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川西岷江松潘段第四纪与新构造运动特征分析

韩建恩 郭长宝 吴瑞安 任三绍 胥彪 杨志华

韩建恩, 郭长宝, 吴瑞安, 等, 2017. 川西岷江松潘段第四纪与新构造运动特征分析. 地质力学学报, 23 (6): 864-881.
引用本文: 韩建恩, 郭长宝, 吴瑞安, 等, 2017. 川西岷江松潘段第四纪与新构造运动特征分析. 地质力学学报, 23 (6): 864-881.
HAN Jian'en, GUO Changbao, WU Ruian, et al., 2017. CHARACTERISTICS ANALYSIS OF QUATERNARY AND NEOTECTONIC MOVEMENTS FROM SONGPAN SECTION, MINJIANG UPPER REACHES, WESTERN SICHUAN. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (6): 864-881.
Citation: HAN Jian'en, GUO Changbao, WU Ruian, et al., 2017. CHARACTERISTICS ANALYSIS OF QUATERNARY AND NEOTECTONIC MOVEMENTS FROM SONGPAN SECTION, MINJIANG UPPER REACHES, WESTERN SICHUAN. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (6): 864-881.

川西岷江松潘段第四纪与新构造运动特征分析

基金项目: 

中国地质调查局项目 DD20160271

中国地质调查局项目 12120113038000

中国地质调查局项目 1212011087114

中国地质科学院地质力学研究所基本科研业务费项 DZLXJK201710

中国地质科学院基本科研业务费项目 YYWF201511

详细信息
    作者简介:

    韩建恩(1980-), 男, 博士, 高级工程师, 构造地质专业, 主要从事区域地质、沉积相与古环境研究。E-mail:hanjianen@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P534.63;P546

CHARACTERISTICS ANALYSIS OF QUATERNARY AND NEOTECTONIC MOVEMENTS FROM SONGPAN SECTION, MINJIANG UPPER REACHES, WESTERN SICHUAN

  • 摘要: 在已有调查研究的基础上,通过野外地质调查和剖面测量,重点分析了岷江松潘段的漳腊盆地、斗鸡台盆地地貌特征、第四纪沉积物类型、物质成分、空间分布等特征,并系统测量和研究了松潘段岷江干流及其支流的河流阶地特征。研究表明,新构造运动控制了松潘段第四纪盆地的形态和地貌演化过程,漳腊盆地和斗鸡台盆地形成于中新世末至上新世初,西侧控盆断裂为东倾正断层,东侧为西倾逆断层,盆地为断块发生西降东升的翘板式断块运动过程中形成的,称之为"翘板式箕状盆地"。松潘段岷江河谷地貌呈现出宽谷和窄谷交替出现的特点,岷江干流及其支流中发育多处湖相地层,沉积特征表现为堰塞湖。岷江上游松潘段最多发育6级阶地,以侵蚀阶地和堆积阶地为主,主要形成于中更新世晚期—全新世时期。阶地级数具有分段性特点,不同区段阶地阶面宽窄不一,受区内新构造活动控制明显。岷江上游新构造运动表现为南北条带性和东西向差异掀斜抬升的特点,红桥关以上整体为构造隆升区,至少具有3次构造隆升,岷江上游斗鸡台盆地构造隆升强度整体上大于漳腊盆地。在尕米寺地区可能发生了6次构造抬升,红桥关一带构造抬升明显要强于漳腊盆地。

     

  • 图  1  岷江上游及其邻区活动构造纲要图(据文献[7]修改)

    a-区域构造纲要图; b-岷江上游活动构造; c-图 3位置

    Figure  1.  Outline map of active tectonics on the upper reaches of the Minjiang River and its adjacent regions

    图  3  岷江断裂带构造简图与实测阶地位置图(据文献[7]修改)

    Figure  3.  Simplified strucural map of the Minjiang fault zone and location of measured terrace sections of the Minjiang river

