留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

特殊地质地貌区填图物化探技术应用

喻劲松 荆磊 王乔林 韩伟 刘华忠 郜晓亮

喻劲松, 荆磊, 王乔林, 等, 2016. 特殊地质地貌区填图物化探技术应用. 地质力学学报, 22 (4): 893-906.
引用本文: 喻劲松, 荆磊, 王乔林, 等, 2016. 特殊地质地貌区填图物化探技术应用. 地质力学学报, 22 (4): 893-906.
YU Jin-song, JING Lei, WANG Qiao-lin, et al., 2016. APPLICATION OF GEOPHYSICAL AND GEOCHEMICAL PROSPECTING TECHNIQUES IN SPECIAL GEOLOGICAL AND GEOMORPHIC AREAS. Journal of Geomechanics, 22 (4): 893-906.
Citation: YU Jin-song, JING Lei, WANG Qiao-lin, et al., 2016. APPLICATION OF GEOPHYSICAL AND GEOCHEMICAL PROSPECTING TECHNIQUES IN SPECIAL GEOLOGICAL AND GEOMORPHIC AREAS. Journal of Geomechanics, 22 (4): 893-906.

特殊地质地貌区填图物化探技术应用

基金项目: 

中国地质调查局地质调查项目“特殊地质地貌区填图试点” DD20160060

详细信息
    作者简介:

    喻劲松(1968-), 男, 教授级高级工程师, 博士, 从事物化探综合研究。E-mail:yujinsong@igge.cn

  • 中图分类号: P623

APPLICATION OF GEOPHYSICAL AND GEOCHEMICAL PROSPECTING TECHNIQUES IN SPECIAL GEOLOGICAL AND GEOMORPHIC AREAS

  • 摘要: 基于物化探技术方法在特殊地质地貌区填图中的应用实验,介绍从区域物化探数据提取地质填图信息的方法,指出重磁与氡-汞气测联合应用是覆盖区探测隐伏岩体、断裂的高效低成本物化探技术组合。运用基于地球化学理论方法的元素地球化学判别技术,在强烈风化区定量划分风化等级为:基岩-弱风化-中度风化-强风化-全风化-残积土等;指出风化壳元素地球化学行为对原生矿物分解、次生矿物形成具有示踪效应;不同风化层稀土元素富集分异显著,强烈富集于全风化层(岩土界面或风化岩石顶界)中的稀土元素分布模式,可作为界定风化壳分层的重要地球化学判别指标。

     

  • 图  1  区域物化探数据推断构造岩体分布图

    Figure  1.  Structure and rock mass distributions inferred from regional geophysical and geochemical data

    图  2  内蒙试点填图区重磁和氡-汞气测联合剖面测量结果

    Figure  2.  Combination of gravity-magnetic and Rn-Hg gas survey results in the pilot mapping area, Inner Mongolia

    图  3  那蓬岩体14D029、D2200剖面风化指数CIA-WIP-WIC灵敏性对比

    Figure  3.  Sensitivity comparison of weathering index CIA-WIP-WIC from 14D029 and D2200 sections in Nampong rock mass

    图  4  那蓬岩体风化剖面样品CIA指数变化分布

    Figure  4.  Distribution of CIA index from weathering section of Nampong rock mass

    图  5  那蓬岩体D2200风化剖面元素迁移分布

    含量:Ag,Hg,Cd为ng/g,Zn,Bi,Sb,Ba,Be为μg/g,主量元素为%;WIC-风化指数

    Figure  5.  Distribution of elemental transportation in the weathered section D2200 of Nampong rock mass

    图  6  那蓬岩体风化强度与厚度变化关系图

    Figure  6.  The relationship between the weathering intensity and the thickness of Nampong rock mass

    图  7  D2200剖面不同风化层稀土元素球粒陨石与上陆壳标准化分布模式

    基岩数据引自严成文等[46], 球粒陨石数据引自Masuda等[51], 上陆壳数据引自Taylor等[52]

    Figure  7.  REE distribution pattern after chondrites and upper continental crust normalized of different weathered layers in section D2200

