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东北平原东部天恒山钻孔的粒度特征及其对地层划分的指示

詹涛 曾方明 谢远云 杨业 马永法 葛俊逸 易亮 迟云平 康春国 姜侠 张俊 娄本军 周鑫 邓成龙

詹涛, 曾方明, 谢远云, 等, 2018. 东北平原东部天恒山钻孔的粒度特征及其对地层划分的指示. 地质力学学报, 24 (4): 515-521. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.054
引用本文: 詹涛, 曾方明, 谢远云, 等, 2018. 东北平原东部天恒山钻孔的粒度特征及其对地层划分的指示. 地质力学学报, 24 (4): 515-521. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.054
ZHAN Tao, ZENG Fangming, XIE Yuanyun, et al., 2018. GRAIN SIZE CHARACTERISTICS OF TIANHENGSHAN CORE AND THEIR INDICATIONS FOR STRATIGRAPHIC DIVISION IN THE EASTERN PART OF THE NORTHEAST PLAIN OF CHINA. Journal of Geomechanics, 24 (4): 515-521. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.054
Citation: ZHAN Tao, ZENG Fangming, XIE Yuanyun, et al., 2018. GRAIN SIZE CHARACTERISTICS OF TIANHENGSHAN CORE AND THEIR INDICATIONS FOR STRATIGRAPHIC DIVISION IN THE EASTERN PART OF THE NORTHEAST PLAIN OF CHINA. Journal of Geomechanics, 24 (4): 515-521. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.054

东北平原东部天恒山钻孔的粒度特征及其对地层划分的指示

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.04.054
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41301040

国家自然科学基金项目 41601200

黑龙江省国土资源科研类项目 201407

国土部公益性科研专项 201311137

详细信息
    作者简介:

    詹涛(1981-), 男, 博士, 高级工程师, 主要从事第四纪地质环境方面的研究工作。E-mail:hljzhantao@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P534.63

GRAIN SIZE CHARACTERISTICS OF TIANHENGSHAN CORE AND THEIR INDICATIONS FOR STRATIGRAPHIC DIVISION IN THE EASTERN PART OF THE NORTHEAST PLAIN OF CHINA

  • 摘要: 东北平原东部荒山剖面是我国东北地区的第四纪典型剖面,但针对该剖面的地层划分和成因的研究尚存在不同看法,对其开展详细的粒度特征研究有望对该剖面的地层划分和地层成因提供进一步的认识。通过天恒山(THS)钻孔对该区地层进行高分辨率的粒度特征研究,并与黄土高原典型黄土进行对比。研究结果显示哈尔滨组地层平均粒径、中值粒径以及粒级百分含量等大幅度波动,呈现黄土-古土壤地层旋回变化特征,黄土层粒度粗,古土壤层粒度细,与黄土高原典型第四纪黄土的粒度特征一致。荒山组地层则呈现小幅度波动,沉积动力较稳定。哈尔滨组和荒山组的粒度频率分布、C-M图及粒度参数(平均粒径、标准偏差、偏度、峰度)等特征均存在显著差别,指示二者的沉积动力过程明显不同。基于以上粒度特征,结合沉积相特征和已有划分方法,THS钻孔中-晚更新世地层自上而下可划分为哈尔滨组和荒山组,并将哈尔滨组地层判定为风成堆积,将荒山组地层判定为河湖相沉积。

     

  • 图  1  THS钻孔和HS剖面的地理位置

    Figure  1.  Location of the THS core and HS section

    图  2  THS钻孔的岩性柱状图、中值粒径及部分岩芯照片

    Figure  2.  The lithology, median diameter and photos of THS core

    图  3  THS钻孔沉积物平均粒径、中值粒径以及各粒级组分百分含量随地层深度的变化

    (灰色阴影代表黄土层)

    Figure  3.  Variations of average grain size, median diameter, and percentage content of each particle fraction in the THS core with the depth of the stratum (grey shadow represents loess layer)

    图  4  荒山(HS)剖面野外照片

    Figure  4.  The field photo of the HS section

    图  5  粒度频率曲线图

    a—THS钻孔哈尔滨组;b—西峰第四纪黄土、第三纪红粘土[24];c—THS钻孔荒山组;d—泸定湖湖相沉积物[24]

    Figure  5.  Grain-size frequency curves

    图  6  THS钻孔哈尔滨组和荒山组地层样品的粒度参数(phi值)散点图

    黑色圆点—哈尔滨组黄土层样品;蓝色圆点—哈尔滨组古土壤层样品;红色圆点—荒山组样品

    Figure  6.  Grain-size parameters (phi value) scatterplot of Harbin and Huangshan Formation in THS core

    图  7  THS钻孔哈尔滨组和荒山组以及西峰第四纪黄土样品[24]的C-M图

    Figure  7.  C-M plots of samples of Harbin and Huangshan Formation in THS core, Xifeng Quaternaty Loess[24]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-06-26
  • 修回日期:  2018-02-23
  • 刊出日期:  2018-08-01

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