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新疆西天山查汗查哈花岗岩锆石U-Pb定年、岩石地球化学特征及其大地构造意义

刘高峰 王斌 陈士海 艾海平

刘高峰, 王斌, 陈士海, 等, 2018. 新疆西天山查汗查哈花岗岩锆石U-Pb定年、岩石地球化学特征及其大地构造意义. 地质力学学报, 24 (4): 533-543. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.056
引用本文: 刘高峰, 王斌, 陈士海, 等, 2018. 新疆西天山查汗查哈花岗岩锆石U-Pb定年、岩石地球化学特征及其大地构造意义. 地质力学学报, 24 (4): 533-543. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.056
LIU Gaofeng, WANG Bin, CHEN Shihai, et al., 2018. ZIRCON U-PB DATING AND GEOCHEMICAL FEATURES OF CHAHANCHAHA GRANITE FROM WESTERN TIANSHAN, XINJIANG: IMPLICATIONS FOR TECTONIC EVOLUTION. Journal of Geomechanics, 24 (4): 533-543. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.056
Citation: LIU Gaofeng, WANG Bin, CHEN Shihai, et al., 2018. ZIRCON U-PB DATING AND GEOCHEMICAL FEATURES OF CHAHANCHAHA GRANITE FROM WESTERN TIANSHAN, XINJIANG: IMPLICATIONS FOR TECTONIC EVOLUTION. Journal of Geomechanics, 24 (4): 533-543. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.056

新疆西天山查汗查哈花岗岩锆石U-Pb定年、岩石地球化学特征及其大地构造意义

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.056
基金项目: 

新疆国土资源厅基金项目 T14-1-LQ07

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘高峰(1986-), 男, 在读硕士, 工程师, 从事区域地质矿产工作。E-mail:oasiskobe@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P588.121;P597.3

ZIRCON U-PB DATING AND GEOCHEMICAL FEATURES OF CHAHANCHAHA GRANITE FROM WESTERN TIANSHAN, XINJIANG: IMPLICATIONS FOR TECTONIC EVOLUTION

  • 摘要: 查汗查哈岩体出露于新疆西天山东南段,位于中天山南缘断裂北缘的那拉提-中天山侵入岩带,岩性主要为片麻状花岗闪长岩和二长花岗岩。锆石U-Pb定年结果显示,查汗查哈岩体花岗质岩石形成于421.9±6.2 Ma。岩石地球化学特征表明其属于准铝质钙碱性Ⅰ型花岗岩,并具有较典型的大陆边缘弧侵入岩的特征。这一研究结果显示,南天山洋在晚志留世已经开始向北俯冲,并在中天山南缘形成大陆边缘弧环境。

     

  • 图  1  西天山东南段岩浆岩分布图(据文献[5]修改)

    1—石炭—二叠纪侵入岩;2—泥盆纪侵入岩;3—志留纪侵入岩;4—中酸性火山岩分布区;5—中基性火山岩分布区;6—基性火山岩分布区;7—石炭—二叠系地层分布区;8—志留—石炭系地层分布区;9—泥盆—石炭系;10—断层;11—年龄样;12—全岩分析样

    Figure  1.  Spatial distribution of magmatic rocks in the southwest segment of western Tianshan Mountians (modified after [5])

    图  2  岩石显微照片

    a—花岗闪长岩;b—二长花岗岩;c—似斑状二长花岗岩Q—quartz; Pl—plagioclase; Bt—biotite

    Figure  2.  Rock micrographs

    图  3  花岗闪长岩(PM02-44)锆石阴极放发光图像

    Figure  3.  Cathodeluminescence(CL) images for zircons from granodiorite(PM02-44)

    图  4  花岗闪长岩(PM02-44)锆石U-Pb同位素年龄谐和图

    Figure  4.  Zircon U-Pb concordia diagrams from granodiorite(PM02-44)

    图  5  SiO2—K2O图解及A/CNK—A/NK图解[17]~[18]