  • [1] Rucker D F, Noonan G E, Greenwood W J. Electrical resistivity in support of geological mapping along the Panama Canal[J]. Engineering Geology, 2011, 117:121~133. doi: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2010.10.012
    [2] Ballagh L M, Raup B H, Duerr R E, et al. Representing scientific data sets in KML:Methods and challenges[J]. Computers & Geosciences, 2011, 37:57~64.
    [3] DePaor D G, Whitmeyer S J. Geological and geophysical modeling on virtual globes using KML, COLLADA, and Javascript[J]. Computers & Geosciences, 2011, 37:100~110.
    [4] Blenkinsop T G. Visualizing structural geology:From Excel to Google Earth[J]. Computers & Geosciences, 2012, 45:52~56.
    [5] Mikoshiba M U, Imai N, Tachibana Y. Geochemical mapping in Shikoku, southwest Japan[J]. Applied Geochemistry, 2011, 26:1549~1568. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.06.019
    [6] Steenfelt A. Geochemical patterns related to major tectono-stratigraphic units in procambrian of northern Scandinavia and Greenland[J]. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 1990, 39:35~48. doi: 10.1016/0375-6742(90)90068-L
    [7] Jaques A L, Wellman P, Whitaker A, et al. High-resolution geophysics in modern geological mapping[J]. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 1997, 17:159~174.
    [8] Singhroy V H, Pilkington M. Geological mapping using earth's magnetic field[J]. Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing, 2014:232~237.
    [9] Davy R, Pirajno F, Sanders J A, et al. Regolith geochemical mapping as an adjunct to geological mapping and exploration:Examples from three contiguous Proterozoic basins in Western Australia[J]. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 1999, 66:37~53. doi: 10.1016/S0375-6742(99)00006-0
    [10] 刘菁华, 王祝文.地面综合物探方法在浅覆盖区地质填图单元的划分研究[J].中国地质, 2005, 32(1):162~167. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DIZI200501022.htm

    LIU Jing-hua, WANG Zhu-wen. Division scheme of the geological mapping units in shallow cover areas based on ground integrated geophysical methods[J]. Geology in China, 2005, 32(1):162~167. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DIZI200501022.htm
    [11] 赖月荣, 韩磊, 杨树生.高精度磁测在阿勒泰冰碛物覆盖区地质填图中的应用[J].物探与化探, 2014, 38(6):1181~1185. doi: 10.11720/wtyht.2014.6.15
    [12] 张壹, 张双喜, 梁青, 等.重磁边界识别方法在西准噶尔地区三维地质填图中的应用[J].地球科学:中国地质大学学报, 2015, (40)3:431~440. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQKX201503005.htm

    ZHANG Yi, ZHANG Shuang-xi, LIANG Qing, et al. Application of boundary identifying technologies using gravity and magnetic maps in three-dimensional geological mapping of western Junggar area[J]. Earth Science:Journal of China University of Geosciences, 2015, 40(3):431~440. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQKX201503005.htm
    [13] 郝立波, 陆继龙, 李龙, 等.区域化探数据在浅覆盖区地质填图中的应用方法研究[J].中国地质, 2007, 34(4):710~715. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZXQX201612069.htm

    HAO Li-bo, LU Ji-long, LI Long, et al. Method of using regional geochemical data in geological mapping in shallow overburden areas[J]. Geology in China, 2007, 34(4):710~715. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZXQX201612069.htm
    [14] 王会锋, 叶柱才. 1:20万区域地球化学资料在基础地质研究中的应用[J].物探与化探, 2007, 31(5):473~476. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WTYH200705018.htm

    WANG Hui-feng, YE Zhu-cai. The application of 1:200000 regional geochemical data to basic geological researches[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2007, 31(5):473~476. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WTYH200705018.htm
    [15] 刘德鹏, 丁峰, 汤正江.区域化探在森林沼泽区地质填图应用初探[J].物探与化探, 2004, 28(3):209~217. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WTYH200403006.htm

