Volume 23 Issue 4
Aug.  2017
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  • Received: 2017-02-15
  • Published: 2017-08-01
  • A multi-proxy record including grain size, magnetic susceptibility and trace element from the fluvial-lacustrine Linjiadian section in the upper reaches of Xilamulun River, situated in the southeastern margin of Inner Mongolia, has been proposed to reconstruct the environmental and climatic changes since the last 36 ka BP. The results show that, during 35.23 to 25.15 ka BP, the late stage of Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS 3), warm and wet climate conditions dominated this region accompanied by the trend of regional drought climate. The following period, approximately 25.25~11.35 ka BP, corresponding to MIS 2, was characterized by frequent fluctuations in climate change. The driest and coldest interval was recognized as the last glacial maximum (LGM), ranging from 22.25 to 18.47 ka BP, and two minor climate optimums occurred in 18.47~16.24 ka BP and 14.72~11.13 ka BP. The Holocene commenced at about 11.13 ka BP with the transition to a relatively humid and warm climate. Regional comparisons suggest a roughly synchronous pattern of climate change and variation in the East Asian summer monsoon (EASM), attributing to the force of the northern hemisphere summer insolation and ice volume. In addition, the millennial-scale EASM fluctuation had some influence on the Heinrich (H), and the Younger Dryas (YD), indicating the relevance to the rapid Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) oscillations.


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