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渤海海峡跨海通道围岩条件探查与施工方法分析

乔二伟 彭华 马秀敏

乔二伟, 彭华, 马秀敏, 2019. 渤海海峡跨海通道围岩条件探查与施工方法分析. 地质力学学报, 25 (4): 563-573. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.04.055
引用本文: 乔二伟, 彭华, 马秀敏, 2019. 渤海海峡跨海通道围岩条件探查与施工方法分析. 地质力学学报, 25 (4): 563-573. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.04.055
QIAO Erwei, PENG Hua, MA Xiumin, 2019. THE SURROUNDING ROCK CONDITION EXPLORATION AND CONSTRUCTION METHOD ANALYSIS OF CROSS-BOHAI STRAIT PASSAGE. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (4): 563-573. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.04.055
Citation: QIAO Erwei, PENG Hua, MA Xiumin, 2019. THE SURROUNDING ROCK CONDITION EXPLORATION AND CONSTRUCTION METHOD ANALYSIS OF CROSS-BOHAI STRAIT PASSAGE. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (4): 563-573. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.04.055

渤海海峡跨海通道围岩条件探查与施工方法分析

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.04.055
基金项目: 

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20190290

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20190546

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20160149

详细信息
    作者简介:

    乔二伟(1970-), 男, 博士、副研究员, 从事地应力与地壳稳定性、海洋地质、岩石物理学等方面的研究。E-mail:qewzq@163.com

    通讯作者:

    彭华(1964-), 男, 博士、研究员, 从事地应力、地应力测量与监测、地学仪器设备研制, 岩石力学等方面的研究。E-mail:13911661856@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P539;P642.3;TU94

THE SURROUNDING ROCK CONDITION EXPLORATION AND CONSTRUCTION METHOD ANALYSIS OF CROSS-BOHAI STRAIT PASSAGE

  • 摘要: 渤海海峡跨海通道是连接中国山东半岛与辽东半岛重要的交通运输干线工程,该通道的建成对于推动环渤海地区经济的快速发展及振兴东北老工业基地具有重要意义。而通道区域的围岩条件及岩石的力学性质对于该工程施工方案的优选十分重要。通过区域地质调查、海域地层钻探和地层剖面实测以及岩石力学性质分析表明:通道区域内出露的地层从上到下依次为第四系、新近系与上元古界;其中第四系厚10~120 m,主要是一些松散的沉积物,没有隔水层,稳定性差;新近系不发育,仅在局部地区零星分布,主要由大孔隙的玄武岩构成,其抗压强度等岩石力学性质指标偏低,且低于正常值;而上元古界则由石英岩与石英岩互层的板岩和千枚岩构成,石英岩稳定、坚硬,抗压强度和抗剪强度大,板岩和千枚岩属于软质岩石,遇水易软化。因此,在已有的"全隧道"和"南桥北隧"两种方案基础上,建议渤海海峡跨海通道"北隧"段采用深埋隧道法,即该隧道不仅应穿越上部的第四系和新近系,还要穿越上元古界与石英岩互层的的板岩和千枚岩,而设置于石英岩中。根据通常采用的利用围岩确定隧道最小埋深的挪威法,建议北段隧道的最小埋深应在65 m左右。另外,由于石英岩比较坚硬,因此,渤海海峡跨海通道工程宜采用钻爆法和TBM法进行施工。

     

  • 图  1  研究区的构造地质简图

    Figure  1.  The schematic diagram of structural geology of the study area

    图  2  S3、S2和S5钻孔的地层柱状图

    Figure  2.  Drill histogram of bore S3, S2和S5

    图  3  实测的渤海海峡地层剖面

    Figure  3.  Measured stratigraphic section of Bohai Strait

    图  4  跨海通道区域岩石的抗剪强度曲线

    a、b—石英岩;c—玄武岩;d—石灰岩;e—钠化花岗岩;f—钾化花岗岩

    Figure  4.  The shear strength curves of rocks from the study area

    图  5  跨海通道区域岩石的应力应变关系曲线

    a、b—钠化花岗岩D11、D12岩样;c、d—钾化花岗岩E11、E16岩样;e、f—玄武岩B13、B15岩样;g、h—石灰岩C13、C16岩样

    Figure  5.  The relationships between stress and strain of rocks from the study area

