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华北临汾盆地中部柴庄上新世-更新世剖面沉积学特征及其构造意义

陈兴强 施炜 胡健民 董树文

陈兴强, 施炜, 胡健民, 等, 2016. 华北临汾盆地中部柴庄上新世-更新世剖面沉积学特征及其构造意义. 地质力学学报, 22 (4): 984-993.
引用本文: 陈兴强, 施炜, 胡健民, 等, 2016. 华北临汾盆地中部柴庄上新世-更新世剖面沉积学特征及其构造意义. 地质力学学报, 22 (4): 984-993.
CHEN Xing-qiang, SHI Wei, HU Jian-min, et al., 2016. SEDIMENTATION OF THE PLIOCENE-PLEISTOCENE CHAIZHUANG SECTION IN THE CENTRAL OF LINFEN BASIN, NORTH CHINA AND ITS TECTONIC SIGNIFICANCE. Journal of Geomechanics, 22 (4): 984-993.
Citation: CHEN Xing-qiang, SHI Wei, HU Jian-min, et al., 2016. SEDIMENTATION OF THE PLIOCENE-PLEISTOCENE CHAIZHUANG SECTION IN THE CENTRAL OF LINFEN BASIN, NORTH CHINA AND ITS TECTONIC SIGNIFICANCE. Journal of Geomechanics, 22 (4): 984-993.

华北临汾盆地中部柴庄上新世-更新世剖面沉积学特征及其构造意义

基金项目: 

中国地质调查局地质调查项目“特殊地质地貌区填图试点” DD20160060

中国地质调查局地质调查项目“主要活动构造带关键地段区域质专项调查” 1212011120099

国家自然科学基金项目“鄂尔多斯地块周缘新生代断陷盆地形成机理” 41672203

详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈兴强(1986-), 男, 博士研究生, 构造地质学专业, 主要从事新生代沉积盆地演化过程研究。E-mail:cxq123111@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P512.2;P546

SEDIMENTATION OF THE PLIOCENE-PLEISTOCENE CHAIZHUANG SECTION IN THE CENTRAL OF LINFEN BASIN, NORTH CHINA AND ITS TECTONIC SIGNIFICANCE

  • 摘要: 临汾盆地位于华北克拉通汾渭地堑系中南部,是典型的受控于北东-南西向和近东西向正断层的晚新生代断陷盆地。沉积相、古水流和重矿物综合分析表明,盆地中部的柴庄新生界剖面除顶部的风成黄土之外,可以划分为3个岩性段,分别具有不同的物源,反映了不同时期的构造背景。第一岩性段为上新统(5.0~2.6 Ma),冲积扇和风成红黏土沉积,冲积扇碎屑物源为盆地周缘的灰岩等沉积岩类;第二岩性段为更新统下部(2.6~1.0 Ma),三角洲相沉积,沉积物来自盆地南缘中条山北部和东缘太行山西部的太古宇-下元古界的花岗片麻岩和片麻岩、上元古界-古生界的碳酸盐岩、中生界的陆源碎屑岩及少量不同时代的花岗岩;第三段为更新统中上部( < 1.0 Ma),河流相沉积,主要物源为盆地北东缘太行山的花岗岩类、少量沉积岩和变质岩。结合区域应力演化过程认为,距今5.0~2.6 Ma期间,受北西-南东向伸展作用影响,北东-南西向正断层为盆地的主控断层;距今2.6~1.0 Ma时期,主要受到北东-南西伸展应力的影响,近东西向断层开始活动;距今1.0 Ma以来,沉积环境由三角洲和湖泊相转为河流相沉积,指示盆地发育的减弱,可能与后一期伸展应力的减弱有关。上述结果表明,受青藏高原向北东扩展的影响,汾渭地堑系至少经历了中新世晚期-上新世早期(>5 Ma)、2.6 Ma和1.0 Ma等主要构造转换时代。

     

  • 图  1  临汾盆地大地构造位置图[8](a), 构造纲要图[14](b)及区域地质简图(c)

    Figure  1.  A map showing tectonic location, structure outline and regional geology of the Linfen Basin

    图  2  临汾盆地柴庄剖面与LK10孔[13]岩相图对比

    Figure  2.  Lithofacies comparison between Chaizhuang section and LK10 core in the Linfen Basin

    图  3  柴庄新生界剖面典型沉积学野外露头照片

    a—块状沉积的砾石层, 颗粒支撑; b—块状沉积的红黏土及砂岩; c—含泥砾的粗砂层及板状斜层理砂岩; d—下部为质地均一而纯净的砂体, 上部为含炭屑灰黄色、灰绿色粉砂和黏土沉积; e—向上变粗的河流相沉积旋回, 照片下部和顶部(含贝壳化石)为含细砾粗砂岩, 向上为发育低角度斜层理中、细砂岩和块状层理的粉砂岩; f—板状斜层理砂岩; g—发育在河流相砂岩中哺乳动物化石

    Figure  3.  The field outcrop photos of the typical Cenozoic sedimentation in the Chaizhuang section

    图  4  柴庄剖面重矿物含量(a)及重矿物组合含量(b)统计图

    Figure  4.  Statistical maps showing contents of detrital heavy minerals and their combination in Chaizhuang section

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  • 收稿日期:  2016-09-16
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