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新疆哈尔里克早石炭世A型花岗岩的岩石成因及构造意义

王良玉 廖群安 肖典 罗婷 赵浩 刘鸿飞 王国灿

王良玉, 廖群安, 肖典, 等, 2016. 新疆哈尔里克早石炭世A型花岗岩的岩石成因及构造意义. 地质力学学报, 22 (4): 1032-1048.
引用本文: 王良玉, 廖群安, 肖典, 等, 2016. 新疆哈尔里克早石炭世A型花岗岩的岩石成因及构造意义. 地质力学学报, 22 (4): 1032-1048.
WANG Liang-yu, LIAO Qun-an, XIAO Dian, et al., 2016. PETROGENESIS AND TECTONIC SIGNIFICANCE OF EARLY CARBONIFEROUS A-TYPE GRAINTE IN HARLIK, XINJIANG. Journal of Geomechanics, 22 (4): 1032-1048.
Citation: WANG Liang-yu, LIAO Qun-an, XIAO Dian, et al., 2016. PETROGENESIS AND TECTONIC SIGNIFICANCE OF EARLY CARBONIFEROUS A-TYPE GRAINTE IN HARLIK, XINJIANG. Journal of Geomechanics, 22 (4): 1032-1048.

新疆哈尔里克早石炭世A型花岗岩的岩石成因及构造意义

基金项目: 

中国地质调查局“特殊地质地貌区填图试点”项目 DD20160060

中国地质调查局“特殊地质地貌区填图试点”项目 12120114042801

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王良玉(1990-), 男, 硕士, 矿物学、岩石学、矿床学专业。E-mail:532434457@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    廖群安(1959-), 男, 博士, 教授, 主要从事岩石学及岩石地球化学研究。E-mail:qanliao@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P588.1;P597

PETROGENESIS AND TECTONIC SIGNIFICANCE OF EARLY CARBONIFEROUS A-TYPE GRAINTE IN HARLIK, XINJIANG

  • 摘要: 对出露在哈尔里克山西段小白杨沟-南山口一带的早石炭世花岗岩进行了锆石LA-ICP-MS U-Pb定年,结果为331.3±1.9 Ma,属早石炭世晚期。其岩石组合为碱长花岗岩、碱性花岗岩,暗色矿物以黑云母为主,见钠质角闪石,具富碱、贫钙镁和低铝铁的特征,微量元素明显富集Rb、Th、K等大离子亲石元素和Zr、Hf等高场强元素而强烈亏损Ba、Sr、Eu等元素,10000 Ga/Al值变化于2.93~3.80之间,表明该碱性花岗岩属于典型的A型花岗岩,具板内花岗岩特征,并非前人认为的岛弧花岗岩,其正εNd(t)值(+5.66~+6.12)和年轻的Nd模式年龄(TDM2=0.60~0.62 Ga)显示岩浆来源于新生年轻地壳。从本次1:50000区调研究成果看,博格达自早石炭世开始伸展,早石炭世晚期进入闭合阶段,哈儿里克山早石炭世晚期岩体应处于博格达裂谷晚期阶段,并非前人所说的后碰撞和岛弧环境。

     

  • 图  1  新疆地质构造单元简图[18~19]

    Figure  1.  The geological tectonic sketch of Xinjiang

    图  2  研究区哈尔里克山岩体地质图(据1:50000地质图改编)

    Figure  2.  Geological map of the Harlik pluton

    图  3  早石炭晚期碱性花岗岩的野外接触关系

    Figure  3.  Field contact relationship of the alkaline granites in late Early Carboniferous

    图  4  早石炭晚期碱性花岗岩与晚石炭二长花岗岩实测剖面(PM44)

    Figure  4.  Section of late Early Carboniferous alkaline granite and Late Carboniferous monzonitic granite

    图  5  早石炭世晚期碱性花岗岩及碱长花岗岩结构特征

    a—碱长花岗岩中显微文象结构(+); b—花岗岩中钠铁闪石, 边部见棕闪石, 碱性长石为条纹长石, 中见析离条纹, 钾长石黏土化为褐色(-); c—花岗岩中棕闪石(-); d—花岗岩中钠铁闪石, 蚀变析离出不透明矿物, 但仍可见部分光性特征(-); Rie—钠质角闪石; Bar—棕闪石; Af—碱性长石; Q—石英

    Figure  5.  Petrological characteristics of late Early Carboniferous granite

    图  6  南山口西侧碱性花岗岩锆石U-Pb年龄谐和图及CL图像

    Figure  6.  U-Pb age concordia plots and CL image from the zircon of alkaline granite in western Nanshankou

    图  7  哈尔里克山南山口早石炭晚期岩体主量元素特征

    Figure  7.  Major element characteristics of late Early Carboniferous granite in Nanshankou, Harlik

    图  8  南山口早石炭世晚期花岗岩类稀土元素配分曲线[39]及微量元素蛛网图

    Figure  8.  REE distribution curve and Trace elements spider diagram from the alkaline granite from Nanshankou