    ▲花岗闪长岩;■二长花岗岩;●似斑状二长花岗岩

    Figure  5.  SiO2 VS K2O diagram and A/CNK VS A/NK diagram[17]~[18]

    图  6  稀土及微量元素标准化曲线图[17~18]

    a—稀土元素球粒陨石标准化曲线图;b—微量元素原始地幔标准化曲线图
    ▲花岗闪长岩;■二长花岗岩;●似斑状二长花岗岩

    Figure  6.  Chondrite-normalized REE patterns diagram and primitive mantle-normalized trace element patterns diagram[17~18]

    图  7  (K2O+Na2O)/CaO及(Ce+Zr+Y+Nb)图解[23]

    ▲花岗闪长岩;■二长花岗岩;●似斑状二长花岗岩

    Figure  7.  (K2O+Na2O)/CaO VS (Ce+Zr+Y+Nb) diagram[23]

    图  8  C/MF-A/MF图解

    ▲花岗闪长岩;■二长花岗岩;●似斑状二长花岗岩

    Figure  8.  C/MF-A/MF diagram

    图  9  元素构造环境判别图解

    Figure  9.  Element diagrams to discriminate tectonic settings

    表  1  锆石U-Pb测年结果表

    Table  1.   Zircons U-Pb dating results

    PM02-44
    测点号
    位置 元素含量/×10-6和比值 同位素比值 年龄/Ma 谐和度
    Pb Th U Th/U 207Pb/235U 207Pb/235U 206Pb/238U 206Pb/238U rho 207Pb/235U 207Pb/235U 206Pb/238U 206Pb/238U
    15 核部 17.0 172 166 1.04 0.5689 0.0291 0.0700 0.0009 0.2493 457.3 18.8 436.1 5.4 95%
    14 核部 26.8 208 297 0.70 0.5433 0.0168 0.0696 0.0007 0.3317 440.6 11.1 433.5 4.3 98%
    17 幔部 16.1 119 183 0.65 0.5610 0.0214 0.0691 0.0009 0.3443 452.2 13.9 431.0 5.5 95%
    4 幔部 68.5 223 868 0.26 0.5408 0.0124 0.0689 0.0006 0.3690 438.9 8.2 429.4 3.5 97%
    7 幔部 33.7 168 422 0.40 0.5482 0.0179 0.0686 0.0009 0.3944 443.8 11.7 427.6 5.3 96%
    6 幔部 15.3 109 174 0.63 0.5049 0.0220 0.0685 0.0008 0.2804 415.0 14.8 427.0 5.1 97%
    13 核部 14.0 101 163 0.62 0.5066 0.0240 0.0679 0.0008 0.2583 416.2 16.2 423.7 5.0 98%
    8 核部 16.5 190 176 1.08 0.5138 0.0217 0.0670 0.0008 0.2968 421.0 14.6 417.9 5.1 99%
    10 核部 18.0 179 197 0.91 0.4980 0.0211 0.0669 0.0007 0.2613 410.4 14.3 417.3 4.5 98%
    3 核部 13.5 118 152 0.77 0.5315 0.0222 0.0668 0.0008 0.2881 432.8 14.7 416.9 4.9 96%
    9 核部 11.4 118 123 0.97 0.5420 0.0276 0.0668 0.0010 0.3002 439.8 18.2 416.6 6.2 94%
    12 核部 18.5 151 212 0.71 0.5549 0.0175 0.0667 0.0008 0.3655 448.2 11.4 416.2 4.6 92%
    1 核部 9.7 83.2 115 0.73 0.5167 0.0291 0.0665 0.0010 0.2648 423.0 19.5 415.0 6.0 98%
    11 核部 10.6 96 121 0.79 0.5081 0.0255 0.0654 0.0008 0.2523 417.1 17.1 408.4 5.0 97%
    5 核部 100 351 1327 0.26 0.5125 0.0106 0.0650 0.0005 0.3820 420.1 7.2 406.0 3.1 96%
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  岩体主量(%)、微量(×10-6)及稀土(×10-6)元素化学成分表

