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断层力学科学范畴、发展脉络评论及未来发展思考

关成尧 赵国春 白相东 袁四化 张艳 刘晓燕

关成尧, 赵国春, 白相东, 等, 2018. 断层力学科学范畴、发展脉络评论及未来发展思考. 地质力学学报, 24 (4): 555-586. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.058
引用本文: 关成尧, 赵国春, 白相东, 等, 2018. 断层力学科学范畴、发展脉络评论及未来发展思考. 地质力学学报, 24 (4): 555-586. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.058
GUAN Chengyao, ZHAO Guochun, BAI Xiangdong, et al., 2018. REVIEW OF CATEGORY AND DEVELOPMENT CONTEXT OF FAULT MECHANICS. Journal of Geomechanics, 24 (4): 555-586. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.058
Citation: GUAN Chengyao, ZHAO Guochun, BAI Xiangdong, et al., 2018. REVIEW OF CATEGORY AND DEVELOPMENT CONTEXT OF FAULT MECHANICS. Journal of Geomechanics, 24 (4): 555-586. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.058

断层力学科学范畴、发展脉络评论及未来发展思考

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.058
基金项目: 

河北省高等学校人文社会科学研究重点项目 SD162001

中央高校基本科研业务费团队项目 ZY20180104

中央高校科研基本业务费项目 SD162001

中国地震局教师科研基金 20150103

详细信息
    作者简介:

    关成尧(1976-), 男, 博士, 讲师, 主要从事盆地构造、地质力学、岩土力学研究。E-mail:gcywww@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P55

REVIEW OF CATEGORY AND DEVELOPMENT CONTEXT OF FAULT MECHANICS

  • 摘要: 为了看清断层力学的理论全貌,文章研究了断层力学的发展脉络、应有体系、框架性缺失,总结了学术各界关注点及研究内容差异。结果表明断层力学关联领域存在尺度差异和目标差异,断层力学是多学科纽带,却是"三不管"地带。岩石裂纹和含内部构造的断层之间存在尺度差异和变形速度差异。断层力学的百年发展经历了从外力研究断层-构造应力场-滑移线场研究断层三个阶段,这三个阶段总的发展方向就是逐渐简化、实用化,阻碍了定量理论的发展。"Mohr范式"是支撑,带有实用化、简单化特点,也阻碍了断层力学向机理化和定量化方向发展。断层研究存在正演和反演两类方法,正演主要包括实验断层力学和理论断层力学两类途径,正演和反演结合是未来发展方向。"地质力学"秉承"力学统一律",体现断层空间联系和力学联系,属于"广义断层力学"范畴。"广义断层力学"体系适用"统一发展,关注联系"发展途径,"狭义断层力学"体系适用"分散发展,各自攻克"发展途径。先存断层或薄弱带控制后生断层,并影响应力展布,"应力制约论"是重要方向。未来将产生"流变摩擦学"和"断层岩组构摩擦学"两个方向,"断层岩组构摩擦学"应整合显微构造学成就,研究岩石组构稳定特征、流变特征、广义摩擦特征等,需要将显微构造学唯象理论上升到大尺度断层力学理论中,将岩石组构引入到岩石力学实验中。不同尺度关注点不同、理论不同、取用参数不同,加剧了研究群体的隔离。断层内泥粒是可以迁移的,由此产生"断层泥粒迁移学"。断层闭锁的概念需要重新考虑,未来研究应立足"慢应变"和"大尺度"的断层摩擦延展力学。

     

  • 图  1  学术界各板块对断层研究的关注点和研究概况

    Figure  1.  Research focus and overview on fault of each Academic groups

    图  2  断层力学与岩石物理学、构造物理学的关系

    Figure  2.  Relationship between fault mechanics and rock physics, tectonophysics

    图  3  断层力学体系与正演及反演的结合

    Figure  3.  The combination of fault mechanics system with forward modeling and inversion

    图  4  近年断层力学微观(摩擦)机理方面基础理论研究

    Figure  4.  Basic research aspects of the microscopic mechanism of fault (friction) mechanics in recent years

    图  5  “慢应变体制下断层摩擦与延展力学”与其它领域之间联系

    Figure  5.  The relationship among "the fault friction and extension mechanics under the slow-strain system" and other academic fields

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