Volume 23 Issue 6
Dec.  2017
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  • Received: 2017-04-20
  • Published: 2017-12-01
  • With the rapid development of city, soil properties in city have changed significantly with significant differences among different function zones. In order to discuss the impact on the soil carbon pool (especially black carbon), from human activities of different ways and at different degrees as well as pollution from different sources, the concentration of black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (SOC), and concentration ratio (BC/SOC) of surface soil in different function zones (parks, residential areas and road green belt) in urban and suburban areas in Beijing are compared in the study, and the influence of human activities of different ways and at different degrees on soil are discussed based on the BC/SOC index. The results show that the enrichment degrees of soil SOC in different function zones in urban areas are different, and the concentration of SOC in soil in parks and residential areas under human management tend to be average; in suburban areas, the concentration of SOC in different function zones are close and much the same as the natural soil, indicating the soil is less influenced by human activities. There are significant differences in the concentration of BC values in soil in different function zones of urban areas, and the descending order is parks (0.60%~2.28%, mean 1.56%), road green belts (0.12%~2.20%, mean 0.62%), residential areas (0.11%~1.15%, mean 0.35%).The regional digging, planting and fertilization made a large number of BC gather in parks and road green belts are strongly impacted by traffic discharge; in suburban areas, the concentration of BC of different function zones are low and close to each other, representing the background concentration of BC in regional soil. The BC/SOC values in soil mainly fall in between 0.11% and 0.5%, and BC/SOC values in suburban area are smaller than that of urban areas, indicating that the burning of fossil fuels and biomass are both sources of BC in soil in the urban and suburban areas but with different proportions, and the urban area is an important source of BC in the suburban area. In addition, BC/SOC values in some places of urban areas are significantly higher, reflecting that BC/SOC value not only indicates the degree of soil pollution but also is closely related to urbanization progress and specific human activities.


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