    Table  2.   Major (%), trace elements (×10-6) and rare earth (×10-6) elements compositions of the granite body

    样品号 PM01-21 PM01-55 D0200 D1180 D1247 D3730 2-44 D1540A 2-30 D7777 PM20-1 BD3506 BD3507-1 PM20-10
    岩性 花岗闪长岩 二长花岗岩 似斑状二长花岗岩
    主量元素含量 SiO2 60.36 65.7 65.08 58.52 58.52 58.45 64.12 64.69 69.86 63.3 68.66 70.92 68.78 62.04
    TiO2 0.73 0.4 0.49 0.88 0.88 0.83 0.97 0.6 0.32 0.39 0.21 0.22 0.28 0.66
    Al2O3 15.52 16.87 13.43 15.51 13.56 15.25 14.84 13.85 13.72 14.46 15.27 13.33 14.28 14.19
    Fe2O3 0.9 1.7 1.58 1.5 2.37 3.46 0.5 1.78 0.4 1.46 0.5 0.65 0.6 2.38
    FeO 5.13 2.43 3.42 5.85 6.01 4.59 4.86 3.8 3.06 2.11 2.16 2.11 2.34 4.23
    MnO 0.09 0.06 0.091 0.17 0.148 0.145 0.08 0.092 0.06 0.083 0.034 0.04 0.03 0.123
    MgO 3.12 1.29 2.03 2.93 4.1 3.27 2.34 2.5 0.63 1.11 0.83 0.37 0.82 2.67
    CaO 5.5 4.35 3.74 4.59 6.18 6.35 3.54 4.43 1.55 6.39 2.88 1.52 2.52 5.07
    Na2O 3.47 4.02 2.92 3.79 2.25 2.63 3.31 2.4 3.84 4.32 6.88 3.27 2.82 2.62
    K2O 1.84 1.5 4.02 1.73 3.7 2.23 2.76 3.9 3.73 1.72 0.71 4.51 4.47 2.45
    P2O5 0.19 0.16 0.19 0.26 0.3 0.22 0.26 0.22 0.21 0.16 0.15 0.1 0.15 0.17
    LOI 1.25 0.93 1.38 3.13 0.6 1.85 0.93 0.81 0.77 3.57 1.26 0.79 0.29 2.38
    总量 98.21 99.5 98.39 98.86 98.61 99.25 98.51 99.07 98.17 99.06 99.53 97.83 97.39 98.97
    A/CNK 0.88 1.04 0.84 0.94 0.71 0.83 1.00 0.85 1.04 0.70 0.88 1.02 1.01 0.88
    A/NK 2.01 2.05 1.47 1.91 1.76 2.26 1.76 1.69 1.32 1.61 1.26 1.30 1.50 2.04
    Na2O+K2O 5.31 5.53 6.94 5.52 5.95 4.85 6.08 6.3 7.58 6.03 7.58 7.78 7.28 5.07
    Na2O/K2O 1.89 2.68 0.73 2.19 0.61 1.18 1.2 0.62 1.03 2.52 9.71 0.73 0.63 1.07
    TFeO 5.94 3.96 4.84 7.2 8.13 7.7 5.31 5.4 3.42 3.42 2.61 2.7 2.88 6.37
    微量元素含量 Rb 76 43 152 104 126 113 112 162 170 67 35 179 144 94
    Sr 480.80 530.30 305.30 314.60 320.60 334.10 299.50 292.90 153.80 509.00 546.30 176.50 384.10 267.00
    Ba 502 530 1769 472 1234 502 731 1093 518 795 270 596 1757 663
    Th 7.24 6.21 21.14 6.95 3.99 11.7 13.81 22.9 15.2 4.92 2.15 14.97 21.7 15.7
    U 1.13 0.58 1.5 2.05 2.26 3.56 1.73 2.83 2.96 0.81 0.91 3.05 1.97 4.36
    Nb 8.69 5.04 11.07 9.02 12.46 9.68 13.28 13.15 12.95 6.26 3.46 9.32 7.03 9.5
    Ta 0.54 0.3 0.76 0.97 0.96 0.78 0.99 1.14 1.55 0.39 0.4 1.08 0.79 1.1
    Zr 72 95 157 162 195 155 242 186 181 140 98 167 228 150
    Hf 1.81 2.5 4.36 4.14 5.41 4.2 6.87 5.22 5.51 3.83 2.82 5.05 6.92 4.26
    P 931 717 847 1115 1304 953 1136 977 928 700 641 432 683 741
