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香港工程边坡防治进展概述

孙萍 吴树仁

孙萍, 吴树仁, 2014. 香港工程边坡防治进展概述. 地质力学学报, 20 (3): 243-253.
引用本文: 孙萍, 吴树仁, 2014. 香港工程边坡防治进展概述. 地质力学学报, 20 (3): 243-253.
SUN Ping, WU Shu-ren, 2014. SUMMARY ON THE PREVENTION PROGRESS OF ENGINEERING SLOPE IN HONG KONG. Journal of Geomechanics, 20 (3): 243-253.
Citation: SUN Ping, WU Shu-ren, 2014. SUMMARY ON THE PREVENTION PROGRESS OF ENGINEERING SLOPE IN HONG KONG. Journal of Geomechanics, 20 (3): 243-253.

香港工程边坡防治进展概述

基金项目: 

香港研资局项目 RGC616812

详细信息
    作者简介:

    孙萍(1978-), 女, 副研究员, 博士, 主要从事岩土工程与地质灾害方面的研究工作。E-mail:sunpingcgs@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P642.2

SUMMARY ON THE PREVENTION PROGRESS OF ENGINEERING SLOPE IN HONG KONG

  • 摘要: 受特殊的丘陵地形、强风化岩石以及季节性强降雨的影响, 香港滑坡时有发生。根据香港土木工程拓展署(CEDD)土力工程处(Geotechnical Engineering Office, GEO)的相关资料, 梳理了香港工程边坡防治进展的历史进程和关键防治技术, 对我国大陆相关工程边坡防治具有一定的参考价值。

     

  • 图  1  秀茂坪滑坡和宝珊道滑坡[3]

    Figure  1.  The San Mau Ping landslide and the Po Shan landslide

    图  2  典型砌石墙破坏

    Figure  2.  A typical damage of masonry wall

    图  3  棚户区滑坡

    Figure  3.  Landslides in shantytowns

    图  4  香港滑坡导致的人员伤亡情况

    Figure  4.  The casualties induced by landslides in Hong Kong

    图  5  碧瑶湾滑坡

    Figure  5.  The Baguio bay landslide

    图  6  观龙楼塌方

    Figure  6.  The Kwun Lung Lau collapse

    图  7  呈祥道边坡事故

    Figure  7.  The Ching Cheung Road slope

    图  8  石峡尾滑坡

    Figure  8.  The Shek Kip Mei landslide

    图  9  治理斜坡数量情况

    Figure  9.  Number of governance slope

    图  10  治理斜坡财政支出

    Figure  10.  Fiscal spending of governance slope

    图  11  土钉稳定性计算方法

    Figure  11.  Soil nailing stability calculation method

    图  12  土钉局部腐蚀现象

    Figure  12.  Local corrosion in soil nailing

    图  13  土钉加固材料

    Figure  13.  Soil nail reinforcement material

    图  14  现场非破坏性试验

    Figure  14.  Non-destructive test on site

    图  15  现场排水试验

    Figure  15.  The site drainage test

    图  16  边坡美化前后对比

    Figure  16.  Comparison of slopes before and after beautified

  • [1] Chan R K S. Hong Kong slope safety management system[C]//Proceedings of the Symposium on Slope Hazards and Their Prevention. Hong Kong, 2000: 1~16.
    [2] Chan R K S. Safe and green slopes: The holistic Hong Kong approach[C]//Proceedings of the 2005 HKIE Geotechnical Division Annual Seminar. Hong Kong: HKIE, 2005: 1~26.
    [3] Chan R K S. Evolution of LPM policy in the past thirty five years: Landslide risk reduction through works[C]//35 Years of Landslip Preventive Measures Programme and Beyond. Hong Kong, 2011: 1~14.
    [4] Lam B M T. An appraisal of the landslide preventive works to fill slopes in Hong Kong[M]. MSc Dissertation, Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, the University of Hong Kong, 1980: 1~80.
    [5] Chan Y C. Study of old masonry retaining walls in Hong Kong: GEO report No. 31[M]. Geotechnical Engineering Office, Civil Engineering Department, Hong Kong Government, 1982.
    [6] Brand E W, Hudson R R. CHASE: An empirical approach to the design of cut slopes in Hong Kong[C]//Proceedings of the 7th Southeast Asian Geotechnical Conference. Hong Kong, 1982: 1~16.
    [7] HAP (Halcrow Asia Partnership Ltd.). Report on the Ching Cheung Road Landslide of 3 August 1997[C]//GEO Report No. 78. Geotechnical Engineering Office, Civil Engineering Department, Hong Kong SAR Government, 1998.
    [8] Fugro Maunsell Scott Wilson Joint Venture. Report on the Shek Kip Mei Landslide of 25 August 1999: Vol. 1-Findings of the Landslide Investigation[M]. Geotechnical Engineering Office, Civil Engineering Department, Hong Kong SAR Government, 2000.
    [9] Cheung W M, Shiu Y K. Assessment of global landslide risk posed by pre-1978 man-made slope features: Risk reduction from 1977 to 2000 achieved by the LPM Programme[C]//Special Project Report No. SPR 6/2000. Geotechnical Engineering Office, Civil Engineering Department, Hong Kong SAR Government, 2000.
    [10] Shiu Y K, Chang G W K. Effects of inclination, length pattern and bending stiffness of soil nails on behaviour of nailed structures[C]//Geotechnical Engineering Office, Hong Kong. GEO Report No. 197. Hong Kong: Geotechnical Engineering Office, 2005: 1~116.
    [11] Pun W K, Urciuoli G. Soil nailing and subsurface drainage for slope stabilization[J]. Landslides and Engineered Slopes: From the Past to the Future, 2008, (1): 85~126. doi: 10.1201/9780203885284-c6
    [12] Cheung W M, Shum K W, Pun W K. Review of the approach for estimation of pullout resistance of soil nails[C]//Proceedings of HKIE Geotechnical Division Annual Seminar on Applications of Innovative Technologies in Geotechnical Works, Hong Kong, 2008: 95~100.
    [13] Shiu Y K, Cheung W M. Long-term durability of steel soil nails (HKIE Transactions Prize 2009)[J]. HKIE Transactions, 2008, 15(3): 1~9.
    [14] Cheung W M. Non-destructive tests for determining the lengths of installed steel soil nails[C]//GEO Report No. 133. Geotechnical Engineering Office, Hong Kong, 2003: 1~54.
    [15] Mott Connell Ltd. Review of stepped drainage channels: Report prepared under Agreement No. CE 10/2004(GE)[M]. Mott Connell Ltd., 2006: 1~69.
    [16] Chanson H. Hydraulic design of stepped cascades, channels, weirs and spillways[M]. Oxford: Pergamon, 1994: 1~261.
    [17] Tang C S C, Cheung S P Y. Frequency analysis of extreme rainfall values: Technical Note No. 1/2011[M]. Hong Kong: Geotechnical Engineering Office, 2011: 1~208.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-04-30
  • 刊出日期:  2014-09-28

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