    LIU De-peng, DING Feng, TANG Zheng-jiang. A tentative application of geochemical exploration to the basic geology study of Xiaoergou area[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2004, 28(3):209~217. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WTYH200403006.htm
    [16] 史长义, 任院生.区域化探资料研究基础地质问题[J].地质与勘探, 2005, 41(3):53~58. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZKT200503013.htm

    SHI Chang-yi, REN Yuan-sheng. Fundamental geological problems in regional geochemical exploration data[J]. Geology and Prospecting, 2005, 41(3):53~58. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZKT200503013.htm
    [17] 翁仕明, 汤正江, 张雷.用多元素背景值法进行地质单元划分[J].物探与化探, 2006, 30(1):38~40. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WTYH200601007.htm

    WENG Shi-ming, TANG Zheng-jiang, ZHANG Lei. The application of multi-element background value method to the division of geological units[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2006, 30(1):38~40. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WTYH200601007.htm
    [18] 时艳香, 郝立波, 陆继龙, 等.因子分类法在黑龙江塔河地区地质填图中的应用[J].吉林大学学报:地球科学版, 2008, 38(5):888~903. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CCDZ200805032.htm

    SHI Yan-xiang, HAO Li-bo, LU Ji-long, et al. Application of factor classification in geological mapping in Tahe area, Heilongjiang Province[J]. Journal of Jilin University:Earth Science Edition, 2008, 38(5):888~903. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CCDZ200805032.htm
    [19] 郝立波.一种新的计算岩石中实际矿物的方法——线性规划法[J].矿物岩石, 1990, 10(2):97~101. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KWYS199002016.htm

    HAO Li-bo. A new method of calculating mineral content:Linear programming[J]. Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology, 1990, 10(2):97~101. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KWYS199002016.htm
    [20] 伍宗华, 金仰芬, 古平, 等.汞的勘查地球化学[M].北京:地质出版社, 1994:1~191.

    WU Zong-hua, JIN Yang-fen, GU Ping, et al. Geochemical exploration of mercury[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 1994:1~191.
    [21] Baykara O. Measurements of radon emanation from soil samples in triple-junction of north and east Anatolian active faults systems in Turkey[J]. Radiation Measurements, 2005, 39:209~212. doi: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2004.04.011
    [22] Savoy L, Surbeck H, Hunkeler D. Radon and CO2 as natural tracers to investigate the recharge dynamics of karstaquifers[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2011, 406(3/4):148~157.
    [23] Walia V, Yang T F, Hong W L, et al. Geochemical variation of soil-gas composition for trace and earthquake precursory studies along the Hsincheng fault in NW Taiwan[J]. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 2009, 67(10):1855~1863. doi: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2009.07.004
    [24] Voltattorni N, Lombardi S. Soil gas geochemistry:Significance and application in geological prospectings[J]. Natural Gas, 2010, 9:183~205.
    [25] Ioannides K, Papachristodoulou C, Stamoulis K, et al. Soil gas radon:A tool for exploring active fault zones[J]. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 2003, 59(2/3):205~213.
    [26] Iskandar D, Iida T, Yamazawa H, et al. The transport mechanisms of 222Rn in soil at Tateishias as an anomaly spot in Japan[J]. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 2005, 63(2):401~408.
    [27] 尹冰川.综合气体地球化学测量[J].物探与化探, 1997, 21(4):241~246. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WTYH199704000.htm

    YIN Bing-chuan. Integrated geochemical gas survey[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 1997, 21(4):241~246. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WTYH199704000.htm
    [28] 刘华忠, 杨帆, 张学君, 等.汞气测量在陕西韩城春秋古墓中的应用[J].物探与化探, 2013, 37(4):670~674. doi: 10.11720/j.issn.1000-8918.2013.4.17

    LIU Hua-zhong, YANG Fan, ZHANG Xue-jun, et al. The application of mercury vapor survey to archaeological detection of the spring-autumn tomb in Hancheng City[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2013, 37(4):670~674. doi: 10.11720/j.issn.1000-8918.2013.4.17
    [29] 王南萍, 肖磊.土壤氡测量国际比对及几个重要问题[J].现代地质, 2012, 26(6):1294~1299. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDDZ201206027.htm

