羌断裂;⑱—塔中Ⅰ号断裂;⑲—卡塔克南缘断裂;⑳—塔中10号断裂;㉑—塔中Ⅱ号断裂;㉒—塘南断裂;㉓—孔雀河断裂;㉔—群克断裂;㉕—尉犁断裂;㉖—龙口断裂;㉗—塔东断裂;㉘—铁克里克断裂;㉙—和田断裂;㉚—康苏米亚断裂;㉛—阿尔金断裂;㉜—车儿臣断裂;㉝—民丰断裂;㉞—若羌断裂

    Figure  3.  Faults distribution and the position of the "brush structure system" in the Tarim basin[6, 16]

    图  4  塔东“帚状”构造横剖面及其演化过程图[6, 16](剖面位置见图 3)

    Figure  4.  Profile of the "brush structure system" and its evolutionary process[6, 16] (location is shown in Fig. 3)

    图  5  塔东隆起东部帚状构造张扭阶段动力学模型

    Figure  5.  Dynamic model of tenso-shear stage of the "brush structure system" in eastern Tarim basin

    图  6  塔东隆起东部帚状构造压扭阶段动力学模型

    Figure  6.  Dynamic model of the compresso-shear stage of the "brush structure system" in eastern Tarim basin

    表  1  塔里木盆地层序格架与构造旋回综合划分表(据文献[6]修编)

    Table  1.   Sequence stratigraphic framework and tectonic cycle in the Tarim basin(modified after reference[6])

    表  2  塔中隆起东部地区主干断裂要素表[6]

    Table  2.   Elements of main faults in central area of the Tarim basin[6]

    断裂名称 性质 走向 倾向 断开层位 延伸距离/km
    塔中Ⅰ号断裂 先正后逆兼走滑 东西 南西 Z-S 240
    塔中10号断裂 先正后逆兼走滑 东西 北东 Z-S 90
    塔中Ⅱ号断裂 先正后逆兼走滑 东西 北东 Z-P 120
    卡塔克南断裂 先正后逆兼走滑 北西西 北东 Z-S 60
    车尔臣断裂 先正后逆兼走滑 北西西 北东 Z-Kz 140
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-06-22
  • 修回日期:  2019-10-31
  • 刊出日期:  2019-12-31

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