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地质力学学报:2016,22(1):93-103
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LiDAR技术在地质环境中的主要应用与展望
(1.首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院, 北京 100048;2.中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081;3.资源环境与地理信息系统北京市重点实验室, 北京 100048)
LiDAR TECHNOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATION AND PROSPECT IN GEOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT
(1.College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China;2.Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;3.Key Laboratory of 3-Dimensional Information Acquisition and Application, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100048, China)
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投稿时间:2015-07-30    
中文摘要: 介绍了LiDAR激光探测与测距系统的组成和基本原理,并对LiDAR技术在地质灾害、活动断裂、冰川及海岸线测绘等地质环境领域的国内外应用现状与进展进行了系统分析和总结,对该技术的应用前景进行了展望。LiDAR系统集激光、GPS和惯性导航系统(Inertial Navigation System,INS)三种技术于一身,能够快速、精确地获取地面目标的三维空间信息,是继GPS空间定位系统之后又一项测绘技术新突破。LiDAR作为一种新型的遥感测量技术未来在自动、快速提取滑坡体、自动提取与断裂相关的微地貌结构信息、海岸带附近精细地物分类、海岸带调查以及潮间带生物多样性研究等方面具有很大的发展空间。
Abstract:Based on the composition and fundamental of LiDAR, we summarize its application status and progress in the field of geology, such as geological disasters, active faults, glaciers and coastline mapping, and prospect its application in the future. LiDAR system includes three technologies: laser, GPS and inertial navigation systems, which make a breakthrough in spatial mapping technology following GPS, it obtains three-dimensional information on ground targets quickly and accurately. As a new remote sensing technology, LiDAR will have great development in automatically extracting the landslides and the micro geomorphology structure information of faults. In addition, LiDAR will be widely used in terrain classification, coastal zone investigation and the study on biological diversity in intertidal coastal zone in the future.
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基金项目:中国地质调查局地质调查项目(1212011120163, 12120114002101);国家自然科学基金项目(41171009);中国地质科学院地质力学研究所基本科研业务费项目(DZLXJK201410)
引用文本:
马晓雪,吴中海,李家存,2016.LiDAR技术在地质环境中的主要应用与展望[J].地质力学学报,22(1):93-103.DOI:
MA Xiao-xue,WU Zhong-hai,LI Jia-cun,2016.LiDAR TECHNOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATION AND PROSPECT IN GEOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT[J].Journal of Geomechanics,22(1):93-103.DOI:

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