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甘肃甘谷裂隙泥岩剪切蠕变行为及其修正模型研究

吴礼舟 李部 孙萍

吴礼舟, 李部, 孙萍, 2017. 甘肃甘谷裂隙泥岩剪切蠕变行为及其修正模型研究. 地质力学学报, 23 (6): 923-934.
引用本文: 吴礼舟, 李部, 孙萍, 2017. 甘肃甘谷裂隙泥岩剪切蠕变行为及其修正模型研究. 地质力学学报, 23 (6): 923-934.
WU Lizhou, LI Bu, SUN Ping, 2017. STUDY ON SHEAR CREEP BEHAVIOR OF MUDSTONE AND ITS CORRECTION MODEL OF GANGU FISSURE IN GANSU. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (6): 923-934.
Citation: WU Lizhou, LI Bu, SUN Ping, 2017. STUDY ON SHEAR CREEP BEHAVIOR OF MUDSTONE AND ITS CORRECTION MODEL OF GANGU FISSURE IN GANSU. Journal of Geomechanics, 23 (6): 923-934.

甘肃甘谷裂隙泥岩剪切蠕变行为及其修正模型研究

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金面上项目 41472296

国家自然科学基金面上项目 41672282

详细信息
    作者简介:

    孙萍(1978-), 女, 博士, 副研, 主要从事工程地质、地质灾害方面的研究工作。E-mail:sunpingcgs@163.com

    通讯作者:

    吴礼舟(1975-), 男, 博士, 教授, 主要从事岩土工程科研教学工作。E-mail:wulizhou07@cdut.cn

  • 中图分类号: T045;P642.22

STUDY ON SHEAR CREEP BEHAVIOR OF MUDSTONE AND ITS CORRECTION MODEL OF GANGU FISSURE IN GANSU

  • 摘要: 岩石在长期荷载作用下表现出典型的蠕变特性,裂隙泥岩在长期荷载作用下的力学性质不同于完整岩石。对甘肃甘谷赵家窑滑坡钻孔取芯的裂隙泥岩开展剪切蠕变试验,探讨轴向压应力、预制裂隙长度等因素对试样剪切蠕变特征的影响。试验结果表明:轴向荷载和裂隙长度对试样剪切蠕变特征有明显的影响。轴向压应力越大,试样剪切蠕变变形越不明显;裂隙越长,试样剪切蠕变变形越显著。应力较低时,如Cvisc模型等蠕变模型能够较好反映泥岩的蠕变力学特性。而在加速蠕变阶段,大多数模型却不能准确体现泥岩蠕变曲线的非线性变化。改进的西原模型克服了传统模型不能对非线性蠕变特征进行描述的缺点,且模型参数较少,能较好地适用工程软弱岩体。不同载荷作用下泥质软岩试样剪切蠕变过程中,裂隙泥岩剪切破坏带形成表现为渐进与突发相结合。泥岩的剪切蠕变力学模型可解释泥岩滑坡的多种现象,边坡潜在滑移带内泥质软岩发生的剪切蠕变则是泥岩滑坡的内在诱因。

     

  • 图  1  泥岩试样

    Figure  1.  Mudstone specimen

    图  2  裂隙加工示意图

    H-岩石试件边长; a-为加工裂纹深度

    Figure  2.  Sketch map of fracture processing

    图  3  仪器装样及运行过程图

    Figure  3.  Instrument sample loading and running process diagram

    图  4  试样破坏特征

    Figure  4.  Damage characteristics of samples

    图  5  不同正应力下无裂隙试样剪切蠕变位移-时间分阶段曲线

    Figure  5.  Displacement-time curves of shear creep under different normal stresses of non-crack samples

    图  6  预制10 mm裂隙试样在不同正应力下剪切蠕变位移-时间曲线

    Figure  6.  Displacement-time curves of shear creep under different normal stresses of prefabricated 10 mm crack samples

    图  7  预制15 mm裂隙试样在不同正应力下剪切蠕变位移-时间曲线

    Figure  7.  Displacement-time curves of shear creep under different normal stresses of prefabricated 15 mm crack samples

    图  8  预制裂隙10 mm在不同正应力作用下剪切蠕变速率—时间曲线

    Figure  8.  Rate-time curves of shear creep under different normal stresses of prefabricated 10 mm crack samples

    图  9  预制裂隙15 mm在不同正应力作用下剪切蠕变速率—时间曲线

    Figure  9.  Rate-time curves of shear creep under different normal stresses of prefabricated 15 mm crack samples

    图  10  蠕变体的示意图及应变-时间曲线

    Figure  10.  Schematic diagram and axial strain-time curve of a creep mass

    图  11  改进的西原模型

    Figure  11.  The modified Nishihara model

    图  12  改进西原模型计算值与试验结果值的对比

    Figure  12.  Comparison between the modified Nishihara model and the experiment

    表  1  泥质软岩试样

    Table  1.   Parameters of pelitic soft rock sample

    编号 裂隙长度a/mm 水平初始荷载τ/MPa 每级水平荷载增加τ/MPa 轴向荷载N/kN 轴向正应力σ/MPa
    W1-3 0 0.56 0.56 1 0.28
    W4-6 0 0.56 0.56 2 0.56
    W7-9 0 0.56 0.56 3 0.83
    L1-3 10 0.56 0.56 1 0.28
    L4-6 10 0.56 0.56 2 0.56
    L7-9 10 0.56 0.56 3 0.83
    L10-12 15 0.56 0.56 1 0.28
    L13-15 15 0.56 0.56 2 0.56
    L16-18 15 0.56 0.56 3 0.83
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-05-14
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