    图  9  早石炭晚期花岗岩成因类型判别图

    (a)—(e)底图据Whalen等[35]; I、S、M和A分别代表Ⅰ型、S型、M型和A型花岗岩; OGT代表未分异的I、S和M型花岗岩区; FG代表分异Ⅰ型花岗岩区; (f)底图据Sylvester[50]

    Figure  9.  Various chemical discrimination diagram of the late Early Carboniferous granites

    图  10  碱性花岗岩源区同位素特征(据文献[37])及A型花岗岩构造环境判别(据文献[49])

    Figure  10.  Isotopic characteristics of alkaline granite and tectonic environment discrimination of A-type granite

    图  11  花岗岩形成环境判别图[61~62]

    Figure  11.  Tectonic environment discrimination of granite

    表  1  南山口碱性花岗岩(44-4) LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb同位素分析结果

    Table  1.   LA-ICP-MS U-Pb zircon analysis results for the alkaline granitic rocks from Nanshankou

    测点含量/10-6Th/U比值年龄/Ma
    TotPb232Th238U207Pb/206Pb207Pb/235U206Pb/238U207Pb/235U206Pb/238U
    4-11103506200.560.05130.00150.37640.01120.05310.00073248.33344.2
    4-232548810970.440.10790.00850.7440.06120.04920.000556535.63103.3
    4-31552985510.540.10120.00980.93490.13690.05250.001367071.83308.2
    4-42272144720.450.13690.01641.79780.30390.06180.0023104511038714.3
    4-544299816280.610.08870.00510.68540.04710.05230.000753028.43284.2
    4-627586712940.670.0630.00320.44430.02120.05090.000537314.93203.2
    4-720767111420.590.05520.00160.40410.0120.05240.00063458.73293.6
    4-81163206770.470.06560.00350.45890.02770.04910.000738419.33094.3
    4-91394308210.520.05750.00160.42310.01190.05280.00063588.53323.6
    4-10772375600.420.05280.00150.38560.0110.05260.00063318.13303.5
    4-111063366160.540.0550.00170.40190.01280.05260.00063439.33303.5
    4-121033126990.450.0570.00180.40660.01260.05150.00053469.13243.0
    4-13782464970.50.05120.00180.37210.01310.05260.00053219.73313.2
    4-141023116140.510.05220.00170.38750.01310.05350.00063339.63363.8
    4-151043375890.570.05430.00180.39540.01320.05260.00053389.63313.0
    4-1651299414060.710.12930.00921.1460.09610.05710.000977545.53585.7
    4-171013395420.630.05630.00190.41250.01420.05290.000635110.23323.9
    4-18922906310.460.05410.00150.39660.0110.05310.00053398.03343.4
    4-19672064130.500.05180.00170.37950.01270.05310.00063279.33333.8
    4-2016454110390.520.05170.00120.38250.0090.05340.00053296.63353.2
    注: TotPb表示锆石总Pb含量, 测点样号省略"PM44-"
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  南山口早石炭世晚期侵入岩全岩主量元素(%)、微量元素和稀土元素(10-6)分析结果

    Table  2.   Whole-rock major elements and trace elements of late Early Carboniferous granite