    表  1  跨海通道区域岩石的抗压强度和含水率

    Table  1.   The compressive strength and water content of rocks from the study area

    岩样类别 单轴抗压强度 岩石的含水率
    岩样编号 抗压强度/MPa 平均抗压强度/MPa 岩样编号 天然含水率/% 平均含水率/%
    钠化花岗岩 1-1 111.59 132.96 1-11 0.05 0.06
    1-2 119.62 1-12 0.05
    1-3 120.66 1-13 0.07
    1-4 123.30 1-14 0.05
    1-5 151.78 1-15 0.07
    1-6 170.80
    钾化花岗岩 2-1 80.65 111.56 2-11 0.10 0.14
    2-2 87.24 2-12 0.09
    2-3 116.33 2-13 0.34
    2-4 117.31 2-14 0.68
    2-5 126.40 2-15 0.08
    2-6 141.43
    玄武岩 3-1 33.55 52.62 3-11 1.79 1.75
    3-2 34.02 3-12 1.68
    3-3 43.70 3-13 1.82
    3-4 65.81 3-14 1.67
    3-5 67.81 3-15 1.80
    3-6 70.81
    石灰岩 4-1 50.68 84.84 4-11 0.07 0.09
    4-2 62.93 4-12 0.10
    4-3 65.80 4-13 0.09
    4-4 102.26 4-14 0.09
    4-5 109.65 4-15 0.11
    4-6 117.75
    石英岩 5-1 142.50 166.43
    5-2 190.36
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  跨海通道区域岩石的抗拉强度

    Table  2.   The tensile strength of rocks from the study area

    岩样类别 岩样编号 抗拉强度/MPa 平均抗拉强度/MPa
    钠化花岗岩 1-21 7.39 7.15
    1-22 6.79
    1-23 6.44
    1-24 7.64
    1-25 7.49
    钾化花岗岩 2-21 3.24 3.73
    2-22 3.21
    2-23 3.27
    2-24 4.75
    2-25 4.16
    玄武岩 3-21 7.69 6.00
    3-22 6.00
    3-23 5.82
    3-24 5.55
    3-25 4.92
    石灰岩 4-21 4.48 3.43
    4-22 3.48
    4-23 2.81
    4-24 3.26
    4-25 3.16
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  跨海通道区域岩石的抗剪强度指标

    Table  3.   The shear strength parameters of rocks from the study area

    岩样类别 岩样编号 c/MPa φ/(°)
    石英岩 A1 16.46 35.94
    A2 38.54 34.13
    玄武岩 B1 12.31 38.07
    石灰岩 C1 11.58 39.95
    钠化花岗岩 D1 33.55 37.11
    钾化花岗岩 E1 32.66 38.59
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  跨海通道区域岩石的变形指标

    Table  4.   The deformation index of rocks from the study area

    岩样类别 岩样编号 弹性模量/GPa 平均弹性模量/GPa 泊松比 平均泊松比
    钠化花岗岩 D11 66.3 50.17 0.25 0.16
    D12 47.34 0.17
    D13 40.24 0.08
    D14 45.18 0.19
    D15 51.8 0.11
    钾化花岗岩 E11 23.94 21.46 0.21 0.21
    E12 21.46 0.25
    E13 17.53 0.18
    E14 24.14 0.27
    E15 19.27 0.13
    E16 22.42 0.19
    玄武岩 B11 43.27 33.21 0.15 0.13
    B12 34.24 0.1
    B13 42.14 0.05
    B14 38.3 0.15
    B15 23.46 0.13
    B16 17.86 0.19
    石灰岩 C11 75.46 73.01 0.23 0.25
    C12 49.5 0.19
    C13 89.3 0.34
    C14 63.14 0.18
    C15 81.13 0.29
    C16 79.5 0.25
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-08-07
  • 修回日期:  2019-01-10
  • 刊出日期:  2019-08-01

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