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中国北方地区构造体系控盆作用与控油分布规律

康玉柱 邢树文 李会军 王宗秀 康志宏 李春麟 张林炎

康玉柱, 邢树文, 李会军, 等, 2019. 中国北方地区构造体系控盆作用与控油分布规律. 地质力学学报, 25 (6): 1013-1024. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.06.084
引用本文: 康玉柱, 邢树文, 李会军, 等, 2019. 中国北方地区构造体系控盆作用与控油分布规律. 地质力学学报, 25 (6): 1013-1024. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.06.084
KANG Yuzhu, XING Shuwen, LI Huijun, et al., 2019. FEATURES OF STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS IN NORTHERN CHINA AND ITS CONTROL ON BASIN AND HYDROCARBON DISTRIBUTION. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (6): 1013-1024. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.06.084
Citation: KANG Yuzhu, XING Shuwen, LI Huijun, et al., 2019. FEATURES OF STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS IN NORTHERN CHINA AND ITS CONTROL ON BASIN AND HYDROCARBON DISTRIBUTION. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (6): 1013-1024. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.06.084

中国北方地区构造体系控盆作用与控油分布规律

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.06.084
基金项目: 

中国地质调查项目 DD20190085

详细信息
    作者简介:

    康玉柱(1936-), 男, 中国工程院院士, 石油地质学家。E-mail:kangyz@pepris.com

  • 中图分类号: P618.13

FEATURES OF STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS IN NORTHERN CHINA AND ITS CONTROL ON BASIN AND HYDROCARBON DISTRIBUTION

  • 摘要: 在应用地质力学方法系统划分中国北方地区含油气盆地构造体系的基础上,开展构造体系控盆、控油气源区、控油气聚集带、地应力控制油气、低次序扭动构造控制油气田研究。研究结果表明,中国北方地区主要发育新华夏系、西域系、纬向系、祁吕贺兰山字型等构造体系,控制了塔里木盆地、鄂尔多斯盆地、松辽盆地等大型含油气盆地的成生发展。构造体系具有六个特征:阶段性、迁移性、继承性、差异性、转换性和复杂性。构造体系在多个方面控制油气分布,包括构造体系多级控制油气、构造体系叠加控制油气、构造体系复合联合控制油气、构造体系多期控制油气、低序次扭动构造控制油气田分布等。以构造体系控油为主线,综合考虑油气成藏条件,指出了油气聚集有利区。在优选的有利区中相继获得了新的油气重大突破和发现,证实构造体系控油研究及油气聚集有利区预测的科学性、准确性。这些有利区也是今后较长时期内油气勘探的主要目标。

     

  • 图  1  中国北方地区主要构造体系略图

    1—纬向构造体系;2—经向构造体系;3—华夏系;4—新华夏系;5—西域系;6—河西系;7—青藏川滇反S型构造;8—山字型及弧形构造;9—西域构造体系控制的油区;10—新华夏构造体系控制的油区;11—帕米尔—喜马拉雅反S型构造体系控制的油区

    Figure  1.  Main structural system in northern China

    图  2  新华夏构造体系略图

    Ⅰ—第一沉降带; Ⅱ—第二沉降带; Ⅲ—第三沉降带

    Figure  2.  Sketch of Neocathaysian structural system

    图  3  祁吕贺兰山字型构造体系略图

    Figure  3.  Sketch of Qi-Lyu-He epsilon-type structure system

    图  4  鄂尔多斯盆地上古生界气田与烃源岩关系图

    Figure  4.  Relationship between upper Paleozoic gas field and source rock in the Ordos basin

    图  5  鄂尔多斯盆地中生界油田与烃源岩关系图

    Figure  5.  Relationship between Mesozoic oil field and source rock in the Ordos basin

    图  6  塔里木盆地塔中1井—满参1井—库南2井构造剖面图

    Figure  6.  Structural section of the Tazhong No.1 well, Mancan No.1 well and Kunan No.2 well in the Tarim basin

    表  1  中国北方地区主要构造体系与含油气盆地关系表

    Table  1.   Relationship between petroliferous basins and structure system in northern China

    纬向系 西域系 华夏系 新华夏系 经向系 反S型 山字型
    塔里木
    鄂尔多斯
    松辽
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  中国北方地区主要盆地内构造体系控油作用表

    Table  2.   Structural systems in northern China controlling on hydrocarbon

    盆地 一级油气源区(坳陷) 一级油气富集带(隆起和斜坡)
    塔里木 库车坳陷(EW)、阿—满坳陷(NW)、喀什—叶城坳陷(NW、反S、EW)、且末断陷(反S) 库车前陆断褶带—沙雅隆起(EW)、巴楚隆起—卡塔克隆起(NW)、古城墟(NE)、麦盖提斜坡(NW)、孔雀河斜坡(NW)
    鄂尔多斯 伊陕斜坡—天环坳陷(SN)、渭河坳陷(EW) 伊陕斜坡(SN)、西缘逆冲带(SN)、渭北隆起(EW)
    松辽 中央坳陷(NNE) 大庆长垣及西部斜坡(NNE)
    下载: 导出CSV
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