    WANG Nan-ping, XIAO Lei. Soil radon intercomparison measurements and some important issues[J]. Geoscience, 2012, 26(6):1294~1299. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDDZ201206027.htm
    [30] 贾国相, 赵友方, 姚锦其, 等.氡气勘查地球化学技术的研究与应用[J].矿产与地质, 2005, 19(107):60~64. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10674-1012263703.htm

    JIA Guo-xiang, ZHAO You-fang, YAO Jing-qi, et al. Research and application of geochemical exploration technology with gas Rn[J]. Mineral Resources and Geology, 2005, 19(107):60~64. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10674-1012263703.htm
    [31] 方方, 贾文懿, 周蓉生.氡气测量研究[J].核技术, 1999, 22(4):218~222. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10616-1011236304.htm

    FANG Fnag, JIA Wen-yi, ZHOU Rong-sheng. Research on radon measurement[J]. Nuclear Techniques, 1999, 22(4):218~222. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10616-1011236304.htm
    [32] 伍剑波, 张慧, 苏鹤军.断层气氡在不同类型覆盖层中迁移规律的数值模拟[J].地震学报, 2014, 36(1):118~128. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZXB201401010.htm

    WU Jian-bo, ZHANG Hui, SU He-jun. Numerical simulation for migration rule of fault gas radon in different overburden[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica, 2014, 36(1):118~128. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZXB201401010.htm
    [33] 吴华平, 郭良田, 常郁, 等.氡断层气测量在佛山西淋岗活断层探测中的应用研究[J].华南地震, 2009, 29(4):108~113. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HNDI200904015.htm

    WU Hua-ping, GUO Liang-tian, CHANG Yu, et al. An experimental study on active fault radon gases measurement in Foshan Xilingang fault[J]. South China Journal of Seismology, 2009, 29(4):108~113. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HNDI200904015.htm
    [34] 张慧, 张新基, 苏鹤军, 等.金城关活动断裂带土壤气氡、汞地球化学特征[J].西北地震学报, 2005, 27(2):150~153. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZBDZ200502010.htm

    ZHANG Hui, ZHANG Xin-ji, SU He-jun, et al. The geochemical features of radon and mercury on Lanzhou Jinchengguan active fault[J]. Northwestern Seismological Journal, 2005, 27(2):150~153. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZBDZ200502010.htm
    [35] 张慧, 张新基, 苏鹤军, 等.兰州市活动断层土壤气汞、氡地球化学特征场地试验[J].西北地震学报, 2010, 32(3):273~278. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZBDZ201003013.htm

    ZHANG Hui, ZHANG Xin-ji, SU He-jun, et al. Field test on the geochemical features of radon and mercury from soil gas on the active faults in lanzhou[J]. Northwestern Seismological Journal, 2010, 32(3):273~278. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZBDZ201003013.htm
    [36] 赵振燊, 张慧, 苏鹤军.玛曲断裂带土壤气汞、氡地球化学特征[J].西北地震学报, 2011, 38(4):376~379. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZBDZ201104013.htm

    ZHAO Zhen-shen, ZHANG Hui, SU He-jun. The geochemical features of mercury and radon on Maqu active fault[J]. Northwestern Seismological Journal, 2011, 38(4):376~379. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZBDZ201104013.htm
    [37] 杨少平.壤中气氡汞联测在监测汶川余震中的作用[J].物探与化探, 2010, 34(6):778~786. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WTYH201006020.htm

    YANG Shao-ping. The application of the soil and gas Rn-Hg combined measurement method to the aftershocks surveillance of Wenchuan[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2010, 34(6):778~786. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WTYH201006020.htm
    [38] 张德会.成矿作用地球化学[M].北京:地质出版社, 2015:1~481.

    ZHANG De-hui. Geochemistry of ore-forming processes[M]. Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 2015:1~481.
    [39] 山县登.微量元素与人体健康[M].乔志清, 译.北京:地质出版社, 1987:1~270.