    图  2  岷江松潘段堆积物类型

    Figure  2.  Deposit types in Songpan section on the upper reaches of the Minjiang River

    图  4  岷江上游沉积盆地第四纪地层特征

    Figure  4.  Characteristics of Quaternary strata in sedimentary basin on the upper reaches of the Minjiang River

    图  5  岷江上游盆地控盆断裂

    Figure  5.  Basin-controlling faults of the basins on the upper reaches of Minjiang River

    图  6  岷江上游盆地“翘板式箕状盆地”形成模式示意图

    1-晚更新统1全新统; 2-中更新统; 3-古近系; 4-石炭系-二叠系; 5-中二叠统; 6-断层; 7-正断层; 8-推测断层

    Figure  6.  Diagram of formation mode of seesaw type dustpan-like basin on the upper reaches of the Minjiang River

    图  7  岷江上游河源至镇江关段河流阶地横剖面图

    Figure  7.  Cross section plan of river terraces from Heyuan to Zhenjiangguan section on the upper reaches of the Minjiang River

    图  8  岷江(弓嘎岭—镇江关)河流阶地位相图

    Figure  8.  River terrace phase diagram of the Minjiang River(Gonggaling-Zhenjiangguan)

    表  1  岷江上游AMS14C测年结果

    Table  1.   AMS14C dating results of shell in lacustrine strata

    样号 实验室编号 测年材料 14C年龄/a BP 校正年龄/a BP 资料来源
    SCL16G1050-1 Beta-446565 炭块 11210±40 11250±40 样品采集
    - Beta-320196 炭块 10180±40 10230±40 文献[18]
    注:AMS14C年龄测试由美国Beta实验室完成
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  岷江上游泉华分布点

    Table  2.   Distribution of tufa on the upper reaches of the Minjiang River

    序号 地点 坐标 海拔(m) 性质 时代 流域
    经度 纬度
    1 尕米寺南 103°40′26.33″ 33°53′24.70″ 3318 钙华 岷江干流
    2 山巴乡 103°38′55.45″ 32°50′18.15″ 3050 钙华 岷江干流
    3 漳腊村 103°38′34.22″ 32°47′55.47″ 3050 钙华 岷江干流
    4 窑沟村 103°35′14.15″ 32°37′41.62″ 2878 钙华 岷江干流
    5 二道沟 103°32′38.67″ 32°38′39.87″ 3071 钙华 岷江支流
    6 三联村 103°41′0.17″ 32°34′39.67″ 2969 钙华 岷江支流
    7 扎噶瀑布 103°32′30.95″ 32°34′17.95″ 2921 钙华 现代 岷江支流
    8 黄龙沟 103°49′59.24″ 32°43′28.95″ 3570 钙华 现代 涪江支流
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  岷江上游河流阶地高程统计表

    Table  3.   Statistical table of terrace elevation on the upper reaches of the Minjiang River

    序号 地点 坐标 河面海拔/m 拔河高度/m
    经度 纬度 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    1 黄泥坡 103°41′57.74″ 33°0′25.50″ 3420 7.1 13.0 19.0
    2 七藏沟口 103°41′53.45″ 32°59′0.25″ 3345 6.0 29.0 36.0
    3 卡卡沟口 103°41′24.20″ 32°58′32.63″ 3330 7.0 39.0 44.0
    4 卡卡沟 103°42′25.18″ 32°57′27.29″ 3290 7.0 28.0 37.0 41.0 44.0
    5 尕米寺北 103°42′1.06″ 32°55′20.73″ 3226 2.0 15.0 24.0 33.0 35.0 42.0
    6 尕米寺 103°41′0.17″ 32°53′59.66″ 3183 8.0 16.0 25.0 29.0
    7 安备村 103°40′20.29″ 32°53′3.77″ 3137 2.0 4.0 12.0 20.0 24.0 30.0
    8 山巴乡 103°38′57.40″ 32°50′13.71″ 3058 7.0 10.0 28.5
    9 大屯村 103°36′59.51″ 32°43′11.11″ 2921 2.0 14.0 20.0
    10 云屯村 103°37′40.30″ 32°32′23.36″ 2762 4.0 8.7
    11 新塘关 103°39′39.42″ 32°28′33.44″ 2674 2.5
    12 镇江关 103°43′50.65″ 32°20′40.84″ 2509 3.5 6.5
    注:拔河高度使用图帕斯200测距仪和皮尺测制
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  岷江上游支流河流阶地统计表