    Cr 54.54 14.24 100.1 63.13 108.6 88.05 45.28 80.46 14.89 26.77 44.44 30.74 15.05 95.69
    Co 15.07 6.13 12.06 15.45 22.58 19.84 12.27 13.93 2.93 5.44 5.05 2.76 4.69 17.2
    Ni 25.18 4.86 22.73 44.84 24.43 32.22 22.75 18.69 5.94 9.21 19.85 12.41 5.77 21.9
    Ga 19.73 18.66 17.84 21.41 20.65 21.91 20.47 18.51 19.53 18.38 18.79 16.66 15.81 17.88
    Rb/Sr 0.16 0.08 0.5 0.33 0.39 0.34 0.38 0.55 1.1 0.13 0.06 1.01 0.37 0.35
    U/Th 0.16 0.09 0.07 0.29 0.57 0.3 0.12 0.12 0.19 0.16 0.42 0.2 0.09 0.28
    Zr/Hf 39.86 38.12 35.94 39.22 36.09 36.87 35.28 35.69 32.74 36.41 34.92 33.03 32.88 35.15
    Ba/Sr 1.04 1 5.79 1.5 3.85 1.5 2.44 3.73 3.37 1.56 0.49 3.38 4.57 2.48
    Rb/Ba 0.15 0.08 0.09 0.22 0.1 0.23 0.15 0.15 0.33 0.08 0.13 0.3 0.08 0.14
    稀土元素含量 La 24.42 30.51 20.8 21.09 25.37 31.33 49.89 40.85 34.87 23.64 5.23 31.17 57.49 32.39
    Ce 48.87 48.97 35.08 51.07 72.49 61.3 97.29 83.98 67.23 39.89 8.62 58.88 99.52 54.49
    Pr 5.84 6.01 4.05 5.59 10.46 7.32 11.56 9.69 7.86 4.49 1.18 6.75 10.29 6.44
    Nd 22.63 21.58 15.49 22.92 44.57 28.21 42.77 36.22 28.53 16.42 5.12 24.06 32.26 24.33
    Sm 4.54 3.15 2.75 4.97 8.98 5.53 7.57 6.4 5.66 2.58 1.25 4.5 4.15 4.65
    Eu 1.01 1.1 0.93 1.23 1.95 1.41 1.65 1.5 0.91 1.04 0.57 0.89 1.03 1.28
    Gd 3.89 2.68 2.53 4.35 7.07 4.71 6.74 5.34 5.21 2.27 1.05 3.86 3.61 4.06
    Tb 0.57 0.35 0.45 0.76 1.12 0.77 0.99 0.8 0.83 0.31 0.18 0.54 0.38 0.66
    Dy 2.99 1.69 3.23 4.42 6.11 4.34 5.33 4.28 4.51 1.59 1.02 2.5 1.56 3.88
    Ho 0.56 0.32 0.78 0.84 1.17 0.83 0.99 0.82 0.78 0.3 0.2 0.42 0.27 0.77
    Er 1.53 0.91 2.58 2.35 3.34 2.37 2.79 2.39 2.16 0.89 0.58 1.18 0.83 2.21
    Tm 0.22 0.13 0.43 0.33 0.48 0.35 0.38 0.35 0.29 0.12 0.09 0.17 0.1 0.33
    Yb 1.41 0.8 2.89 2.15 3.08 2.27 2.29 2.33 1.79 0.79 0.57 1.08 0.68 2.24
    Lu 0.22 0.12 0.48 0.32 0.47 0.35 0.35 0.36 0.28 0.12 0.09 0.17 0.12 0.35
    Y 15.97 9.29 21.97 24.46 34.29 24.43 24.99 24.18 22.19 9.28 5.99 11.19 7.14 22.73
    ΣREE 118.7 118.3 92.46 122.4 186.7 151.1 230.6 195.3 160.9 94.48 25.74 136.2 212.3 138.1
    LREE/HREE 9.43 15.9 5.92 6.88 7.18 8.45 10.62 10.71 9.15 13.74 5.82 12.73 27.12 8.53
    LaN/YbN 12.45 27.39 5.16 7.03 5.92 9.91 15.65 12.59 13.94 21.36 6.53 20.72 60.29 10.38
    δEu 0.72 1.13 1.06 0.79 0.72 0.82 0.69 0.76 0.51 1.28 1.48 0.64 0.79 0.88
    δCe 0.97 0.83 0.88 1.13 1.09 0.96 0.96 1 0.96 0.89 0.82 0.95 0.93 0.87
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  岩体标准矿物含量及特征参数表

