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准噶尔盆地东部构造特征及演化定量分析

马超 吴孔友 裴仰文 李天然

马超, 吴孔友, 裴仰文, 等, 2019. 准噶尔盆地东部构造特征及演化定量分析. 地质力学学报, 25 (3): 313-323. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.03.029
引用本文: 马超, 吴孔友, 裴仰文, 等, 2019. 准噶尔盆地东部构造特征及演化定量分析. 地质力学学报, 25 (3): 313-323. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.03.029
MA Chao, WU Kongyou, PEI Yangwen, et al., 2019. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF TECTONIC CHARACTERISTICS AND EVOLUTION IN THE EASTERN JUNGGAR BASIN. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (3): 313-323. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.03.029
Citation: MA Chao, WU Kongyou, PEI Yangwen, et al., 2019. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF TECTONIC CHARACTERISTICS AND EVOLUTION IN THE EASTERN JUNGGAR BASIN. Journal of Geomechanics, 25 (3): 313-323. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.03.029

准噶尔盆地东部构造特征及演化定量分析

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.03.029
基金项目: 

国家科技重大专项 2017ZX05001003-004

中科院先导A类专项 XDA14010301

详细信息
    作者简介:

    马超(1993-), 男, 在读硕士, 从事构造地质学研究方向。E-mail:2824659957@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P542

QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF TECTONIC CHARACTERISTICS AND EVOLUTION IN THE EASTERN JUNGGAR BASIN

  • 摘要: 准噶尔盆地东部地区经历了多期次的构造运动,其构造特征和形成演化机制对该地区的油气勘探和开发具有十分重要的指导意义。运用高分辨率的二维、三维地震、测井数据,优选十条地质格架剖面开展精细构造解释,刻画出不同构造单元的地质结构特征,建立了跨各个构造单元的地质解译模型。在精细构造解译的基础上,基于平衡剖面恢复原理,通过Midland Valley的3D MOVE功能模块对10条地质格架剖面进行构造恢复,并对其各地质时期构造缩短量和缩短速率进行定量表征。准噶尔东部地区缩短量及缩短速率统计分析表明,在东西方向上,三叠纪至侏罗纪缩短量(4.60~11.28 km)及缩短速率最大(0.12~0.20 mm/a),这一时期准东地区经历了强烈的东西向挤压构造变形;在南北方向上,二叠纪和新近纪末期缩短量(2.56~8.93 km、0.54~6.90 km)及缩短速率最大(0.05~0.15 mm/a、0.02~0.19 mm/a),这两个时期准东地区经历了强烈的南北向挤压构造变形。

     

  • 图  1  研究区构造背景及剖面位置

    a—准噶尔盆地及周缘界山;b—准噶尔盆地构造单元划分(据新疆油田);c—准噶尔盆地东部地区构造格局及地质格架剖面位置

    Figure  1.  Tectonic background and section location of the study area

    图  2  地质格架剖面D-D′地震解译(剖面位置见图 1c)

    a—原始地震剖面;b—构造解译方案

    Figure  2.  Seismic interpretation of geological section D-D′ (Section position is shown in Figure 1c)

    图  3  地质格架剖面G-G′地震解释(剖面位置见图 1c)

    a—原始地震剖面;b—构造解译方案

    Figure  3.  Seismic interpretation of geological section G-G′ (Section position is shown in Figure 1c)

    图  4  地质格架剖面D-D′构造演化图(剖面位置见图 1c)

    Figure  4.  Tectonic evolution of geological section D-D′ (Section position is shown in Figure 1c)

    图  5  地质格架剖面D-D′缩短量和缩短速率

    Figure  5.  Statistics of section D-D′ including shortening amount and shortening rate

    图  6  地质格架剖面G-G′构造演化图(剖面位置见图 1c)

    Figure  6.  Tectonic evolution of geological section G-G′ (Section position is shown in Figure 1c)

    图  7  地质格架剖面G-G′缩短量和缩短速率

    Figure  7.  Statistics of section G-G′ including shortening amount and shortening rate

    图  8  准东地区南北向地质格架剖面缩短量及缩短速率

    Figure  8.  Statistics of the E-W geological sections, demonstrating shortening amounts and shortening rate

    图  9  准东地区东西向地质格架剖面缩短量及缩短速率

    Figure  9.  Statistics of the N-S geological sections, demonstrating shortening amounts and shortening rate

    图  10  准东地区早二叠世以来三维构造演化模型

    a—早二叠世;b—中二叠世;c—早三叠世;d—侏罗纪

    Figure  10.  The 3D structural evolution models of eastern Junggar Basin since Early Permian

    表  1  东西向剖面缩短量及缩短速率数据统计表

    Table  1.   Statistic dataset of shortening amounts (km) and shortening rates (mm/a) of E-W geological sections

    缩短量/km 缩短速率/(mm/a)
    A-A′ B-B′ C-C′ D-D′ A-A′ B-B′ C-C′ D-D′
    P沉积前
    T沉积前 2.20028 1.86994 2.45878 1.88073 0.04681 0.03979 0.05231 0.04002
    J沉积前 4.60112 6.85644 8.60574 7.52291 0.12257 0.13444 0.16874 0.14751
    K沉积前 4.25007 6.23312 6.55676 11.28437 0.12682 0.11131 0.11708 0.20151
    E沉积前 0.55007 2.49325 0.40980 5.01527 0.00696 0.03156 0.00519 0.06348
    N沉积前 0.62331 1.22939 1.25382 0.01450 0.02859 0.02916
    现今 2.75035 0.62327 0.40980 1.25382 0.04167 0.02710 0.01782 0.05451
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  南北向剖面缩短量及缩短速率数据统计表

    Table  2.   Statistic dataset of shortening amounts (km) and shortening rates (mm/a) of N-S geological sections

    缩短量/km 缩短速率/(mm/a)
    F-F′ G-G′ H-H′ I-I′ J-J′ F-F′ G-G′ H-H′ I-I′ J-J′
    P沉积前
    T沉积前 6.58858 8.92584 2.56280 6.63796 6.75319 0.14018 0.14736 0.05453 0.14123 0.14368
    J沉积前 1.49740 4.43114 1.64751 2.80837 2.43115 0.02936 0.12610 0.03230 0.05507 0.04767
    K沉积前 1.49740 2.47352 1.09834 0.76592 1.89089 0.02674 0.04417 0.01961 0.01368 0.03377
    E沉积前 1.19792 0.98941 0.91529 0.51061 0.54026 0.01516 0.01252 0.01159 0.00646 0.00684
    N沉积前 3.09169 2.49470 0.25531 0.27013 0.08143 0.01150 0.00594 0.00628
    现今 4.39533 6.90465 1.28140 1.78714 0.54026 0.11719 0.18716 0.01942 0.07770 0.02349
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2019-01-06
  • 修回日期:  2019-03-06
  • 刊出日期:  2019-06-28

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