    Table  4.   Statistical table of terrace elevation of brunches on the upper reaches of the Minjiang River

    序号 地点 坐标 河面海拔/m 支流 拔河高度/m
    经度 纬度 T1 T2
    1 七藏沟 103°41′20.71″ 32°59′29.25″ 3404 七藏沟 4.0 10.7
    2 安备村 103°40′26.96″ 32°53′6.21″ 3345 安备沟 33.0 38.0
    3 东北村 103°34′29.88″ 32°47′55.62″ 3055 羊洞河 3.0 17.6
    4 二道海 103°30′30.87″ 32°40′1.20″ 3284 牟尼沟 2.0
    5 桥头 103°32′30.16″ 32°39′17.43″ 3096 牟尼沟 2.0
    6 上寨村 103°32′48.89″ 32°37′46.80″ 3031 牟尼沟 5.0
    7 包座村 103°32′18.37″ 32°36′26.88″ 3013 牟尼沟 2.0
    8 安宏村 103°37′16.18″ 32°30′55.40″ 2741 牟尼沟 2.0
    注:拔河高度使用图帕斯200测距仪和皮尺测制
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  岷江上游阶地测年数据表

    Table  5.   Dating data of river terraces on the upper reaches of the Minjiang River

    序号 地点 阶地 拔河高度(m) 测试方法 年龄(ka) 数据质量 资料来源
    1 小西天北 T3 40 TL 31.2±2.3 可信 文献[11]
    2 川盘 T2 25 ESR 287.27 参考 文献[23]
    3 川盘 T2 25 TL 30.2±2.3 可信 文献[4]
    4 川盘 T2 25 TL 46.4±3.7 可信 文献[4]
    5 川盘 T2 28 ESR 642.7 参考 文献[23]
    6 尕米寺 T2 - OSL 46.7±3.1 可信 文献[6]
    7 山巴乡 T4 150 TL 134.8±10.2 参考 文献[4]
    8 漳腊北 T2 60 14C 7.75±0.057 可信 文献[15]
    9 漳腊北 T2 35 14C 6.12±0.057 可信 文献[15]
    10 漳腊 T1 10 14C 2.81±0.077 可信 文献[15]
    11 漳腊 T2 40 TL 15.3±1.2 可信 文献[11]
    12 漳腊 T2 80 TL 23.6±2.0 参考 文献[11]
    13 祁命 T2 120 TL 27±2.1 参考 文献[4]
    14 川主寺 T2 35 14C 12.94±0.185 可信 文献[15]
    15 传子沟 T2 200 14C 23.46±0.350 参考 文献[15]
    16 传子沟 T4 80 IRSL 157±28 参考 文献[15]
    17 传子沟 T4 300 IRSL 254±35 参考 文献[15]
    18 传子沟 T4 160 TL 157.6±11.8 参考 文献[11]
    19 传子沟 T4 250 TL 830±68.9 参考 文献[11]
    20 漳腊盆地 T4 ~140 ESR 264±29 参考 文献[19]
    21 漳腊盆地 T5 ~230 ESR 471±47 参考 文献[19]
    22 漳腊盆地 T6 ~300 ESR 588±76 参考 文献[19]
    23 斗鸡台盆地 T5 ~230 ESR 376.3 参考 文献[38]
    24 斗鸡台盆地 T5 124 ESR 322.6 参考 文献[38]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-03-10
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