    SHAN Xian-deng. Trace elements and human health[M]. QIAO Zhi-qing, Translated. Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 1987:1~270.
    [40] Frost C D. A geochemical classification for granitic rocks[J]. Petrol, 2001, 42:2033~2048. doi: 10.1093/petrology/42.11.2033
    [41] Frost C D, Frost B R. On ferroan (A-type) granitoids:Their compositional variability and modes of origin[J]. Petrol, 2011, 52:39~55. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egq070
    [42] Nesbitt H W, Young G M. Early Proterozoic climates and plate motion inferred from major element chemistry of lutites[J]. Nature, 1982, 299:715~717. doi: 10.1038/299715a0
    [43] Parker A. An index of wearhering for silicate rocks[J]. Geological Magazine, 1970, 107:501~504. doi: 10.1017/S0016756800058581
    [44] Colman S M. Chemical weathering of basalts and andesites:Evidence from weathering rinds[J]. US Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1982, 1246:51.
    [45] 刘英俊, 曹励明, 李兆麟, 等.元素地球化学[M].北京:科学出版社, 1984:1~548.

    LIU Ying-jun, CAO Li-ming, LI Zhao-lin, et al. Element geochemistry[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 1984:1~548.
    [46] 严成文, 张献河, 李宏卫, 等.粤西罗定内瀚岩体LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb年龄及其地质意义[J].矿物学报, 2014, 34(4):481~486. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KWXB201404007.htm

    YAN Cheng-wen, ZHANG Xian-he, LI Hong-wei, et al. LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb dating and the geological significance of the Neihan granite in Luoding County, Guangdong Province, China[J]. Acta Mieralogica Sinica, 2014, 34(4):481~486. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KWXB201404007.htm
    [47] 李日运, 吴林峰.岩石风化程度特征指标的分析研究[J].岩石力学与工程学报, 2004, 23(22):3830~3833. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2004.22.018

    LI Ri-yun, WU Lin-feng. Research on characteristic indexes of weathering intensity of rocks[J]. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 2004, 23(22):3830~3833. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2004.22.018
    [48] 刘成禹, 何满潮.对岩石风化程度敏感的化学风化指数研究[J].地球与环境, 2011, 39(3):349~354. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZDQ201103012.htm

    LIU Cheng-yu, HE Man-chao. Research on the sensitive chemical weathering indices to rock weathering[J]. Earth and Environment, 2011, 39(3):349~354. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZDQ201103012.htm
    [49] 吴宏伟, 尚彦军, 曲永新.香港花岗岩风化分级化学指标体系与风化壳分带[J].工程地质学报, 1999, 7(2):125~134. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ902.004.htm

    WU Hong-wei, SHANG Yan-jun, QU Yong-xin. Chemical weathering indices, classification, and zoning of weathered granitic rock in Hongkong[J]. Journal of Engineering Geology, 1999, 7(2):125~134. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ902.004.htm
    [50] 尚彦军, 王思敬, 岳中琦, 等.全风化花岗岩孔径分布-颗粒组成-矿物成分变化特征及指标相关性分析[J].岩土力学, 2004, 25(10):1545~1551. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7598.2004.10.007

    SHANG Yan-jun, WANG Si-jing, YUE Zhong-qi, et al.Variation features of pore radius and particle diameter distributions and mineral content of completely decomposed granite and correlation of parameters[J]. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 2004, 25(10):1545~1551. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7598.2004.10.007
    [51] Masuda A, Nakamura N, Tanaka T. Fine structures of mutually normalized rare-earth patterns of chondrites[J]. Geochimca Cosmochim Acta, 1973, 37(2):239~248. doi: 10.1016/0016-7037(73)90131-2
    [52] Taylor S R, Mclennan S M. The geochemical evolution of the continental crust[J]. Reviews of Geophysics, 1995, 33(2):241~265. doi: 10.1029/95RG00262
  • 加载中
图(7)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  144
  • HTML全文浏览量:  66
  • PDF下载量:  11
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-09-16
  • 刊出日期:  2016-12-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回