Volume 28 Issue 3
Jun.  2022
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ZHENG Yadong, ZHANG Jinjiang, ZHANG Bo, 2022. Two pillar theories of structural geology in the new century: the MEM criterion and the deformation partitioning. Journal of Geomechanics, 28 (3): 319-337. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021118
Citation: ZHENG Yadong, ZHANG Jinjiang, ZHANG Bo, 2022. Two pillar theories of structural geology in the new century: the MEM criterion and the deformation partitioning. Journal of Geomechanics, 28 (3): 319-337. DOI: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021118

Two pillar theories of structural geology in the new century: the MEM criterion and the deformation partitioning

doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021118

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41772207

More Information
  • Received: 2021-09-05
  • Revised: 2022-03-27
  • Geologists used the Mohr-Coulomb criterion and Becker's strain ellipsoid to explain brittle fractures and plastic deformation, respectively, in traditional structural geology, and considered that formation of ductile shear zones was parallel to the circular sections of a strain ellipsoid. However, they failed to explain the stable angle ~110° facing contraction direction between conjugate ductile shear zones due to deformation localization. In fact, deformation localization is an independent deformation category controlled by MEM-criterion besides brittle fracturing and plastic deformation. The concept of deformation partitioning put forward at the end of twentieth century got rid of the bondage of continuum mechanics, and successfully explained the widespread phenomenon, strike-slip faults parallel to subduction zones or fold-and-thrust belts. The establishment of inhomogeneous and discontinuous medium mechanics opens up a new prospect for the combination of geology and mechanics.


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