    元素44 +44-644-1344-1744-2044-2544-2844-3144-3445-12-245-12-345-17-345 -17-6
    SiO279. 5875.675.275.575.475.574.476.176.375.374.477.175.7
    TiO20.070.120.180.210.180.180.220.170.200.300.280.120.16
    Al2O310.6011.7012.2012.1512.2012.3512.6512.4512.3012.4512.5511.5512.15
    F2O3t1.521.752.042.011.941.671.861.611.701.912.061.761.86
    WnO0.030.030.040.040.030.030.030.020.020.060.050.040.04
    MgO0.080.090.120.160.150.170.290.170.210.260.230.050.12
    CaO0.090.610.330.530.550.410.750.370.480.390.310.270.32
    Na2O3.463.613.863.963.553.863.643.673.673.883.783.803.90
    K2O3. 984.884.874.735.094.714.775.254.844.554.794.694.81
    P2O50.010.010.010.020.010.010.030.010.020.020.020.010.01
    LOI0.350.660.250.190.360.270.440.310.510.470.510.180.36
    FeOt1.371.571.841.811.751.501.671.451.531.721.851.581.67
    Mg#9.49.210.413.613.316.823.617.319.721.218.15.311.3
    A/CNK1.040.951.000.960.991.011.011.001.011.041.050.981.00
    A/NK1.061.041.051.041.071.081.131.061.091.101.101.021.05
    V102028212825115537202311
    Cr20101010101020201010101010
    Ga21.221.321.820.820.521.321.319.320.421.922.123.222.3
    Rb112.5134.0126.0111.0134.5145.0142.5171.0166.098.4110.5144.0136.0
    Sr13.920.437.535.253.250.088.541.944.442.551.514.124.8
    Y41.842.847.641.151.744.148.148.148.773.566.051.049.3
    Zr207328387388336260.0257235240384385339347
    Nb11.812.414.511.115.016.414.814.415.125.525.112.617.2
    Cs0.851.711.241.631.131.240.751.541.901.131.303.242.52
    Ba35.051.883.8127.0135.0138.5231.0178.5157.0231.0242.033.874.7
    Hf5.28.09.79.09.28.47.27.17.311.610.79.09.6
    Ta1.01.11.21.01.41.91.41.31.41.91.71.01.5
    Th14.8018.0518.9013.0520.5021.9020.2020.7021.5016.7517.4017.0019.20
    U3.094.314.333.155.545.014.613.063.311.942.263.215.04
    La42.661.257.143.849.142.650.552.253.252.556.353.144.1
    Ce89.9129.5125.096.3106.092.8104.5109.0107.5124.5128.5114.094.0
    Pr10.1514.3013.6510.6511.509.8711.2511.5012.1515.2015.3012.6010.85
    Nd35.548.447.337.338.833.737.339.441.254.354.745.138.2
    Sm7.569.289.597.788.157.297.628.288.2811.9011.859.217.82
    Eu0.170.250.370.520.340.330.540.350.380.850.880.200.33
    Gd6.447.838.657.177.986.407.117.207.7311.2510.108.497.86
    Tb0.991.201.321.181.351.121.231.271.252.001.771.411.39
    Dy6.087.598.507.418.667.257.637.808.0113.4511.859.029.13
    Ho1.311.601.741.511.831.531.651.731.632.782.331.851.79
    Er3.934.605.254.475.364.884.694.994.807.786.835.475.79
    Tm0.600.690.800.650.850.780.750.740.801.110.990.800.86
    Yb3.995.015.294.525.795.425.075.255.326.956.075.175.81
    Lu0.610.820.870.730.930.830.760.800.781.020.930.870.92
    REE209.8292.3285.4224.0246.6214.8240.6250.5253.0305.6308.4267.3228.9
    δEu0.070.090.120.210.130.150.220.140.150.220.250.070.13
    (La/Yb)N7.668.767.746.956.085.647.147.137.175.426.657.375.44
    TZr819847869864853832829821824872873855858
    注:样品号均省略“PM”;样品岩性均为碱性花岗岩;Mg# = molar 100 × MgO/(MgO + FeOt); A/CNK = Al2O3/ (CaO +Na2O + K2O)分子比;A/NK = Al2O3/(Na2O+ K2O)分子比;TZr代表使用Watson和Harrison等公式计算的温度,℃
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  南山口碱性花岗岩Sr-Nd同位素分析结果

    Table  3.   Sr-Nd isotopes analysis results for the alkaline granitic rocks from Nanshankou

    样号岩性年龄/ Ma87Rb/86Sr87Sr/86Sr147Sm/144Nd143Nd/144NdfSm/NdISrεNd(t)TDM1/MaTDM2/MaFx1Fx2
    44-6碱性花岗岩33119.160.793567 ±50. 11590.512753 ±5-0.410.7033+ 5.666206300.870.93
    45-17碱性花岗岩33129.910.833196 ±70.12350.512793 ±3-0.370.6923+6.126005900.900.95
    注:87Rb/86Sr、147Sm/144Nd通过全岩Rb、Sr、Sm、Nd含量计算;t采用岩体锆石年龄;ISr代表87Sr/86Sr初始值,ISr =87Sr/86Sr-87Rb/86Sr×(e0.0142t-1); εNd(t) = [(143Nd/144Nd)(t)/(143Nd/144Nd)CHUR(t)-1]×104; fSm/NdTDM1TDM2计算见文献(Li,2003),参与式中计算的(143Nd/144Nd)CHUR = 0.51263,(147Sm/144Nd)CHUR = 0.1967, (143Nd/144Nd)DM = 0.51315, (147Sm/144Nd)DM = 0. 2136;Fx1 = (εc1 -εr)Ndcl/[ εr(Ndm-Ndc1) -(εmNdm-εc1Ndc1)]; Fx2 = (εc2-εr)Ndc2)/[εr(Ndm-Ndc2) -(εmNdm-εe2Ndc2)]; Fx1代表幔源组分(以玄武岩为代表)与地壳混合所占的百分含量;Fx2代表幔源组分(以玄武岩为代表)与大洋沉积物混合所占的百分含量;εc1εc2εrεm,分别代表地壳、大洋沉积物、所测岩体、地幔同位素组分;Ndc1、Ndc2、Ndm分别代表地壳、大洋沉积物、地幔中Nd的含量,其中地壳端元(据文献[39]) εc1 = -4, Ndc1 =25×10-6; 地幔端元以玄武岩为代表(据文献[39]),εm=-4, Ndm=15;大洋沉积物拟用现今大西洋大洋沉积物(据White[40])
    下载: 导出CSV
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