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云南元谋盆地距今210-120 ka间干热气候变化重建

李华勇 明庆忠 张虎才 苏怀 张自强 段立曾

李华勇, 明庆忠, 张虎才, 等, 2013. 云南元谋盆地距今210-120 ka间干热气候变化重建. 地质力学学报, 19 (1): 14-25.
引用本文: 李华勇, 明庆忠, 张虎才, 等, 2013. 云南元谋盆地距今210-120 ka间干热气候变化重建. 地质力学学报, 19 (1): 14-25.
LI Hua-yong, MING Qing-zhong, ZHANG Hu-cai, et al., 2013. DRY-HOT CLIMATE CHANGES FROM 210 TO 120 kaBP BY LACUSTRINE SEDIMENTS IN YUANMOU BASIN, YUNNAN. Journal of Geomechanics, 19 (1): 14-25.
Citation: LI Hua-yong, MING Qing-zhong, ZHANG Hu-cai, et al., 2013. DRY-HOT CLIMATE CHANGES FROM 210 TO 120 kaBP BY LACUSTRINE SEDIMENTS IN YUANMOU BASIN, YUNNAN. Journal of Geomechanics, 19 (1): 14-25.

云南元谋盆地距今210-120 ka间干热气候变化重建

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金重点项目 U0933604

国家自然科学基金重点项目 40872118

教育部科学技术研究重点项目 207102

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李华勇(1986-), 男, 山东寿光人, 博士研究生, 研究方向为湖泊沉积与气候变化。E-mail:lihuayong2010@hotmail.com

    通讯作者:

    明庆忠(1963-), 男, 湖北黄冈人, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事区域地理环境与区域发展研究。E-mail:mingqingzhong01@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P532;P534.63

DRY-HOT CLIMATE CHANGES FROM 210 TO 120 kaBP BY LACUSTRINE SEDIMENTS IN YUANMOU BASIN, YUNNAN

  • 摘要: 元谋盆地西侧浪巴铺湖相沉积物(厚27 m)ESR年代测定结果显示,浪巴铺古湖存在于距今216±20 ka至122±10 ka,经历了倒数第二次间冰期末期、倒数第二次冰期以及末次间冰期初期。结合粒度、磁化率和孢粉等数据,重建了元谋地区距今216±20 ka至122±10 ka期间的气候变化历史:距今216~185 ka期间,孢粉平均浓度为全剖面最高,出现了喜高温的苏铁科和栲属植物以及指示湿润环境的莎草科植被,表明这段时期气候相对湿热,对应倒数第二次间冰期晚期;距今185~150 ka期间,孢粉浓度迅速降低,1050 cm深处(距今160 ka)孢粉浓度只有8.67粒/100 g,对应倒数第二次冰期盛冰期;距今150~122 ka期间出现数层砂砾石层,草本植物比例增加,气温回升,降水减少,湖泊面积缩小直至消失,气候干热趋势显著。考虑到浪巴铺古湖沉积物样品平均孢粉浓度只有34.35粒/100 g,认为至少在倒数第二次冰期之前,元谋盆地气候的干旱特征已经十分显著,植被稀疏,末次间冰期以来,气候的干热特征已与现代基本相同。

     

  • 图  1  研究区地理位置与采样点

    Figure  1.  Location of the research area and sampling points

    图  2  浪巴铺剖面岩性与年代图

    Figure  2.  Lithologic column and ages of the Langbapu Profile

    图  3  浪巴铺剖面粒度参数、磁化率及孢粉曲线

    Figure  3.  Results of grain size, magnetic susceptibility and pollen of Langbapu Profile

    表  1  ESR样品采集层位与测量结果

    Table  1.   Sampling positions and ESR ages

    表  2  浪巴铺古湖区距今216~122 ka期间气候演化阶段

    Table  2.   Climate evolutionary phase in the Langbapu paleo-lake area during 216~122 kaBP

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  • 收稿日期:  2012-11-30
  • 刊出日期:  2013-06-01

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