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ASTER-GDEM数据在大兴安岭北段地貌形态分析中的应用

钱程 崔天日 李林川 陈会军 秦涛 陆露

钱程, 崔天日, 李林川, 等, 2013. ASTER-GDEM数据在大兴安岭北段地貌形态分析中的应用. 地质力学学报, 19 (1): 82-92.
引用本文: 钱程, 崔天日, 李林川, 等, 2013. ASTER-GDEM数据在大兴安岭北段地貌形态分析中的应用. 地质力学学报, 19 (1): 82-92.
QIAN Cheng, CUI Tian-ri, LI Lin-chuan, et al., 2013. APPLICATION OF ASTER-GDEM DATA IN THE GEOMORPHIC CHARACTERISTICS ANALYSIS OF NORTHERN GREAT HIGGNAN LING MOUNTAINS. Journal of Geomechanics, 19 (1): 82-92.
Citation: QIAN Cheng, CUI Tian-ri, LI Lin-chuan, et al., 2013. APPLICATION OF ASTER-GDEM DATA IN THE GEOMORPHIC CHARACTERISTICS ANALYSIS OF NORTHERN GREAT HIGGNAN LING MOUNTAINS. Journal of Geomechanics, 19 (1): 82-92.

ASTER-GDEM数据在大兴安岭北段地貌形态分析中的应用

基金项目: 

中国地质调查局项目"内蒙古1:50000徐地营子等4幅区域地质矿产调查" 12120113054100

详细信息
    作者简介:

    钱程(1985-), 男, 辽宁省海城市人, 硕士, 主要从事区域地质与新构造研究。E-mail:qch1985123@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P931.2

APPLICATION OF ASTER-GDEM DATA IN THE GEOMORPHIC CHARACTERISTICS ANALYSIS OF NORTHERN GREAT HIGGNAN LING MOUNTAINS

  • 摘要: 基于ASTER-GDEM数据,利用彩色晕染、密度分割与GIS空间统计分析技术,结合地质资料,通过地形高程(平均高程、最大高程和最小高程)、地势起伏度、典型高程剖面及流域面积-高程积分等手段,对大兴安岭北段的地貌特征进行初步分析。分析结果表明,研究区主体呈现平原(台地)与丘陵地貌,地势相对平缓,呈北北东向延伸展布,存在多期隆升,受到北北东向区域构造控制,且遭受北西向构造活动改造;高程剖面揭示研究区存在多级剥夷面(或面状地貌面),最多可划分5级,且在各段、各坡向上发育特征不一,北北东向构造对地貌演化的控制作用强于近东西向构造,其活动强度上北段明显强于中、南段;面积-高程积分分析表明研究区地貌演化处于壮年期的晚期,山体处于隆升晚期或趋于稳定阶段,但北西向构造活动,形成大量狭长的新生沟谷。

     

  • 图  1  大兴安岭北段大地构造简图

    (根据文献[14]略改)

    Figure  1.  Tectonic sketch of the northern Great Higgnan Ling Mountains

    图  2  大兴安岭北段DEM图

    1—主要断裂带及编号;2—典型高程剖面位置及编号;F1—二连-贺根山断裂;F2—乌努尔鄂伦春断裂;F3—额尔古纳断裂;F4—德尔布干断裂;F5—大兴安岭主脊断裂;F6—嫩江断裂

    Figure  2.  DEM image of the northern Great Higgnan Ling Mountains

    图  3  大兴安岭北段4种高程图

    Figure  3.  Four types of DEM maps of the northern Great Higgnan Ling Mountains

    图  4  大兴安岭北段高程剖面图

    1—DEM高程线;2—剥夷面(地貌面)位置及编号;3—断裂带位置及编号;F1—二连-贺根山断裂;F2—乌努尔鄂伦春断裂;F3—额尔古纳断裂;F4—德尔布干断裂;F5—大兴安岭主脊断裂;F6—嫩江断裂

    Figure  4.  Graphs of height profiles of the northern Great Higgnan Ling Mountains

    图  5  大兴安岭北段面积-高程积分曲线图

    a、b、c分别为幼年、壮年、老年阶段;黑实线为研究区流域面积-高程积分曲线

    Figure  5.  The curve of hypsometric integral in the northern Great Higgnan Ling Mountains

    表  1  大兴安岭北段高程统计

    Table  1.   Height statistics of the northern Great Higgnan Ling Mountains

    表  2  大兴安岭北段地势起伏度统计

    Table  2.   Amplitude statistics of the northern Great Higgnan Ling Mountains

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  • 收稿日期:  2012-11-03
  • 刊出日期:  2013-06-01

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