    Table  3.   Standard mineral contents and characteristic parameters of the granite body

    样品号 PM01-21 PM01-55 D0200 D1180 D1247 D3730 2-44 D1540A 2-30 D7777 PM20-1 BD3506 BD3507-1 PM20-10
    岩性 花岗闪长岩 二长花岗岩 似斑状二长花岗岩
    (CIPW)
    标准矿物含量
    /%
    Q 15.24 24.8 22.1 13.3 12.15 15.85 21.23 22.56 28.05 19.91 18.79 30.65 28.39 22.47
    An 22.05 20.88 12.01 21.08 16.28 23.87 16.25 15.78 6.5 15.72 8.86 7.07 11.86 20.4
    Ab 30.33 34.56 25.49 33.52 19.47 22.85 28.74 20.68 33.39 38.26 59.21 28.52 24.53 22.97
    Or 11.2 9.02 24.51 10.69 22.28 13.52 16.73 23.44 22.65 10.62 4.26 27.45 27.18 14.98
    C 0 1.11 0 0 0 0 0.6 0 1.06 0 0 0.57 0.61 0
    Di 4.03 0 4.8 0.82 10.69 5.75 0 4.18 0 11.01 3.95 0 0 3.66
    Hy 13.93 6.22 7.31 15.96 13.22 11.95 13.21 9.05 6.63 0 3.45 4.08 5.61 10.29
    Wo 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.25 0 0 0 0
    Il 1.42 0.76 0.97 1.75 1.71 1.61 1.88 1.16 0.62 0.77 0.4 0.44 0.55 1.29
    Mt 1.35 2.27 2.36 2.27 3.5 4.1 0.74 2.62 0.59 2.07 0.74 0.98 0.9 3.53
    Ap 0.45 0.37 0.46 0.62 0.71 0.52 0.62 0.53 0.5 0.39 0.35 0.24 0.37 0.41
    DI 56.77 68.38 72.1 57.51 53.9 52.22 66.7 66.68 84.09 68.79 82.26 86.62 80.1 60.42
    SI 21.61 11.8 14.53 18.55 22.25 20.29 17 17.36 5.42 10.4 7.49 3.4 7.46 18.63
    AR 1.68 1.7 2.03 1.76 1.59 1.58 1.99 1.71 2.97 1.81 2.44 2.58 2.01 1.72
    σ43 1.55 1.33 2.13 1.84 2.21 1.46 1.71 1.8 2.11 1.71 2.22 2.14 2.02 1.3
    A/MF 0.95 1.9 1.12 0.88 0.62 0.79 1.1 0.99 2.13 1.89 2.63 2.79 2.31 0.9
    C/MF 0.61 0.89 0.57 0.47 0.51 0.6 0.48 0.58 0.44 1.51 0.9 0.58 0.74 0.58
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-12-13
  • 修回日期:  2018-05-22
  • 刊出日期:  2018-08-01

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